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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as

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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 06:55
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A
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Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (00:54) correct 24% (01:03) wrong based on 224 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 17: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.

(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as
(B) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is
(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is
(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is
(E) eat pasta to prepare for competing as

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 17:32
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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.

The point here is the use of which and use of 'as' as a preposition. It must be noted that preparing for the competition is the core activity while eating pasta is incidental to the preparation. The main verb should be 'prepare' and the incidental activity in a modifier role.

(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as ---correct choice using a modifier for eating and the proposition as followed by a noun phrase.

(B) prepares for competition and the eat pasta, which is -- use of equal status of separate verbs for two unequal activities is wrong.

(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is --The standalone demonstrative pronoun 'this' is wrong

(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is -- it may be seen that 'competing' is a gerund and as good as noun. Therefore, there is nothing wrong about it. However, the problem is that 'which' refers to competing to mean that competing is part of the regimen
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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 08:56
Original Meaning :- Contestants in many sports prepare for competition.. and they do it by eating pasta ... where eating pasta is a part of "carbohydrate-loading" regimen. This regimen is supposed to provide quick energy

A - We have correct SV pair in it - no .. Basically the issue is around as and the use of as is correct as it presents the role/ function eating pasta plays
B- Which incorrectly modifies pasta by stating that pasta is a part of a carbohydrate loading regimen
C- WHat is this trying to modify
D-Change in meaning
E - Change in meaning
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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 09:11
1
Quote:
Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.


Intended meaning:
The sentence presents a few facts about how contestants prepare for a competition.
It says that they do so by eating pasta. This act (of eating pasta) is
a part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.
(The noun modifier that correctly refers to regimen)

Quote:
(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as

Correct as it is, let us look for errors in PoE.
as is used to describe role/ function here and is followed by a noun.

Quote:
(B) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is

why do we need to separate two main verbs: prepare and eat,
when we know the interlink between them? Incorrect usage of which here.

Quote:
(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is

we need coma before because since we are joining two independent clauses.

Quote:
(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is

We need to describe eating pasta as a role for something. Incorrect usage of which here.

Quote:
(E) eat pasta to prepare for competing as

for competing is incorrect usage. The proposition for is to be followed by a noun
and not a gerund as shown here.
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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2018, 09:50
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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.

(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as ( as is used as a conjunction, how do contestants prepare for competition? by eating pasta.why do contestants eat pasta?because eating pasta is part of a carbohydrate - loading regimen.)keep
(B) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is (and changes the meaning.and suggests two parallel activities, which is not correct)
(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is( though don't find any grammatical error but use of because suggests that there is reason for eating pasta.doesn't provide the feel)
(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is ( which modifies competing.incorrect, use of competing is incorrect)
(E) eat pasta to prepare for competing as( use of competing is incorrect)

i have been struggling between A & C.

Will go with choice A.please evaluate my points for eliminating choices.

Thanks

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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 07:19
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 17: Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.

(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as
(B) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is
(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is
(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is
(E) eat pasta to prepare for competing as

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:


Choice A is best. In choice B, which is ambiguous: it is not clear whether which refers only to pasta, the nearest noun, or to the whole preceding clause. Moreover, and incorrectly suggests that contestants eat pasta in addition to preparing for competition, not that they eat pasta as a means of preparation. Choice C wrongly states that contestants eat pasta not to become prepared but simply because pasta is part of a regimen. Also, this may refer either to pasta or to eating pasta. ln D, which is ambiguous, and for competition would be more idiomatic. Choice E says that those who eat pasta are competing not as athletes but as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen.
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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 20:30
sonusaini1 wrote:
Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.

(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as ( as is used as a conjunction, how do contestants prepare for competition? by eating pasta.why do contestants eat pasta?because eating pasta is part of a carbohydrate - loading regimen.)keep
(B) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is (and changes the meaning.and suggests two parallel activities, which is not correct)
(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is( though don't find any grammatical error but use of because suggests that there is reason for eating pasta.doesn't provide the feel)
(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is ( which modifies competing.incorrect, use of competing is incorrect)
(E) eat pasta to prepare for competing as( use of competing is incorrect)

i have been struggling between A & C.

Will go with choice A.please evaluate my points for eliminating choices.

Thanks


sonusaini1 I think this is a good analysis :thumbup: . B, D & E are easy to eliminate as you mentioned. What I can add are some reason to eliminate C:
1. What does "this" refer to? eating pasta or pasta? I see kind of ambiguity there...
2. Isn't it unnecessarily wordy?
So, in comparison with A, I pick A.
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Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 03:07
aragonn generis VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun GMATNinja

Quote:

Official Explanation:


In choice B, which is ambiguous: it is not clear whether which refers only to pasta, the nearest noun, or to the whole preceding clause. Moreover, and incorrectly suggests that contestants eat pasta in addition to preparing for competition, not that they eat pasta as a means of preparation.


Intersting, OE says : which (a noun modifer) can refer to complete clause.
Any views? As per my understanding, only coma+verb-ing and a noun+noun modifier can modify/
refer to complete clause.

Should not correct sentence be:
Moreover, and incorrectly it suggests that contestants eat pasta in addition to preparing for competition, not that they eat pasta as a means of preparation.
;)
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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 19:09
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adkikani wrote:
aragonn generis VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun GMATNinja

Quote:

Official Explanation:


In choice B, which is ambiguous: it is not clear whether which refers only to pasta, the nearest noun, or to the whole preceding clause. Moreover, and incorrectly suggests that contestants eat pasta in addition to preparing for competition, not that they eat pasta as a means of preparation.


Intersting, OE says : which (a noun modifer) can refer to complete clause.
Any views? As per my understanding, only coma+verb-ing and a noun+noun modifier can modify/
refer to complete clause.

Should not correct sentence be:
Moreover, and incorrectly it suggests that contestants eat pasta in addition to preparing for competition, not that they eat pasta as a means of preparation.
;)
In English, which is often used to refer to clauses. As far as the GMAT is concerned, to be very safe, we'd say that this usage is a red flag, and we should try not to pick an option in which a which refers to an entire clause.

Practically speaking, however, the "rule" that which can't be used to refer to a clause is reliable enough. But yes, a test taker looking to take absolutely no shortcuts would not apply this as a rule.
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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 20:10
Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.

Intended meaning is very important here - contestants are preparing for competition by eating pasta as part of a diet.

(A) prepare for competition by eating pasta as - correct as it is.

(B) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is - this shows that the contestant is doing to activities however the intended meaning shows one activity (preparing for competition by eating pasta).

(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta because this is - contestants eat pasta not to become prepared but simply because pasta is part of a regimen - meaning issue

(D) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is - competing is part of a "carbohydrate-loading" regimen .. huh ? meaning issue

(E) eat pasta to prepare for competing as - competition as part of "carbohydrate-loading" regimen .. huh ? meaning issue
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Re: Contestants in many sports prepare for competition by eating pasta as &nbs [#permalink] 29 Nov 2018, 20:10
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