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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2016, 07:59
noyaljoseph wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been


Meaning : Important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting and electricity was in less than one percent of homes and this one percent of homes still use candles or gas.

A) Correct : Independent clause beginning with but and where is correctly referring to one percent of homes.
B) This distorts the meaning, actually candle or gas usage is in one percent of homes and this gives overall percentage,
C) Passive form
D) Passive form and having must refer to subject. There is no proper subject.
E) Two past participle phrases are incorrect .

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2016, 19:53
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been


Whenever we use the past perfect, we must also have another verb in the sentence that is in the simple past. E does not have a verb in the simple past, it only has verbs in the past perfect ("had electricity", "had still been"). Therefore, E is incorrect.

The template for use of present perfect and past perfect are below.

Present Perfect: Has/Have + Participle = describes action/event that happened in the past and continues in the present.

Past Perfect: Had + Participle = describes an action/event in the past that happened before another action in the past.

For more detail, margarette has a great explanation of this concept http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-verbs-the-perfect-tense-136462.html#p1108276.

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2016, 03:50
maybeam wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
(C) there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been


plz explain the ans and throw some light on why E is wrong?

Attention to bb and Bunuel,
This thread has been changed the official version in wrong way. The red part has no existence in the official guide and this option C should be inserted with some other words. The original question should be like below.


In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
(C) there had been less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
(D) there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been
here, the green part is the inserted part according to official guide. i think the original post should be corrected. Thank you
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2017, 07:28
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been



Like most, I was able remove B,C and D. I was left with A and E. I went with A because of "had still been" E is not needed. Past perfect needs to express a timeline of events where the verb in the past perfect tense has to have happened in the past before another event in the past. In the sentence above, the electricity by candles and gas did not end before the implementation of electricity in other buildings.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2017, 10:32
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
--> parallelism issue.

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
--> wordy and awkward.

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
--> wordy and awkward.

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been
--> awkward.
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 01:51
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been

The focus must always remains on the sense of the sentence. Specifically, the identification of right contrast expressed from the coordinating conjunction "BUT" helps to eliminate C,D,E (electricity must be the subject of the independent clause beginning with "BUT"). "where" here is used as subordinating conjunction and introduce a subordinate clause, which is grammatically correct and correctly referred to "one percent of homes" .

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 03:22
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still - CORRECT "was" correctly refers to past + "where" next to "home" is correctly placed
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still - "lighting still" must be followed by "was" to maintain correct tense and //ism
C. there had been less than 1 percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being - "being" wrong + "had been" wrong
D. there was less than 1 percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still - wordy
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been - "had still been" incorrect
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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 02:46
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still - correct
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still - missing verb
C. there had been less than 1 percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being - where should refer to a physical place
D. there was less than 1 percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still - "there was" - no need + "having lighting that was still" - electricity having lighting? wrong
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been
- where should refer to a physical place

Last edited by TheRzS on 12 Oct 2017, 16:50, edited 1 time in total.

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New post 11 Oct 2017, 09:12
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still - Correct
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still - no verb after “and”. “provided” acts as a verb-ed modifier, not verb, for “lighting”
C. there had been less than 1 percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being - “where” illogically either modifies “electricity” or “homes with electricity” ; tense issue
D. there was less than 1 percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still - there were is needed for plural homes ; “having” doesn’t make sense with “there”
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been - “where” illogically modifies the closest noun “electricity” ; use of past perfect “lighting had still been” is incorrect

Answer A
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New post 11 Oct 2017, 23:11
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still
B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still
C. there had been less than 1 percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being
D. there was less than 1 percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been


look at choic a and b. there no grammar errors here. the point is which meaning is correct.
look at choice b,
light is still provided mainly by gas
this is unclear meaning. which lighting? where is lighting.

b is wrong.

there are many types of meaning problem in sc, in which clear meaning error is most difficult
meaning is not logic (most popular and easy)
meaning is redundant (easy)
meaning is unclear. (hardest)

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 18:06
daagh wrote:
Grammar may solve most of this problem

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still – the best since where refers to a place namely homes.

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still --- Forthrightly unparallel with a clause in on side of ‘and’ but only a phrase at the other side.

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being ---1. still being provided changes the meaning. 2. Where is wrongly referring to electricity

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still --- was less than one percent of homes—SV number problem

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been --- doesn’t make much sense




Hello
could you explain parallelism between option A and sentence before BUT. I think they are not parallel

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 17:48
soodia wrote:
daagh wrote:
Grammar may solve most of this problem

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still – the best since where refers to a place namely homes.

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still --- Forthrightly unparallel with a clause in on side of ‘and’ but only a phrase at the other side.

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being ---1. still being provided changes the meaning. 2. Where is wrongly referring to electricity

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still --- was less than one percent of homes—SV number problem

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been --- doesn’t make much sense



Hello
could you explain parallelism between option A and sentence before BUT. I think they are not parallel



Exactly what I was thinking; GMATNinja, your take on this?
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In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2017, 23:45
Hi There,

Consider the following sentence:
I am not an expert, BUT I will give it a shot

BUT is a FANBOY conjunction, and in this sentence BUT is being used to adjoin two independent clauses - clauses that can stand as independent sentences by themselves.

Hope it helps

Cheers
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zvazviri wrote:
soodia wrote:
daagh wrote:
Grammar may solve most of this problem

A. electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still – the best since where refers to a place namely homes.

B. electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still --- Forthrightly unparallel with a clause in on side of ‘and’ but only a phrase at the other side.

C. there were less than one percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being ---1. still being provided changes the meaning. 2. Where is wrongly referring to electricity

D. there was less than one percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still --- was less than one percent of homes—SV number problem

E. less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been --- doesn’t make much sense



Hello
could you explain parallelism between option A and sentence before BUT. I think they are not parallel



Exactly what I was thinking; GMATNinja, your take on this?

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2017, 12:42
yavasani wrote:
In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nineteenth century, important public places such as theaters, restaurants, shops, and banks had installed electric lighting, but electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still provided mainly by candles or gas.

(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still

(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still

(C) there had been less than 1 percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being

(D) there was less than 1 percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still

(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been


(A) electricity was in less than one percent of homes, where lighting was still

(B) electricity was in less than one percent of homes and lighting still Wrong

(C) there had been less than 1 percent of homes with electricity, where lighting was still being wrong

(D) there was less than 1 percent of homes that had electricity, having lighting that was still
wrong
(E) less than one percent of homes had electricity, where lighting had still been Wrong

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Re: In the major cities of industrialized countries at the end of the nine   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2017, 12:42

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