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Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially

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Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.


(A) it is someone who is

(B) it is a person

(C) they are people who are

(D) it refers to someone who is

(E) it is in reference to people


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 214
Page: 687

Originally posted by dipaksingh on 16 Feb 2005, 07:29.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Jan 2019, 05:00, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2007, 05:12
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dipaksingh wrote:
Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology (it is someone who is) apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people


C - 'they' wrong

A,B - a term 'it' can not be a person - awkward - wrong
E - awkward

D - best
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2012, 22:44
1
a. parallelism issue - term compared with person
b. parallelism issue - term compared with person
c. parallelism issue - term compared with person
d. correct
e. wordier - option D is better than this
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:27
1
Concept tested: Meaning, Pronouns
Difficulty level: Moderate
Illustration: The main subject of the sentence is “the term ‘psychopath’” which
is singular.
Singularity of the main verb eliminates C which uses a plural pronoun “they”.
Also “the term” cannot be people. It serves as only a reference to aclass of people. This logic eliminates A and B.
E uses a very awkward construction “itis in reference to people” and is definitely unidiomatic.
D is the correct answer.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2012, 23:36
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The subject is - the term -, a singular noun and hence choice C using they is out. Further equating the reference of the pronoun – it - to a person is also wrong since it may refer only to anything other than a human. A and B are gone. Between D and E, E refers to people, which is plural and hence is wrong. D is the final choice.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2012, 20:53
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This one isn't new--it was #132 in OG12.

It's basically testing 2 kinds of pronoun agreement:

*number agreement--since "psychopath" is singular, we can't use "they" or "people"
*conceptual agreement--The sentence is talking about "the term psycopath" rather than an actual person, so we don't want to choose A or B, which say that it *is* someone.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2013, 12:06
Note exactly what the subject of this sentence is --- as the distinction between "the term" versus "psychopath" is important in figuring out the answer here.

A psychopath can be a person.

But the term psychopath cannot be a person. It can refer to a person, but the term itself cannot be a person.

We've posted a video solution to this question showcasing our thought process here:

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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2014, 09:31
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Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

Subjet of the sentence is " term "
(A) it is someone who is - it = term, so " term " cannot be someone.
(B) it is a person - it = term, so " term " cannot be someone.
(C) they are people who are - they? there is not plural subject in the sentence above.
CORRECT (D) it refers to someone who is - "term" refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people - people is plural.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2014, 02:52
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Psychopathy is a term not a person so D is correct.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2015, 18:30
saadis87 wrote:
Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling
compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people


the first half of the sentence speaks of term and the second half shifts it to a person.. so A,B, C are out..
E unnecessary creates extra word , only d is left.. ans D
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2015, 18:55
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The expression "it is in reference" used in answer E is stylistically flawed. It is a very formal expression used to say what you are writing or talking about, especially in business letters,
e.g.
I am writing to you in reference to the job opening in your department.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2015, 17:46
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kanigmat011 wrote:
saadis87 wrote:
Although the term "psychopath" is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling
compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people


hi kanigmat,
you have to look at all choices and see why others are not right choice and why this option is correct..
1) the question stem is talking about a term 'psycopath' but the underlined portion changes it to a person..
so a,b and c are out..
2) choice d and e are close but e is wordy unnecessary..
now why D is correct..
1) when we write 'it refers'.... 'it' means we are talking about some term and this is what is intended...
it is correctly worded.. use of who is appropriate.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2015, 16:50
egmat

Hi Egmat,

I was going through your post (https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/eng ... -ambiguity) on pronoun ambiguity where you have highlighted a couple of points

I tried applying those rules in this question but somehow i feel that either i have missed something or i have misunderstood something. I would be happy if you could clarify it.


Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people

According to the post :

A)
1) first find the logical antecedent -----psychopath

This makes sense.

2) Find if there are other nouns that play the same role.

It could be criminal or term as well

term doesnot make sense but criminal does

Pronoun ambiguity.

B) It should logically refer to psychopath---logical

Other nouns criminal and term.

