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A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to

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A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Dec 2018, 04:26
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A
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C
D
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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:03) correct 33% (01:13) wrong based on 1983 sessions

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A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify


Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition, 2009

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 54
Page: 254

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Originally posted by vannu on 05 Jun 2009, 09:14.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Dec 2018, 04:26, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2009, 08:00
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In my view, (B) is wrong.

After searching the usage of "unless" on the internet, then I found this example:

"Unless she hurries up, we won't arrive in time."

You'll see that it uses present simple tense in the unless clause, and uses future tense (will not) in the Then clause.

Then look at this problem, you'll see that it already uses "will" in the Then Clause. Therefore, it is not able to use future tense again in the Unless clause.

The same structure of If...Then is also in the MGMAT SC.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2010, 08:07
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Unless grammar rules:
http://www.edufind.com/english/grammar/IF9.cfm
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2013, 22:37
Please explain why is b wrong? unable to understand..
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2013, 23:23
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Sachin, Regarding choice (B)
The construction "A patient .. will find it difficult, unless there will be another doctor..." is incorrect. Unless requires present tense.

Example:
Correct: I will not do X UNLESS there IS Y.
Wrong: I will not do X UNLESS there WILL BE Y.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2014, 05:08
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CharuKapoor wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor's testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E ) lacking another doctor to testify



This sentence provides a condition: A patient will find it difficult to prove damage if he/she doesn't have testimony of another doctor. --> Answer should clearly identify the condition. --> D&E is eliminated.
A. Yes, there's condition here, but "some other doctor" isn't correct. "Some other" should go with "doctors" --> incorrect.
B. Main clause (A patient... will find it difficult...) has "will" --> unless should have simple tense. --> incorrect
C. Concise and clear --> correct
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2014, 08:19
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mun23 wrote:
CharuKapoor wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor's testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E ) lacking another doctor to testify



A and B is redundant
D is awkward
E here lacking wrongly modifying damage
Thus C is the correct answer
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@mun - How is B redundant?? I think it is correct, but C is more compact. GMAT prefers compact answers over lengthy statements.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2014, 08:59
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mehulsayani wrote:
mun23 wrote:
CharuKapoor wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor's testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E ) lacking another doctor to testify



A and B is redundant
D is awkward
E here lacking wrongly modifying damage
Thus C is the correct answer
If you find my post helpful don`t forget to give kudos


@mun - How is B redundant?? I think it is correct, but C is more compact. GMAT prefers compact answers over lengthy statements.


Hey mehulsayani,

I don't think that B is redundant. B is incorrect because B uses "will" in the "unless" clause. Let's take an example. I will go fishing unless it rains. Unless clause is simply the conditionnal clause. Hence, "will" shouldn't be used.

Hope it's clear!
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2015, 07:38
B is wrong, because we cannot use the future tense in 'if' clauses.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2015, 11:48
What's wrong with A?

EducationAisle, can you please guide
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2015, 21:18
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I think the only problem with A is that it is wordy as compared to C. Official guide also says this.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2015, 22:35
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Would agree with Tarun: without another doctor's testimony is just more concise and elegant than if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2019, 06:10
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A question from our SC "ask me anything" thread... along with a probably-unsatisfying answer :? :

Hoozan wrote:
17. A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E) lacking another doctor to testify

Please could you help me understand the error in this question and tell me why option C is the correct choice?

As per my understanding, the above is a "outcome, If condition" format. And as per this the If clause uses a present tense while the condition clause uses a simple future tense. Since the use of tense is correct I chose Option A

This is one of my least-favorite official SC questions, just because it doesn't really test any idea or rule or principle that you're likely to see on any other question. There really aren't any official questions that look like this one, so I don't think that it's worth a ton of your time. You could dissect this question until the cows come home, and I'm skeptical that it would help you get other official questions right.

For whatever it's worth, the mistake you're making is a logical one, not really a grammatical one. You're essentially saying that because one aspect of the grammatical structure in (A) is acceptable, that it must be the best answer -- and that all of the other answer choices are wrong. Sure, it can be fine to have a conditional statement in the structure "if (present tense action) happens, then (future tense action) will happen." But that doesn't mean that it's automatically correct.

Quote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor’s testimony

So why is (C) better than (A)? I don't think that the answer is terribly fulfilling, unfortunately. (C) is just much more direct, clear, and elegant: it is "difficult to prove damage without another doctor's testimony" is much more succinct than saying that it is "difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify." And that's not a terribly helpful reason, but the absence of any real grammatical issue, there's absolutely no reason to pick muddy, clunky (A) over clear, direct (C).

I hope this helps a bit!
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2019, 07:00
LucyDang wrote:
CharuKapoor wrote:
A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to prove damage if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify about proper medical procedures.

(A) if there is a lack of some other doctor to testify
(B) unless there will be another doctor to testify
(C) without another doctor's testimony
(D) should there be no testimony from some other doctor
(E ) lacking another doctor to testify



A and B is redundant
D is awkward
E here lacking wrongly modifying damage
Thus C is the correct answer
If you find my post helpful don`t forget to give kudos





Unless means the same as if...not. Like if, unless is followed by a present tense, a past tense, or a past perfect tense (never by a conditional). Unless is used instead of if...not in conditional sentences of all types. The order of the clauses doesn't matter with sentences using unless.

TYPE 1 CONDITIONAL: UNLESS + PRESENT TENSE


With IfYou will be sick if you don't stop eating.Equivalent with Unless You'll be sick unless you stop eating.
With IfI won't pay if you don't provide the goods immediately. Equivalent with UnlessI won't pay unless you provide the goods immediately.
With IfIf you don't study dilligently, you'll never understand trigonometry.Equivalent with UnlessUnless you study dilligently, you'll never understand trigonometry.

TYPE 2 CONDITIONAL: UNLESS + PAST TENSE


With IfIf he wasn't very ill, he would be at work. Equivalent with UnlessUnless he was very ill, he would be at work.
With IfI wouldn't eat that food if I wasn't really hungry.Equivalent with UnlessI wouldn't eat that food unless I was really hungry.
With IfShe would be here by now if she wasn't stuck in traffic.Equivalent with UnlessShe would be here by now unless she was stuck in traffic.

TYPE 3 CONDITIONAL: UNLESS + PAST PERFECT


With IfOur director would not have signed the contract if she hadn't had a lawyer present.Equivalent with UnlessOur director would not have signed the contract unless she had had a lawyer present.
With IfI wouldn't have phoned him if you hadn't suggested it.Equivalent with UnlessI wouldn't have phoned him unless you'd suggested it.
With IfThey would have shot her if she hadn't given them the money.Equivalent with UnlessThey would have shot her unless she'd given them the money.
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Re: A patient accusing a doctor of malpractice will find it difficult to   [#permalink] 29 Jun 2019, 07:00
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