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The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most

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The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most  [#permalink]

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A
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 740
Page: 696

The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

(A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels

(B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

(C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service

(D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

(E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

comma + with (adverbial modifier) = LINK 1 & LINK 2 & LINK 3 & LINK 4 & LINK 5 & LINK 6 & LINK 7 & LINK 8

Tourism Commission

(A) Meaning (reducing the guests)

(B) Modifier / Meaning (ultimately); Idiom (goal to reduce)

(C) Modifier (with the hotel service); Idiom (goal to reduce)

(D) Modifier / Meaning (ultimate); Subject-Verb (guests that ends up)

(E) CORRECT


First glance

Most of the choices begin with prepositions (with, in); in the case of choice (C), just one word (ultimately) precedes a preposition (with). The problem is testing something related to Modifiers.

Issues

(1) Meaning: reducing the guests

Modifier / Meaning: ultimately; ultimate

The original sentence says that the commission conducted surveys in order to reduce the guests. Literally, this means to reduce the size of the guests. Perhaps they’ve invented an incredible shrinking ray gun?

Probably not—this meaning is illogical. Presumably, the goal was to reduce the number of guests or the number of complaints. Eliminate choice (A) for faulty meaning.

While examining the first issue, you might spot another one. The original sentence describes the ultimate goal of the surveys. Other choices move this word around or change the form to ultimate. Check them for proper placement and meaning.

(A) with the ultimate goal

(B) with the goal to ultimately reduce

(C) ultimately with the goal

(D) in an ultimate attempt

(E) with the ultimate goal

An ultimate goal is a decisive or final goal; this meaning makes logical sense for the sentence. Nothing indicates, however, that this is the final attempt to achieve the goal; why wouldn't the commission be able to keep trying? Eliminate (D) for an unlikely meaning.

Choice (B) changes the form to ultimately (an adverb) and places it with the verb to reduce. The goal is not to finally reduce the number of guests. Rather, the surveys have a final or ultimate goal. Eliminate choice (B).

(2) Idiom: goal to reduce

Two choices say with the goal of reducing, while two others say with the goal to reduce. (The fifth removes this structure entirely.) Eliminate choices (B) and (C).

The correct idiom is with the goal of (doing something).

(3) Modifier: with the hotel service

Four of the choices talk about dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service (or with the service in hotels). In choice (C), though, the modifier moves:

overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service

Prepositional phrases can modify nouns or verbs. If a prepositional phrase begins just after a noun, the general expectation is that it is modifying that noun. In this case, then, with the hotel service would be modifying guests—but the point of the sentence is not to discuss the guests with the hotel service. All of the relevant guests stayed in hotels. The point is to call out those guests who are dissatisfied with the hotel service. Eliminate answer (C) for faulty modifier placement leading to illogical meaning.

(4) Subject-Verb: guests that ends up

Choice (D) uses the construction reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing … dissatisfaction. The plural guests express dissatisfaction, so they end up expressing dissatisfaction. The singular verb ends does not match with the plural subject guests. Eliminate choice (D).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (E) conveys a logical meaning throughout: the surveys have an ultimate, or final, goal; the goal is to reduce the number of guests; those guests express … dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service.

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Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 15 Jun 2016, 11:49.
Last edited by hazelnut on 27 Aug 2018, 18:58, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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New post 27 Jul 2016, 00:38
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abhishek1912 wrote:
Hi Experts,

I wish to understand what's wrong in option B compared to E.

(B) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

(E) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service


Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal to understand the earth better
Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal of understanding the earth better

I think the former makes more sense because "to" has an intention connotation that is lacking in "for verb-ing". Or, is there a problem with "ultimate" in the above sentence?

"who express" is, of course, much cleaner than "who end up expressing"


The goal is not to ultimately reduce the numbers. It would be better if the commission could reduce the numbers now than if it reduces "ultimately". However the goal itself is ultimate (i.e. the final goal). Therefore placement of ultimately is wrong in option B.
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New post 15 Jun 2016, 21:54
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Here is my reasoning:


A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels -> The number of guests can be reduced. The guests themselves cannot be reduced. On a funny note, you cannot really reduce their height or something :D So, eliminate.

B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service -> Incorrect modifier 'ultimately'. This modifier should modify 'goal' and not 'reduce'. So, eliminate.

C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service -> 'goal to reduce expressions' totally distorts the meaning. So, eliminate.

D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service -> 'that' cannot be used to refer to people (i.e. guests). So, eliminate.

