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# Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,

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Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2005, 06:13
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Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.
A creating a special nongovernment organization to take

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special nongovernment to take
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2005, 06:33
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A.. B and C are not ||

it should be,
National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to
-revamp computer security procedures,
-institute new emergency response teams,
-create a special nongovernment organization

D and E remains.

create to take is much better than create for taking ( created for taking sounds better)

So I will pick E.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2005, 14:28
sandalphon wrote:
OA is E.

The sentence contains a list of three elements all of which should be parallel.

What is the source of this question?

I do not like and create a special nongovernment ?organization? to
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 03:58
Quote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.
B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes
C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking
D and create a special nongovernment for taking
E and create a special nongovernment to take

the list to revamp.., institute..., and create should be parallel.
A - creating is not parallel.
B- creating is not parallel
C - creating is not parallel
D - create is parallel
E - Create is parallel
Between D and E create for taking and create to take is a tie.
Create to take is the correct usage.
Also in B 'that takes' is wrong usage, because the action is in future. that takes would be correct for an action in present
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Re: participial phrase vs infinitive [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2012, 09:43
Please note that the un-underlined part lists the infinitives ‘to revamp /, institute’ without a conjunction in between, implying that another infinitive factor is ensuing to maintain parallelism. In the context, ‘to create’ is indeed the third factor, which the NSA has urged. Therefore, participial use of ‘creating’ is wrong in the given case. The real choice should fall between D and E.

Since a purpose ‘to take charge’ is indicated in the text, the best diction to denote such a purpose is the infinitive. Therefore, D drops out and E is the eventual option.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2012, 09:04
My answer to this question is E:

A. Parallelism is broken in this answer choice by using the word "creating." Since there are 3 elements in the list, the last element should be preceded by the word "and." Also, the word "creating" could be misunderstood to be a verb-ing modifier that modifies the preceding clause - this does not make any sense.

B. Same problems as A

C. Same problems as A

D. The only issue with this answer choice is "for taking." This is unidiomatic and doesn't sound correct.

E. This answer choice maintains problem parallelism with the other 2 elements in the list and "to take" correctly follows organization.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 07:13
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bump.

I understand 'for doing' in this case sounds awkward. But, when do we use 'for doing' and and when do we use 'to do' ? Any rule on why this expression is unidiomatic here?
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 11:25
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why do they want to a create a sp organisation ? they must have some solid rationale / some intent..........

INTENT : if this is the word then INFINITIVES who are always left behind, who always loom in the dark in gmatland...... ....cannot afford to miss this golden opurtunity and rush in at a mad pace to fill the vaccum.

Thus TO outscores FOR and E wins.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2013, 00:05
e gmat make an article about to do/for doing, I search on this forum but not find out. any one find the article, pls show the link

"to do" is used to show a purpose." for doing" modifies noun or verb and if it modifies verb it is not used to show purpose

but the following form og shows that "for doing" is acceptable to show purpose

what we should infer from gmat use of "for doing". gmat grammar rules are not declared and we have to infer the rules. This is one hard thing. The second thing is that some rules are not absolute but inferior.

In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the
Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for
cleaning and repair due to moisture exhaled by
tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so
that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus
was growing on the walls.
(A) due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which
raised its humidity to such levels so that salt
from the stone was crystallizing
(B) due to moisture that tourists had exhaled,
thereby raising its humidity to such levels that
salt from the stone would crystallize
(C) because tourists were exhaling moisture, which
had raised the humidity within them to levels
such that salt from the stone would crystallize
(D) because of moisture that was exhaled by
tourists raising the humidity within them to levels
so high as to make the salt from the stone
crystallize
(E) because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised
the humidity within them to such levels that salt
from the stone was crystallizing

expert, members, pls, discuss. Thank you.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 23:14
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sandalphon wrote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special nongovernment to take

Its a parallelism problem. to revamp....to institure.......to create......Thus eliminate A,B,C.Between D and E , E is the correct answer.Because its to take not for take.

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 23:44
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mun23 wrote:
sandalphon wrote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special nongovernment to take

Its a parallelism problem. to revamp....to institure.......to create......Thus eliminate A,B,C.Between D and E , E is the correct answer.Because its to take not for take.

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@mun23, I am afraid I will have to correct you here. While you are right in eliminating A,B,C on grounds of lack of parallelism, your reason to eliminate D is wrong.

D is wrong because "for taking" is a gerund and should modify a noun, while in this case modifying a verb "create" so this option is wrong.

I am mistaken. It seems "for taking" cannot be used to define a purpose. When you want to highlight the intention/purpose then we have to use to take. Otherwise there is no error with the usage of "for taking"
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 22:41
Someone please explain me the difference between to take and for taking.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2013, 00:29
The three items revamp , institute ,and create should be in a list.So A, B ,and C are out.

Between D & E , Because the third item in the list denotes a purpose which is " to create a non-govt organization " to take is used.

Why should we create a non-govt organization ? to take charge of computer security planning.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2013, 01:31
Not questioning the OA here but want to clear my doubt. Here "to" is implicitly appended like :

- to revamp
- to institute
- to create

so now if we extend the 3rd point like "to create a special nongovernment to take" , doesn't that make "to" sound redundant ? Please pour in your suggestions.
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Warning that computers in the United States are not secure [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 14:02
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

(A) creating a special nongovernment organizationv to take
(B) creating a special nongovernment organization that takes
(C) creating a special nongovernmentorganization for taking
(D) and create a special nongovernment organization for taking
(E) and create a special nongovernment organization to take

The correct choice is E

My doubt is relating to the comma used before 'create'. Shouldn't be the correct answer choice be without the comma. If I remove the comma would the meaning of the sentence changes?Is the comma before create necessary?
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21 Nov 2013, 02:20
1
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ankit41 wrote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special nongovernment organization to take charge of computer security planning.

