GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 19 Feb 2019, 17:59

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Prep Hour

February 20, 2019

February 20, 2019

08:00 PM EST

09:00 PM EST

Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. Wednesday, February 20th at 8 PM EST

February 21, 2019

February 21, 2019

10:00 PM PST

11:00 PM PST

Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.

# United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior SC Moderator
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1321
Location: Malaysia
United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jun 2018, 22:18
2
12
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

77% (01:49) correct 23% (02:03) wrong based on 659 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
Online test bank question number : CR00693

Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the politician's argument?

United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods shipped to Mexico doubled in the year after tariffs on trade between the two countries were reduced, it does not follow that the reduction in tariffs caused the sales of United States goods to companies and consumers in Mexico to double that year, because __________.

(A) many of the United States companies that produced goods that year had competitors based in Mexico that had long produced the same kind of goods

(B) most of the increase in goods shipped by United States companies to Mexico was in parts shipped to the companies’ newly relocated subsidiaries for assembly and subsequent shipment back to the United States

(C) marketing goods to a previously unavailable group of consumers is most successful when advertising specifically targets those consumers, but developing such advertising often takes longer than a year

(D) the amount of Mexican goods shipped to the United States remained the same as it had been before the tariff reductions

(E) there was no significant change in the employment rate in either of the countries that year

_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Jan 2017
Posts: 300
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2018, 00:05
hazelnut wrote:
GMAT[REGISTERED SIGN] Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.: SC
Online test bank question number : CR00693

Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the politician's argument?

United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods shipped to Mexico doubled in the year after tariffs on trade between the two countries were reduced, it does not follow that the reduction in tariffs caused the sales of United States goods to companies and consumers in Mexico to double that year, because __________.

(A) many of the United States companies that produced goods that year had competitors based in Mexico that had long produced the same kind of goods
- Opposite

(B) most of the increase in goods shipped by United States companies to Mexico was in parts shipped to the companies’ newly relocated subsidiaries for assembly and subsequent shipment back to the United States
- Correct (This explains the alternate reason - Shipping goods doesn't necessarily mean increase in sales but shipping them to the companies newly relocated subsidiaries)

(C) marketing goods to a previously unavailable group of consumers is most successful when advertising specifically targets those consumers, but developing such advertising often takes longer than a year
- Irrelevant

(D) the amount of Mexican goods shipped to the United States remained the same as it had been before the tariff reductions
- Irrelevant

(E) there was no significant change in the employment rate in either of the countries that year
- Irrelevant

Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the politician's argument?

United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods shipped to Mexico doubled in the year after tariffs on trade between the two countries were reduced, it does not follow that the reduction in tariffs caused the sales of United States goods to companies and consumers in Mexico to double that year, because __________.

(A) many of the United States companies that produced goods that year had competitors based in Mexico that had long produced the same kind of goods
- Opposite

(B) most of the increase in goods shipped by United States companies to Mexico was in parts shipped to the companies’ newly relocated subsidiaries for assembly and subsequent shipment back to the United States
- Correct (This explains the alternate reason - Shipping goods doesn't necessarily mean increase in sales but shipping them to the companies newly relocated subsidiaries)

(C) marketing goods to a previously unavailable group of consumers is most successful when advertising specifically targets those consumers, but developing such advertising often takes longer than a year
- Irrelevant

(D) the amount of Mexican goods shipped to the United States remained the same as it had been before the tariff reductions
- Irrelevant

(E) there was no significant change in the employment rate in either of the countries that year
- Irrelevant
_________________

Only those who risk going too far, can possibly find out how far one can go

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 510
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2018, 01:08
1
1
Argument : -
1. Increase in shipments from USA to Mexico due to reduced tariffs
2. but increase in shipments doesn't mean increase in sales of USA-produced-goods in mexico

What do we need to find out?
We need to find out a reason that gives a reason to support #2 in the argument

