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In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for

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In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 766
Page: 702

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

(A) a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing

(B) a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing

(C) a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written

(D) which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing

(E) which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2007, 14:02
singh_amit19 wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

I picked A....debated over A & E..........i think i shud have picked E...views???


B in my opinion.
My understanding is that you cannot separate "but also" part of the idiom. Although B uses "not just", I feel that this is the best choice. I have seen some other construction as well such as "not...but also" and it is correct.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2007, 23:41
singh_amit19 wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

I picked A....debated over A & E..........i think i shud have picked E...views???


This is a very strange SC. Idioms are out of whack all over the place.

My choice B b/c ||ism is maintained.

"by the fact that drugs are becoming.... but also by the fact that doctors are writing
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2007, 04:49
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In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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Only one that seems acceptable is B.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
because of / by the fact that

C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
Mixture of tenses

D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
Mixture of tenses / needs "also because" before doctors

E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written
"because doctors have also written" instead of "also because doctors have written"
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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Yep. B is correct - it's the only response that puts the idiom "not only...but also" in the correct form. In this case, it is correct to say "not just...but also". "just" becomes an acceptable substitute for "only" in the sentence. You cannot split up the "but also" - "also" must follow immediately after "but". In general, when you are trying to narrow down your answer choices, it's best to fall back on the basic idiom/grammar rules first. After you've made your cuts based on those rules, if you still have a couple of options sitting in front of you, THEN address whether or not the sentence seems too wordy.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2007, 15:47
jingy77 wrote:
I believe you can split up the but....also. I read that somewhere. Correct me if im wrong.

You can't split the "but also", but you can, in standard written English, leave off the "also", which will put emphasis the second half of your correlative conjunction. For instance: "He is not only smart, but kind." However for the GMAT, just concentrate on the basic idioms and don't try to get too sophisticated with them. If the test throws a sentence with a possible correlative conjuction at you (either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also), don't play with the idiom. You will lose points! :wink:
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2008, 13:44
nmohindru wrote:
Nihit wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written


Guys please explain the idiom usage here !


IMO B) right idiom


While I agree with B, AFAIK, there is no such idiom not just X but also Y


What is the source of this Q?

D & E are wrong because they refer to drugs (using which) and not the phenomenon

B can be correct only by parallelism of by the fact

A uses because and by the fact. C says occuring as if this is present tense. We are talking about past in year 2000
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2011, 13:22
Nihit wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written


Guys please explain the idiom usage here !


I marked the right answer as B, which is also the OA.

BUT my question is: Are the following options also correct and same as saying B? If now why - what's wrong in one or more of the following?
F: a phenomenon that is not just because of the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also because of the fact that doctors are writing
....And how about?
G: a phenomenon that is because of not just the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also the fact that doctors are writing
....And how about?
H: a phenomenon that is because of the fact not just that drugs are becoming more expensive but also that doctors are writing

ALSO, what if I use by the fact that instead because of the fact that, what would happen to F, G and H? Is by the fact that even idiomatic and does it even hold the same meaning as the because of the fact that?
Thanks.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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The basic scanning gives the following details;

(D) and (E) are out because of the ,which

(A) & (C) have " just because " which is not considered correct in GMAT.

(B) just is playing the role of " only " though it's not the best but the best available option here.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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Hi perfectstranger

I'd take my answer with a pinch of salt because I'm not great with SC but here goes....

(A), (C) and (E) are wrong because they initially say not just.... (therefore infering this reason and an additional reason) but go on to finish but.... (therefore infering not the first reason, but instead the second reason)

(D) and (E) are out because which incorrectly modifies prescription drugs

Leaving (B)

Hope that helps!

B.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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The correlative conjunction- not only … but also has several other avatars. They are

1. Not only… but also
2. Not only by … but also by
3. Not only because …. But also because
4. Not only because of … but also because of
5. Not just… but also
6. not just by…. But also by

and so on with the additions of because, because of etc, all of them valid structures very often seen in GMAT

not just by …… but also by is equal to -not only by …. But also by- . There is not much different to see through both of them.

