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In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f

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In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2016, 08:40
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In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff fines. Because voting in Country X is mandatory, over 99 percent of the eligible voters voted in the last election. Thus, the winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.

Which of the following identifies an assumption in the author’s argument?

In Country X, voters are allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice.

If Country X did not make voting mandatory, few people would vote.

Only in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote the way they wish to vote.

Country X is a true democracy, despite the fact that all people are forced to vote.

Only in countries where voting is not mandatory do the winners of elections truly reflect the people’s choice.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2016, 08:48
A. In Country X, voters are allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice. - Correct - Negate A: Voters are not allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice. Conclusion breaks down.

B. If Country X did not make voting mandatory, few people would vote. - Incorrect - Out of scope

C. Only in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote the way they wish to vote. - Incorrect - Out of scope

D. Country X is a true democracy, despite the fact that all people are forced to vote. - Incorrect - Out of scope - Country X may have a Communist regime. But the leader can still be the people's choice.

E. Only in countries where voting is not mandatory do the winners of elections truly reflect the people’s choice. - Incorrect - Out of scope again.

IMO answer is A.

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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2016, 09:59
In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff fines. Because voting in Country X is mandatory, over 99 percent of the eligible voters voted in the last election. Thus, the winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.

Conclusion : winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.

Supporting premise : voting in Country X is mandatory ----------> over 99 percent of the eligible voters voted

Missing piece of information : voters always cast vote in favor of his/her election candidate/regional representatives.



Which of the following identifies an assumption in the author’s argument?

In Country X, voters are allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice. -Yes.

If Country X did not make voting mandatory, few people would vote. : not an assumption. it's a sequel to conclusion.

Only in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote the way they wish to vote. -- not relevant

Country X is a true democracy, despite the fact that all people are forced to vote. -- OFS

Only in countries where voting is not mandatory do the winners of elections truly reflect the people’s choice-Opposite of what has been stated in argument

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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2016, 12:15
I Agree with others (IMO answer is A)

A. In Country X, voters are allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice. - Voters are not allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice. Conclusion breaks down. Correct
B. If Country X did not make voting mandatory, few people would vote. - doesn't matter
C. Only in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote the way they wish to vote. - not releated
D. Country X is a true democracy, despite the fact that all people are forced to vote. - Democracy or not, its not helping to prove people's choice
E. Only in countries where voting is not mandatory do the winners of elections truly reflect the people’s choice. - interesting choice, but its not related to countries where voting is mandatory.

E --> This one is tempting (as people tend to negate it as - what is true for countries with non-mandatory voting is false for countries with mandatory voting - but that's not correct, hence not releated

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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2016, 09:18
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carcass wrote:
In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff fines. Because voting in Country X is mandatory, over 99 percent of the eligible voters voted in the last election. Thus, the winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.

Which of the following identifies an assumption in the author’s argument?

In Country X, voters are allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice.

If Country X did not make voting mandatory, few people would vote.

Only in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote the way they wish to vote.

Country X is a true democracy, despite the fact that all people are forced to vote.

Only in countries where voting is not mandatory do the winners of elections truly reflect the people’s choice.


Conclusion: the winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.

Premise:over 99 percent of the eligible voters voted in the last election
Here the argument links voting percentage to winner of last election (winner is people choice)
Just assume what if people are forced to vote a particular candidate. In that case the conclusion must be shattered


CorrectIn Country X, voters are allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice.
Just negate this answer choice. After negating one can find that the conclusion tear apart.

IncorrectIf Country X did not make voting mandatory, few people would vote.
It has no bearing on the conclusion.

IncorrectOnly in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote the way they wish to vote.
This conclusion doesn't help conclusion in any way.

IncorrectCountry X is a true democracy, despite the fact that all people are forced to vote.
It has no bearing the conclusion

Only in countries where voting is not mandatory do the winners of elections truly reflect the people’s choice.
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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2016, 14:52
A is the correct answer

Conclusion: Thus, the winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.
Premise: over 99 percent of the eligible voters voted in the last election.

The argument can be broken down or understood in 2 smaller and simpler parts People allowed to vote (1) & People allowed to vote of their choice (2)

(1) is anyways compulsory, but, nothing has been said about (2) in premise. Whereas, conclusion cites (2)

Consider a case: Politicians are as good as hooligans, who have abducted one person from each family and have asked to vote rest of the people in favor of a person, who the politician wants. So, even though, rest of the people are voting, they do not vote a person of their choice. The choice is forced on them. Option - A covers up for this gap.

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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2016, 22:25
Premise: in country X, all citizens…..fines.
Premise: Because voting ….last election.
Conclusion: Therefore, the winner of the last election is truly the people’s choice.
The author directly states that the winner of last election is people’s choice.
But what if people just voted to avoid stiff fines and had no personal liking for any candidate. That is they voted for anyone whether they liked him or not.

Pre-thinking: Voters voted for their favourite candidate and thus made the winner of their choice.
Here the assumption can be an option that removes a possible weakener as mentioned above and show people’s interest in voting.

Choice A states that voters are allowed to vote for their favourite candidate.
Let’s negate this choice: In Country X, voters are NOT allowed to vote for a candidate of their choice.
If this is true then the conclusion is flawed because this negation creates a gap in the logical structure.
Therefore option A is correct.

Option B does not state anything about voters candidate preference. Therefore out of scope.

Option C states that in countries where voting is mandatory do people vote they wish to vote.
‘wish to vote’ does not tell us anything about the preference for a particular candidate and how this ‘wish’ makes the winner peoples choice. INCORRECT.

Choice D is out of scope and does not have any impact on the conclusion.

Choice E when negated supports the conclusion. INCORRECT.
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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2017, 21:00
stuck with A and C; other option choices are out of scope.
C is incorrect b/c of "the way they wish to vote" and even if C is true, there is no guarantee people will vote for the person they want.
Using negation of A, the conclusion is no longer true.

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Re: In Country X, all citizens eligible to vote must do so or face stiff f   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2017, 21:00
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