It is currently 28 Jun 2017, 12:32

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

When congress reconvenes, some newly elected...

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

3 KUDOS received
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2739
Location: New York City
When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2007, 14:36
3
This post received
KUDOS
9
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

91% (02:04) correct 9% (00:28) wrong based on 207 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 83
Page: 689

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Mar 2007
Posts: 82
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2007, 14:59
bmwhype2 wrote:
920. When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.
(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


A & B, "and" is not the correct word to be used in this situation

C, wrong tense

D, wrong tense and awkward wording

which leads to...E, the correct answer
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 30 Nov 2006
Posts: 591
Location: Kuwait
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2007, 15:59
The correct Ideom --> restrictions + on
A and C are therefore incorrect

Within the context of the sentence, it should be try + to + establish, as the sentence in option B is awkward and incorrect.

D is false due to the use to "being", making it awkward and unneccessarily using passive tense verbs.

ANSWER: E
1 KUDOS received
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2739
Location: New York City
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2007, 23:57
1
This post received
KUDOS
bmwhype2 wrote:
920. When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.
(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


Excellent feedback!!

A&B: and cannot be used in this context because it would read "to try and", thereby giving no explanation of the action/verb. Missing verb.


(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
will try is future tense. establishing is present tense. GMAT condemns tense changes unless those tense changes are in the case of past perfect situations.

(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
being is almost always wrong. passive.


(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage
correct
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 11 Aug 2013
Posts: 15
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2013, 09:55
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 83
Page: 689


When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I got a right answer based on parallelism. But the question is why the phrase "the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow" is correct? I think it needs a word between grain and farmers, for exampe The amount of grain, which farmers will be allowed to grow,. Can anyone explain this? Thanks.

Last edited by hazelnut on 03 May 2017, 20:31, edited 3 times in total.
Topic Renamed.Edited the Q.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 832
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2013, 10:47
hyunlee1030 wrote:
920. When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.
(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


I got a right answer based on parallelism. But the question is why the phrase "the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow" is correct? I think it needs a word between grain and farmers, for exampe The amount of grain, which farmers will be allowed to grow,. Can anyone explain this? Thanks.



IMO its always good to learn from the official answers pattern...so that we are familiar with patterns which GMAT assumes as correct.
overall GMAT doesnt uses a specific grammar book...its their rule ,all we can do is just make note of them and use them ...in the exam.

for this question there is quick way to eliminate A/B.
WHENEVER we use AND we separate two things which are separate.
now if you see....in this ==>will try AND establish...
these two things are not separate ..means actually ..it is trying TO ESTABLISH.
SO in all such cases use of AND is wrong...we need TO..
SO CORRECT OPTION WILL CONTAIN WILL TRY TO ESTABLISH

similar usage in one more official question:

A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.

A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are
B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are
C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals' horns have been
D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals' horns are
E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals' horns have been

now here VISIT and SEE are not separate work...as people will visit for the purpose of seeing only(in this case)
so here use of AND is again wrong....NOW THE CORRECT OPTION IN THIS CASE IS C..which correctly uses...to visit ..to see

now coming to original question ..we have eliminated A and B

(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
WRONG..
= restriction -on ==>correct IDIOM.
= TRY ESTABLISHING =>this is wrong usage as per context here.

(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
WRONG..
=capable of being grown==>this is unnecessary wordy.
= use of being --this is always like a red alert :-D

(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage
CORRECT
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: http://gmatclub.com/forum/vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 219
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2014, 03:02
bmwhype2 wrote:
920. When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.
(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


Right off the bat, parallelism is the key here.

A just sounds like a mess. "able to grow" in B distorts meaning. verb-ing is not parallel to the infinitive in C. "capable of being grown" distorts meaning in D, the infinitive and present participle are not parallel. E has none of these problems, so E is correct.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Mar 2015
Posts: 7
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Oct 2015, 14:03
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage
i got right but i don't understand how a sentence can have two verbs which are not well connected with 'and'

here we have will try and another will >>>> it looks like very wordy but it is the right answer !!!!!


please help
Expert Post
Jamboree GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Status: GMAT Expert
Affiliations: Jamboree Education Pvt Ltd
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 286
Location: India
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Oct 2015, 22:34
As per the meaning of the sentence - congress (newly elected members) will try to carry out 2 things :

a. establish tighter restrictions
b. encourage more aggressive sales

These two activities are correctly (adhering to parallelism) joined by "AND".

Sv pair - 1. Congress reconvenes

2. Members will try
_________________

Aryama Dutta Saikia
Jamboree Education Pvt. Ltd.

