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Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr

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Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 19:32
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A
B
C
D
E

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 796
Page: 706

Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Africa, dance teams represent their own chief at the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for

(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for

(C) the court of the other, so as to provide entertainment as a return on

(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for

(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

The Tsonga

(A) Pronoun / Meaning (each other)

(B) CORRECT

(C) Pronoun / Meaning (the other); Idiom (as a return on)

(D) Pronoun / Meaning (each other’s; being provided)

(E) Idiom (as a return on)


First glance

The first three choices start with the court of (someone), while the other two pull the “someone” in front of the word court. Whose court is it? Check the meaning as you read.

Issues

(1) Pronoun / Meaning: each other; the other; each other’s

The original sentence mentions the court of each other. The term each other implies that the sentence is talking about two or more people who have been previously mentioned, but the only plural grouping already mentioned is the dance teams.

Logically, the dance teams don’t have courts; rather, the chiefs do. The sentence, though, mentions only their own chief, not plural chiefs, so each other cannot refer back to the sole chief. Eliminate choices (A) and (D) for this faulty pronoun usage.

Choice (C) uses the other, indicating just one other chief. Earlier in the sentence, though, a group of tribes is mentioned, implying that there may be many other chiefs, not just one. Which is it? Eliminate choice (C) for creating ambiguity in the meaning.

(2) Idiom: as a return on
Meaning: being provided


The latter part of each answer choice changes significantly. Compare this whole “chunk” of text:

(A) …providing entertainment in return for

(B) …and provide entertainment in return for

(C) …so as to provide entertainment as a return on

(D) …entertainment being provided in return for

(E) …and provide entertainment as a return on

What jumps out at you first? There’s a choice between in return for and as a return on at the end.

Both expressions exist in the language, but they mean different things. You might do X in return for Y; that is, in exchange for you doing X, someone else did (or gave you) Y. Alternatively, you could, for example, earn X as a return on your investment in Y; that is, you invest in Y, and you gain X as your return. Which meaning matches the sentence about the Tsonga?

The Tsonga provide entertainment in exchange for food, drink, and lodging; they are not investing in something in the hopes of gaining a return. Eliminate choices (C) and (E) for using an idiom illogically in this sentence.

As you are examining this “chunk” of the sentence, you may also spot another issue. Answer (D) says entertainment being provided. Who is providing the entertainment? Presumably the visiting dance teams provide the entertainment? Or perhaps people at the other court provide entertainment for the visiting dance teams? The sentence doesn’t actually say; eliminate choice (D) for introducing ambiguity.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) uses the court of another to make clear that people are visiting the court of another chief, without limiting the meaning to imply that only one other chief exists (as trap answer (C) does). The correct answer also uses the logical idiom for the intended meaning: the dance teams provide entertainment in return for certain benefits.

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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 02:48
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Lucy Phuong wrote:
Dear expert GMATNinja, can you please elaborate on how to decide between (A) and (B)? In other words, how does "each other" differ from "another" in this sentence?
Thank you.


"Each Other" is used when the whole group performs an act mutually.
The attendants shook hands with each other...... "The attendants" is a group.

"Another" is used when an individual/individuals of the group is/are referred to.
The captain shook hands with another (captain)... "The captain" is an individual.

Here you would notice that an individual is referred to, not a group: "their chief" is an individual. Hence "another" is correct. The intended meaning is:
The dance teams represented their own chief in the court of another chief.

Hence B is correct.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 20:31
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This was pretty tricky. B is the best answer.

C and E contain the unidiomatic "as a return on."

A and D contain "each other," which is awkward in this sentence. Why? Well, we don't know how many chiefs are involved here. When there are multiple entities, I believe it's better to use "one another." In either case, you would need to use "courts," though, instead of the singular "court." For instance, you would say, "Ginger and Mary Ann wore each other's hats" rather than "Ginger and Mary Ann wore each other's hat," because there would be at least two hats involved.

B uses "the court of another [chief]," making it clear that only 2 chiefs are being referred to, and is pretty straightforward.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 22:22
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Dear expert GMATNinja, can you please elaborate on how to decide between (A) and (B)? In other words, how does "each other" differ from "another" in this sentence?
Thank you.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 01:37
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Lucy Phuong wrote:
Dear expert GMATNinja, can you please elaborate on how to decide between (A) and (B)? In other words, how does "each other" differ from "another" in this sentence?
Thank you.