E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service -> By POE, this is the right answer. Though I am not very convinced about the usage of 'with' here. Going by the rule, 'with' should modify resorts here. Resorts don't have any ultimate goal.
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New post 15 Jun 2016, 22:05
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jaganpani wrote:
Here is my reasoning:


A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels -> The number of guests can be reduced. The guests themselves cannot be reduced. On a funny note, you cannot really reduce their height or something :D So, eliminate.

B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service -> Incorrect modifier 'ultimately'. This modifier should modify 'goal' and not 'reduce'. So, eliminate.

C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service -> 'goal to reduce expressions' totally distorts the meaning. So, eliminate.

D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service -> 'that' cannot be used to refer to people (i.e. guests). So, eliminate.

E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service -> By POE, this is the right answer. Though I am not very convinced about the usage of 'with' here. Going by the rule, 'with' should modify resorts here. Resorts don't have any ultimate goal.


The goal is not of the resort but of the tourism commission. With is correct
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New post 16 Jun 2016, 07:20
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Got this one correct....My line of reasoning

First scan of the original sentence as it is A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels

reducing the number of guests rather than reducing the guests. Next who end up expressing...leads to unnecessary verb+ing form........the last phrase with the service in the hotels....sounds unnecessary wordy and can be more concise

reducing the number of guests rather than reducing the guests - remains B, D, E

expressing in B - eliminates B

Between D and E, the construction of D is weird

E remains and the correct answer. Rechecked the correct answer
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New post 16 Jun 2016, 11:31
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels
B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service
D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service


OG 2017 New Question



The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service.

Survey of hotels is conducted to reduce the number of guests expressing dissatisfaction with the hotels service...

Answer will be (E)

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New post 23 Jun 2016, 08:47
The issue is in "reducing the hotel guests" as opposed to "reducing the number of hotel guests". Answer choice E fixes the problem without introducing new ones.
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New post 26 Jul 2016, 11:36
Hi Experts,

I wish to understand what's wrong in option B compared to E.

(B) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

(E) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service


Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal to understand the earth better
Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal of understanding the earth better

I think the former makes more sense because "to" has an intention connotation that is lacking in "for verb-ing". Or, is there a problem with "ultimate" in the above sentence?

"who express" is, of course, much cleaner than "who end up expressing"
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New post 27 Jul 2016, 08:56
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abhishek1912 wrote:
Hi Experts,

I wish to understand what's wrong in option B compared to E.

(B) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

(E) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service


Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal to understand the earth better
Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal of understanding the earth better

I think the former makes more sense because "to" has an intention connotation that is lacking in "for verb-ing". Or, is there a problem with "ultimate" in the above sentence?

"who express" is, of course, much cleaner than "who end up expressing"


"Ultimately" in B is redundant; you would use this word only if there were some other attempts which failed.
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New post 27 Jul 2016, 09:23
RK84 wrote:
Isn't the option E conveying that there is a category of guests who express dissatisfaction, guests who end up expressing seems better but unfortunately other options also contain errors .
sayantanc2k : your views please?


Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app


In either case, without a comma, the relative clause modifier categorizes the noun it modifies - the modifier is an essential modifier. Thus both the options C and E categorizes "guests". For example:

I hate men who talk a lot. ... Meaning: There are 100 men, out of them I hate only those 30 men who talk a lot. (categorizes men)
I hate men, who talk a lot.... Meaning: I hate all 100 men, and all the 100 men talk a lot ("who talk a lot" is just an additional information about "men" - no categorization here).

In this question it is required to use an essential modifier (one without comma), since the number of only those guests who express dissatisfaction needs to be reduced. Option C and E both are alright in that respect.

I hope that I understood your query correctly.
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New post 17 Sep 2016, 04:00
The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels
B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service
D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

Placement of the modifiers in (A) and (B) is not perfect (guest who end up expressing..)
Placement of ultimately is (C) is wrong (furthermore the adverb is not neededI
Wrong modifier in (D). (Guests that)

Left with (E). (E) does not repeat any of these mistakes. Therefore (E) is the correct answer.
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New post 08 Dec 2016, 06:50
In A, reducing the guests implying the GUESTS are to be made smaller in size.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate A.

Generally, an infinitive modifier serves to express INTENT.
B and C: with the goal to reduce
Here, the infinite modifier in red implies that the goal is intended TO REDUCE something.
This meaning is nonsensical: a goal cannot be used to reduce something.
Eliminate B and C.

D: the number...that ends up ends up expressing dissatisfaction
Here, the portions in red imply that an actual number -- 100, 1000, etc. -- is EXPRESSING dissatisfaction.
This meaning is nonsensical.
Eliminate D.


