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# Some people believe that gaining wealth

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Intern
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Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2013, 22:03
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Some people believe that gaining wealth is due to luck. However, research from many institutions worldwide indicates a strong correlation between gaining wealth and high educational levels. Thus research supports the view that gaining wealth is largely the result of making informed career and business choices.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument..

(A) presumes, without providing justification that only highly educated people make informed career and business choices.
(B) overlooks the possibility that people who make informed career and business choices may nonetheless belong to a poor family.
(C) presumes, without providing justification, that informed career and business choices are available to everyone.
(D) overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to gaining wealth.
(E) does not acknowledge that some people who fail to make informed career and business choices have gained wealth.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2013, 23:47
Intern
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2014, 11:12
Why is A not the answer? There is a strong correlation between gaining wealth and high education levels. Then it is written that gaining wealth is largely the result of making informed career and business choices. So, I guess A correctly criticizes the argument.

Someone please explain this..
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 23:07
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Statistics says if two events correlate it can be three possibilities:
-event 1 can cause event 2
-event 2 can cause event 1
-event 3 can cause event 1 and 2
it can justify answers choice D, but I personally selected A because it also fits the assumption
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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Updated on: 21 Jul 2014, 11:38
If you look closely, option A is an assumption. Now when you try to negate A is says "that some highly educated people make informed career and business choices." which actually goes in line with the conclusion that says "that gaining wealth is largely the result of making informed career and business choices" (Not "entirely"). The negated A does not destroy the conclusion.

The argument is between luck and wealth not wealth and education. Answer is D clearly.

Originally posted by maggie27 on 21 Jul 2014, 07:58.
Last edited by maggie27 on 21 Jul 2014, 11:38, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 10:28
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Some people believe that gaining wealth is due to luck. However, research from many institutions worldwide indicates a strong correlation between gaining wealth and high educational levels. Thus research supports the view that gaining wealth is largely the result of making informed career and business choices.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument..

A.presumes, without providing justification that only highly educated people make informed career and business choices. WRONG BECAUSE OF WORD "ONLY".....OTHER THINGS BESIDES EDUCATION COULD ALSO LEAD TO INFORMED CHOICES....
B.overlooks the possibility that people who make informed career and business choices may nonetheless belong to a poor family..... IRRELEVANT...
C.presumes, without providing justification, that informed career and business choices are available to everyone. IRRELEVANT....
D.overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to gaining wealth. CORRECT....."EDUCATION" MAY NOT LEAD TO "INFORMED CHOICES" BUT SOMETHING ELSE MAY HAVE LED TO BOTH....
E.does not acknowledge that some people who fail to make informed career and business choices have gained wealth. IRRELEVANT.....
Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2013
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2014, 07:23
semwal wrote:
Some people believe that gaining wealth is due to luck. However, research from many institutions worldwide indicates a strong correlation between gaining wealth and high educational levels. Thus research supports the view that gaining wealth is largely the result of making informed career and business choices.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument..

A.presumes, without providing justification that only highly educated people make informed career and business choices. WRONG BECAUSE OF WORD "ONLY".....OTHER THINGS BESIDES EDUCATION COULD ALSO LEAD TO INFORMED CHOICES....
B.overlooks the possibility that people who make informed career and business choices may nonetheless belong to a poor family..... IRRELEVANT...
C.presumes, without providing justification, that informed career and business choices are available to everyone. IRRELEVANT....
D.overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to gaining wealth. CORRECT....."EDUCATION" MAY NOT LEAD TO "INFORMED CHOICES" BUT SOMETHING ELSE MAY HAVE LED TO BOTH....
E.does not acknowledge that some people who fail to make informed career and business choices have gained wealth. IRRELEVANT.....

Hi Semwal,
I eliminated A, B and C on the same grounds. I was stuck with E for quite a while, I eliminated E after spotting the phrase "some people". When the argument is about a research, the conclusion holds true only if the research provides something more convincing. With "some people" making it even without luck, the question that strikes immediately is "how many people"?
As its a research, we can assume that it holds true for most of the cases and "some people" may not be necessarily enough to tarnish the results of the research. Hence, i eliminated E and anyways D makes a lot more sense than E.
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2016, 07:33
Please can anybody elaborate on why D is not the correct answer versus E.I am not clear with the reasoning.
Is this not the typical Cause and effect wherein No cause but still effect---> No informed career and business choices but still gain in wealth
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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09 May 2016, 07:55
bhamini1 our argument is concerned about the possible causal relationship btw education and wealth. option E states that some people who fail to make informed career and business have gained wealth. but think of another thing that would have contributed to both education and wealth. if it exist then it will weaken our conclusion.
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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2016, 06:46
Typical correlation --> causation flaw in reasoning. Answer choice D.

