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# According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini

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Director
Joined: 10 Feb 2006
Posts: 568
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2007, 11:52
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79% (00:47) correct 21% (01:04) wrong based on 224 sessions

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According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

(A) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
(B) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(C) require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
(D) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(E) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

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Joined: 10 Jun 2007
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Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2007, 12:08
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

D.

A is wrong subj form
B is awkward
C and D is using subject instead of verb
SVP
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2003
Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2007, 15:58
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

D. Require X to Y. Elim AE. B and C are long and awkward. D is much clearer.
Intern
Joined: 17 Sep 2012
Posts: 1
Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2012, 08:52
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

I would like to ask about "require X to Y" I have read that the X has to be a person or organization in some book I am using.
Probably OG said same thing, I think.But, this answer's X is "a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration ". It is neither person nor organization.
Tnank you
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Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1348
Location: Malaysia
Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2017, 19:34
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

(A) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
(B) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(C) require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
(D) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(E) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

Manhattan Prep Official Explanation

The phrase "require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of" is wordy and unidiomatic. The proper idiom takes the more concise form "require X to Y."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that there be X to Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
(C) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that X be Z to Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
(D) CORRECT. The choice uses the proper idiom "require X to Y" where X is the noun phrase "a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration" and Y is the verb infinitive "kill."
(E) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that there be X for Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
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Current Student
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 25
Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2017, 14:20
Why is there no subjunctive in play ?

Require that <Subject> be < Verb >. Why not C ? "Require" expects subjunctive ..right ?

hazelnut wrote:
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

(A) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
(B) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(C) require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
(D) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(E) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

Manhattan Prep Official Explanation

The phrase "require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of" is wordy and unidiomatic. The proper idiom takes the more concise form "require X to Y."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that there be X to Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
(C) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that X be Z to Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
(D) CORRECT. The choice uses the proper idiom "require X to Y" where X is the noun phrase "a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration" and Y is the verb infinitive "kill."
(E) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that there be X for Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1348
Location: Malaysia
Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2017, 14:42
amsey1382 wrote:
Why is there no subjunctive in play ?

Require that <Subject> be < Verb >. Why not C ? "Require" expects subjunctive ..right ?

hazelnut wrote:
According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

(A) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
(B) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(C) require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
(D) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(E) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

Manhattan Prep Official Explanation

The phrase "require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of" is wordy and unidiomatic. The proper idiom takes the more concise form "require X to Y."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that there be X to Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
(C) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that X be Z to Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."
(D) CORRECT. The choice uses the proper idiom "require X to Y" where X is the noun phrase "a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration" and Y is the verb infinitive "kill."
(E) This choice incorrectly uses the unidiomatic and wordy form "require that there be X for Y." The proper idiom is "require X to Y."

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_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

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"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

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Joined: 23 Nov 2016
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GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2019, 19:21
Don't we need subjunctive mood here? why C is wrong ?

According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of most harmful bacteria and viruses.

(A) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of
(B) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(C) require that a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration be present to kill
(D) require a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration to kill
(E) require that there be a 60 percent minimum alcohol concentration for the killing of

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Posts: 3049
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GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
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Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini  [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2019, 21:28
LoneSurvivor wrote:
Don't we need subjunctive mood here? why C is wrong ?
Not if we introduce the noun directly. For example:
He requires a 700 to get into that program.

Option C is a little too wordy. It'd be like saying:
He requires that a 700 be part of his application to get into that program.
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Re: According to a recent study, hand sanitizers require a 60 percent mini   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2019, 21:28
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