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New post 25 Jan 2017, 09:13
AbdurRakib wrote:
The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels
B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service
D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service


OG 2017 New Question


A - is wordy and awkward. Hotels' service is much more elegant than "with the service in the hotels"

B - this was a close section but the placement of ultimately changes the meaning

C - very awkward and wordy

D - Awkward. Also potential error with , before the clause

E - looks good hold it
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New post 02 May 2017, 01:57
The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels

B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service

D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
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New post 12 Jun 2017, 23:12
abhishek1912 wrote:
Hi Experts,

I wish to understand what's wrong in option B compared to E.

(B) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service

(E) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service


Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal to understand the earth better
Scientists have solved many puzzles of nature, with the goal of understanding the earth better

I think the former makes more sense because "to" has an intention connotation that is lacking in "for verb-ing". Or, is there a problem with "ultimate" in the above sentence?

"who express" is, of course, much cleaner than "who end up expressing"


Main difference between Option B & E is the use and placement of Adjective and Adverb and meaning...

(B) The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service
- ULTIMATELY, adverb, here means FINALLY and it is modifying REDUCE, but the original intention is different i.e. GOAL needs to be ULTIMATE. Correct meaning is conveyed in option E.
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New post Updated on: 28 Jul 2017, 21:24
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'The guests that ends up' is an easy SV error to spot and eliminate. D is gone. The idea is not to reduce either guests or their expressions. The idea is to reduce the number of complainants. Therefore, A and C are gone. Between B and E; B has a problem of split infinitive in 'to ultimately reduce', and a problem of superfluity or redundancy in saying ' who end up expressing dissatisfaction. 'Who express' is more direct and dynamic.

Therefore, E remains.
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Originally posted by daagh on 13 Jun 2017, 02:01.
Last edited by daagh on 28 Jul 2017, 21:24, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 13 Jun 2017, 06:53
The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels - Illogical – the guests themselves can’t be reduced
B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service – ultimately reduce is incorrect rather ultimate should modify the goal
C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service – awkward – the goal is to reduce the number of dissatisfaction
D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service – that can refer to guests ; Subject verb agreement issue
E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service – Correct

Answer E
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New post 13 Jun 2017, 12:31
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Bingo123 wrote:
Hi Sayantank,
I am in my final stages of preparation and this question has really demotivated me.

As per Magoosh, preposition noun participle ( with the ultimate goal of reducing) is an awkward construction. GMAT does not like so much action together. So I eliminated a and e.
Also, as per the idiom list in Manhattan SC : " the goal is to expand the company" - we prefer to + base form.

Using both the concepts I eliminated e and chose b.

I am not sure if there is an option to tag Magoosh so that they can clarify. Cz they have used this concept many times to eliminate answers.

It would be really helpful if you could provide your comments in resolving my query.



Hi Bingo123,

I would be glad to help you resolve your doubt. :-)

At e-GMAT, we apply meaning-based approach to solve any and every SC problem.

The original sentence says that the tourism commission's ultimate goal is to reduce the guests who complain about the services.

So, the goal is ultimate as expressed by Choice A, D, and E. Use of ultimately in Choices B and C distorts the meaning of the original sentence because these choices state that the commission's goal is to ultimately reduce. Hence, Choices B and C can be eliminated.

Also, from the context of the sentence, it is clear that the commission wants to reduce the number of those guests who complain. Hence, the appropriate expression is to reduce the number of guests as we see in Choice E. So Choice A can be eliminated.

In Choice D, the subject that that stands for plural noun guests does not agree in number with singular verb ends up. Hence, this choice is also eliminated.

Choice E indeed is the correct answer choice that conveys the intended meaning of the sentence.

It certainly is difficult to remember a bunch of complicated rules. However, applying meaning-based approach is the easy and logical way to solve SC problems.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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New post 21 Jun 2017, 08:42
The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most popular resorts, with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels.

A) with the ultimate goal of reducing the guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the service in the hotels - "reducing the guests" hmm incorrect, should be "reducing the number of guests"
B) with the goal to ultimately reduce the number of guests who end up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service - "ultimately reduce" is awkward
C) ultimately with the goal to reduce expressions of overall dissatisfaction by the guests with the hotel service - "dissatisfaction" should be next "with the hotel service"
D) in an ultimate attempt to reduce the number of guests that ends up expressing overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service - "number of guests" does not go with plural "ends up", it should be "end up" instead
E) with the ultimate goal of reducing the number of guests who express overall dissatisfaction with the hotels’ service - CORRECT, "reducing the number of guests" is correct + "express" has the subject "guests" separated by a "who", correct + "dissatisfaction" is next to "with the hotels´ service" is also correct
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New post 21 Jun 2017, 11:19
Hi please explain why option D is wrong
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Re: The tourism commission has conducted surveys of hotels in the most &nbs [#permalink] 21 Jun 2017, 11:19

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