It is currently 28 Jun 2017, 17:57

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

6 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 May 2009
Posts: 268
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Aug 2009, 13:11
6
This post received
KUDOS
103
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

44% (02:08) correct 56% (00:55) wrong based on 2380 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E........................ agree with the meaning but it is not parallel at all
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 May 2009
Posts: 57
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Oct 2009, 20:51
we'll have to use acquired in their strees instead of acquired by their strees.....because its not the animal who is going and acquiring it.... breeders are doing it....hence we use acquired in....
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Aug 2006
Posts: 114
Location: Mumbai
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2010, 05:46
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Last edited by nguyendinhtuong on 17 Jun 2017, 04:46, edited 1 time in total.
Merged topic. Please search before posting question.
Expert Post
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4575
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2010, 06:54
D..
llism partly because....partly because...
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

5 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
User avatar
B
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2085
Location: New York, NY
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2010, 09:43
5
This post received
KUDOS
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Quote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers


This is a tricky question. Most people would fall for answer choice (D), but it's really (E). Let me show you how I think through this question:
Step 1: Notice "in part" is underlined and there are variations in the answer choices. So is it "in part" or "partly"?---well let's look continue looking at the rest of the sentence and you'll see the keyword "and" and then the word "partly" next to it.

Step 2: Notice "partly" is not underlined--which means this is cannot be changed. So, what needs to be changed is "in part." Therefore, you can eliminate answer choices (A) and (B) since they both use "in part."

Step 3: Now that you know it's either (C), (D), or (E) because of STRUCTURAL reasons, let's take a look at the MEANING of the sentence.
Ask yourself what are the two reasons the author is trying to communicate?
You're talking about cross breeding. Why are people doing more cross breeding?

Step 4: Well, you know "partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor."

Here the reason is that crossbreeding is said "to provide hybrid vigor."
So your second reason must be consistent with that!

Step 5: With (C), I see "partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics"--which is not consistent with the second half of the sentence.

Step 6: With (D), I see "partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers" which does not have words in the form of "to + verb"

Step 7: But with (E), I see "partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers"--which is consistent with "to provide hybrid vigor."

Remember to look at the MEANING of the two reasons you are talking about. Don't simply see the word "partly because" and automatically assume the answer must be (D)!!

Hope that helps.
30 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2010, 13:48
30
This post received
KUDOS
23
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hey All,

What an annoying question! I was asked to take this on by private message, and I see why it's bothered so many of you. Let's discuss

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

The thing to remember about PARALLELISM (which is the issue here) is that it is ALL about the parallel markers. You're more concerned with the single word that comes after the parallel marker. From there, things get iffy. The parallel marker here is AND, and the word after it is PARTLY. That's your parallelism. You gotta have another "partly".

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and the "should". This isn't about what "should" happen. The breeders do it SO THAT the steer will acquire certain characteristics.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and an odd idiom. You don't do something "for the acquisition" of something else, but "in order to acquire" something else.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
PROBLEM: They don't do it "because of their steers acquiring..." that sounds like they crossbreed AFTER the steers have acquired the characteristics. But they do it IN ORDER that the steers might acquire the characteristics.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
PROBLEM: I know we all want this one because it says "partly because" and doesn't sound as bad as C, but the "should" is still a meaning issue. There's no question of SHOULD here. The issue is meaning. The breeders crossbreed because they WANT something to happen.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
ANSWER: Yes, I know it isn't as parallel as we'd like. It would be nice to say "partly to X" and "partly to Y" OR "partly because of X" and "partly because of Y". But we don't get that option. This is still parallel enough (with the two "partly"s), and from there it's all about meaning.

Tough one! Hope that helps.

-tommy
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 583
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2010, 07:15
rohansherry wrote:
204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E........................ agree with the meaning but it is not parallel at all

cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding (for 2 reasons)...partly to acquire certain characteristics and partly to provide hybrid vigor.
E does it nicely, parallel, and retains the original meaning.
_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

6 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2010, 17:37
6
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hey GMATBull,

See my explanation on this. Your explanation is not correct. It would be nice if answer choice E gave us the parallel of "partly to acquire" and "partly to provide", but that isn't how parallel works. The fact that both parallel elements (the stuff after "partly") happens to have a form of the infinitive somewhere ("to acquire" and "to provide") is sheer coincidence. The part that we would typically want to be parallel should come right after the marker. For the parallel you want to be important to exist, it would need to say "partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers and partly to provide vigor." The "because crossbreeding is said" ruins the parallel you're thinking about, because the "to" that comes before provide is actually part of the idiom "said to", entirely different from the "to" we get after "partly". Hope that makes sense!

-tommy

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 583
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2010, 02:28
i can see the subtle line of difference in your explanations.
Thanks for the corrective criticism; i appreciate it.
_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

5 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2010, 18:29
5
This post received
KUDOS
No problem, Gmat. I read it back and it looks a little strident. Hope I didn't seem like a jerk! : )

-t
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1490
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2010, 12:24
Good explanation Tommy.

D does not make any sense.

