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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water

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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2007, 14:22
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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 283
Page: 270

Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

(A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

(B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

(C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

(D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.

(E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2016, 00:58
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ANSWER IS C

Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
WRONG:- Lack of parallelism:- evaporation, warmed, condensing, rises none are parallel to each other.

B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
WRONG:- Incorrectly placed ""which" modifies the ocean. It seems like the ocean itself rises high into the atmosphere. (Ocean's WATER rises high in the atmosphere.)

C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
PERFECT:- Parallel structures :- Evaporates, rises, condenses. Correctly placed phrases and modifiers. Crisp and clear meaning.

D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which
forms clouds.
WRONG:- Another almost perfect sentence EXCEPT that ",warmed by the sun," cannot be bound by commas, as it is an essential phrase need for the sentence to make sense. Here it is bound by commas which makes it additional information that can be ignored. A ESSENTIAL PHRASE CANNOT BE CHANGED INTO AN ADDITIONAL PARENTHETICAL INFORMATION.

E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as
clouds.
WRONG:- "Which" is modifying atmosphere. It seems that atmosphere is condensing into clouds. (Ocean Water is condensing into clouds)

mymba99 wrote:
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun
and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by
the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute
particles of dust.
B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises
high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and
condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the
atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which
forms clouds.
E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere,
which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as
clouds.

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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2012, 14:12
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+1 for (C)
This is a tricky question.
A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by
the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute
particles of dust.PASSIVE INITIALLY BUT ACTIVE IN THE LATER PART-inappropriate
B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises
high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.WHICH IS MODIFYING OCEAN-incorrect
C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and
condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.-Correct
D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the
atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which
forms clouds."WARMED BY THE SUN"IS MODIFYING "EVAPORATES"-incorrect
E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere,
which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as
clouds."WHICH" IS MODIFYING ATMOSPHERE-incorrect
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2013, 20:49
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mymba99 wrote:
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun
and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by
the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute
particles of dust.
B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises
high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and
condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the
atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which
forms clouds.
E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere,
which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as
clouds.

For similar questions with number of events, We need to cross check the events for parallelism as well as chronological sequence. This will help to eliminate couple of answer choices. Among remaining option choices, wrong ones will have errors such as Subject Verb agreement, Misplaced Modifier error.
Now let's see specifically in this question.

A. Warmed by the Sun and condensing in tiny droplets are not parallel. Ocean water is more correct way to use than Ocean's water.
B. Sun's warmth evaporating is awkward. Ocean water is more correct than verbose usage of water in the oceans. which has unclear referent. Events are not parallel at all.
C. evaporates.. rises high.., condenses..is absolutely correct parallel construction. Sequence of events also correct before formation of clouds.
D. warmed by the Sun is misplaced modifier(This is done correctly in 'E'). It should be placed after water. Formation of cloud is the major event. Usage of which looks awkward as it is trying make sense of sentence with last few words modified by which.
E. evaporates, rises , which then condenses are not parallel. form into cloud is more correct than form as clouds in terms of meaning.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2017, 11:57
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute
particles of dust. - chronology is not correct ; that is warmed ... and rises need to be parallel -- that is missing before rises
B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust. - chronology is not correct ; which rises high lead to meaning error
C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds. - Correct
D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds. - modifier warmed by the Sun is misplaced ; which clause does not have a proper reference
E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds. - which relative pronoun error

Answer C
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 13:46
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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

Issue: Construction

Analysis:
1. The sentence talks about the various steps that ocean water goes through to form clouds. The correct options should connect these logically and chronologically for proper meaning.

A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
- "Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth" structure does not strongly establish the causality between "formation of clouds" and "condensation of droplets on minute particles of dust".
- "which" incorrectly modifies "ocean", creating non-sensical sentence


C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.
- "which" modifies "dust" creating non-sensical sentence.

E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.
- "which" modifies "atmosphere" creating non-sensical sentence.
- "as" is unnecessary


Answer: C.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2018, 00:17
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mikemcgarry GMATNinja sayantanc2k

Earlier in one of the official questions I read Mike's explanation which said that the events need to logically follow and should be placed in chronological order to convey the process..I mean the condensation is the result of the previous events and not a simultaneous phenomenon Here I thought the same thing is to be applied. Though I chose C as the least worst , I still want you to weigh in on the intended chronological order. Also in C , " to form clouds" is used. According to the usage of "to" , the construction must tell us about the intention about the action. In a way doesn't option C tell us that water does few things TO FORM clouds. I mean this is a natural process rather than a forced action. Please weigh in on this.

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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2018, 01:30
look at choice A
doing on sc give us a lot of trouble and is tested frequently.
comma+doing modifies the previous verb/clause. when we see it, ask ourself this modification between doing and the main verb is acceptable. justifying this modification is hard. comma+doing can show context, reason and effect of main clause/verb. doing in this way is versatile. but not all meaning relations is encoded by this modification. the relation between the main verb and doing can NOT be only time. if the relation is time only, while is used.
while I am learning english, I hear the voice
learning English, I hear the voice.
the second is incorrect because there is no meaning relation between learning and hear. the first is correct because only time relation is shown.
learning English hard, I feel confident in nest gmat test.
this sentence is correct because there is some meaning relation between doing and the main verb, which is causal relation.

come back to our choice A. condensing can not have meaning relation with the main verb , rise and is wamr, so , it is wrong.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 03:21
(A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

(B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

(C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

(D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.