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 185
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2016, 23:59
Dear experts,

I put E into the sentence as following:
(E)
When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

my doubt:

members will try to establish restriction on amount,-- complete sentence
farmers will be allowed to grow --- complete sentence, but I guess it works as a modifier

why these two sentences are without a conjunction?
if "farmers will be allowed to grow" is a modifier, shouldn't need "that" to introduce a modifier?
does it omit "that" here?
as I know, if "that" introduces a modifier, then "that" can not be omitted ? (I forget where I got it, sorry for that)

did I misunderstanding?

please point out my fault

thanks in advance

have a nice day
>_~
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 979
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 May 2017, 22:04
1
This post received
KUDOS
bmwhype2 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 83
Page: 689

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


First Glance

The underline begins with the word and. keep an eye out for Parallelism and Structure issues.

Issues

(1) Meaning: try and establish

The original sentence has a meaning problem: members will try and establish restrictions. Whenever you see an X and Y structure with two verbs (like this one), check whether the logical meaning is actually will try to establish restrictions.

How to know which it is? When the parallel marker and is used, the sentence is discussing two parallel but separate verbs: the members will try and, separately, the members will establish these restrictions. In this case, the meaning is illogical. The members are trying to establish; they have the intention to establish these restrictions. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

Although people will use try and establish in casual conversation all the time, the meaning is still illogical. The test writers are trying to get you to fall for false parallelism, but the sentence shouldn't have a parallel structure here.

Answer (C) is suspect; establishing might be okay, but the construction in answers (D) and (E) (try to establish) is better. Put a question mark next to answer (C).

(2) Idiom: establish restrictions for

The original sentence uses the idiom establish restrictions for the amount of something. The correct idiom is to establish restrictions on the amount or usage of something.

Eliminate answers (A) and (C) because they use the incorrect idiom establish restrictions for.

Parallelism: X and Y

The original sentence also contains a real instance of the parallelism marker X and Y:

(A) will try and establish and to encourage
(B) will try and establish and encouraging
(C) will try establishing and to encourage
(D) will try to establish and encouraging
(E) will try to establish and to encourage

Answer (A) and (B) use the form will establish for the X portion. Neither to encourage nor encouraging is an acceptable match for the Y portion. Answers (C) and (D) pair a participle with an infinitive; both are not parallel. Only answer (E) offers a parallel structure: to establish and to encourage. Eliminate answers (A), (B), (C), and (D).

(4) Meaning: able to be; capable of being

Answers (A), (C), and (E) indicate that the government is trying to restrict what some people will be allowed to grow. Answer (B) talks about what is able to be grown and answer (D) talks about what is capable of being grown. Are all versions acceptable?

Allowed means permitted: the government permits the farmers to grow a certain amount of grain. What farmers are able to grow or capable of growing is a different issue. One farmer might be able to grow more than the restrictions would allow while another farmer might be capable of growing less than the restrictions allow. The government can't determine this; it just depends how much land a farmer has, how good she is at growing grain, and so on. Eliminate answers (B) and (D) for an illogical meaning.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (E) fixes the original meaning issue by using the construction will try to establish. It also offers the parallel construction to establish and to encourage.
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3976
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 May 2017, 13:11
Top Contributor
In this easy question, to keep parallelism between two factors connected by an 'and', we need two identical parts of speech. In the given context, to establish and to encourage is the only combo as in E that sticks to this tenet and hence, is the answer
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Mar 2017
Posts: 9
Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2017, 10:46
bmwhype2 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 83
Page: 689

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage more aggressive sales of United States farm products overseas.

(A) and establish tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are to be allowed to grow and to encourage
(B) and establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain able to be grown by farmers and encouraging
(C) establishing tighter restrictions for the amount of grain farmers are allowed to grow and to encourage
(D) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain capable of being grown by farmers and encouraging
(E) to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage


I understood the credited answer (option E). But I have one doubt:
Does the phrase 'will try' apply to both the infinitives, 'to establish' and 'to encourage'

When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try[to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and to encourage].
=> When Congress reconvenes, some newly elected members from rural states will try to establish tighter restrictions on the amount of grain farmers will be allowed to grow and will try to encourage

Did I understand correctly?
How can we know whether 'will try' applies to both the infinitives or only the first infinitive?

In general, if I have a structure A x B + C, how can we know whether the meaning is A x (B + C) or whether it is A x B + C? In math, we have parenthesis to differentiate, but is there any verbal equivalent for parenthesis?
_________________

"You can help me achieve my goal by sharing your knowledge"

Re: When congress reconvenes, some newly elected...   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2017, 10:46
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
10 Doubt: When to use comma before AND. Since the last election prakash111687 6 22 Apr 2015, 23:13
5 The first woman elected to Congress in the United States, kkalyan 5 28 Dec 2016, 23:44
1 Congress is responsible for legislation, and the police is kp1811 9 05 Aug 2012, 01:45
30 Experts publish their posts in the topic Some analysts contend that true capitalism exists only when sher676 40 25 Sep 2016, 22:36
The newly elected baseball commissioner has asked that a prateek11587 20 29 Jul 2013, 04:38
Display posts from previous: Sort by

When congress reconvenes, some newly elected...

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.