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# Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h

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Joined: 23 Feb 2015
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GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
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Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2017, 18:30
6
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:03) correct 38% (01:20) wrong based on 121 sessions

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Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature had no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor submit a balanced budget.

A. had no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor submit
B. has no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor must submit
C. had no choice except to pass a law mandating that the governor should submit
D. was left with no choice except passing a law mandating the governor to submit
E. has no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor has to submit

Source: McGraw-Hill's GMAT

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Manager
Joined: 10 Apr 2015
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Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 02:00
1
Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature had no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor submit a balanced budget.

that the governor must submit. strong word.
that the governor should submit - moral obligation. wrong.
b, c out
was left with - too wordy. D out.
governor has to submit- wrong . E out.
A is best of the lots.

A. had no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor submit
B. has no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor must submit
C. had no choice except to pass a law mandating that the governor should submit
D. was left with no choice except passing a law mandating the governor to submit
E. has no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor has to submit
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Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 06:50
I think A is best because of the correct use of subjunctive verb. Trigger word + that + noun + subjunctive verb in base form.

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Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 07:27
1
iMyself wrote:
Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature had no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor submit a balanced budget.

A. had no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor submit
B. has no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor must submit
C. had no choice except to pass a law mandating that the governor should submit
D. was left with no choice except passing a law mandating the governor to submit
E. has no choice but to pass a law mandating that the governor has to submit
Source: McGraw-Hill's GMAT

Subjunctive rule : mandate + that + NOUN + BASE FORM of the VERB

Correct answer must be (A) for correct , subjunctive usage....
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Joined: 30 Jan 2017
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Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2017, 06:56
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Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2018, 10:20
How is the usage of had justified here?

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Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2018, 10:21
How is the usage of had justified here?

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Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2018, 11:01
ju9549 wrote:
How is the usage of had justified here?

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I think "had" is not past perfect tense. This is simple past tense.
present tense: I have no choice.
Present perfect tense: I have had no choice.
Past tense: I had no choice.

Regards,
Arup
Re: Faced with repeated crippling budget deficits, the state legislature h   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2018, 11:01
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