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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Question Stats: 65% (01:38) correct 35% (02:04) wrong based on 2097 sessions

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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

Diagnostic Test
Question: 13
Page: 22
Difficulty: 650

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Math Expert V
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Posts: 55150
Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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SOLUTION

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

$$s$$ divided by $$t$$ yields the remainder of $$r$$ can always be expressed as: $$\frac{s}{t}=q+\frac{r}{t}$$ (which is the same as $$s=qt+r$$), where $$q$$ is the quotient and $$r$$ is the remainder.

Given that $$\frac{s}{t}=64.12=64\frac{12}{100}=64\frac{3}{25}=64+\frac{3}{25}$$, so according to the above $$\frac{r}{t}=\frac{3}{25}$$, which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Shortcut for this question:-
64.12 = 64 + 12/100
Now focus on remainder part which is 12/100= 3/25
Because 3 represents some fraction (ratio) of remainder , the remainder must be a multiple of 3. only 45 is a multiple of 3.

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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT® Review, 13th Edition - Quantitative Questions Project

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

Diagnostic Test
Question: 13
Page: 22
Difficulty: 650

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We can rewrite the given equality as $$s = 64t + 0.12t$$. The divider is t, the quotient is 64.
The remainder is $$0.12t$$ (it is less than t) and it is an integer, being equal to $$s-64t$$.
Since $$0.12t=\frac{3}{25} t$$, it follows that t should be a multiple of 25, so $$t=25n$$, for some positive integer n.
Therefore, the remainder is $$3n$$, or a multiple of 3. The only answer that is a multiple of 3 is 45.

Answer: E
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

When we say $$\frac{s}{t} = 64.12 = 64 \frac{12}{100} = 64 \frac{3}{25}$$
We get $$\frac{s}{t} = 64 \frac{3}{25}$$
What does the mixed fraction of the right hand side signify? It signifies that s > t and when s is divided by t, we get 64 as quotient and 3 as remainder if t is 25.

e.g. $$\frac{13}{5} = 2 \frac{3}{5}$$. Here, remainder is 3
$$\frac{130}{50} = 2 \frac{30}{50}$$. Here remainder is 30.
$$\frac{26}{10} = 2 \frac{6}{10}$$. Here remainder is 6.
So in our question, the remainder will be 3 or any multiple of 3. 45 is the only multiple of 3.
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GMAT 1: 640 Q50 V26 GMAT 2: 660 Q50 V28 GMAT 3: 730 Q50 V38 Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Hi,

Difficulty level: 600

s/t = 64.12
or s/t = 64 + 0.12 = 64 + 12/100 = 64 + 3/25; 3/25 will give the remainder.
Thus, the reminder should be multiple of 3.

Answer (E)

Regards,
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55150
If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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SOLUTION

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

Note: Positive integer $$a$$ divided by positive integer $$d$$ yields a reminder of $$r$$ can always be expressed as $$a=qd+r$$, where $$q$$ is called a quotient and $$r$$ is called a remainder, note here that $$0\leq{r}<d$$ (remainder is non-negative integer and always less than divisor).

So, "s divided by t gives remainder r" can be expressed by the following formula: $$s=qt+r$$, in or case as $$\frac{s}{t}=64.12$$ then $$q=64$$, --> $$s=64t+r$$, divide both parts by $$t$$ --> $$\frac{s}{t}=64+\frac{r}{t}$$ --> $$64.12=64+\frac{r}{t}$$ --> $$0.12=\frac{r}{t}$$--> $$\frac{3}{25}=\frac{r}{t}$$ so $$r$$ must be the multiple of 3. Only answer multiple of 3 is 45.

Or: $$\frac{s}{t}=64\frac{12}{100}=64\frac{3}{25}$$, so if the divisor=t=25 then the remainder=r=3. Basically we get that divisor is a multiple of 25 and the remainder is a multiple of 3. Only answer multiple of 3 is 45.

Answer: E.
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Re: Divisibility / Remainder problem  [#permalink]

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If s and t are positive integers such that

s/t = 64.12,

which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t?

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 8 (D) 20 (E) 45

s/t = 64.12,
=> s = t*64.12
=> s = 64t + t*.12
So, when s is divided by t then we will get t*.12 as reminder (as t*.12 will be less than t)
Now t is an integer and .12 is 12*.01 which means it is 3*something
So, only answer choices which are multiple of 3 are contenders.

Only possbility is E!

Hope it helps!
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Re: Divisibility / Remainder problem  [#permalink]

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Answer is E

S/T = 64.12 or you can write it as 6412/100 or 1603/25

So, If we divide 1603 by 25 we will get remainder of 3.

From the five options, only 45 is divisible by 3 So, The answer should be 45.
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of  [#permalink]

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12
4
$$\frac{S}{t} = 64 + .12$$
$$S = 64t + .12t$$

The remainder is equal to .12t.

R = .12t
R/.12 = t

We have to look for R where R/.12 is an integer.

A)2/.12 = 200/12 is not an integer
B)4/.12 = 400/12 = 100/3 is not an integer
C) 8/.12 = 800/12 = 400/6 = 200/3 is not an integer
D) also not
E) 45/12 = 4500/12 = 1500/4 = 15*25 is an integer

Answer: E
C)
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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.

out of the answer explanation, but can we also say that t must be a multiple of 25 using the same fraction?
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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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pavan2185 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.

out of the answer explanation, but can we also say that t must be a multiple of 25 using the same fraction?

Yes, t must be a multiple of 25: s/t = 1603/25 = 3206/50 = 6412/100 = ... = 64.12 --> the remainders 3, 6, 12, ..., respectively.
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

$$s$$ divided by $$t$$ yields the remainder of $$r$$ can always be expressed as: $$\frac{s}{t}=q+\frac{r}{t}$$ (which is the same as $$s=qt+r$$), where $$q$$ is the quotient and $$r$$ is the remainder.

