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Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,

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Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 05:58
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E

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Question Stats:

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GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.:
Online test bank question number : CR03826

Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago, but with continuing growth of personal income there, automobile ownership has become steadily more common. Consequently, there are now far more automobiles on Sabresia's roads than there were 30 years ago, and the annual number of automobile accidents has increased significantly. Yet the annual number of deaths and injuries resulting from automobile accidents has not increased significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain why deaths and injuries resulting from automobile accidents have not increased significantly?

(A) Virtually all of the improvements in Sabresia's roads that were required to accommodate increased traffic were completed more than ten years ago.

(B) With more and more people owning cars, the average number of passengers in a car on the road has dropped dramatically.

(C) The increases in traffic volume have been most dramatic on Sabresia's highways, where speeds are well above those of other roads.

(D) Because of a vigorous market in used cars, the average age of cars on the road has actually increased throughout the years of steady growth in automobile ownership.

(E) Automobile ownership is still much less common in Sabresia than it is in other countries.

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Re: Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 06:34
Question Type: Explain/Paradox

Argument: Despite the increase in the number of automobiles, annual number of deaths and injuries from automobile accidents has not increased significantly.

(A) Virtually all of the improvements in Sabresia's roads that were required to accommodate increased traffic were completed more than ten years ago. - Irrelevant. We are now worried when Sabresia's roads were completed as it doesn't connect to the deaths or injuries resulting from accidents.

(B) With more and more people owning cars, the average number of passengers in a car on the road has dropped dramatically. - Correct. Since the average number of passengers in a car has decreased the number of people who get injured or die from an accident will also decrease.

(C) The increases in traffic volume have been most dramatic on Sabresia's highways, where speeds are well above those of other roads. - Out of context. Doesn't connect to the road accidents in any way.

(D) Because of a vigorous market in used cars, the average age of cars on the road has actually increased throughout the years of steady growth in automobile ownership. - Out of context. We do not know how age of cars relate to accidents.

(E) Automobile ownership is still much less common in Sabresia than it is in other countries. - Irrelevant. Same reason as the reason for other incorrect choices.

Answer: B
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Re: Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2018, 06:43
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B is the answer.It is not perfect but the best of the lot.I am finding this trend(answers that are not perfect)increasingly in these new questions.Experts can you confirm..?

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Re: Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2018, 10:18
Although I selected B as answer , I need a small clarification regarding A.
In A we have been told that roads changes in view of increased traffic were done >10y ago.
I think it also helps us in resolving paradox but I think issue is with this >10y ago
Let me know if my conception is correct in eliminating A
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Re: Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 00:36
(B) With more and more people owning cars, the average number of passengers in a car on the road has dropped dramatically.

Number of car ownership increased along with no of car accidents but average number of passengers in car on the road reduced drastically, thereby only slight increasing of the annual number of injuries.

B is correct choice here.
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Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2018, 02:05
hazelnut wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide Verbal Review 2019

Practice Question
Question No.:
Online test bank question number : CR03826

Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago, but with continuing growth of personal income there, automobile ownership has become steadily more common. Consequently, there are now far more automobiles on Sabresia's roads than there were 30 years ago, and the annual number of automobile accidents has increased significantly. Yet the annual number of deaths and injuries resulting from automobile accidents has not increased significantly.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain why deaths and injuries resulting from automobile accidents have not increased significantly?

(A) Virtually all of the improvements in Sabresia's roads that were required to accommodate increased traffic were completed more than ten years ago. This choice is irrelevant and does not explain why significant of automobiles accidents has not led any increase in serious injuries.

(B) With more and more people owning cars, the average number of passengers in a car on the road has dropped dramatically. As the average number of people in a car have decreased, the possibility that many of them getting serious injuries will also decrease.

(C) The increases in traffic volume have been most dramatic on Sabresia's highways, where speeds are well above those of other roads. Comparison of speeds on highways and other road is irrelevant.

(D) Because of a vigorous market in used cars, the average age of cars on the road has actually increased throughout the years of steady growth in automobile ownership. Average age of cars is irrelevant here.

(E) Automobile ownership is still much less common in Sabresia than it is in other countries. This comparison is also irrelevant.


The highlighted portions in red explain why answer choices A,C,D and E are incorrect.
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Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2018, 01:51
Vyshak wrote:
Question Type: Explain/Paradox

Argument: Despite the increase in the number of automobiles, annual number of deaths and injuries from automobile accidents has not increased significantly.

(A) Virtually all of the improvements in Sabresia's roads that were required to accommodate increased traffic were completed more than ten years ago. - Irrelevant. We are now worried when Sabresia's roads were completed as it doesn't connect to the deaths or injuries resulting from accidents.

(B) With more and more people owning cars, the average number of passengers in a car on the road has dropped dramatically. - Correct. Since the average number of passengers in a car has decreased the number of people who get injured or die from an accident will also decrease.

Answer: B



I wouldn't say it's "irrelevant" and to be honest I find it funny that you've taken a step in logic in your justification for (b) but you haven't for (a).

From what I've learned, Coexist is the key word to remember when solving these types of questions. The correct answer choice must allow both conditions to coexist and (a) doesn't do this, in fact it's more a 180.

In fact if roads were improved 10 years ago you'd expect the number of accidents to decrease.

(b) implies that there were more people per car in the past than there is now and these people whom were once sharing are now driving their own cars, so logically with more cars on the road you would expect the incidence of accidents to increase.

The difficulty with (B) is linking the fact that the incidence of death and injuries has not increased significantly compared to the incidence of automobile accidents.

So it's best to presume that the severity of accidents hasn't increased unless stated by the stem.
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Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago, &nbs [#permalink] 27 Nov 2018, 01:51
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Automobile ownership was rare in Sabresia as recently as 30 years ago,

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