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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland

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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: Diagnostic Test Verbal 85
Page: 93

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

(A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

(A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sand [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2012, 09:21
Can someone explain this question? what concepts are tested?
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sand [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2012, 11:55
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concepts tested : Modifier ( opening modifier )

Like X..........., Y ( this place usually should be taken by a Noun )

scanning of options leads to B : Y here is THE BIRDS

further a bit of comparison : Like X ( intended meaning - which is somewhat disappearing )............., Y ( should be one ie also disappearing )

B : Like X..........., THE BIRDS

Leading to B
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sand [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2012, 16:59
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Hi All,

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and ochanges in farming practices.

Meaning Analysis:

This sentence presents comparison. It compares the grassy fields and old pastures and the sandpipers. Both have been compared because both are disappearing in the northeastern United States because of residential and industrial development and changes in farming practices.

Error Analysis:

Verb-ing modifier “vanishing…” is placed next to “the sandpipers” without a comma before it. Hence, it modifies “the sandpipers”. But that’s just the modifier. The core of the sentence says “The sandpipers … is a result of…” Here the SV do not agree in number and also do not make sense with each other.

PoE:

A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in: Correct.

(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to: Incorrect.
1. This choice presents illogical comparison. “the grassy fields and old pastures” have been compared to “that”
2. Use of preposition “to” is not correct.

(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing due to residential and industrial development and to changes in: Incorrect.
1. This choice presents illogical comparison. “the grassy fields and old pastures” have been compared to “sandpipers’ vanishing”.
2. There is no verb in this sentence. It is fragment.

(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing: Incorrect.
1. This choice presents illogical comparison. “the grassy fields and old pastures” have been compared to “sandpipers’ vanishing”.
2. There is no verb in this sentence. It is fragment.

This sentence tests the concepts of idiom - comparison, modifier, and SV agreement.
At e-gmat, we cover all these concepts in great details with many practice questions. Also the Verb-ing modifier can be learnt just be registering at e-gmat.com for free. This concepts, with many others, feature in pur free concepts Level 1 Preview Level.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2014, 11:53
Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.
A. the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
B. the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
C. that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
D. in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
E. in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing

Like X,Y is the required structure .
IN the non-underline part---- It is there ...so somethings required is singular ----
C wrong --- that the birds....
D, E .... wrong comparison
in A,B
Option A also has a modifier Issue and a SV Disagreement.

"Like the grassy fields...... , the sandpipers vanishing ..." - Wrong

It should be "bird" or "Sandpiper"

Moreover " Sandpipers Vanishing " is plural . So we need a "are" to modify rather than is.

so ans is b
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 09:21
acdbe2003 wrote:
Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it return in May after wintering in the Argentina Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the Northeastern US is a result of residential and industrial development and of change in farming practices
A. the same
B.the bird itself is vanishing in the Northeastern US as a result of residential and industrial development and of change in
C.that the birds themselves are vanishing in the Northeastern US is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
D. in the Northeastern US,sandpipers' vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to change in
E.in the Northeastern US,the sandpipers' vanishing,a result of residential and industrial development and changing


hard one.
in B, bird can be compared logically with field and pastures in this context. both bird and fields and pasture do the same action, vanishing. for this reason, like is used . as is used to show two actions is done in the same way. the difference between uses of as and like is about meaning not about grammar. if we say like is used to compared noun, as is used to compare actions, we do not fully understand the their use.
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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2017, 23:06
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: Diagnostic Test Verbal 85
Page: 93

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

A. the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States IS a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
B. the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
C. that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
D. in the northeastern United States, sandpipers' vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
E. in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers' vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing

Excerpt from Manhattan Sentence Correction

RESULT

RIGHT:

Wealth RESULTS FROM work.
Work RESULTS IN wealth.
Wealth IS A RESULT OF work.
Wealth grows AS A RESULT OF work.
AS A RESULT OF our work, our wealth grew.
The RESULT OF our work WAS THAT our wealth grew.

WRONG:

We worked WITH THE RESULT OF wealth.
We worked WITH A RESULTING growth of wealth.
RESULTING FROM our work, our wealth grew.
BECAUSE OF THE RESULT OF our work, our wealth grew.
The RESULT OF our work WAS our wealth grew. (THAT is needed.)
The growth of wealth RESULTS.

From Ron (Manhattan Prep)

(a)
If you write "the sandpipers vanishing", then "sandpipers" is the subject ("vanishing" is a modifier describing that subject). The subject "sandpipers " doesn't agree with the singular verb "is".

GENERAL NOTE:
This sentence starts out with "like the grassy fields and old pastures...". The COMPARISON here is between those fields and pastures (which are disappearing) and the bird (which is also disappearing); therefore, to make this comparison valid, the next sentence MUST start with "the bird" or "the sandpiper". It can't start with anything else.

(c)
Invalid comparison; this clause starts with "that the birds are vanishing...", rather than with the bird itself.
This choice is also hopelessly awkward, although it may take a native speaker's eye to see that.

(d)
Invalid comparison; the subject here is the sandpipers' vanishing, rather than the sandpiper itself.
"in the NE united states" is also inserted in a bad place; the comparison element should come at the head of this construction.
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2017, 11:20
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 09:26
sallysea wrote:
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!

Thanks sallysea!

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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 17:44
Like X..., Y
Like "the grassy fields and old pastures".....,the bird itself

Not sure how can we compare ""the grassy fields and old pastures" with "the bird".
Doesn't make sense.
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 10:28
sevenplusplus wrote:
Like X..., Y
Like "the grassy fields and old pastures".....,the bird itself

Not sure how can we compare ""the grassy fields and old pastures" with "the bird".
Doesn't make sense.


Got it now. Looks like the sentence meant:

Like the grassy fields and old pastures [that are vanishing] that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.
Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland   [#permalink] 24 May 2017, 10:28
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