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Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a

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Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a feline skeleton lying near a human skeleton. Both skeletons were in the same sediment at the same depth and equally well-preserved, suggesting that the feline and human were buried together about 9,500 years ago. This shows that felines were domesticated around the time farming began, when they would have been useful in protecting stores of grain from mice.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the archaeologist’s argument?

(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do not show felines hunting mice.

(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains.

(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from mice.

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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a feline skeleton lying near a human
skeleton. Both skeletons were in the same sediment at the same depth and equally well-preserved. suggesting
that the feline and human were buried together about 9.500 years ago. This shows that felines were
domesticated around the time farming began, when they would have been useful in protecting stores of grain
from mice.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the archaeologists argument?

(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton
and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do
not show felines luring mice.

(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains.

(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from
Mice.


Simplified Explanation

Type: Weaken
Boil It Down: Man & cat likely buried at same time -> Felines domesticated then
Missing Information: This man and cat were actually buried together; Buried together means domestication
Goal: Find an option that shows buried together does NOT mean domestication

The absence of evidence of grain wouldn’t weaken the argument. For all we know, archaeologists just haven’t found the grain yet, but could.
180. This option, if anything, would serve to reinforce the notion of early domestication of felines when farming began in that this discovery would then be key to the that theory.
What’s to say that the lack of felines hunting mice proves that mice didn’t? That just might be (and probably was) a VERY odd choice of painting subject.
Smack down! This option shows that we can’t take being buried side by side as proof of domestication, thus shutting down the presumption that being buried side by side is proof of domestication.
This option reinforces the need for felines to combat mice, serving the opposite side of the argument. Boot it.

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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2015, 01:05
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I think analysis done need to corrected.

This is seriously a 700 level question because the argument switches the scope very quickly in a matter of few lines. Here goes the analysis:

N.B: (You can even skip reading the words mentioned in brackets to understand this argument clearly)

Premise 01: Skeleton of human + feline found (at burial site of Cyprus)

Premise 02: Both skeletons were same in several aspects (in same sediment at the same depth and equally well-preserved)

Intermediate Conclusion: Because both Skeleton same (Premise 02), it Indicate that feline and human were buried together about 9,500 years ago

Final Conclusion:
This shows that felines were domesticated around the time farming began (when they would have been useful in protecting stores of grain from mice)

It is very important to note the shift of scope between the intermediate conclusion (Skeleton buried together) to final conclusion (felines were domesticated) to answer this question correctly because the answer choices are tempting.

Now move to the answer choices:

(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site.

Out of scope. Very little, if any, we know about the grains and that to towards end of argument.
Even if grains were found how can one say those were buried at the same time as the skeletons??
N number of pending questions can be raised against this choice.


(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.


Site is old. Ok. Does it have any impact on argument, obviously no.

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do not show felines hunting mice.

The first statement (Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions) can only strengthen the argument proving felines were domesticated. The second statement (do not show felines hunting mice), may in part weaken the conclusion regarding utility of felines in that era.
Incorrect.


(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains.

CORRECT
Well if remains of many wild animals buried alongside human remains, it indicates that skeletons that were found at the burial site are actually of wild felines not of domestic felines.


(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from mice.
Out of scope.

Hope it helps.

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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2015, 23:05
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(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site. [The remains could be far from the burial site. Hence can't conclude anything]

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton
and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together. [Irrelevant]

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do
not show felines luring mice. [Paintings don't show doesn't mean that it doesn't happen.]

(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains. [This point addresses our concern. It tells us that it is normal to observe wild animals beside humans. It may be possible that there was some epidemic & all wild animals who came to eat the humans also died due to the epidemic]
Hence D !!

(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from
Mice. [We are not concerned what happened before felines were domesticated]
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2015, 20:06
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Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a feline skeleton lying near a human
skeleton. Both skeletons were in the same sediment at the same depth and equally well-preserved. suggesting
that the feline and human were buried together about 9.500 years ago. This shows that felines were
domesticated around the time farming began, when they would have been useful in protecting stores of grain
from mice.

Conclusion - Felines were domesticated around the time farming began.
This conclusion is based on the fact that the skeletons of feline and humans were found together and are of the same age.