E it is.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2010
Posts: 17
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2010, 04:05
thanks a lot Tommy. Your description was enlightening!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Jan 2010
Posts: 5
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V36
GPA: 3.07
WE: Engineering (Computer Hardware)
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2010, 06:53
I have never read such a use of the word 'acquire' anywhere other than in this question's option E.

'to acquire certain characteristics 'in' their steers'

If I say 'He wants to acquire confidence'. That is obviously correct. Because 'to acquire' means 'to obtain' or 'to get'.
But if I say 'He wants to acquire confidence in his friend'. Is this usage of 'acquire' correct?

That is why I ruled out E. Can someone help please?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Current MBA Student
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 127
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V40
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jan 2011, 17:29
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

a. in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
b. in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
c. partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
d. partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
e. partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

I went with answer choice
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
in an attempt to remain parallel "partly because" with "partly because." However, the correct answer choice introduced the infinitive "to acquire", which threw my off. Any advice?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Completed GMAT on 22 Nov 2011
Joined: 08 Nov 2010
Posts: 161
Reviews Badge
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2011, 00:32
Even though I have attended this question 3 times, I made the same mistake all the three times.

Step 1: Identify the question as the one which is related to parallelism
Step 2: the second clause of the sentence says "partly because". So lets eliminate option (A) and option (B).
Step 3: Let's try to match word to word for parallelism among options (C), (D) and (E). It looks like (C) and (D) are better matches
Step 4: In options (C) and (D), the verb in the underlined clause is not matching the verb in the second clause.
Step 5: Lets re-evaluate option (E). It has the perfect match of the verb i.e "acquire" with "provide".

So, option (E) is the best.

While answering this question, I had a lot of trouble because "because" is not there in option (E) which made my choice a lot difficult.

Even though I had answered this question wrongly, I later learnt that GMAT sometimes offsets complete parallelism.
Math Forum Moderator
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 2010
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jul 2011, 18:26
rohansherry wrote:
204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers


Cattle breeders have used crossbreeding to acquire certain characteristics in their steers.

Didn't these guys get a better phrases than "to acquire"; something like "to infuse". Either way, I couldn't have answered it correctly. "D" was too good to reject.
_________________

~fluke

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 May 2012
Posts: 15
GMAT 1: 680 Q51 V29
GPA: 3.94
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2012, 05:26
I finally know even options like D fit in perfectly in structure, but E, though unparallel, is ultimately the correct answer.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Juggg..Jugggg Go!
Joined: 11 May 2012
Posts: 243
Location: India
GC Meter: A.W.E.S.O.M.E
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V30
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V38
Reviews Badge
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2012, 06:09
My learning:
Got to take meaning in to consideration as well. I picked E first. it sounded better but chose C because E wasn't (obviously) parallel but C seemed to even though meaning was awkward. Thanks for the explanation T :)
_________________

You haven't failed, if you haven't given up!
---
bschooladmit
Visit my Blog www.bschooladmit.wordpress.com

Check out my other posts:
Bschool Deadlines 2013-2014 | Bschool Admission Events 2013 Start your GMAT Prep with Stacey Koprince | Get a head start in MBA finance

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Mar 2012
Posts: 69
Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Sep 2012, 02:55
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

What an annoying question! I was asked to take this on by private message, and I see why it's bothered so many of you. Let's discuss

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

The thing to remember about PARALLELISM (which is the issue here) is that it is ALL about the parallel markers. You're more concerned with the single word that comes after the parallel marker. From there, things get iffy. The parallel marker here is AND, and the word after it is PARTLY. That's your parallelism. You gotta have another "partly".

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and the "should". This isn't about what "should" happen. The breeders do it SO THAT the steer will acquire certain characteristics.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and an odd idiom. You don't do something "for the acquisition" of something else, but "in order to acquire" something else.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
PROBLEM: They don't do it "because of their steers acquiring..." that sounds like they crossbreed AFTER the steers have acquired the characteristics. But they do it IN ORDER that the steers might acquire the characteristics.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
PROBLEM: I know we all want this one because it says "partly because" and doesn't sound as bad as C, but the "should" is still a meaning issue. There's no question of SHOULD here. The issue is meaning. The breeders crossbreed because they WANT something to happen.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
ANSWER: Yes, I know it isn't as parallel as we'd like. It would be nice to say "partly to X" and "partly to Y" OR "partly because of X" and "partly because of Y". But we don't get that option. This is still parallel enough (with the two "partly"s), and from there it's all about meaning.

Tough one! Hope that helps.

-tommy



Partly to acquire characteristics sounds like breeders would acquire the characteristics. No?
1 KUDOS received
HEC Thread Master
avatar
B
Joined: 06 May 2013
Posts: 97
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V35
GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V40
GPA: 2.8
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jun 2013, 11:33
1
This post received
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?

Last edited by Zarrolou on 10 Jun 2013, 06:52, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2013, 11:33

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 58 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used cross goodyear2013 0 01 Jun 2016, 06:39
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used nikhil.jones.s 0 02 May 2017, 02:24
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used BANON 6 16 Mar 2012, 07:40
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used tonebeeze 0 13 Dec 2016, 02:35
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used jitendra 0 29 Dec 2015, 07:45
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.