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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro

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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 06:40
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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Accordingly, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However, since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome.

C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction.

D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction.

E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.


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(CR05080)

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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 08:01
1
Question Type: Boldface

Argument: Use of genetic seeds is likely to become widespread.

A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion. - BF2 isn't the argument's main conclusion.

B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome. - BF2 says use of genetic engineered seeds isn't going to become widespread because of the cost issues that are highlighted. In a way, BF2 doesn't support BF1.

C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction. - Correct

D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction. - BF1 doesn't defend BF2.

E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion. - As explained in C, BF2 doesn't support the main conclusion.

Answer: C
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 19:57
Answer is C.

In my opinion the first boldface plays the role of background information and the second boldface is a counter premise.

A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
The first part of the statement is correct but the main conclusion of the argument is "The growth of engineered seeds...widespread".

B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome.
First part of the statement is correct but the second part is not that outcome it is meant to contribute to. It is the exact opposite of the outcome it is meant to contribute to.

C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction.
Right answer.

D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction.
The second is not the prediction the argument seeks to defend. Prediction is the conclusion and we have identified the conclusion to be the last line in the argument.

E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.
Both boldfaces are not premises, one is background information and another is a counterpremise.
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 23:33
Bunuel wrote:
Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Accordingly, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However, since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.

B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome.

C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction.

D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction.

E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.


NEW question from GMAT® Official Guide 2019


(CR05080)


Question Type: Bold face

Conclusion: Since consumer demand for items without pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds is here to stay.

Analysis:
Bold face 1: States a fact, that introduces the argument & acts as a opening premise for the conclusion

Bold face 2: It states one of the probable consequences of use of genetically engineered seeds, citing the cost implication for the farmers. This acts as a counter argument against the conclusion.

A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion. - Incorrect, the second part is not the main conclusion.

B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome. - Incorrect. The second part does not contribute to bring about the argument.

C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction. - Correct.

D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction. - Incorrect. the first does not support the second part

E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion. - Incorrect, the second does not support the conclusion.

Answer C.

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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 05:35
1. Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. --- fact
Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones.--- fact
2. Accordingly, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. --- assumption.
However, since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, --- contrast/plan
the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread. --- effect of plan/ main conclusion

verdict : 1st is supporting conclusion. 2nd is assumption which is weakening the conclusion.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion. ---- 2nd is not the main conclusion.

B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome. --- 1st seems ok. 2nd is not correct.

C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction. --- most close and on the lines of verdict.

D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction. --- 2nd is not a prediction. 1st is also not the best.

E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion. --- wrong.
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Re: Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 05:38
Question of same type:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/plant-scient ... 59269.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/plant-scient ... 42128.html
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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 10:54
553. Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce crop plants that are highly resistant to insect damage. Unfortunately, the seeds themselves are quite expensive, and the plants require more fertilizer and water to grow well than normal ones. Accordingly, for most farmers the savings on pesticides would not compensate for the higher seed costs and the cost of additional fertilizer. However, since consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise, the use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first supplies a context for the argument; the second is the argument's main conclusion.
B. The first introduces a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second is a state of affairs that, according to the argument, contributes to bringing about that outcome.
C. The first presents a development that the argument predicts will have a certain outcome; the second acknowledges a consideration that tends to weigh against that prediction.
D. The first provides evidence to support a prediction that the argument seeks to defend; the second is that prediction.
E. The first and the second each provide evidence to support the argument's main conclusion.


Type: Bolded Statement
BID (Boil It Down): Although expensive now, engineered seeds likely to be popular
Conclusion: The use of genetically engineered seeds of this kind is likely to become widespread.
Evidence: Consumer demand for grains, fruits, and vegetables grown without the use of pesticides continues to rise.
Goal: Define the role of each statement, and the relationship between the two. Statement 1 tells us about an advance in seed tech to resist insect damage. Statement 2 reveals that most farmers won’t be financially advantaged by the technology.

Choice C is correct. The development introduced by the statement is the use of genetic engineering. The prediction is the conclusion: this use of genetically engineered seeds will become widespread. The second statement is that the farmers would not be compensated enough to use the genetically engineered seeds, which is a consideration that weighs AGAINST the prediction that the seeds will become widespread.

A. The first statement does provide context, but the second is not the conclusion, as shown in the analysis above.

B. The description of the first statement matches the correct choice well, but the second statement goes AGAINST the conclusion, as described in the explanation to the correct choice.

D. The first statement does not directly support a prediction, and the second statement is not a prediction.

E. The statements do not support the conclusion that the use of genetically engineered seeds is likely to become widespread. This is particularly true for the second statement, which supports the idea that the seeds might NOT become widespread.


C
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Plant scientists have used genetic engineering on seeds to produce cro &nbs [#permalink] 06 Jul 2018, 10:54
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