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# In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2009, 13:11
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E........................ agree with the meaning but it is not parallel at all
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2009, 20:51
we'll have to use acquired in their strees instead of acquired by their strees.....because its not the animal who is going and acquiring it.... breeders are doing it....hence we use acquired in....
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2010, 05:46
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Last edited by nguyendinhtuong on 17 Jun 2017, 04:46, edited 1 time in total.
Merged topic. Please search before posting question.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2010, 06:54
D..
llism partly because....partly because...
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2010, 09:43
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

This is a tricky question. Most people would fall for answer choice (D), but it's really (E). Let me show you how I think through this question:
Step 1: Notice "in part" is underlined and there are variations in the answer choices. So is it "in part" or "partly"?---well let's look continue looking at the rest of the sentence and you'll see the keyword "and" and then the word "partly" next to it.

Step 2: Notice "partly" is not underlined--which means this is cannot be changed. So, what needs to be changed is "in part." Therefore, you can eliminate answer choices (A) and (B) since they both use "in part."

Step 3: Now that you know it's either (C), (D), or (E) because of STRUCTURAL reasons, let's take a look at the MEANING of the sentence.
Ask yourself what are the two reasons the author is trying to communicate?
You're talking about cross breeding. Why are people doing more cross breeding?

Step 4: Well, you know "partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor."

Here the reason is that crossbreeding is said "to provide hybrid vigor."
So your second reason must be consistent with that!

Step 5: With (C), I see "partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics"--which is not consistent with the second half of the sentence.

Step 6: With (D), I see "partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers" which does not have words in the form of "to + verb"

Step 7: But with (E), I see "partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers"--which is consistent with "to provide hybrid vigor."

Remember to look at the MEANING of the two reasons you are talking about. Don't simply see the word "partly because" and automatically assume the answer must be (D)!!

Hope that helps.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2010, 13:48
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Hey All,

What an annoying question! I was asked to take this on by private message, and I see why it's bothered so many of you. Let's discuss

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

The thing to remember about PARALLELISM (which is the issue here) is that it is ALL about the parallel markers. You're more concerned with the single word that comes after the parallel marker. From there, things get iffy. The parallel marker here is AND, and the word after it is PARTLY. That's your parallelism. You gotta have another "partly".

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and the "should". This isn't about what "should" happen. The breeders do it SO THAT the steer will acquire certain characteristics.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and an odd idiom. You don't do something "for the acquisition" of something else, but "in order to acquire" something else.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
PROBLEM: They don't do it "because of their steers acquiring..." that sounds like they crossbreed AFTER the steers have acquired the characteristics. But they do it IN ORDER that the steers might acquire the characteristics.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
PROBLEM: I know we all want this one because it says "partly because" and doesn't sound as bad as C, but the "should" is still a meaning issue. There's no question of SHOULD here. The issue is meaning. The breeders crossbreed because they WANT something to happen.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
ANSWER: Yes, I know it isn't as parallel as we'd like. It would be nice to say "partly to X" and "partly to Y" OR "partly because of X" and "partly because of Y". But we don't get that option. This is still parallel enough (with the two "partly"s), and from there it's all about meaning.

Tough one! Hope that helps.

-tommy
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 07:15
rohansherry wrote:
204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics
and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E........................ agree with the meaning but it is not parallel at all

cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding (for 2 reasons)...partly to acquire certain characteristics and partly to provide hybrid vigor.
E does it nicely, parallel, and retains the original meaning.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 17:37
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Hey GMATBull,

See my explanation on this. Your explanation is not correct. It would be nice if answer choice E gave us the parallel of "partly to acquire" and "partly to provide", but that isn't how parallel works. The fact that both parallel elements (the stuff after "partly") happens to have a form of the infinitive somewhere ("to acquire" and "to provide") is sheer coincidence. The part that we would typically want to be parallel should come right after the marker. For the parallel you want to be important to exist, it would need to say "partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers and partly to provide vigor." The "because crossbreeding is said" ruins the parallel you're thinking about, because the "to" that comes before provide is actually part of the idiom "said to", entirely different from the "to" we get after "partly". Hope that makes sense!

-tommy

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 02:28
i can see the subtle line of difference in your explanations.
Thanks for the corrective criticism; i appreciate it.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 18:29
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No problem, Gmat. I read it back and it looks a little strident. Hope I didn't seem like a jerk! : )

-t
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2010, 12:24
Good explanation Tommy.