I think the main difference between A and B is in how the sentence is written.
providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.
this seems to modify the preceding clause when clearly the intent is to specify an action that the dance tribes did in return for hosting them.
the way the sentence is written simple says that dance tribes will do that anyways . Verb-ing clauses are used to express the result of the preceding action or present additional information.
IMO this is not right. Hence B is the right choice.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 31 May 2017, 09:09
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sayantanc2k wrote:
Lucy Phuong wrote:
Dear expert GMATNinja, can you please elaborate on how to decide between (A) and (B)? In other words, how does "each other" differ from "another" in this sentence?
Thank you.


"Each Other" is used when the whole group performs an act mutually.
The attendants shook hands with each other...... "The attendants" is a group.

"Another" is used when an individual/individuals of the group is/are referred to.
The captain shook hands with another (captain)... "The captain" is an individual.

Here you would notice that an individual is referred to, not a group: "their chief" is an individual. Hence "another" is correct. The intended meaning is:
The dance teams represented their own chief in the court of another chief.

Hence B is correct.


Very nice explanation, expert sayantanc2k. +1 kudos to you.

What happened to me is that initially I thought "another"/"each other" refered to [another/ each other dance team]. That's why I was confused between A and B. I think the reason might be I don't understand intended meaning of the sentence. To speak explicitly, I don't understand meaning of "in the court of", thus not knowing that it should take "chief", rather than "dance teams" as its object.

Could you help explain this phrase? Thank you.

Originally posted by Lucy Phuong on 30 May 2017, 06:01.
Last edited by Lucy Phuong on 31 May 2017, 09:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 12:45
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Lucy Phuong wrote:
What happened to me is that initially I thought "another"/"each other" refered to [another/ each other dance team]. That's why I was confused between A and B. I think the reason might be I don't understand intended meaning of the sentence. To speak explicitly, I don't understand meaning of "in the court of", thus not knowing that it should take "chief", rather than "dance teams" as its object.

Could me help explain this phrase? Thank you.


It's a goofy sentence, but that's the GMAT for you. ;) Basically, the sentence is stating that multiple dance teams represent each chief. But is that really the intended meaning? It makes more sense that only one dance team would represent each chief. So, I think it would be clearer if the sentence read: "a dance team represents its own chief at the court of another" or else "dance teams represent their own chiefs at the courts of other chiefs."
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2017, 09:19
neptune28 wrote:
Lucy Phuong wrote:
What happened to me is that initially I thought "another"/"each other" refered to [another/ each other dance team]. That's why I was confused between A and B. I think the reason might be I don't understand intended meaning of the sentence. To speak explicitly, I don't understand meaning of "in the court of", thus not knowing that it should take "chief", rather than "dance teams" as its object.

Could me help explain this phrase? Thank you.


It's a goofy sentence, but that's the GMAT for you. ;) Basically, the sentence is stating that multiple dance teams represent each chief. But is that really the intended meaning? It makes more sense that only one dance team would represent each chief. So, I think it would be clearer if the sentence read: "a dance team represents its own chief at the court of another" or else "dance teams represent their own chiefs at the courts of other chiefs."


Thanks. +1kudos
Yea the point is that if I had known that "in the court of + .... [chief]" (instead of "in the court of .... [dance teams]", then I would have chosen "another". The core reason is still what is the meaning of "in the court of"??? Can you tell me the phrase's meaning? neptune28. Thanks!
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 16:31
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neptune28 wrote:
It's a goofy sentence, but that's the GMAT for you.

Agreed!

Lucy Phuong wrote:
Yea the point is that if I had known that "in the court of + .... [chief]" (instead of "in the court of .... [dance teams]", then I would have chosen "another". The core reason is still what is the meaning of "in the court of"??? Can you tell me the phrase's meaning? neptune28. Thanks!

I'm probably too late to be useful here, @Lucy_Phuong, but "court" here refers to the domain of a king or chief or other ruler. So in (B), "dance teams represent their own chief in the court of another" means that the dance teams are going to another chief's... "kingdom", I guess, in exchange for food and lodging.

