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# According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of

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Director
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 928
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Apr 2019, 01:05
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63% (00:53) correct 37% (00:55) wrong based on 28 sessions

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According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of the factors that seems to indicate that an economy might be headed for a recession

A) factors that seems to indicate that an economy
B) factors, which seem to indicate that an economy
C) factors that seem to indicate an economy
D) factors that seem to indicate that an economy
E) factors which seems to indicate that an economy

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Originally posted by Asad on 12 Apr 2019, 13:31.
Last edited by Asad on 13 Apr 2019, 01:05, edited 2 times in total.
Director
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 928
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
Re: According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2019, 13:33
Hey moul,
Here you go for your question.
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Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2759
According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2019, 19:33
2
The prompt
According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of the factors that seems to indicate that an economy might be headed for a recession

The options
Quote:
A) factors that seems to indicate that an economy
• ONE OF THE Xs + THAT + VERB = plural subject, not singular. Seems is singular.

Quote:
B) factors [of what], which seem to indicate that an economy
• Incomplete meaning: . . . one of the factors OF WHAT?
If we refer in an off-handed way to "one of the factors," we are alluding to some previous or subsequent mention
of specifically-defined factors.
• comma + which = nonessential information that allegedly can be removed without affecting the core meaning of the sentence.
Try removing it to see what happens to the core meaning of the sentence. We have

According to economists, inflation is one of the factors.
That sentence has fragmented meaning.
The information should not be set off by commas or introduced by which.

• If doubts persist, compare to the superior option (D)

Quote:
C) factors that seem to indicate [that] an economy
• The verb indicate idiomatically requires a THAT

Quote:
D) factors that seem to indicate that an economy
• ONE OF THE Xs + THAT + VERB = plural → seem. Correct.

Quote:
E) factors which seems to indicate that an economy
• Same subject/verb error as that in A
which is a non-restrictive modifier that should be set off by commas.
The word should be THAT, not which.

****

A few lines below option (E), please write
Source: ____________

• RULE: one of the Xs: singular or plural?*

ONE OF THE Xs + THAT/WHO + verb = PLURAL

ONE OF THE Xs + [NO that or who] + verb = SINGULAR

In other words, check for the presence of the words that or who.

See my post about the rule that governs whether the phrase one of the Xs is plural or singular HERE
and Ron Purewal's post HERE.

(D) According to leading economists across the world, inflation is
one of the factors that seem to indicate that an economy might be headed for a recession.
• one of the factors + that + seem = one of the Xs + that + verb
• "one of the factors" is a plural subject, correctly paired in Answer D with the plural verb seem.

*If the sentence or phrase begins with "The ONLY one (of the Xs)," then the subject is singular.
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Director
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 928
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2019, 01:36
generis wrote:
Quote:
B) factors [of what], which seem to indicate that an economy
• Incomplete: . . .one of the factors OF WHAT?
• comma + which = nonessential information that allegedly can be removed.
If that information is removed we have

According to economists, inflation is one of the factors.
That sentence has fragmented meaning. The information should not be set off by commas or introduced by which.

So far I know, Sentence fragment is something where there is NO independent clause.
According to GMATClub member, generis is one of the senior SC moderators.
--> It makes sense, doesn't it?

generis wrote:
A few lines below option (E), please write
Source: _________
Source: Random collection
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Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2759
According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2019, 06:47
generis wrote:
Quote:
B) factors [of what], which seem to indicate that an economy
• Incomplete meaning: . . .one of the factors OF WHAT?
• comma + which = nonessential information that allegedly can be removed.
If that information is removed we have

According to economists, inflation is one of the factors.
That sentence has fragmented meaning.
The information should not be set off by commas or introduced by which. [/color]

So far I know, Sentence fragment is something where there is NO independent clause.
According to GMATClub member, generis is one of the senior SC moderators.
--> It makes sense, doesn't it?

generis wrote:
A few lines below option (E), please write
Source: _________
Source: Random collection

AsadAbu , no, standing alone, "one of the factors" does not make sense.
Its meaning is fragmented and incomplete.
I will amend my answer so that you can understand clearly what I meant.

Without information about what kind of factor inflation is,
the noun in sentence (B) is too general.

the factors OF WHAT?
"senior SC members" is a particular noun.
The accurate analogy is:
Bunuel is one of the members.
Members of what? You added adjectives before "members" to specify the noun.
Option (B) would need something such as
-- one of the recession-indicating factors

Even in that case the meaning of the full assertion about economies generally is lost.

The sentence should not use comma + which.

well-mannered argument that comma + which is correct and that (B) is correct.

That answer will not fly (is not satisfactory). That answer does not help moderators
to decide whether the source is legitimate, unknowingly pirated, or a potential source of copyright violation.

Try again. What is the source of this question?
Either you post the source or the question gets deleted according to GMAT Club rules
because we cannot risk copyright liability.
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Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
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According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2019, 06:58

generis wrote:
A few lines below option (E), please write
Source: _________
Source: Random collection

your source listed as (A) to what I chose: (D).
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Director
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 928
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
Re: According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2019, 07:10
generis wrote:

generis wrote:
A few lines below option (E), please write
Source: _________
Source: Random collection

your source listed as (A) to what I chose: (D).

Source: Someone posted this question here without correct answer option (spoiler). S/he is the newcomer in the GMATclub, probably. I just posted this question again so that that guy get help from the forum. I thought the correct choice is A, but your explanation convinced me that the correct choice is D.
That's it.
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Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 2759
Re: According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2019, 09:23
generis wrote:

generis wrote:
A few lines below option (E), please write
Source: _________
Source: Random collection

your source listed as (A) to what I chose: (D).

Source: Someone posted this question here without correct answer option (spoiler). S/he is the newcomer in the GMATclub, probably. I just posted this question again so that that guy get help from the forum. I thought the correct choice is A, but your explanation convinced me that the correct choice is D.
That's it.

Given the content of your explanation above, the proper response to the question, "What is the source?"
is "I do not know," or "I will contact the original poster to see whether I can determine what that source is."

"Random Collection" is at best a non-answer to a question that I posed politely.

The question is fairly well-written and tests a concept that causes quite a bit of confusion.
If you would like to sort out the source, you could always tag or PM the OP.
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Re: According to leading economists across the world, inflation is one of   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2019, 09:23
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