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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 06:39
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

Can anyone explain me, why is the use of due to correct in option 1. I thought due to can only modify noun but here it seem to be modifying "appeal" which is a verb.

Last edited by Zarrolou on 07 Jul 2013, 06:45, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 09:36
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Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene,violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,
an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
often develops
surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable
backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
often develops

time consuming because of lengthy and multi-braked structure.

B,C - Modifier inconsistency
D, E - change meaning
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:54
Experts please help me understand how does due to("caused by") modify the noun "people" in the correct option ... surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline....

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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kinghyts wrote:
Experts please help me understand how does due to("caused by") modify the noun "people" in the correct option ... surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline....


hi ,
you are perfectly right in your concepts....so you will not see such ambiguity in official questions...
but for the sake of practice ..as all option contain DUE TO..just consider other errors..and move..
by the way..good catch from your side.
cheers :-D
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 14:59
kinghyts wrote:
Experts please help me understand how does due to("caused by") modify the noun "people" in the correct option ... surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline....


While this point is gramatically correct, in most writing "due to" is used as an expression meaning something close to "because". An official GMAT question may not have a sentence with this technical error, but it is important to understand that the other four answers have much more major, and gramatically clear problems so A has to be the answer.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 15:04
the first issue I would take on in this problem is the misplaced modifier which is made clear from the opening descriptive phrase "Originally developed..."

This errro eliminates B and C because "surfing's appeal" was not developed by Hawaiians.

E has a glaring pro noun error - refering to "surfing" with the word "their"

D - when comparing A and D, you notice that A has "unpredictable backdrop" and D has "A backdrop that is unpredictable" this wordiness makes A a better answer. D also has parallelism problems and incorrectly says that the backdrop is "serenly violent"
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 15:37
harshsingla wrote:
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene,violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,
an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
often develops
• surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable
backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and thecamaraderie that often develops
• surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
often develops


[


Surfing is singular. hence appeals is the correct verb to use. B and C are out. In E "their" changes the meaning of the sentence. Between A and D, D is out because it un-necessarily adds a appositive : a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is... hence A.

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 00:43
Hi Cumulonimbus,

B's major error is early on:

Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing’s appeal


This is suggesting that 'surfing's appeal' was developed by ancient Hawaiians. This is not correct of course. it was surfing that was developed.

Take a look at some of the other answer choices, their wording eliminates this issue.

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2013, 01:12
Hi guys… can someone help explain the problem below?

I am used to [X and Y] and [X,Y, and Z] structures on GMAT questions. Since I am not a native-speaker and any changes in meaning are the most difficult/time consuming problems for me, I am usually trying to analyze questions ‘structurally’ first. Here in option A we have the following construction:

Surfing appeals ... due to X, Y, and Z (this is fine).

X= the sport’s unusual confluence. Ok.
Y= that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable (?)
Z= the camaraderie. Ok.

My question is about internal construction of Y: that is [graceful and serene], [violent and formidable] – why we do not have conjunction AND here, between two elements? Don't we have a structure X,Y instead of X and Y here?

I was going through ‘parallelism’ set of questions and missed this one (picked D) just because I believed the form [X AND Y] should always be consistent.

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2014, 06:27
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s
unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable
backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie
that often develops
among people in their common quest to conquer nature.
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high
paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent
and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an
unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the
camaraderie that often develops
• surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high
paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent
and formidable, and developing camaraderie
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high
paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and
serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced
maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and
formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

OA after some discussion.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2014, 07:25
Its posted earlier.
originally-developed-by-ancient-hawaiians-surfing-appeals-102734.html

I really don't like this question, because use of due to is not appropriate to describe the reason behind an action.

Surfing appeals to people due to

why surfing appeals to people ? to answer such question we should use because not due to.

We use due to to answer existence of some noun.

E.g. rain(noun) is due to blah blah blah...

I was between A and D by POE.
But D is changing the meaning so I will go for A.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2014, 23:29
thefibonacci wrote:
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s
unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable
backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie
that often develops
among people in their common quest to conquer nature.
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high
paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent
and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an
unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the
camaraderie that often develops
• surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high
paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent
and formidable, and developing camaraderie
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high
paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and
serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced
maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and
formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

OA after some discussion.


I also go with A. My reasoning is

A - Correct answer
B - "Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians" should modify surfing but in this choice it wrongly modifies the Surfing's appeal
C - Same as B
D - Changes the meaning. Wrong construction - a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is
E - Pronoun error

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2014, 00:49
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene,violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

Meaning: Surfing is originally developed by AH. Surfing appeals to people due to X,Y and high paced maneuvering. high paced maneuvering is an unpredictable backdrop that is graceful and serene, violet and formidable and that is camaraderie often develops among people.

A) surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops - Correct as it is.

B) surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
Surfing was developed by AH and not it's appeal.

C) surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
Surfing was developed by AH and not it's appeal.

D) surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and thecamaraderie that often develops
Instead of modifying the "an unpredictable backdrop", not graceful and serene are modifying violent and formidable. Changes the meaning which is really not required.

E) surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
It is not people unusual confluence of X,Y and Z but the sport's.

My doubt is regarding the article : due-to-vs-because-of-140393.html or how-to-debunk-due-to-because-of-provide-eg-174050.html#p1393608
Here in the correct choice, surfing appeals to people due to X. due to modifies appeal. But per the article, the due to can modify only the noun. In fact if we disregard the modifier issue, Option C) is will be correct "surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering" considering the article.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2014, 19:55
A couple of people have written "you won't see 'due to' used in this way in an official GMAT question." Well, if this question actually comes from the "Official Guide," then that just doesn't make any sense. It makes more sense that the question originated elsewhere. I looked at one of the other threads below, and it seems this question may actually come from Manhattan GMAT instead. :P

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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2014, 22:21
andrewsj214 wrote:
A couple of people have written "you won't see 'due to' used in this way in an official GMAT question." Well, if this question actually comes from the "Official Guide," then that just doesn't make any sense. It makes more sense that the question originated elsewhere. I looked at one of the other threads below, and it seems this question may actually come from Manhattan GMAT instead. :P


In fact you may actually be correct. I got this here :
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/ori ... t1013.html

And it seems as if this question is not from Official sources at all.
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2014, 23:59
"due to" is used wrongly in all answer choices. goodbye to this question
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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2014, 12:55
Very long sentence -- seems to be easy one! its always like that with GMAT. but will take some time to spot error but its not that nasty. I always feel comfortable with SC questions which are long underlined question. Back to question.

first their is a list and modifier tested here.

Its clear that Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, <logical modifier here>
eliminated by scanning...B & C out.

Now parallelism:
A,D and E: I don't see anything wrong in A. In D, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable is not parallel so out. In E, surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, their is wrong. Clear A is the winner.

OA: A.



harshsingla wrote:
Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene,violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,
an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
often develops
• surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable
backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops
• surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie
• surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering,a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and thecamaraderie that often develops
• surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that
often develops


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Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2015, 00:25
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This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Parallelism" Revision Project.

Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops among people in their common quest to conquer nature.

A. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

B. surfing’s appeal is its unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

C. surfing’s appeal to people is due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and developing camaraderie

D. surfing appeals to people due to the sport’s unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, a backdrop that is unpredictable and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

E. surfing appeals to people due to their unusual confluence of adrenaline, skill, and high paced maneuvering, an unpredictable backdrop that is, by turns, graceful and serene, violent and formidable, and the camaraderie that often develops

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
This sentence contains three parallel elements: “the unusual confluence,” “an
unpredictable backdrop,” and “the camaraderie.” Additionally, the introductory
modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians” correctly modifies the
noun “surfing.”
(A) CORRECT. This choice properly follows rules of parallel construction and uses
the introductory phrase to correctly modify the noun “surfing.”
(B) The introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians”
incorrectly describes “surfing’s appeal” rather than surfing itself. Additionally, the
pronoun “its” has no clear antecedent to refer to.
(C) The introductory modifying phrase “originally developed by ancient Hawaiians”
incorrectly describes “surfing’s appeal” rather than surfing itself. Furthermore, the
third element of the sentence, “developing camaraderie among people,” is not parallel
to the other two elements.
(D) This choice lacks clarity of meaning by stating “a backdrop that is unpredictable
and that is, by turns, gracefully and serenely violent and formidable.” The original
intent of the sentence is to use the adjectives graceful, serene, violent, and
formidable to describe surfing’s “unpredictable backdrop”; this choice improperly
separates this into two distinct ideas. Additionally, this choice incorrectly changes the
adjectives “graceful” and “serene” to adverbs “gracefully” and “serenely”; thus, the
adverbs incorrectly modify the adjectives “violent” and “formidable” rather than the
noun “backdrop.”
(E) The plural pronoun “their” incorrectly refers to the plural noun “people,” making it
seem that people, rather than surfing, contain the three parallel elements found in the
sentence.

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Kudos [?]: 17636 [2], given: 1986

Re: Originally developed by ancient Hawaiians, surfing appeals to people d   [#permalink] 19 Feb 2015, 00:25

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