And if it helps at all, I can't think of a single official GMAT question that mentions the courts of chiefs, so don't lose too much sleep over the vocabulary here. :)
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 23:17
option A & B both are correct grammatically any meaning wise, though, meaning differs.Here is my analysis

Option A - dance teams represent their chief at the court of other dance teams in order to perform in return for food etc

option B says- dance teams do 2 things: represent their chief at the court of another chief and perform in return for food etc

Kindly let me know why we are choosing B over A
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 23:04
sayantanc2k wrote:
Lucy Phuong wrote:
Dear expert GMATNinja, can you please elaborate on how to decide between (A) and (B)? In other words, how does "each other" differ from "another" in this sentence?
Thank you.


"Each Other" is used when the whole group performs an act mutually.
The attendants shook hands with each other...... "The attendants" is a group.

"Another" is used when an individual/individuals of the group is/are referred to.
The captain shook hands with another (captain)... "The captain" is an individual.

Here you would notice that an individual is referred to, not a group: "their chief" is an individual. Hence "another" is correct. The intended meaning is:
The dance teams represented their own chief in the court of another chief.

Hence B is correct.


Isnt 'another' quite vague? Shouldnt 'other' be better suited for referring to the dance team? Thanks.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 07:27
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OreoShake wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Lucy Phuong wrote:
Dear expert GMATNinja, can you please elaborate on how to decide between (A) and (B)? In other words, how does "each other" differ from "another" in this sentence?
Thank you.


"Each Other" is used when the whole group performs an act mutually.
The attendants shook hands with each other...... "The attendants" is a group.

"Another" is used when an individual/individuals of the group is/are referred to.
The captain shook hands with another (captain)... "The captain" is an individual.

Here you would notice that an individual is referred to, not a group: "their chief" is an individual. Hence "another" is correct. The intended meaning is:
The dance teams represented their own chief in the court of another chief.

Hence B is correct.


Isnt 'another' quite vague? Shouldnt 'other' be better suited for referring to the dance team? Thanks.


"Another" literally is the word "other" with an indefinite preposition "an" before, i.e. "an + other". Here including the indefinite preposition "an" is preferred since the other team is not a definite one. Hence "another" is better than just "other".
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 12:37
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Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Africa, dance teams represent their own chief at the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
- ", providing" sets up a modifier. In other words, "represent" would be the major action/verb here, and "providing..." would be subordinate. This is incorrect.

(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
- the dance teams do 2 things: 1) represent their own chief; and 2) provide entertainment

(C) the court of the other, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
- "return on" is incorrect. should be "in return for"

(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
- "being" in the middle of the sentence makes it awkward and shows poor sentence construction.

(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on
- same as "C"

Kudos please if helpful :)
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2017, 04:08
I will go for B because 'each other' in option A would include itself too but as per the meaning of the sentence it should be 'another'.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 02:30
hazelnut wrote:
Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Africa, dance teams represent their own chief at the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the other, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on


Hi

Even If we are confused in the first part, before comma, of underlined options and are unable to find the correct version ... we can still use other things to find the answer

1. There should be //ism since dance team does 2 things as intended from meaning : represent and provide
Search for this and we would get Option B and E.

2. The proper use of RETURN here is : WE GET SOMETHING IN RETURN FOR SOMETHING and not AS A RETURN ON
dancers got food...in return for entertainment...so between B and E...and is B

Hope this helps

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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2018, 06:28
Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Africa, dance teams represent their own chief at the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the others, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on


Let’s look at options A and D
the court of each other [D: each other's court], providing entertainment in return for [D: entertainment being provided in return for; this is passive voice]
Between A and D – A is preferred

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the others, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

Let’s look at option C
the court of the others, so as to provide entertainment as a return on

so as to (used for showing intention or purpose); while the intention is to get food in return
correct version should be
the court of the others, so as to get food in return of entertainment
this eliminates C
IMP: USE just ‘to’ in place of ‘so as to’
IMP: DON’T USE ‘to’ in place of ‘so + adverb/adjective + as to’
Also, this option has ‘a return on’ phrasing, which is wrong discussed below.

