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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding,

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2012, 06:40
A/B - in part - not parallel
C - 'steers acquiring certain characteristics' - steers cannot acquire characteristics themselves - changes the meaning
D - 'should be' - changes the meaning from uncertainty to certainty and the same error as above. 'certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers' - this seems to mean that cattle breeders will help in cross breeding and it is in the steers' effort to acquire certain characteristics, whereas the intended meaning is different.

IMO E.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2012, 04:26
I finally know even options like D fit in perfectly in structure, but E, though unparallel, is ultimately the correct answer.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2012, 05:09
My learning:
Got to take meaning in to consideration as well. I picked E first. it sounded better but chose C because E wasn't (obviously) parallel but C seemed to even though meaning was awkward. Thanks for the explanation T :)
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2012, 01:55
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

What an annoying question! I was asked to take this on by private message, and I see why it's bothered so many of you. Let's discuss

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

The thing to remember about PARALLELISM (which is the issue here) is that it is ALL about the parallel markers. You're more concerned with the single word that comes after the parallel marker. From there, things get iffy. The parallel marker here is AND, and the word after it is PARTLY. That's your parallelism. You gotta have another "partly".

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and the "should". This isn't about what "should" happen. The breeders do it SO THAT the steer will acquire certain characteristics.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and an odd idiom. You don't do something "for the acquisition" of something else, but "in order to acquire" something else.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
PROBLEM: They don't do it "because of their steers acquiring..." that sounds like they crossbreed AFTER the steers have acquired the characteristics. But they do it IN ORDER that the steers might acquire the characteristics.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
PROBLEM: I know we all want this one because it says "partly because" and doesn't sound as bad as C, but the "should" is still a meaning issue. There's no question of SHOULD here. The issue is meaning. The breeders crossbreed because they WANT something to happen.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
ANSWER: Yes, I know it isn't as parallel as we'd like. It would be nice to say "partly to X" and "partly to Y" OR "partly because of X" and "partly because of Y". But we don't get that option. This is still parallel enough (with the two "partly"s), and from there it's all about meaning.

Tough one! Hope that helps.

-tommy



Partly to acquire characteristics sounds like breeders would acquire the characteristics. No?

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?

Last edited by Zarrolou on 10 Jun 2013, 05:52, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2013, 10:42
"partly to" is a perfectly fine idiom as well, assuming it's followed by a verb.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2013, 11:10
I also feel Idiomatic Partly because .... partly because should be right correction.

Ans D
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2013, 12:01
dave785 wrote:
"partly to" is a perfectly fine idiom as well, assuming it's followed by a verb.

Okay. But then again, would not 'partly to...and partly because....' be counted as a parallelism error? Or can we assume the parallelism between partly <reason> and partly <reason> to be sufficient?

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?


partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers

No D is incorrect because it changes the intended meaning.

Cross breeding is done to acquire to certain characteristics and not characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers.

Secondly, it is passive : it violates parallelism principles which says both should have the same logical structure.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?



We can eliminate A and B as they contain the incorrect idiom 'in part".

In C,D and E

'their' in C is ambiguous.

We can eliminate D because of the passive construction.
E is correct as it has 'to acquire' is parallel with 'to provide'

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2013, 21:17
Countdown wrote:
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?



We can eliminate A and B as they contain the incorrect idiom 'in part".

In C,D and E

'their' in C is ambiguous.

We can eliminate D because of the passive construction.
E is correct as it has 'to acquire' is parallel with 'to provide'


Yea i can now understand why D should be eliminated and hence E would therefore be the standalone answer. But, would it be right to say that in E "partly to acquire... and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide..." parallelism is sustained. Isn't it supposed to be "partly A and partly B", where A and B, belong to the same time frame(tense), voice, and subject ? I am unable to comprehend how E potrays parallelism here.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 04:52
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
Countdown wrote:
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?



We can eliminate A and B as they contain the incorrect idiom 'in part".

In C,D and E

'their' in C is ambiguous.

We can eliminate D because of the passive construction.
E is correct as it has 'to acquire' is parallel with 'to provide'


Yea i can now understand why D should be eliminated and hence E would therefore be the standalone answer. But, would it be right to say that in E "partly to acquire... and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide..." parallelism is sustained. Isn't it supposed to be "partly A and partly B", where A and B, belong to the same time frame(tense), voice, and subject ? I am unable to comprehend how E potrays parallelism here.


It does not, E is correct simply, because it is the best answer choice available :)
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2013, 08:49
"to acquire" in e is caused by subject "breeder". this is correct
"for acquisition" in b refers to a general action which is not caused by any noun in the main clause. this is not logic.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreading, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreading is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A. in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B. in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
C. partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
D. partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
E. partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2014, 18:10
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2014, 19:07
infotalk wrote:
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

My friend i gotta disagree with you on that one, partly x, partly y is parallel not awkward, .

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2014, 19:15
murilomoraes wrote:
infotalk wrote:
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

My friend i gotta disagree with you on that one, partly x, partly y is parallel not awkward, .


Well now I know that now after answering the question incorrectly :). But it felt a little awkward. May be I have never heard or paid attention to it that way in my experience.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2014, 19:34
infotalk wrote:
murilomoraes wrote:
infotalk wrote:
Using "partly" twice in a sentence seemed awkward and I had eliminated C,D,E right away. But I guess it is a valid formation.

My friend i gotta disagree with you on that one, partly x, partly y is parallel not awkward, .


Well now I know that now after answering the question incorrectly :). But it felt a little awkward. May be I have never heard or paid attention to it that way in my experience.

Probably yes, i think the Official Guide 12 have one question like this, and the verbal review too

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

[Reveal] Spoiler: Error Analysis:
Error Analysis:

In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding,

in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
and
partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

There sentence has parallel construction error , non underline portion after and starts with partly , so the underline portion also start with partly.
and in this case connect 2 clause in the sentence.


A- As discussed above
B- same parallel issue
C- change the meaning acquiring now tries to modify steers and purpose is lost here
D- should be change the meaning
E- Seems correct but the issue here is first half of the and is not clause. "partly to acquire certain characteristics in their
steers" where second part is "partly because crossbreeding {subject} is {verb} said to provide hybrid vigor

Last edited by PiyushK on 20 Jul 2014, 04:11, edited 3 times in total.
edited subject and format

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2014, 21:10
a13ssandra wrote:
Shouldn't "D" be the correct answer? Its parallel, concise and clear.


D change the meaning of the sentence , the "cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding for the purpose of 2 things
1. to acquire certain characteristics
2. to provide hybrid vigor

using should distort the meaning , as it is now saying steers will acquired the characteristics , and it is absolutely not the original sentence is saying.
So it is not logically parallel , from grammatical point of view to+verb of the second part of and should parallel with the first part.

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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding,   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2014, 21:10

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