(A) many of the United States companies that produced goods that year had competitors based in Mexico that had long produced the same kind of goods ---> It can cause an increase in sales if the price of the USA-produced-goods is cheaper than that of mexico-produced goods or vice versa. we don't have info regarding prices. Incomplete info. OUT

(B) most of the increase in goods shipped by United States companies to Mexico was in parts shipped to the companies’ newly relocated subsidiaries for assembly and subsequent shipment back to the United States ---> This option provides a strong reason to say that companies shipped more goods to their own subsidiaries only to be shipped back to the USA. Hence, the goods are not meant for sales in Mexico and therefore will not cause in sales in MEXICO. CORRECT

(C) marketing goods to a previously unavailable group of consumers is most successful when advertising specifically targets those consumers, but developing such advertising often takes longer than a year ---> clearly IRRELEVANT. OUT

(D) the amount of Mexican goods shipped to the United States remained the same as it had been before the tariff reductions ---> We are concerned about the reverse. Also, this option doesn't provide any reason to say why sales will not increase in Mexico. OUT

(E) there was no significant change in the employment rate in either of the countries that year ---> this option doesn't provide any reason to say why sales will not increase in Mexico. IRRELEVANT. OUT
_________________
Manager
Joined: 11 Feb 2018
Posts: 234
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 3: 750 Q50 V42
Re: United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2018, 08:01
I think this is a clear C.B is wrong because the argument says DOUBLE the number of goods were SOLD in Mexico.B does not account for this fact.B says the goods are coming back to the US.

The tariffs did not cause the sales to increase in Mexico because __________? is basically the question

Ans : The tariffs did not cause the sales to increase in Mexico because = people did not know about tariff reduction...

which is what C says.

Disclaimer : If I am wrong please don't screw me up....its an honest mistake.
Manager
Joined: 11 Feb 2018
Posts: 234
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 3: 750 Q50 V42
United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2018, 08:41
I can also see why people have gone for B(this could very well be the right answer here on second thought). chetan2u is this question ambiguous.Have sales in Mexico gone up or not.?Can you please help
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7334
Re: United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2018, 09:00
1
Hi redskull1, Ans should be B..
Reason for each choice as given below

Flow of argument..
Amount of goods shipped to Mexico doubled in the year after tariffs were lowered.
However does not mean that it resulted in double the sales of good..

Catch here is CHANGE in Shipping of goods TO sales of goods..

Which of the following, if true, most logically completes the politician's argument?

United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods shipped to Mexico doubled in the year after tariffs on trade between the two countries were reduced, it does not follow that the reduction in tariffs caused the sales of United States goods to companies and consumers in Mexico to double that year, because __________.

(A) many of the United States companies that produced goods that year had competitors based in Mexico that had long produced the same kind of goods
Not relevant

(B) most of the increase in goods shipped by United States companies to Mexico was in parts shipped to the companies’ newly relocated subsidiaries for assembly and subsequent shipment back to the United States

This gives us the quantum of stores shipped but not resulting in sales..
Correct

(C) marketing goods to a previously unavailable group of consumers is most successful when advertising specifically targets those consumers, but developing such advertising often takes longer than a year
Too many uncertainties..
Unavailable group?? People would buy because the rates have gone down and not necessarily wait for advertising

(D) the amount of Mexican goods shipped to the United States remained the same as it had been before the tariff reductions
Irrelevant

(E) there was no significant change in the employment rate in either of the countries that year
Out of context

B
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html

GMAT Expert

Intern
Joined: 22 Jul 2018
Posts: 15
Location: Turkey
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V36
GPA: 2.9
Re: United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Oct 2018, 08:25
How D is irrelevant here?

It says tariffs between the two countries reduced, but Mexico shippings to US didn't change. Doesn't this indicate that change in shippings was independent of tariff reductions?

What am I missing here?

Also, for answer B; it doesn't change the fact that you are exporting even if you send the items to a subsidiary, and reducing tariffs would clearly help exporting to another country.
Re: United States politician: Although the amount of United States goods   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 08:25
Display posts from previous: Sort by