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Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and

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Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 04:13
14
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A
B
C
D
E

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GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
OG Code : SC04198

Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and because automakers have started using it to make the huge engines in sport utility vehicles and other light trucks.

(A) Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and because automakers have started using

(B) Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports, in addition to automakers that have started to use

(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using

(D) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has been restricting exports, in addition to automakers starting to use

(E) Prices for palladium have soared because Russia is restricting exports, as well as automakers that have started using

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/22/business/honda-to-use-exhaust-device-that-it-says-will-cut-costs.html

Palladium prices have soared as Russia has restricted exports and as automakers have started trying to make the huge engines in sport utility vehicles and other light trucks pollute as little as cars, usually by fitting them with much bigger catalytic converters. Palladium prices briefly approached $1,100 in early February during an interruption of Russian shipments, which drew speculators into the market.

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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 09:30
1
The "it" in the non underlined portion should logically refer to "Palladium".

In A & B, "it" refers to "Russia", as it is the only singular noun, hence is not correct.

C makes more sense, as 'it" can now refer to "Palladium". The parallelism looks correct too. C is correct.

D & E have tense issues.

Answer C.

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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 18:32
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(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using --- correct parallellism and meaning.

(D) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has been restricting exports, in addition to automakers starting to use --- So Russia was restricting from quiet long. and Russia restricted export to automakers --- very bad construction.

(E) Prices for palladium have soared because Russia is restricting exports, as well as automakers that have started using ---- we need a verb after as well as.

With + noun+ verb-ing --- bad construction A, b done.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 07:13
hazelnut

Pls advise whether OA is correct or there is some different concept tested over here

experts GMATNinja, daagh, chetan2u pls enlighten. :-) :-)
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 07:18
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arun6765 wrote:
hazelnut

Pls advise whether OA is correct or there is some different concept tested over here

experts GMATNinja, daagh, chetan2u pls enlighten. :-) :-)


Sorry. I have edited the OA. Refer the excerpt from New York Times.

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/22/business/honda-to-use-exhaust-device-that-it-says-will-cut-costs.html

Palladium prices have soared as Russia has restricted exports and as automakers have started trying to make the huge engines in sport utility vehicles and other light trucks pollute as little as cars, usually by fitting them with much bigger catalytic converters. Palladium prices briefly approached $1,100 in early February during an interruption of Russian shipments, which drew speculators into the market.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 07:20
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arun6765 wrote:
hazelnut

Pls advise whether OA is correct or there is some different concept tested over here

experts GMATNinja, daagh, chetan2u pls enlighten. :-) :-)



Hi Arun
It is clearly C for parallelism between russians and automakers and their respective activities..
AS is also correctly used

C should be the answer and E is way too wrong
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 07:32
chetan2u wrote:
arun6765 wrote:
hazelnut

Pls advise whether OA is correct or there is some different concept tested over here

experts GMATNinja, daagh, chetan2u pls enlighten. :-) :-)



Hi Arun
It is clearly C for parallelism between russians and automakers and their respective activities..
AS is also correctly used

C should be the answer and E is way too wrong


thanks chetan2u that is what I was thinking.

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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 05:22
In A and B it is referring to Russia whereas must refer to Palladium. Hence A and B eliminated

In D and E there are tense issues as well as the construction is quite awkward

In Option C there is perfect parallelism "have soared" and "have started". Also now it is perfectly referring to "Palladium"

Hence Option C wins the race
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 03:06
hazelnut wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
OG Code : SC04198

Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and because automakers have started using it to make the huge engines in sport utility vehicles and other light trucks.