In that case, the correct version of the text would be


a phenomenon that is explained not only because of more expensive drugs but also because of the fact that doctors are writing


or

a phenomenon that is explained not only by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing

This is the position as far as the use of // in correlative conjunctions is concerned.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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tcsing wrote:
Hi, this question has been posted before, but regarding a different point of grammar, hence starting a new thread.

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

(A) a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing

(B) a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing

(C) a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written

(D) which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing

(E) which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

The correct answer is B. However, does the verb tense make sense? The phenomenon was in 2000, but it is explained by 2 factors that are happening now? (doctors are writing... drugs are becoming...)

Anyone have any thoughts? Thanks!



here aside the verb tense a lot is a question of meaning

ONly B has sense because the phenomenon (by the way singular, phenomena is plural) is caused by the \(FACT\) that drugs are more expensive and by the \(FACT\) that doctors do something else.

;)
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2013, 17:13
tcsing wrote:

The correct answer is B. However, does the verb tense make sense? The phenomenon was in 2000, but it is explained by 2 factors that are happening now? (doctors are writing... drugs are becoming...)

Anyone have any thoughts? Thanks!


Even I feel that verb tense is not correct. Can an expert reply on the question posed by first poster ?
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2013, 21:42
first thing

the tense in B make me uaeasy. "are writing " and "are more expensive" can go with past tense

pls explain.

second thing

normally we see

not only........ but also

now in oa in this problem. we see

not..........but also

I infer that "not.....but also" is acceptable

though "not only....but" is not acceptable

is my thinking correct?
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2013, 23:55
parallelism and Idiom is what I looked out for. B is the answer choice.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2013, 11:53
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs,
a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are
writing
many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

below is the correct choice:

a phenomenon that is explained not just by the
fact that drugs are becoming more expensive
but also by the fact that doctors are writing



MY question is : regarding the subordinate clause in this question:

1. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing

a phenomenon ...should start a subordinate clause(because it is after comma ),but I cannot find the verb after a phenomenon (the subject and verb are inside "THAT" clause)


2. but also by the fact that doctors are writing

but ...should start a subordinate clause ..here also no subject and verb (the subj and verb are inside "THAT"clause)
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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ajmalshams wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs,
a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are
writing
many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

below is the correct choice:

a phenomenon that is explained not just by the
fact that drugs are becoming more expensive
but also by the fact that doctors are writing



MY question is : regarding the subordinate clause in this question:

1. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing

a phenomenon ...should start a subordinate clause(because it is after comma ),but I cannot find the verb after a phenomenon (the subject and verb are inside "THAT" clause)


2. but also by the fact that doctors are writing

but ...should start a subordinate clause ..here also no subject and verb (the subj and verb are inside "THAT"clause)


In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

This is an example of "appositive modifier". This kind of modifier refer to either a specific noun or to the whole concept of the preceding clause; here because "a phenomenon" is an abstract noun we are in the second scenario, hence this modifier will refer to the whole clause.

1) Yes, it does have a verb
a phenomenon that is explained not just by the

2)Yes, there is a verb
but also by the fact that doctors are writing

the construct of the sentence is: a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that X but also by the fact that Y.

Hope it's clear
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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ajmalshams wrote:
my doubt is

"that" starts another subordinate clause right ??

so how can the subject and verb for "that" clause be the subject and verb for the clause starting with "a phenomenon"


Oh, I got what you mean.

This appositive modifier is actually an appositive phrase, and keep in mind that an appositive modifier is a single noun.
Cesar, the roman emperor, conquered (...)<== this is fine, and " the roman emperor" is not a clause.

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon
now till here you have "a phenomenon", not really explanatory, the next part "that is explained not just (...)" modifies the noun "phenomenon"

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon(noun) + modifier
the resulting thing is something of this form noun+modifier which is a case of appositive phrase.

Hope I've explained myself well
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2013, 14:44
Just to supplement excellent explanation from Zarrolou

A modifier can be a word (adjective, adverb), phrase (prepositional, noun), or clause (which, that). Here the sentence is using noun modifier.

Hope this helps
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2013, 14:44

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