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In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal

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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2016, 20:47
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himanshukamra2711 wrote:
acc to me

quesn stem says alfalfa and as much as 20% of the leaf and small stem material of the same crop ie alfalfa,hence it is not a compound subject and the singular subject becomes as much as 20% of the leaf and small stem material ----so singular shatters and falls


Quantity words such as percentages, fractions etc. take up the number (singular / plural / uncountable) of the noun within the of prepositional phrase. For example:
Half of the pizza IS eaten. (countable - singular)
Half of the pizza slices ARE eaten.(countable - plural: one can count how many pizza slices are eaten)
Half of the milk IS eaten. (uncountable: one cannot count half of milk)

In "20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material" the noun (phrase) within the prepositional phrase is "leaf and small-stem material", 20 percent of which is uncountable. Hence a singular verb is required. (one cannot count 20 percent of leaf and small-stem material.)
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 08:34
20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material is singular. Hence, D is correct (Shatters and Falls)
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 22:32
shishirgmat2016 wrote:
20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material is singular. Hence, D is correct (Shatters and Falls)



Yes that seems to be right, but can yuu explain the logic behind this
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2017, 09:54
sriamlan wrote:
shishirgmat2016 wrote:
20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material is singular. Hence, D is correct (Shatters and Falls)
Yes that seems to be right, but can yuu explain the logic behind this

Dear sriamlan,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

As a general rough-and-ready rule
X% of [singular] is also singular
X% of [plural] is also plural

Twenty percent of the water is . . .
Twenty percent of the students are . . .


Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 06:52
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ashkg wrote:
In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfalfa, as much as 20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material, which is the most nutritious of all the parts of the plant, shattered and fell to the ground.


(A) which is the most nutritious of all the parts of the plant, shattered and fell

(B) the most nutritious of all parts of the plant, shatter and fall

(C) the parts of the plant which were most nutritious, will shatter and fall

(D) the most nutritious parts of the plant, shatters and falls

(E) parts of the plant which are the most nutritious, have shattered and fallen


SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
April 1975
Volume 232, Issue 4


The traditional procedure for harvesting a forage crop such as alfalfa usually entails making three trips through the field: one to cut the crop, one (sometimes bypassed) to rake it so that it will dry more thoroughly and one to pick it up. The procedure results in certain losses; for example, as much as 20 percent of the dried leaf and small-stem material, which is the most nutritious part of the plant, can shatter and fall to the ground. The proteins and amino acids of forage crops are not fully utilized in another sense: since such crops can be digested only by ruminants, the nutrients in them are not directly available to other animals, including man. In an effort to exploit the full potential of forage crops an interdisciplinary group at the University of Wisconsin has developed a program for extracting proteins and amino acids from such plants in the form of juice, producing a concentrate that is suitable for a wide range of animals and leaving a solid residue that is still nutritious for ruminants.
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2019, 01:37
Hi folks,

I have a problem with the OA here:

Between B and D,
(b) the most nutritious of all parts of the plant, shatter and fall
B uses plural verbs shatter and fall, correctly referring, in my opinion, to the two most nutritious parts of the plant.

(d) the most nutritious parts of the plant shatters and falls.
D on the other hands seems to refer only to the closest noun, here stem material.

Can someone please explain this to me?

generis @veitaskarishma chetan2u GMATNinja

Thank you
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2019, 10:53
Considering material is singular in D, what does the " the most nutritious parts of the plant shatters and falls" phrase indicate? Shouldnt it use part instead of parts?
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2019, 11:27
darshak1 wrote:
Considering material is singular in D, what does the " the most nutritious parts of the plant shatters and falls" phrase indicate? Shouldnt it use part instead of parts?

Yes, not the most easy construct to understand, but the point is that material is not a part of the plant.

Parts of the plant referred to, in this sentence, are leaf and small-stem.
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2019, 18:21
Sourav700 wrote:
Hi folks,

I have a problem with the OA here:

Between B and D,
(b) the most nutritious of all parts of the plant, shatter and fall
B uses plural verbs shatter and fall, correctly referring, in my opinion, to the two most nutritious parts of the plant.

(d) the most nutritious parts of the plant shatters and falls.
D on the other hands seems to refer only to the closest noun, here stem material.

Can someone please explain this to me?

generis @veitaskarishma chetan2u GMATNinja

Thank you

Let's take another look at choice (B): "In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfalfa, as much as 20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material, the most nutritious of all parts of the plant, shatter and fall to the ground."

The main verbs do not have to agree with the closest nouns. Instead, the main verbs have to agree with the subject of the sentence. In this case, as explained in this post, "20 percent of the leaf and small-stem material" is the subject and needs the singular verbs: "shatters and falls".

I hope that helps!
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Re: In the most common procedure for harvesting forage crops such as alfal   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2019, 18:21

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