Given that $$\frac{s}{t}=64.12=64\frac{12}{100}=64\frac{3}{25}=64+\frac{3}{25}$$, so according to the above $$\frac{r}{t}=\frac{3}{25}$$, which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.

I did not understand why r must be a multiple of 3? From answer choice E 45 is 15 times 3 (a multiple of 3) does that mean t will be 15 times 25?
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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nehamodak wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

$$s$$ divided by $$t$$ yields the remainder of $$r$$ can always be expressed as: $$\frac{s}{t}=q+\frac{r}{t}$$ (which is the same as $$s=qt+r$$), where $$q$$ is the quotient and $$r$$ is the remainder.

Given that $$\frac{s}{t}=64.12=64\frac{12}{100}=64\frac{3}{25}=64+\frac{3}{25}$$, so according to the above $$\frac{r}{t}=\frac{3}{25}$$, which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.

I did not understand why r must be a multiple of 3? From answer choice E 45 is 15 times 3 (a multiple of 3) does that mean t will be 15 times 25?

Because $$\frac{3}{25}$$cannot be simplified further (say factorised further)

$$\frac{3}{25}= \frac{3*15}{25*15}= \frac{45}{25*15}$$ ... That is possible
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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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What if we have another option with a multiple of 3. For eg. 6 or 12!!
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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scofield1521 wrote:
What if we have another option with a multiple of 3. For eg. 6 or 12!!

This is an open ended question. Has multiple probable answers

For such questions, the OA is non-contrary
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If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Answered this question wrong but when i finished reading karishma's blog http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/05/quarter-wit-quarter-wisdom-knocking-off-the-remaining-remainders/ . I am confident about these type of questions.

s/t=64.12

when we divide "s" by "t" then 64.12, Here .12 is a Remainder which we are representing in quotient. so to find the possible remainder...

0.12--12/100 -- 3/25 , so 25 or multiple of 25 has to be a "t" & 3 or multiple of 3 has to be remainder.

Answer E.
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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

$$s$$ divided by $$t$$ yields the remainder of $$r$$ can always be expressed as: $$\frac{s}{t}=q+\frac{r}{t}$$ (which is the same as $$s=qt+r$$), where $$q$$ is the quotient and $$r$$ is the remainder.

Given that $$\frac{s}{t}=64.12=64\frac{12}{100}=64\frac{3}{25}=64+\frac{3}{25}$$, so according to the above $$\frac{r}{t}=\frac{3}{25}$$, which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.

If the question had been which of the following cannot be the remainder. Then can we use the propertry that Remainder must be divisibe by 25 as well???
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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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nehamodak wrote:

I did not understand why r must be a multiple of 3? From answer choice E 45 is 15 times 3 (a multiple of 3) does that mean t will be 15 times 25?

After expressing s/t = 64.12 as:

s = 64t + 0.12t

In case a student faces doubts about how to draw inferences about remainder r from the above equation, here is an alternate line of thought:

It is clear that the remainder r will come from the term 0.12t

So, we can write: r = 0.12t

=> t = $$\frac{r}{0.12}$$ = $$\frac{100r}{12}$$ = $$\frac{25r}{3}$$

So, t = $$\frac{25r}{3}$$

But, the question statement gives us a constraint on t: that t is a positive integer.

This means, $$\frac{25r}{3}$$ is a positive integer.

This is only possible when r is a multiple of 3.

As I said, an alternate route to the same deduction. Hope this was useful for you!

Best Regards

Japinder
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Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which  [#permalink]

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ankushbagwale wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12, which of the following could be the remainder when s is divided by t ?

(A) 2
(B) 4
(C) 8
(D) 20
(E) 45

$$s$$ divided by $$t$$ yields the remainder of $$r$$ can always be expressed as: $$\frac{s}{t}=q+\frac{r}{t}$$ (which is the same as $$s=qt+r$$), where $$q$$ is the quotient and $$r$$ is the remainder.

Given that $$\frac{s}{t}=64.12=64\frac{12}{100}=64\frac{3}{25}=64+\frac{3}{25}$$, so according to the above $$\frac{r}{t}=\frac{3}{25}$$, which means that $$r$$ must be a multiple of 3. Only option E offers answer which is a multiple of 3

Answer. E.

If the question had been which of the following cannot be the remainder. Then can we use the propertry that Remainder must be divisibe by 25 as well???

Dear Ankush

Good to see you here on GC! Here's the answer to your question:

It is not necessary for the remainder to be divisible by 25.

Let's look at this in terms of constraints:

Constraint 1: The remainder is always a non-negative integer.

From the equation

$$\frac{r}{t}=\frac{3}{25}$$, we get that

r=$$\frac{3t}{25}$$

From constraint 1, we see that

$$\frac{3t}{25}$$ must be a non-negative integer.

This means either t = 0 or t is a multiple of 25.

But t cannot be equal to 0 because then the expression $$\frac{s}{t}$$ becomes undefined

This means, t is a multiple of 25.

Constraint 2: The question states that t is a positive integer.

As explained in the post I made just above, this means $$\frac{25r}{3}$$ is a positive integer, which leads you to the inference that r is a multiple of 3.

So, the bottom-line is that the only 2 inferences that we can conclusively draw from the given information is that:

i) t is a multiple of 25 and
ii) r is a multiple of 3

Hope this helped! Thanks and Best Regards

Japinder
_________________ Re: If s and t are positive integers such that s/t = 64.12 which   [#permalink] 05 May 2015, 00:47

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