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The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies

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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2017, 06:33
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gmat2805 wrote:
The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared to about $20 billion in last year.

A)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion in last year
B)that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about $20 billion last year
C)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion last year
D)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion reached in last year
E)spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, and that is compared to about $20 billion reached last year


My doubt :- How can the option without "that" be correct ?

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA : C


What does compared to modify here?
Could you explain in on the context of ed modifier here?
I thought ed modifier after comma modifies the closest noun.
Please help egmat

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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 11:46
Hi, please explain in brief about the redundancy of the word 'in' in option C. How is option C better than option A

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Re: The country’s Commerce secretary says that spending on fuel subsidies [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 01:47
pqhai wrote:
dhler wrote:
So the right option definitely won't contain a "that" as its beginning.

Although GMAT always puts "that" after a verb to introduce an objective clause, there may be one or two times when GMAT choose to omit "that" after the verb "say".

Hopes this helps.


Hi dhler.

Your answer is correct. This question does not require "that". However, I want to elaborate a bit. (It may help those who are still wondering about "that")

(1) "Say + That" vs "Say + That"

* Optional That
The word that is usually optional when it comes after the following verbs: verb, tell, think, believe

Let see examples:
Erica said that she was coming over after work
--OR--
Erica said she was coming over after work
Both are correct. However, the latter is better because it's more concise.

*Obligatory That
The word that is usually obligatory after the following verbs when introducing another clause: mention, declare, report, state (the most common verb we see on GMAT is "report")

(2) Concision in GMAT

If two sentences are correct in terms of grammars, meaning, GMAT chooses the shorter one.
Back to this question. If A were correct, GMAT would have chosen C (say + that) because C is more concise.

Hope it helps.


Source: Gmat Club Ultimate Grammar


Hi,
Can you kindly explain the redundancy of the word 'in' in option A. Had the sentence be that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion in 2012, would that be correct.

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 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 05:55
sunny91 wrote:
pqhai wrote:
dhler wrote:
So the right option definitely won't contain a "that" as its beginning.

Although GMAT always puts "that" after a verb to introduce an objective clause, there may be one or two times when GMAT choose to omit "that" after the verb "say".

Hopes this helps.


Hi dhler.

Your answer is correct. This question does not require "that". However, I want to elaborate a bit. (It may help those who are still wondering about "that")

(1) "Say + That" vs "Say + That"

* Optional That
The word that is usually optional when it comes after the following verbs: verb, tell, think, believe

Let see examples:
Erica said that she was coming over after work
--OR--
Erica said she was coming over after work
Both are correct. However, the latter is better because it's more concise.

*Obligatory That
The word that is usually obligatory after the following verbs when introducing another clause: mention, declare, report, state (the most common verb we see on GMAT is "report")

(2) Concision in GMAT

If two sentences are correct in terms of grammars, meaning, GMAT chooses the shorter one.
Back to this question. If A were correct, GMAT would have chosen C (say + that) because C is more concise.

Hope it helps.


Source: Gmat Club Ultimate Grammar


Hi,
Can you kindly explain the redundancy of the word 'in' in option A. Had the sentence be that spending on fuel subsidies could reach $40 billion dollars in 2013, compared with about $20 billion in 2012, would that be correct.


Yes, it would be correct - it is not about redundancy, but about the standard practice of NOT using "in" with "last year" / "next year".

I went there last year... correct
I went there in 2016... correct
I went there in last year... wrong
I went there 2016... wrong

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  [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 05:55

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