A is wrong because the statement is beyond scope. The passage states likelihood while the answer choice indicates absolution.
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$60/hour as of November 2017. http://www.facebook.com/HanoiGMATtutor HanoiGMATTutor@gmail.com Intern Joined: 14 Jul 2016 Posts: 27 Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags Updated on: 22 Jun 2017, 23:39 4 This post was BOOKMARKED Some people believe that good health is due to luck. However, studies from many countries indicate a strong correlation between good health and high educational levels. Thus research supports the view that good health is largely the result of making informed lifestyle choices. The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument A. presumes, without providing justification, that only highly educated people make informed lifestyle choices B. overlooks the possibility that people who make informed lifestyle choices may nonetheless suffer from inherited diseases C. presumes, without providing justification, that informed lifestyle choices are available to everyone D. overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to good health E. does not acknowledge that some people who fail to make informed lifestyle choices are in good health Originally posted by burnrohan on 17 Nov 2016, 08:25. Last edited by broall on 22 Jun 2017, 23:39, edited 1 time in total. Merged post. Please search before posting Manager Joined: 23 Jan 2016 Posts: 218 Location: India GPA: 3.2 Re: Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags Updated on: 17 Nov 2016, 12:15 D for me. Argument says good health is education and not luck. He shows this by providing evidence of a research stating tha informed lifestyle choices and good health have high correlation. What if luck were to decide your education as well? That's what D says. Hence it weakens the argument. Experts let me know your thoughts. Thanks. Sent from my SM-G920I using GMAT Club Forum mobile app Originally posted by OreoShake on 17 Nov 2016, 09:21. Last edited by OreoShake on 17 Nov 2016, 12:15, edited 1 time in total. Manager Status: The first one did not go in accordance with my plans Joined: 15 Aug 2016 Posts: 63 Location: India GMAT 1: 660 Q51 V27 GMAT 2: 690 Q48 V37 GPA: 4 WE: Consulting (Internet and New Media) Re: Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Nov 2016, 11:03 burnrohan wrote: Some people believe that good health is due to luck. However, studies from many countries indicate a strong correlation between good health and high educational levels. Thus research supports the view that good health is largely the result of making informed lifestyle choices. The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument A. presumes, without providing justification, that only highly educated people make informed lifestyle choices B. overlooks the possibility that people who make informed lifestyle choices may nonetheless suffer from inherited diseases C. presumes, without providing justification, that informed lifestyle choices are available to everyone D. overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to good health E. does not acknowledge that some people who fail to make informed lifestyle choices are in good health A - Too extreme B - Out of scope. The criticism talks about inherited diseases, something that the stem does not talk about C - If informed lifestyle choices were available, wouldn't everyone be healthy? D - Cause and effect may be the same source. Hold with this option E - The stem only speaks about healthy people making informed lifestyle choices. Hence, out of scope D fits the most! Intern Joined: 14 Jul 2016 Posts: 27 Re: Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Nov 2016, 11:31 Doesn't the argument mean only educated people make informed lifestyle decisions? Board of Directors Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator Joined: 11 Jun 2011 Posts: 3399 Location: India GPA: 3.5 WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking) Re: Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags 17 Nov 2016, 12:12 burnrohan wrote: Some people believe that good health is due to luck. However, studies from many countries indicate a strong correlation between good health and high educational levels. Thus research supports the view that good health is largely the result of making informed lifestyle choices. The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument A. presumes, without providing justification, that only highly educated people make informed lifestyle choices B. overlooks the possibility that people who make informed lifestyle choices may nonetheless suffer from inherited diseases C. presumes, without providing justification, that informed lifestyle choices are available to everyone D. overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to good health E. does not acknowledge that some people who fail to make informed lifestyle choices are in good health High Education Level $$α$$ Good health Research : Informed lifestyle choices---->Good health Among the given options only (D) fits in... burnrohan wrote: Doesn't the argument mean only educated people make informed lifestyle decisions? Only X , modifier, restricts the scope of the statement to include only educated people , which is incorrect... _________________ Thanks and Regards Abhishek.... PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only ) Retired Moderator Status: The best is yet to come..... Joined: 10 Mar 2013 Posts: 515 Re: Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags 19 Jun 2017, 07:07 D. overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to good health What does the 'same thing' mean? _________________ Hasan Mahmud GMAT Club Verbal Expert Status: GMAT and GRE tutor Joined: 13 Aug 2009 Posts: 1596 Location: United States GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46 GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51 GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170 Re: Some people believe that good health is due to luck [#permalink] ### Show Tags 22 Jun 2017, 18:49 2 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Mahmud6 wrote: D. overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to good health What does the 'same thing' mean? The author of the passage reasons that a high education level increases the chances of making informed lifestyle choices which in turn increases the chances of having good health. However, what if there is another underlying factor that leads to BOTH high education levels AND good health? For example, perhaps growing up in a wealthy neighborhood increases the chances of getting a high education while simultaneously increasing the chances of having good health. In that case, education does not lead to good health. Rather, growing up in a wealthy neighborhood leads to good health, and, at the same time, growing up in a wealthy neighborhood leads to high education. So the "same thing" (in this example, growing up in a wealthy neighborhood), causally contributes both to education and to good health. _________________ GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction YouTube LIVE verbal webinars Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset -- Wednesdays, February 14 - April 4! SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. 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Re: Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 09:48
Imo D overlooks the possibility that the same thing may causally contribute both to education and to gaining wealth is our answer .
From the argument we can infer X and Y leads to Z , but it overlooks the fact that Z can also lead to X and Z .
Hence option d is correct .
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Some people believe that gaining wealth [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2017, 11:16
Hi,
I am really bad in solving correlation questions. I gave my best still got this one wrong. In this question, how "luck" is associated, can anyone please explain. And how one should go ahead with these kind of questions.
Thanks in advance
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Some people believe that gaining wealth   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2017, 11:16
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