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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created

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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 May 2019, 12:20
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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:46) correct 18% (01:39) wrong based on 689 sessions

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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year bring another record? Well, a new manufacturing job is created either within an existing company or by the start-up of a new company. Within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year and there is no reason to think that new companies starting up this year will create more jobs per company than did last year's start-ups. So clearly, the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year's record.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a claim that the argument challenges.

B) The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a conclusion that the argument draws in order to support that generalization.

C) The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a judgment that has been advanced in order to challenge that generalization.

D) The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes.

E) The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a judgment advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument.

OG2019 CR02885
Other similar questions:
CR02888: https://gmatclub.com/forum/last-year-a- ... 68517.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/last-year-a- ... 50260.html

Disclaimer

In the new GMAT Official Guide 2020 the conclusion of the stem (it was also in this way in the previous edition released from which the question is taken) has been slightly changed. As such, the question is modified as above in the new version. before, the stem had the following wording

Clearly, it can be concluded that the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year’s record.

Originally posted by StoicBread on 21 Dec 2016, 23:02.
Last edited by carcass on 03 May 2019, 12:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2016, 06:42
A) The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a claim that the argument challenges. - Incorrect. First BF is not evidence.

B) The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a conclusion that the argument draws in order to support that generalization. - Incorrect. The argument is not seeking to establish the first BF.

C) The first is a generalization that the argument seeks to establish; the second is a judgment that has been advanced in order to challenge that generalization. - Incorrect. Same error as in B.

D) The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a claim that has been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes. - Incorrect. Second BF supports the conclusion of the argument.

E) The first is presented as obvious truth on which the argument is based; the second is a judgment advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument. - Correct.

Answer: E
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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 16:32
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2018, 16:32
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