D does not make any sense.

E it is.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2010, 04:05
thanks a lot Tommy. Your description was enlightening!
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2010, 06:53
I have never read such a use of the word 'acquire' anywhere other than in this question's option E.

'to acquire certain characteristics 'in' their steers'

If I say 'He wants to acquire confidence'. That is obviously correct. Because 'to acquire' means 'to obtain' or 'to get'.
But if I say 'He wants to acquire confidence in his friend'. Is this usage of 'acquire' correct?

That is why I ruled out E. Can someone help please?
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 17:29
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

a. in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
b. in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
c. partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
d. partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
e. partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B
in an attempt to remain parallel "partly because" with "partly because." However, the correct answer choice introduced the infinitive "to acquire", which threw my off. Any advice?
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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23 May 2011, 00:32
Even though I have attended this question 3 times, I made the same mistake all the three times.

Step 1: Identify the question as the one which is related to parallelism
Step 2: the second clause of the sentence says "partly because". So lets eliminate option (A) and option (B).
Step 3: Let's try to match word to word for parallelism among options (C), (D) and (E). It looks like (C) and (D) are better matches
Step 4: In options (C) and (D), the verb in the underlined clause is not matching the verb in the second clause.
Step 5: Lets re-evaluate option (E). It has the perfect match of the verb i.e "acquire" with "provide".

So, option (E) is the best.

While answering this question, I had a lot of trouble because "because" is not there in option (E) which made my choice a lot difficult.

Even though I had answered this question wrongly, I later learnt that GMAT sometimes offsets complete parallelism.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2011, 18:26
rohansherry wrote:
204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.
(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Cattle breeders have used crossbreeding to acquire certain characteristics in their steers.

Didn't these guys get a better phrases than "to acquire"; something like "to infuse". Either way, I couldn't have answered it correctly. "D" was too good to reject.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 05:26
I finally know even options like D fit in perfectly in structure, but E, though unparallel, is ultimately the correct answer.
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 06:09
My learning:
Got to take meaning in to consideration as well. I picked E first. it sounded better but chose C because E wasn't (obviously) parallel but C seemed to even though meaning was awkward. Thanks for the explanation T
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Re: In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2012, 02:55
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

What an annoying question! I was asked to take this on by private message, and I see why it's bothered so many of you. Let's discuss

204. In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should
acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

The thing to remember about PARALLELISM (which is the issue here) is that it is ALL about the parallel markers. You're more concerned with the single word that comes after the parallel marker. From there, things get iffy. The parallel marker here is AND, and the word after it is PARTLY. That's your parallelism. You gotta have another "partly".

(A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and the "should". This isn't about what "should" happen. The breeders do it SO THAT the steer will acquire certain characteristics.

(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristics in their steers
PROBLEM: Both the "partly" issue and an odd idiom. You don't do something "for the acquisition" of something else, but "in order to acquire" something else.

(C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristics
PROBLEM: They don't do it "because of their steers acquiring..." that sounds like they crossbreed AFTER the steers have acquired the characteristics. But they do it IN ORDER that the steers might acquire the characteristics.

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
PROBLEM: I know we all want this one because it says "partly because" and doesn't sound as bad as C, but the "should" is still a meaning issue. There's no question of SHOULD here. The issue is meaning. The breeders crossbreed because they WANT something to happen.

(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers
ANSWER: Yes, I know it isn't as parallel as we'd like. It would be nice to say "partly to X" and "partly to Y" OR "partly because of X" and "partly because of Y". But we don't get that option. This is still parallel enough (with the two "partly"s), and from there it's all about meaning.

Tough one! Hope that helps.

-tommy

Partly to acquire characteristics sounds like breeders would acquire the characteristics. No?
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2013, 11:33
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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

A) in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics
B) in part for the acquisition of certain characterisitcs in their steers
C) partly because of their steers acquiring certain charcteristics
D) partly because certain characterisitcs should be acquired by their steers
E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

Although I know D is wordy but shouldn't we be giving utmost importance to the Idiomatic Correction - partly because... and partly because ?

Last edited by Zarrolou on 10 Jun 2013, 06:52, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic.
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2013, 11:33

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