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the others, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for

(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

Let’s look at option E
another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

‘in return for X’ and ‘a return on X’ mean different
He lends in return for interest and original principal amount
He earns interest as a return on original principal amount

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the others, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

Now between A and B

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for

providing entertainment – means the teams (dance teams) are providing entertainment

see this

The dance performed in the competition, providing entertainment in return for some prize (cash prize)

This is typical modifier question type situation --- can in the above sentence, the verb+ing modifier is a result of the preceding clause – performance leads to providing entertainment
Which is very correct

But our situation is different

Presenting the chief --- leads to --- providing entertainment
I don’t think

Author wants to say two events happen in parallel
The team teams present the chief and provide entertainment




(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for

Is better than A abased on the above

The quick feedback in that

When to select a modifier clause (the verb+ing clause is a result of the preceding clause) vs. a parallel clause (two events are parallel and independent)

Finally,

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the others, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on



Final NOTE:

At the courts of each other
At the court of another
At the courts of others

Other/others is always plural
Another (another, one additional, one more) is singular

This also makes B correct
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2018, 03:57
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Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Africa, dance teams represent their own chief at the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.[/quote]

We need "return for", and not "return on". C and E are out.

"represent X and provide Y" are parallel.

We need "another and not "each other" to show that we are dealing with two different groups.


(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for

(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for

(C) the court of the other, so as to provide entertainment as a return on

(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for

(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 06:57
Besides the use of "each other", what wrong with saying "providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging" in (A)?
Providing entertainment ... the dance team represent their own chief
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 07:28
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lary301254M7 wrote:
Besides the use of "each other", what wrong with saying "providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging" in (A)?
Providing entertainment ... the dance team represent their own chief

When you are saying "providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging." this is a verb-ing modifies .It is after a ',' . So it is modifying prior sentence. Look at the verb of that part. its 'represent'. Lets figure out the meaning now. you are actually saying just by representing they are providing entertainment. Only this much is wrong about this sentence. :D

As I saw 'and' in B, i figured out the parallelism in it and there you go. B is the correct choice. Hope it helped.
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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 17:14
Hello Everyone!

Let's take a look at this question, one problem at a time, and determine which option is the best one! There are many ways to attack this question, but let's focus on the quickest way to get to the correct answer!

To get started, here is the original question with any major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Africa, dance teams represent their own chief at the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for food, drink, and lodging.

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
(C) the court of the other, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

Right away, we can see two major differences between each option:

1. How they begin (refer to only two tribes / refer to many tribes)
2. How they end (in return for / as a return for / as a return on)

There are other differences, but these two are the easiest to spot and deal with quickly. To begin, let's tackle #1 on our list: how each option begins. The Tsonga is a group of several tribes, with each tribe having its own dance team. Each tribe is able to visit any other tribe it wants, and then provide entertainment to gain access to food, drink, and lodging.

However, some of the options below make it sound like there are only 2 tribes who send dance troupes to each other, rather than all of the tribes being able to visit any other tribe. So let's take a look at each option, and rule out any that are unclear or sound like only 2 tribes are involved:

(A) the court of each other, providing entertainment in return for
This is wrong because saying "each other" means we're only talking about 2 tribes visiting each other, instead of one tribe visiting any other tribe it wants.

(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for
This is okay because "another" means the dance troupe can visit any of the other troupes, not just one.

(C) the court of the other, so as to provide entertainment as a return on
This is wrong because "the other" suggests there is only one other tribe they can travel to, which isn't true.

(D) each other's court, entertainment being provided in return for
This is wrong because "each other's" suggests the 2 tribes always trade dance troupes, which isn't always the case.

(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on
This is okay because "another's court" means the dance troupe can visit any of the other tribes it wants, not just one.

We can eliminate options A, C, and D because they incorrectly state there are only 2 tribes involved in this behavior, not ALL of the tribes!

Now that we're left with only options B and E to choose from, let's try #2 on our list: their endings (in return for / as a return on). Whenever we talk about two people or groups exchanging something, we say:

X is doing [insert action here] in exchange for Y
OR
X is doing [insert action here] in return for Y

Let's see which of our remaining options uses this correctly:

(B) the court of another and provide entertainment in return for

This is the CORRECT answer! It's clear that we're talking about several tribes being able to visit any other tribe it wants, and it's clear that they provide entertainment in exchange for / in return for food, drink, and lodging!

(E) another's court and provide entertainment as a return on

This is INCORRECT because it says that the tribe's dance troupe provides entertainment as a return on food, drink, and lodging. This not only sounds awkward, but it also suggests that tribes provide entertainment after they've already been given food, drink, and lodging, which doesn't really make sense.

There you go - option B is the correct answer!


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Re: Among the Tsonga, a Bantu-speaking group of tribes in southeastern Afr &nbs [#permalink] 15 Aug 2018, 17:14

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