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Building from civilization

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Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 18:01
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Hey guys, I did not understand the explanation from OG 12 for the answer of following question. Can you please help?

Question: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 19:21
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hgp2k wrote:
Hey guys, I did not understand the explanation from OG 12 for the answer of following question. Can you please help?

Question: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting-incorrect usage of "like"
B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of-incorrect usage of "like"
D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting-wrong parallelism
E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited
incorrect usage of "like"


IMO "B".What is the OA?
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 20:02
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I think it is A. Looking at the list the only one where all three are parallel is A.
a) cultivating, harvesting, exploiting
b) cultivation, harvesting, exploitation
c) cultivation, harvesting, exploiting
d) cultivation, harvest, exploiting
e) cultivating, harvest, exploited
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 20:11
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yangsta8 wrote:
I think it is A. Looking at the list the only one where all three are parallel is A.
a) cultivating, harvesting, exploiting
b) cultivation, harvesting, exploitation
c) cultivation, harvesting, exploiting
d) cultivation, harvest, exploiting
e) cultivating, harvest, exploited


In my opinion -In "A" "harvesting of" creates a gerund ,the other 2 are participles. Usage of "like" is incorrect.
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2009, 21:30
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A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
"like" incorrect,"such as" should be used
B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
correct
C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
"and basing it " needs a subject bu there is none
D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
cultivation,harvest abd exploiting are n aallel
E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited
cultivation,harvest nd exploted is not parallel
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2009, 08:08
OA is B. Thank you for explanation.
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2009, 19:19
I ran into this same Q in OG12 and chose A.

Even if A is using "such crops.. LIKE.." maybe they had crops which is not same as corn/beans but some other similar variety.
Looking at B, SUCH-AS is correctly used, but SHELLFISH is replaced by SEAFOOD! This would be changing the meaning of original sentence.
thoughts?

Yet, OA is B :(
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 05:11
Agree with B :)
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 18:21
Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborate society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2010, 21:26
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This is B...
Brings out the proper parallelism..

cultivation of..... , harvesting of .... , exploitation of...
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 08:20
agree with B ...but I dont know chose A (sleepof mind)
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2013, 17:13
Use "like" for comparisons on the GMAT. Use "such as" for listing things. Here you are listing things so you need "such as"
(B) is what we want.
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 22:19
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Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2016, 20:43
GMATPill wrote:
Use "like" for comparisons on the GMAT. Use "such as" for listing things. Here you are listing things so you need "such as"
(B) is what we want.



Hi,

Could you clarify my doubt regarding parallelism?

A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting[/color=#6ecff6]

B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of

I am struggling to eliminate A by considering parallelism...A looks to be a better choice in terms of parallelism

Thanks,
Arun
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2016, 20:57
ArunpriyanJ wrote:
GMATPill wrote:
Use "like" for comparisons on the GMAT. Use "such as" for listing things. Here you are listing things so you need "such as"
(B) is what we want.



Hi,

Could you clarify my doubt regarding parallelism?

A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting

B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of

I am struggling to eliminate A by considering parallelism...A looks to be a better choice in terms of parallelism

Thanks,
Arun


Hi,
two points..
1) like in A means that corn beans are not crops and crops like these two do .....
2) such as is the correct idiom... and such ..like is wrong
3) parallelism does not mean two +ing words would lead to it....

lets see A..
based on[color=#6ecff6] cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting..
here 'cultivating' is used as verb, whereas 'harvesting' is noun([color=#ff0000] had it been harvesting fish.. would have implied verb but harvesting of. makes it noun
)....
so the parallelism is not there...
while in A, cultivation, harvesting and exploitation all are noun..

Hope it helps
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Re: Building from civilization [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2017, 10:23
saw this on manhatten prep . i cant share a link yet .. this is by ron

also note that you can solve this problem via parallelism alone.
every single answer choice except (b) lacks proper parallel structure. since the problem contains a LIST of three things (one of the most obvious parallel structures), this is a nice gift.

a) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting


"THE harvesting" isn't parallel to "exploiting".

("such crops LIKE..." is also a flagrant error; it must be "such crops as...")

b) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of


perfect parallelism.

from right to left:
the exploitation of...
the harvesting of...
the cultivation of...

c) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of


"harvesting" isn't parallel to "THE exploiting".

(also, "...and basing" is not a properly constructed modifier)

d) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting

worst parallelism ever.
no two of "THEIR cultivation", "THE harvest", and "exploiting" are parallel.

e) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they explited


"they exploited" isn't parallel to the other two.
Re: Building from civilization   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2017, 10:23
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