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The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens

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The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jan 2018, 21:42
3
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A
B
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E

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Question Stats:

84% (01:05) correct 16% (01:19) wrong based on 258 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 79
Page: 650

The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like

(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like

(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be

(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as


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Originally posted by bhushan252 on 16 Sep 2009, 20:05.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Jan 2018, 21:42, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 06:53
A is correct.
You don’t even need to stress on as vs like in this question as all the answer choices other than A are wrong.

Like means “similar to” or “in a manner similar to”.

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like – establishing and used not parallel
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like – we don’t need when and past perfect here. Moreover as should be used instead of like.

D and E are way too off.
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2009, 07:12
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Answer A

"as" is correct in comparison to "like" and "to be". So, B, C and D are out.

Out of A and E, A seems to be logical and correct.
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The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2014, 22:53
WoundedTiger wrote:
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as
(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be
(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as



Hi,
Comma + verbing modifies preceding independent clause,then how establishing and using is modifying athens,which is actually a dependent clause.

Thanks
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2014, 13:47
1
abid1986 wrote:
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as
(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be
(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as

Hi,
Comma + verbing modifies preceding independent clause,then how establishing and using is modifying athens,which is actually a dependent clause.

Thanks
Abid


Hi Abid,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :-)

The Comma + Verb-ing modifier modifies the action in the preceding clause. This preceding clause can be an Independent or a Dependent Clause. Ans also, action denoted by the Comma + Verb-ing modifier must make sense with the Subject of the action modified by this modifier.

In this sentence, the cause preceding the Comma + Verb-ing Modifiers "establishing..." and "using..." is "when Athens was taken by General...
So, here the action these modifiers modify is "was taken". The Subject of this modified action is "Athens". Hence, this modification is illogical because Athens did not do any of the two actions denoted by the Comma + Verb-ing Modifiers here.

These actions were actually performed by the General. Choice A is the clear winner here that conveys that meaning perfectly.

For more details on the correct use Comma + Verb-ing modifiers, please read the following article:
usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks
Shraddha
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2017, 21:47
The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as

(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like Paralelism

(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like Paralelism

(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be Paralelism

(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as Verb is required
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 10:07
GMATNinja mikemcgarry - can you please explain this. I think As + clause is the correct usage and Like + noun is also the correct usage and so A and E would be wrong
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 13:14
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saurabh9gupta wrote:
GMATNinja mikemcgarry - can you please explain this. I think As + clause is the correct usage and Like + noun is also the correct usage and so A and E would be wrong

Ah, I think I see the issue. You're thinking about "like" and "as" when those words are used as comparisons. If you're comparing two nouns ("Like a pig, Charlie eats with tremendous enthusiasm"), you'd want to use "like"; if you're comparing two clauses ("Just as pigs are voracious eaters, Charlie also can consume his entire body weight in a single trip to the buffet"), you'll want to use "as".

Trouble is, this isn't a comparison at all! In the phrase "the Turkish sultan... used the Acropolis as a fortress", we're not trying to compare "the Acropolis" with "a fortress" -- the Acropolis is simply put to use as a fortress. The phrase "used as" just indicates the building's function. So there's no need to even worry about the distinction between "like" and "as", since there is no comparison taking place.

I hope this helps!
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2018, 13:15
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saurabh9gupta wrote:
GMATNinja mikemcgarry - can you please explain this. I think As + clause is the correct usage and Like + noun is also the correct usage and so A and E would be wrong



Hello saurabh9gupta,


Although your question is not for me, I would like to help you with this one. :-)


The structure as + clause is used when the sentence intends to present comparison.

But this official sentence does not intend to present any comparison. It intends to say that the Turkish Sultan used the Acropolis itself as a fortress. The Acropolis has not been compared with a fortress.

Since the sentence intends to present the role of Acropolis as a fortress, use of as + a fortress (a noun entity) is absolutely correct.

It is very important that you understand the intended meaning of the sentence to be able to decide whether the sentence intends to present comparison or function and hence, use the correct structure accordingly.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens &nbs [#permalink] 29 May 2018, 13:15
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