What could weaken the argument ??
From the premise and the conculision it is evident that the author has chosen a correlation ( that the skeletons of both feline and humans were found together) and based on this he has made his conclusion. If we can see other examples of such co-relations such as skeletons of humans buried with other animals or some other co-relation then that would substancially weaken the argument.
Answer choice D does this to a great extent and hence is the correct answer choice.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the archaeologists argument?

(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site.
- This is a trap answer choice , which uses terms similar to the ones used in the argument. It is possible that the bodies at that time would have been buried at a place far away from grain stores.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.
- Even if the burial site is older than any other burial site , this fact does not prove anything.

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do not show felines luring mice.
- the first part of the answer here strengthens the conclusion.

(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains.
- Correct for the reasons stated above.

(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from Mice.
- This answer choice does not prove anything.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2015, 20:36
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akhil911

Lot of effort put in to explain the argument, but I think you are still missing important aspect of argument.

Suppose (D) states that "other animals skeleton were found along with human skeleton", does it weaken our conclusion that "Domestic feline skeleton were found along with human skeleton"....Answer is obviously no.

But since (D) is stating that the those skeletons which were found along with human are actually of "Wild animals" so it weaken our argument that "felines were domesticated" in that era.

Hope it clears.

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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Jul 2016, 11:16
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So its obvious, we have to weaken the conclusion.
The conclusion is :- "Origin of agriculture and domestication of cat happened almost at the same time because may be cats were domesticated to kill rats and mice and protect the cultivated crop"
SO we have to show that cats were not domesticated when farming started. We have to cast a "shadow of doubt" on the conclusion to make it weak.

Well as most of the clever and intelligent members have pointed out that D is the correct answer.
Apart from all the valid and correct reasons that other people have pointed, I have a rather humorous and off beat explanation to suggest that D is correct.

Have anyone seen the movie Golden campus, Where every man has a soul animal, such as a cat or rabbit or etc.
Or harry potter where Magicians can conjure petronas charm and call their animals in time of distress.

May be the people of cyprus believe in that sort of stuff and some special people like Kings, queens and priest were buried with an animals that was close to their personality.
THE grave that the researcher found might belong to a young prince whose personality animal was a cat and thus it was necessary to bury a cat with him. May be cat was not a mice eating, grain protecting animal during those period. May be this cat was specially caught from a jungle. This reasoning also explains the reason why other wild animals were found in other graves. May be a king was buried with a tiger and a queen with a deer, a little girl with a dove, a guard with a wild dog, a businessman with a wolf, a lawyer with a weasel.

SO D IS THE CORRECT ANSWER because it weakens the conclusion by saying since wild animals were found in many graves, it can be safely assumed that during that time period "cat" were still considered wild. And by definition something that is wild is not domesticated.

This reasoning not completely weakens the answers, it actually decimates the conclusion and buries it six feet under.


WillGetIt wrote:
Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a feline skeleton lying near a human
skeleton. Both skeletons were in the same sediment at the same depth and equally well-preserved. suggesting
that the feline and human were buried together about 9.500 years ago. This shows that felines were
domesticated around the time farming began, when they would have been useful in protecting stores of grain
from mice.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the archaeologists argument?

(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton
and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do
not show felines luring mice.

(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains.

(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from
Mice.

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Originally posted by LogicGuru1 on 10 Jul 2016, 11:51.
Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 28 Jul 2016, 11:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 Jul 2016, 12:40
Quite confusing stimulus. :shock:

My only explanation for "D" would be that the mentioned "feline" from the stimulus could be a "JAGUAR" or a "LION", which is a feline but that was never domesticated. THEREFORE, we are dealing with a caveman instead of a modern human :!:

Straight forward approach but requiring a bunch of brainstorming

But LogicGuru1 made a great point, as usual. Such a legend

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Originally posted by felippemed on 28 Jul 2016, 10:59.
Last edited by felippemed on 28 Jul 2016, 12:40, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2016, 18:45
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felippemed wrote:
Quite confusing stimulus. :shock:

My only explanation for "D" would be that the mentioned "feline" from the stimulus could be a "JAGUAR" or a "LION", which is a feline but that was never domesticated. THEREFORE, we are dealing with a caveman instead of a modern human :!:

Straight forward approach but requiring a bunch of brainstorming

But LogicGuru1 made a great point, as usual. Such a legend

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I am late to the show.....but if you read the sentence closely, it says "researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a feline skeleton lying near a human
skeleton." So they use this one example (without confirming if this trend was common during that time) and deduce that felines in general were domesticated during that time.
If we can prove that felines were not the only animals buried with their owners, and that there were other animals buried with their owners, we should successfully weaken the argument.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 13:04
i have a more fundamental question here

---- what is the assumption here ..is

a) farming began 9500 years ago
b) assuming felines were used for mice only and nothing else

were these the assumptions you were trying to weaken or was it another assumption ?
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2017, 15:11
jabhatta@umail.iu.edu wrote:
i have a more fundamental question here

---- what is the assumption here ..is

a) farming began 9500 years ago
b) assuming felines were used for mice only and nothing else

were these the assumptions you were trying to weaken or was it another assumption ?



Any argument can have thousands of assumptions. Weaken can do it on "any" of these assumptions.
Argument: buried together -> domesticated
D. buried together -> not domesticated (wild animals)

now in GMAt, what i learned, is that if the argument says:
A ->leads to ->B
then
Only A ->leads to ->B
That is, author is supposed to have covers all other possibilities that leads to B in their argument. Now, if you can fine:
C ->leads to-> B
this breaks / weakens the argument.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2018, 02:48
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Dear experts,
IMO option B is, in fact, strengthening the argument.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

One way to break the conclusion is that, felines may have been domesticated much much earlier, eg. 18,000 yrs ago, in fact much earlier than the time farming began (9,500 yrs)

now, this option shows that, nope ! these are the oldest (substantially older than ANY OTHER) sites. so Felines were indeed domesticated (hmmm.... questionable ) around 9,500 yrs.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 14:58
grsm wrote:
Dear experts,
IMO option B is, in fact, strengthening the argument.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

One way to break the conclusion is that, felines may have been domesticated much much earlier, eg. 18,000 yrs ago, in fact much earlier than the time farming began (9,500 yrs)

now, this option shows that, nope ! these are the oldest (substantially older than ANY OTHER) sites. so Felines were indeed domesticated (hmmm.... questionable) around 9,500 yrs.

True, (B) does indeed eliminate a possibility that would weaken the argument.

On the other hand, (B) also tells us that there is no other evidence suggesting that felines were domesticated around 9,500. If the one in Cyprus were the oldest and the number of similar burials started to increase around that time, that would certainly help the argument.

Then again, even if (B) is true, the archaeologist’s conclusion could still be true. If the site in Cyprus is indeed the oldest, then it may have been one of the first burials of a domesticated cat.

Without more information, (B) doesn't help us very much either way.

(D) is a better answer.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2018, 03:11
GMATNinja wrote:
grsm wrote:
Dear experts,
IMO option B is, in fact, strengthening the argument.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

One way to break the conclusion is that, felines may have been domesticated much much earlier, eg. 18,000 yrs ago, in fact much earlier than the time farming began (9,500 yrs)

now, this option shows that, nope ! these are the oldest (substantially older than ANY OTHER) sites. so Felines were indeed domesticated (hmmm.... questionable) around 9,500 yrs.

True, (B) does indeed eliminate a possibility that would weaken the argument.

On the other hand, (B) also tells us that there is no other evidence suggesting that felines were domesticated around 9,500. If the one in Cyprus were the oldest and the number of similar burials started to increase around that time, that would certainly help the argument.

Then again, even if (B) is true, the archaeologist’s conclusion could still be true. If the site in Cyprus is indeed the oldest, then it may have been one of the first burials of a domesticated cat.

Without more information, (B) doesn't help us very much either way.

(D) is a better answer.



GMATNinja - How does option D answer the question about the animal's domestication? is the keyword here " wild animals". I mean do we suppose that the archeologists are able to characterise it as wild based on its fossils? because the author concludes with another reasoning. please help me understand. chetan2u TommyWallach egmat
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2018, 05:20
AdityaHongunti wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
grsm wrote:
Dear experts,
IMO option B is, in fact, strengthening the argument.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.