(E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 20:06
C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

C correctly shows parallelism and refrence of warmed by Sun is correct here for ocean water
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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 22:50
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LogicGuru1 wrote:
ANSWER IS C

C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
PERFECT:- Parallel structures :- Evaporates, rises, condenses. Correctly placed phrases and modifiers. Crisp and clear meaning.

D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which
forms clouds.
WRONG:- Another almost perfect sentence EXCEPT that ",warmed by the sun," cannot be bound by commas, as it is an essential phrase need for the sentence to make sense. Here it is bound by commas which makes it additional information that can be ignored. A ESSENTIAL PHRASE CANNOT BE CHANGED INTO AN ADDITIONAL PARENTHETICAL INFORMATION.



Just to add my 2 cents to the above awesome explanation by LogicGuru1
Non Essential Modifiers - can be separated by commas (use , which if modifier is non essential)
Essential Modifiers - No Commas (use THAT & No commas if modifier is essential)

Basically while doing POE we need to be sure that if a modifier/modifier clause is separated by commas - we can read the sentence skipping it - if the sentence does make sense then indeed the clause was a non essential modifier clause.
&
If we read THE SAME sentence without the clause and it does not make sense then the clause is essential modifier which CANNOT BE SEPARATED BY COMMAS.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2019, 03:17
whenever we see comma+doing, ask ourself " is there any meaning relation between action presented by doing and by the main verb ? the two actions should not be separate.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2019, 02:06
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2019, 14:57
dreamofbest2020 wrote:

Do you have a specific question? If so, let everyone know what you are thinking and what you are struggling with. The more information we have, the easier it is to help!
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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2019, 21:12
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
dreamofbest2020 wrote:

Do you have a specific question? If so, let everyone know what you are thinking and what you are struggling with. The more information we have, the easier it is to help!

Hi GMATNinjaTwo and GMATNinja

Apologies for the earlier message.

(A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
Here I thought that "condensing" could modify the clause "is warmed by the Sun and rises" . Here, the doer also makes sense with the verb. However, later I realised that the "condensing " could modify the clause "Clouds are formed" too. But in that case, meaning would change.
Because of absence of "that" after "and" , there is an ambiguity as to which clause "condensing" modify! :?
I get caught up with such sentences. Could you please help me.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2019, 09:10
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dreamofbest2020 wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
dreamofbest2020 wrote:

Do you have a specific question? If so, let everyone know what you are thinking and what you are struggling with. The more information we have, the easier it is to help!

Hi GMATNinjaTwo and GMATNinja

Apologies for the earlier message.

(A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
Here I thought that "condensing" could modify the clause "is warmed by the Sun and rises" . Here, the doer also makes sense with the verb. However, later I realised that the "condensing " could modify the clause "Clouds are formed" too. But in that case, meaning would change.
Because of absence of "that" after "and" , there is an ambiguity as to which clause "condensing" modify! :?
I get caught up with such sentences. Could you please help me.

No worries at all, and thank you for elaborating! Let's take a closer look at choice (A):

Quote:
(A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

The first thing I notice here is the noun modifier ("that"), which seems to modify "the oceans' water" (it certainly wouldn't make sense for the "evaporation" -- a process -- to be "warmed by the Sun..."). So clouds are formed from the evaporation of [something], and that [something] is: "oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere."

But does that really make sense? The wording here makes it sound like the water 1) is warmed by the sun, 2) rises high into the atmosphere, and 3) THEN evaporates. I'm imagining globs of water magically floating high up into the sky and THEN evaporating. That sounds cool, but not terribly logical.

Similarly, (A) leads us to believe that "condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust" happens while the water is rising high into the atmosphere and BEFORE the evaporation happens. The order of events is much clearer in choice (C).

Does that help?

AdityaHongunti wrote:
mikemcgarry GMATNinja sayantanc2k

Earlier in one of the official questions I read Mike's explanation which said that the events need to logically follow and should be placed in chronological order to convey the process..I mean the condensation is the result of the previous events and not a simultaneous phenomenon Here I thought the same thing is to be applied. Though I chose C as the least worst , I still want you to weigh in on the intended chronological order. Also in C , " to form clouds" is used. According to the usage of "to" , the construction must tell us about the intention about the action. In a way doesn't option C tell us that water does few things TO FORM clouds. I mean this is a natural process rather than a forced action. Please weigh in on this.

egmat DmitryFarber TommyWallach chetan2u

Posted from my mobile device

Sorry for missing this question! Hopefully the explanation of (A) addresses most of it, but let us know if you still have doubts.

AdityaHongunti wrote:
According to the usage of "to" , the construction must tell us about the intention about the action

This is certainly not a strong enough reason to eliminate (C)... and remember that there are relatively few grammar rules that you MUST follow on the GMAT. I'm seeing a lot of chatter about the idea that "to" always indicates intention -- and that simply isn't true. Here, have some examples:

  • "Once upon the time, Chuckie the Bartender had the ability to drink 34 shots in a single evening." (This example may or may not be based on true events.)
  • "Watching Chuckie drink 34 shots in a single evening, the bar patrons' facial expressions changed from amusement to abject horror." (Also may or may not be based on true events.)
  • "By 2:00 a.m., Chuckie was up to his ankles in broken shot glasses and empty liquor bottles." (No comment.)

Nothing about intent in any of those examples, right?

So (C) is still the best option here.

I hope this helps!
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2019, 00:18
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(B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
I remember you said that 'which' and 'that' can also jump backwards and violate the touch rule in case a prepositional phrase is involved. In this case, can we see this as, ' which' refers back to water instead of the oceans, as in the oceans is a prepositional phrase?
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2019, 00:18
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