(A) creating a special nongovernment organizationv to take
(B) creating a special nongovernment organization that takes
(C) creating a special nongovernmentorganization for taking
(D) and create a special nongovernment organization for taking
(E) and create a special nongovernment organization to take

The correct choice is E

My doubt is relating to the comma used before 'create'. Shouldn't be the correct answer choice be without the comma. If I remove the comma would the meaning of the sentence changes?Is the comma before create necessary?

Even after several reminders you have not complied with the forum rules: neither you have edited your question title nor you have stopped creating duplicate posts.I would be forced to issue a warning if this continues.
This topic was already discussed warning-that-computers-in-the-united-states-are-not-secure-22713.html
Moreover this topic was discussed in 2005 when OG13 wasn't published.Are you sure about the source of this question?
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2013, 03:56
tanviet wrote:
e gmat make an article about to do/for doing, I search on this forum but not find out. any one find the article, pls show the link

"to do" is used to show a purpose." for doing" modifies noun or verb and if it modifies verb it is not used to show purpose

but the following form og shows that "for doing" is acceptable to show purpose

what we should infer from gmat use of "for doing". gmat grammar rules are not declared and we have to infer the rules. This is one hard thing. The second thing is that some rules are not absolute but inferior.

In late 1997, the chambers inside the pyramid of the
Pharaoh Menkaure at Giza were closed to visitors for
cleaning and repair due to moisture exhaled by
tourists, which raised its humidity to such levels so
that salt from the stone was crystallizing and fungus
was growing on the walls.
(A) due to moisture exhaled by tourists, which
raised its humidity to such levels so that salt
from the stone was crystallizing
(B) due to moisture that tourists had exhaled,
thereby raising its humidity to such levels that
salt from the stone would crystallize
(C) because tourists were exhaling moisture, which
had raised the humidity within them to levels
such that salt from the stone would crystallize
(D) because of moisture that was exhaled by
tourists raising the humidity within them to levels
so high as to make the salt from the stone
crystallize
(E) because moisture exhaled by tourists had raised
the humidity within them to such levels that salt
from the stone was crystallizing

expert, members, pls, discuss. Thank you.

I think "for doing" dose not show that the subject do "the doing" .that is why "for cleaning" is correct here. if we use "to do " here, it is not logic because "the chamber" can not "clean" .
it is correct that "for doing" dose not show the purpose of subject+verb. "for doing" is used to show the general purpose.

"to do" is used to show that the subject do "to do" .

very hard.
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2014, 00:52
2
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honchos wrote:
Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, the National Academy of Sciences has urged the nation to revamp computer security procedures, institute new emergency response teams, creating a special non-government organization to take charge of computer security planning.

A creating a special nongovernment organization to take

B creating a special nongovernment organization that takes

C creating a special nongovernment organization for taking

D and create a special nongovernment for taking

E and create a special non-government to take

Hi,
The right answer is E. You need to list down the items and then selects the Parallel constructions. Easy way is go by POE.

to revamp is in parallel with to take. So B,C,D are wrong.
The sentence has "Has urged" so creating is wrong as it represents continues tense. So A goes off.

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2014, 12:08
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Expert's post
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Ok - this is a parallelism question, but you have to be careful to make sure you are looking at the correct elements to be made parallel.

This question is presenting a three item list that needs to be in this format to be correct "X, Y, and Z": to revamp..., institute..., and create. Note that with infinitive parallelism we can drop the "to" before the 2nd & 3rd items in the list. Interestingly, answer choices A, B, and C have an improper structure of "X, Y, Z" - no "and". We need an "and" somewhere in the list to have an actual sentence*. That eliminates A, B, and C without having to deal with participle vs. infinitive in the parallel structure.

Looking at D and E, there is an idiom choice (you could view it as a meaning choice) between "for taking" and "to take". Looking at the context of the sentence, we need to use "to take" to generate the proper meaning that the non-government organization (looks like the word "organization" was inadvertently left off choices D&E) will be the thing that actively "takes" charge.

KW

[*Quick note: We could use the participle "creating" and be grammatically correct with a structure of X and Y, participle. In this format the participle isn't part of the list by rather a modifier for the preceding clause. On this question, they don't provide the "X and Y, participle" format as an option and frankly if they did it would be grammatically correct but the meaning would be flawed.]
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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure, [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2014, 09:06
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WaterFlowsUp wrote:
Someone please explain me the difference between to take and for taking.

Its simple. According to the gmat whenever the sentence indicates intent we need to use the infinitive form to+verb not verb-ing.

For example

The investors sold their stock rapildy, causing panic

Here the sentence indicates no intent from the investors to create panic but their act of selling their stocks rapidly did in fact create panic.

Lets look at the inifinitive form now.

The investors sold their stocks rapidly to create panic

Here the sentence indicates intent from the investors. Here their intent was to create panic. But in this sentence we do not know if they were successful in creating panic or not. Just that they wanted to.

Hopes its clear.

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Re: Warning that computers in the United States are not secure,   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2014, 09:06

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