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The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover

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The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2018, 19:12
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A
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D
E

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 226

The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungovernable is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize all written laws.

(A) is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize
(B) is the inhabitants long ago learned distrusting and neutralizing
(C) was because of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and to be neutralizing
(D) is that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and to neutralize
(E) was on account of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and neutralize

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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 09:56
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The reason… is/was/ on account of are all well-established redundancies in GMAT. Remove A, C, and E. Between B and D--- If you don't connect the two clauses of the sentence with a connector such as 'that,' then the sentence will turn out to be a fused sentence as in B. D with the appropriate connector 'that' is a complete sentence
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:23
(A) is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize

Because that is incorrect.

(B) is the inhabitants long ago learned distrusting and neutralizing

That is not in place

(C) was because of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and to be neutralizing

Sentence is in present tense so was is incorrect.

(D) is that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and to neutralize

It seems correct.

(E) was on account of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and neutralize

Was is incorrect

So I go for D.

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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 08:32
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The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungovernable is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize all written laws.

(A) is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize
(B) is the inhabitants long ago learned distrusting and neutralizing
(C) was because of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and to be neutralizing
(D) is that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and to neutralize
(E) was on account of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and neutralize[/quote]

Answer D.


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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 21:22
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Fact1 - reason and because should not come together. this will eliminate A,C
Fact2 - "The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungovernable" This part tells me that something in present tense is coming up, as these people still consider it. C and E eliminated.

(B) is the inhabitants long ago learned distrusting and neutralizing --- that is very important to tell the right meaning of this sentence. I cant say if it was just the inhabitants or they did something.
(D) is that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and to neutralize --- Correct use of that. moreover what they learned and what was its purpose is demonstrated effectively .

Read this post if you have not yet to understand what 'that' is doing in option D.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 43686.html
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 22:33
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hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 226

The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungovernable is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize all written laws.

(A) is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize
(B) is the inhabitants long ago learned distrusting and neutralizing
(C) was because of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and to be neutralizing
(D) is that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and to neutralize
(E) was on account of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and neutralize



Let's look at the possible errors in different choices..
1. Reason and Because
There is redundancy in using both. Both mean the same and only ONE to be used.
2. the reason IS x Vs the reason is THAT X....
If you are talking of a noun word as a reason, you can use
The reason for my success is you.
But if you want to talk of a phrase as a reason use THAT..
The reason for my success is that you motivated me ...
Here too there is a PHRASE, so you require THAT.
3) tense
In non underlined portion, we are using CONSIDER (present tense), so we require present IS here.
4) Infinitive and parallelism
TO distrust and TO neutralise

Only D left
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2018, 05:37
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 226

The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungovernable is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize all written laws.

(A) is because that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and neutralize
(B) is the inhabitants long ago learned distrusting and neutralizing
(C) was because of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and to be neutralizing
(D) is that the inhabitants long ago learned to distrust and to neutralize - CORRECT , Perfect Parallelism and correct use of present tense
(E) was on account of the inhabitants long ago learning to distrust and neutralize


Overall D wins the race as perfect parallelism "To neutralize" and "To distrust"
Also there is correct usage of present tense
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2018, 02:08
for some official questions, "that" dose not appear in Official answer. this means that choice B is correct. why in this problem, choice B is incorrect and the absence of "that" is incorrect.

of course, in those official questions, other choices have other errors and the choice without "that' is correct

can we think that absense of "that" is incorrect only if there is a choice with "that" ?
if so, the presence of "that" is preferable.

is my thinking correct?
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2018, 07:42
thangvietnam - Please read this post, to know more about 'What that is doing?'

https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 43686.html
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2018, 14:15
The first split:

Is/was: Was indicates a completed action in the past. The simple past verb tense is wrongfully applied here as its stated that the Mediterranean island is still ungovernable. This would imply that the effect of the distrust and neutralization is still active in the present. The simple past verb tense is incorrect. We can, therefore, eliminate C and E.

The second split:

A just sounds really weird, but we can't play by ear. So let's discern the grammar: We can discount A because of a parallelism error.
We can spot the parallelism marker of and: X and Y. To distrust and neutralize. According to the principle of parallelism, comparable sentence parts must be structurally and logically similar. To distrust is a verb that takes the infinitive form so according to the principle of parallelism neutralize must do the same. So we can discount A as an answer option.

The third split:

C is definitely parallel in the sense that they both use progressive tenses. But let's delve a little deeper. Learned distrusting and neutralizing all written laws. The sentence sounds incomplete for some reason.

I might be wrong, but I think the fact that we mention the reason idiomatically it should include the word the reason that. I assume this is an idiomatic error, so we discount answer choice C.

Hence we are left with D. D is correct because of the aforementioned reasons of other posters.

Hope this helped. Looking forward to your feedback!
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 22:08
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Hi, this is unrelated to any of the answers, but isn't the correct idiom for consider - Consider XY. The GMAT used consider X to be Y here and i would like to know what makes this usage correct in this question?
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2018, 00:48
Hi kchen1994, consider X to be Y is indeed considered to be a correct idiom :) .

Another officially correct example:

In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread widely; because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit the spread of this species in its native Argentina.
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The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2019, 07:13
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I have a question that is actually not related to the answer choice.

Why does the above sentence use idiom "consider .. to be ungovernable " here?

I understand that the correct version would be "consider ... ungovernable" in the scope of GMAT.

Expert please explain.

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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2019, 06:01
shaonkarim wrote:
Why not the answer is B?
We can't say "the inhabitants learned distrusting and neutralizing". It is possible to say "learned to distrust laws", but it is not possible to say "learned distrusting laws". The same thing applies to neutralizing.
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Re: The reason many people consider the Mediterranean island to be ungover   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 06:01
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