One way to break the conclusion is that, felines may have been domesticated much much earlier, eg. 18,000 yrs ago, in fact much earlier than the time farming began (9,500 yrs)

now, this option shows that, nope ! these are the oldest (substantially older than ANY OTHER) sites. so Felines were indeed domesticated (hmmm.... questionable) around 9,500 yrs.

True, (B) does indeed eliminate a possibility that would weaken the argument.

On the other hand, (B) also tells us that there is no other evidence suggesting that felines were domesticated around 9,500. If the one in Cyprus were the oldest and the number of similar burials started to increase around that time, that would certainly help the argument.

Then again, even if (B) is true, the archaeologist’s conclusion could still be true. If the site in Cyprus is indeed the oldest, then it may have been one of the first burials of a domesticated cat.

Without more information, (B) doesn't help us very much either way.

(D) is a better answer.



GMATNinja - How does option D answer the question about the animal's domestication? is the keyword here " wild animals". I mean do we suppose that the archeologists are able to characterise it as wild based on its fossils? because the author concludes with another reasoning. please help me understand. chetan2u TommyWallach egmat


Hi...
The author talks of domestication of cat because cats are kept as pet today or for some time now..
But if he talks of wild animals , this could include fossils of say fox, tiger,lion which are not domesticated even today so they have always been wild in known history.
Domestication as on date is the very reason he differentiates in wild and pets of those time.

But having said that, in actual GMAT we should not be worried on this aspect. After all we are given to take these statements to be true. So even if it was impossible to distinguish between fossils of animals, we have to take it that researchers are able to do as it is given.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2018, 04:38
Quote:
(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.


GMATNinja wrote:
True, (B) does indeed eliminate a possibility that would weaken the argument.

On the other hand, (B) also tells us that there is no other evidence suggesting that felines were domesticated around 9,500. If the one in Cyprus were the oldest and the number of similar burials started to increase around that time, that would certainly help the argument.

Then again, even if (B) is true, the archaeologist’s conclusion could still be true. If the site in Cyprus is indeed the oldest, then it may have been one of the first burials of a domesticated cat.

Without more information, (B) doesn't help us very much either way.

(D) is a better answer.


Dear GMATNinja,
I am not sure whether my interpretation is correct. Please elaborate.

The conclusion is that the feline was domesticated, based on the fact that feline skeleton and human skeleton were buried together.
what i need to do is to find an evidence that makes it less likely that feline was domesticated. answer choice D is what i want.
As per B, i surficially view it as irrelative, because i don't think the time mentioned in conclusion, the farm began, is a point i need to focus.

Would you please point out whether my approach on B is reasonable ?

Thanks in advance

Have a nice day
>_~
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2018, 04:28
Premise: As feline and human were buried together about 9,500 years ago, it shows that felines were domesticated around the time farming began when they would have been useful in protecting stores of grain from mice.

Assumption: Buried together show that felines were used for farming etc.

To prove: Assumption is not necessarily true or break it.

(A) Archaeologists have not found any remains of stores of grain in the immediate vicinity of the burial site.
Maybe grains were not to be buried according to their custom. No conclusive or weakening point in this option. Irrelevant.

(B) The burial site in Cyprus is substantially older than any other known burial site in which a feline skeleton and a human skeleton appear to have been buried together.
This is also doesn't give us any reason to weaken the argument. Irrelevant.

(C) Paintings found near the burial site seem to show people keeping felines as domestic companions, but do not show felines hunting mice.
Out of focus. Doesn't prove anything.

(D) In Cyprus, there are many burial sites dating from around 9,500 years ago in which the remains of wild animals appear to have been buried alongside human remains.
This tells us that burying wild animals is a common thing. So, it weakens the conclusion that it is not necessarily true.

(E) Before felines were domesticated, early farmers had no effective way to protect stores of grain from mice.
Out of focus.
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 23:19
Argument:
Feline Skeleton found beside Human Skeleton --> Felines were domesticated bcoz of xyz reason

Weakness:
Option D says that there are many more burial sites with Human skeletons along side with other animals (not just feline)
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Re: Archaeologist: Researchers excavating a burial site in Cyprus found a &nbs [#permalink] 29 Dec 2018, 23:19
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