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A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers

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A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 15:25
4
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A
B
C
D
E

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A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

(A) other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less

(B) other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000

(C) what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less

(D) those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less

(E) those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2014, 09:17
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dheeraj24 wrote:
A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000

I know this Question was already posted , but i have a few doubts in this questions.
I do agree and clear with the Comparision issue.

OA is E.

My Question is
A clause following (Comma + and) structure should be an independent clause. Here in option E , is the Sentence following the (comma +and ) an Independent clause ??

Dear dheeraj24,
First of all, I merged your post into another post in which this question was already discussed. In the future, when you want to ask about a question that has already been posted multiply times, don't start a new thread. Rather, ask your question in the same thread (if you don't find your answer there), and every single person who has posted in that thread will get an email --- presumably, some expert in the thread will answer your question. Does this make sense?

At the end of (E), we don't have clauses. We have two prepositional phrases in parallel --- "by X, and by Y." The only independent clause in this sentence is at the beginning, with subject "report" and verb "indicates" --- everything after that is inside the subordinate clause beginning with the word "that." In fact, that whole clause is an substantive clause; for more on that see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/substantiv ... -the-gmat/

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 15:53
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E

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less - wrong comparison. The sentences must compare salaries.
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000 - the same: wrong comparison.
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less - wordy.
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less - I think that "to" usually is to establish a range (from...TO....). This is not the case. Here the sentence is showing 2 specific average in different moments in the life of a teacher.
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000 - much better, (but that comma (,) before "and" I don't know if it is really necessary) :s

By POE, my answer is E.

I think I deserve kudos 8-)
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2010, 17:14
Agree with metallicafan - answer choice D would be more appropriate to use with a range of values.

E also keeps better parallel structure than D.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 03:45
I was stuck between D and E, and finally choose D. Probably E has a better parallelism. Dont know :(
Still waiting for Expert Comments to throw some light Gmatically :)
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 05:13
noboru wrote:
A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers
continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they
make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and
almost $24,000 less
a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the
start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000

For me is between D and E.
Please clarify.


Those should be present as it is a comparison between teachers' salaries between two periods.
Hence, left with D and E.

And E wins because of parallelism. Hope this clears..

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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 06:29
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noboru wrote:
A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers
continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they
make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and
almost $24,000 less
a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the
start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000

For me is between D and E.
Please clarify.


E is for ||ism by an average and by almost ...
IN D the use of to is wrong as it makes me feel the range from 8000 to 24000. Correct me if i am wrong
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 06:55
geturdream wrote:
noboru wrote:
A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers
continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they
make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and
almost $24,000 less
a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the
start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000

For me is between D and E.
Please clarify.


E is for ||ism by an average and by almost ...
IN D the use of to is wrong as it makes me feel the range from 8000 to 24000. Correct me if i am wrong



You are right, "to" is to show a range. That's why I eliminated D.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2010, 04:24
Comma (,) before end is mandatory in one case as shown below.

I love crcket, and my fav. player is MURALI.

The comma is mandatory in the above sentece as the subject (I) of the first IC is diff. from that (My fav. Player) of the second IC.

In the rest of the cases, the comma b4 and can be ignored.

e.g: i love cricket and foodball. (, is not manadtory here)

Hope it helps.

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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2011, 17:33
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I chose D but yes TO is incorrectly used here...thanx guys
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2011, 02:51
from X to Y show a range

comma used in choice E make the paralleled items clearer. One is the salaries of teachers, another belongs to professionals.

So, choice E is the best.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2011, 03:24
initially i picked E, but then when I looked at the numbers in option E, which doesn't say whether they are 'less' or 'more' ('less' is clearly stated in original statement)...D is clearly wrong as it changes the meaning by introducing the range of values

I'm confused now, E doesn't looks to be correct answer

Is there an option F?
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2011, 04:00
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Its E,

D--->Less is uncountable

E--->Perfect
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Mar 2014, 08:11
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A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000

I know this Question was already posted , but i have a few doubts in this questions.
I do agree and clear with the Comparision issue.

OA is E.

My Question is
A clause following (Comma + and) structure should be an independent clause. Here in option E , is the Sentence following the (comma +and ) an Independent clause ??

Originally posted by dheeraj24 on 25 Mar 2014, 04:01.
Last edited by carcass on 25 Mar 2014, 08:11, edited 1 time in total.
Modified the title and underlined the portion of the sentence
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2014, 00:21
Bingo E!!! perfect comparison

A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers
continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they
make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and
almost $24,000 l
ess a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

salaries of teachers lag behind salaries of other (here those refer to salaries )

A,B, and C incorrect comparison salaries to person :)

Hope this helps :)
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2015, 10:07
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In D "lag far behind" and "less" makes the sentence redundant.
E corrects the sentence based on parallelism.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2015, 10:50
Quote:
A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less -
| 'they' is ambiguous |
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000
| average of $8000 to .... - this changes the meaning in a way |
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
| Wrong comparison - teachers should be compared to college educated professionals , not with what the payment |
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
| same error as in B |
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000
Correct
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2015, 12:51
2
my approach:


A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
comparison is illogical. as per this sentence, the salaries of teachers are lagging behind college-educated professionals. 2 clauses are connected by only a comma.

B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000
same comparison error as in A.

C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
comparison error. "less" error as in A. - ing is not the best way to modify the preceding clause by introducing new information. furthermore, it is not clear who is making 8k

D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
corrects the comparison error, but introduces a parallelism error.

E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000
correct answer.
entities compared: salaries of teachers and those (salaries) of other college-educated professionals
by an average of nearly 8k is parallel with by almost 24k


I eliminated answer choices that used "less" to show by how much other college-educated professionals make.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2015, 02:22
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A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000

My 2 cents:
1: What are we comparing? Salaries of 2 group of people.
2:less is used in a few of options. Usage of less is redundant as lag is already mentioned in non underlined part.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2016, 08:42
ABC are all incorrect to me..

D > ...By An.... To
E > ... By an... AND BY

My Guess is ,we say From...TO....
So, D seems to be incorrect to me..
Is that right? :(

noboru wrote:
A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers
continue to lag far behind other college-educated professionals, because they
make an average of nearly $8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and
almost $24,000 less
a year by the time they reach the age of 50.

A. other college-educated professionals, because they make an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
B. other college-educated professionals, by an average of nearly $8,000 a year at the
start of their careers, to almost $24,000
C. what other college-educated professionals are paid—making an average of nearly
$8,000 a year less at the start of their careers and almost $24,000 less
D. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers to almost $24,000 less
E. those of other college-educated professionals—by an average of nearly $8,000 a
year at the start of their careers, and by almost $24,000
Spoiler: :: DOUBT
For me is between D and E.
Please clarify.
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Re: A recently published report indicates that the salaries of teachers   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2016, 08:42

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