Term doesnot make sense but criminal does

C) is wrong

D) Still makes sense with criminal and psychopath---ambiguity.




COuld you please let me know where i am going wrong.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2015, 20:51
1
Meaning
Entire sentence is talking about the term "psychopath". Not the person. What is believed to be and what it really is

Error :
Meaning error - " it is someone " It refers to term "Psychopath" , now think .. can a term become person.
E.g : the word "sir" refers to knowledgeable people. or "the word Sir is knowledgeable people"
i think first version is correct. Isn't it ?

We need to say term refers to some kind of people not term is some kind of people


(A) it is someone who is
Meaning error - as discussed above

(B) it is a person
Meaning error - as discussed above
We need a relative clause to describe a person

(C) they are people who are
They should be refereed to "term", but here in this option "they" does not have . any antecedant

(D) it refers to someone who is


(E) it is in reference to people
Option E will be like
it is in reference to people apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience - lot of things described about people, it will be good if we can club them all in relative clause (like in Option A,C,D)
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2015, 06:10
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kirtivardhan wrote:
A)
1) first find the logical antecedent -----psychopath

This makes sense.

Hi Kirti, I am just wondering if you are clear with the antecedent eligibility criterion in Pronouns; to me this concept is more important that pronoun ambiguity, for the simple reason that there are quite a few examples in official sources where the correct answer has a genuine issue with pronoun being ambiguous. Hence, the current school of thought is that pronoun ambiguity should actually not be the first reason for you to eliminate an answer choice.

Coming to this question, antecedent eligibility would imply that it as a pronoun cannot refer to persons; in other words, persons are not eligible to be referred to, by pronoun it. Hence, in this case, it cannot refer to the person psychopath.

Basically, it does not refer to psychopath, but to the term psychopath”. Now it is hopefully clear why A is incorrect, because it says: the term psychopath is someone. This is incorrect from a comparison perspective, because term cannot be a person (someone); rather, term can refer to someone.

Hence, D wins.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Pronoun eligibility and ambiguity, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 07:53
souvik101990 wrote:
Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people


A) Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.
if we replace 'it' with ''psychopath'', the sentence will be:
Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology psychopath is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.
Here, 'it' indicates 'psychopath' and ''psychopath''=someone, which makes sense to me.
So, what's the problem in A?
Thanks expert...
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2018, 02:03
Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is

(B) it is a person

(C) they are people who are

(D) it refers to someone who is

(E) it is in reference to people

The subject of this sentence is "the term", a singular subject. (C) is out. Psychopath merely adds additional information about "the term".
To simplify the sentence:

Although the term is applied to criminal
, in psychology
____________________
incapable of feeling compassion.

(A) & (B) are saying "the term" is a person, and "the term" is someone". Incorrect.

(D) is a far superior option than (E) is. (E) is not concise.
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Re: Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2018, 06:45
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dipaksingh wrote:
Although the term “psychopath” is popularly applied to an especially brutal criminal, in psychology it is someone who is apparently incapable of feeling compassion or the pangs of conscience.

(A) it is someone who is
(B) it is a person
(C) they are people who are
(D) it refers to someone who is
(E) it is in reference to people


This question is primarily about PRONOUN REFERENTS.

In the original sentence, we have the pronoun it.
What does this pronoun refer to?

The pronoun refers to the TERM (word) “psychopath”

So, if we replace the pronoun IT with its referent TERM “psychopath” we get....

(A) the TERM “psychopath” is someone who is
It makes no sense to say that a TERM is incapable of some action
ELIMINATE A

(B) the TERM “psychopath” is a person
It makes no sense to say that a TERM is a person
ELIMINATE B

(C) they are people who are
THEY?
There is no clear referent for this pronoun.
ELIMINATE C

(D) the TERM “psychopath” refers to someone who is
Makes sense!
A TERM can refer to someone.
KEEP D for now

(E) the TERM “psychopath” is in reference to people
This sentence is awkward and uses more words than are necessary.
Just say "it refers to people.."
Also, we are mixing the singular term “psychopath” with the plural "people"

Answer: D

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