(A) Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and because automakers have started using

(B) Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports, in addition to automakers that have started to use

(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using

(D) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has been restricting exports, in addition to automakers starting to use

(E) Prices for palladium have soared because Russia is restricting exports, as well as automakers that have started using

https://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/22/business/honda-to-use-exhaust-device-that-it-says-will-cut-costs.html

Palladium prices have soared as Russia has restricted exports and as automakers have started trying to make the huge engines in sport utility vehicles and other light trucks pollute as little as cars, usually by fitting them with much bigger catalytic converters. Palladium prices briefly approached $1,100 in early February during an interruption of Russian shipments, which drew speculators into the market.


look at choice b.
with+noun+noun modifier can modify the whole previous sentence. but the problem is this modificiation here is not parallel. "that have started..." must be parallel to " restriting export". only this error is enough to eliminate choice B.

if the sentence is
with Russia restricting export. and there is not remaining part,
then the sentence is correct.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 00:06
Damn, GMAT is using a cut-phrase from an NY Times article ...
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 03:11
in addition to is used to say that 2 subjects do the same action

in addition to this class, other classese also learn gmat.

so, in addition to in choice b and d is wrong because we have 2 subjects, automaker and russia , are doing 2 actions, restricting and starting.

this is so simple, but fatal for us to quickly eliminate choice b and d.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 03:13
both as well as, and in addition to are used to show that 2 subjects do the same action.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 07:27
It refers to prices of p, isn’t it wrong?

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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2019, 11:25
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It cannot refer to prices becos of S-V number problem. It cannot also refer to Russia logically. The only other eligible noun is Palladium.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2019, 23:40
+1 for C

Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using- the answer choice, maintaining the parallel structure, correctly conveys the logical meaning by telling the two reasons why prices have soared.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 23:10
Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and because automakers have started using it to make the huge engines in sport utility vehicles and other light trucks.

(A) Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and because automakers have started using
(B) Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports, in addition to automakers that have started to use
(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using
(D) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has been restricting exports, in addition to automakers starting to use
(E) Prices for palladium have soared because Russia is restricting exports, as well as automakers that have started using

So it in the non-underlined part refers to Palladium but palladium in A and B is used as an adjective. "it" is a pronoun which can only refer to a noun. A and B are out.

how to eliminate DE ?
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2019, 23:52
chetan2u wrote:
arun6765 wrote:
hazelnut

Pls advise whether OA is correct or there is some different concept tested over here

experts GMATNinja, daagh, chetan2u pls enlighten. :-) :-)



Hi Arun
It is clearly C for parallelism between russians and automakers and their respective activities..
AS is also correctly used

C should be the answer and E is way too wrong


Should't there be an "as" between and & automakers for correct parallelism ?

(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2019, 23:31
Karmesh wrote:
Should't there be an "as" between and & automakers for correct parallelism ?

(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using
The second as is understood. It is for the same reason that we don't need to add another for or his in the following sentence:

He is known for his X and Y.
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Re: Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2019, 23:59
AjiteshArun wrote:
Karmesh wrote:
Should't there be an "as" between and & automakers for correct parallelism ?

(C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using
The second as is understood. It is for the same reason that we don't need to add another for or his in the following sentence:

He is known for his X and Y.


Hi AjiteshArun , Thanks for your reply. I'm a bit confused here.
So, to my understanding, we don't' repeat a word if it correlates to the same person or thing, eg in "He is known for his X and Y." X & Y both go back to the same person. Whereas, in option
C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using
Russia and automakers are different and we need to repeat as. (although they are russian automakers, but still different)
At least that's how i understand things.

Would be great if you could correct me and help understand better.
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Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2019, 00:22
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Karmesh wrote:
Hi AjiteshArun , Thanks for your reply. I'm a bit confused here.
So, to my understanding, we don't' repeat a word if it correlates to the same person or thing, eg in "He is known for his X and Y." X & Y both go back to the same person. Whereas, in option
C) Prices for palladium have soared as Russia has restricted exports and automakers have started using
Russia and automakers are different and we need to repeat as. (although they are russian automakers, but still different)
At least that's how i understand things.

Would be great if you could correct me and help understand better.
TIA
Hi Karmesh,

You're on the right track. It's just that we should look at it more as a preference (repeating a word may help make the sentence clearer in some cases) than as an absolute rule. That is, a second as is not necessary. This is not related to whether it is the same person or thing. For example (from here):

... tourists had raised the humidity within them to such levels that (a) salt from the stone was crystallizing and (b) fungus was growing on the walls.

If we tried to add another that before fungus, we'd actually end up with an inferior option.
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Palladium prices have soared, with Russia restricting exports and   [#permalink] 12 Aug 2019, 00:22
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