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Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 09:49
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Project SC Butler: Day 7: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.


(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one

(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another

(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other

(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

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Re: Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:24
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generis VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun GMATNinja

I wished parallelism would take me off the finishing line, sadly it did not.

Quote:
Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.


Pay special attention to that in non-underlined portion.

Sartre believed that X , that Y, and that Z
X,Y and Z are clauses. Cross out A and E since parallelism is violated in the absence of that.

Quote:
(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another

coma+verbing choosing is incorrect here.
Also I need an object after the verb is responsible
e.g. I am responsible (incorrect)
I am responsible for my work. (correct)

Quote:
(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other


I prefer an infinitive (D) over (B) but have no concrete reason to back my reasoning. What is the subtle difference between
one over another and one over other?
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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:30
adkikani wrote:
generis VeritasKarishma AjiteshArun GMATNinja


Quote:
(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other


I prefer an infinitive (D) over (B) but have no concrete reason to back my reasoning. What is the subtle difference between
one over another and one over other?

adkikani ,
Quote:
I prefer an infinitive (D) over (B) but have no concrete reason to back my reasoning. What is the subtle difference between
one over another and one over other?

Check what you have quoted and italicized because it is not accurate.
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Re: Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:56
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generis wrote:

Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.


(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one

(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another

(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other

(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones



"that" is required in (A) and (E). So (A) and (E) Out.

responsible to choose - is awkward and not idiomatic. So (D) out.

is responsible, choosing - is awkward. (C) out.

responsible for - Correct idiom.

IMO - Ans (B)
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New post 13 Nov 2018, 11:24
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Meaning: Sartre believed that
*each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another
*it is the choice that gives value to the act
* nothing that is not acted upon has value.

Thus, to maintain parallelism, that is needed after believed. Therefore, option A and option E can be eliminated.
Option C, incorrectly uses choosing as a modifier. That is not the intended purpose. So, C can be eliminated.
Option D:
one course of action over the other incorrectly implies there are 2 specific actions in which 1 is chosen over the other. But that is not the intended meaning.
Also, An individual is responsible for choosing is the correct construction and is preferred than responsible to choose.
So, option D can be eliminated.

IMO: OPTION B:
*maintains parallelism by using that
*uses correct construction: responsible for choosing
*correctly uses one course of action over another.
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New post 13 Nov 2018, 11:36
Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.


(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one( that is required to introduce essential clause for the meaning)

(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another( responsible for is correct in this context) Correct

(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another(incorrect use of present participle)

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other ( responsible to is not correct in this context)

(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones (same as in A)

Will go with choice B

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 11:53
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(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one INCORRECT ( responsible for something is correct idiom)

(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another ( CORRECT)

(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another (INCORRECT same issue as in A)

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other ( INCORRECT same issue as in A, plus incorrect ussage of "other" )

(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones (INCORRECT of ussage of "other" )

(F) each individual is responsible for choosing ENTER over EXIT (CORRECT) :lol:
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New post 13 Nov 2018, 13:45
B is the correct answer as responsible for and another are correct in this context.

The is generally used to point to a specific sub-group holding a certain quality within a group and a, an or no article stands for a general view for anybody in the whole group. Another is apt as it addresses any option out of available options.
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New post 14 Nov 2018, 09:56
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1
Quote:
Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.



Quote:
(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one
Another one is incorrect . There are 2 courses of action so we should use the other and not another.


Quote:
(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another
Sentence left incomplete. Responsible for what?? That answer to what is missing


Quote:
(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones
That should come up after believed. Also other ones is not correct. Over the other is concise and correct in structure.


Quote:
(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another
(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other


In between B and D , I will choose B because:-
1. Responsible for depicts that you are the owner and in this sentence ownership is talked about.
2. It is not mentioned that there are only 2 course of actions. The actions can be many and we have to choose one over another.

IMO B.
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New post 14 Nov 2018, 12:23
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OFFICIAL ANSWER

Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.

(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one
(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another
(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another
(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other
(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones

NOTE I have changed the format of the OE and added clarifying details. I have not omitted any words from the OE. MY word additions are in black text or [ in square brackets].

• Choice A is faulty because that is needed after believed to make the clause parallel with the two that . . . clauses following it

• Also the idiomatic expression is responsible for choosing rather than responsible to choose
and one is superfluous.

• Choice C distorts the intended meaning because it says, in effect, only
-- that individuals are responsible and that they choose a course of action,
not, [as the sentence should say]
-- that they are responsible for choosing such a course.

• In choice D, responsible to choose is unidiomatic and
the other wrongly suggests
that there is some particular alternative under discussion.

• Choice E lacks the necessary that, and other ones is less precise than another.

There is only way to know that the phrase other ones has a lower degree of precision and that such imprecision matters: compare answer choices.
The missing "that" in this option is fatal.
Save your time for meaning issues in C.

• Choice B is best

ANSWER B

***************************

sowmiyav - welcome to GMATClub!

dave13 - :-D
Il n'y a pas d'entrée!

Most of these answers are very good.

Two are excellent because their authors caught issues about meaning
in answers.

On the GMAT, unfamiliar constructions, strange-looking idioms, and
obscure phrases will be present, especially as questions get more difficult.

At those times, the ability to tease out the meaning of the sentence will be invaluable.

Everyone who posted has a good command of the grammar issues in this instance.

A test taker does not need to know that Sartre was among the twentieth century's most famous
philosophers/authors in order to recognize that we are dealing with a point of view
and a very particular point of view at that.

Cue words followed by that clauses with dense and sequential content
-- "Believed that" signals an opinion, an ideological commitment.
-- in the clauses that follow, content both describes the belief and emphasizes the fact that we are dealing with a belief -- a point of view.

This question presents itself as ripe for understanding what Sartre was trying to convey.

Many philosophers and writers stress individual responsibility.
These clauses, however, are not typical:
-- it is the choice that gives value to the act
-- nothing that is not acted upon has value.

Those claim are radical.
When we encounter questions
• that deal with content-based positions of thinkers, authors, artists, etc.;
• that have answer choices conveying different meanings; or
• that have answer choices whose "grammar rules" don't quite fit ...

... just as is the case in certain CR and RC questions, we are being asked to see the material
from the point of view of the author, that is, to understand the meaning (s)he is trying to convey.

No grammar rule announces that "the other," for example, incorrectly implies that a particular second alternative exists.

The inference must be drawn from the meaning of this sentence in this instance.
That inference depends on this context and cannot be generalized; it cannot be made into a larger guideline.

No grammar rule announces that C distorts meaning.
C's construction is not inherently incorrect. COMMA + ___ing (participial phrase)
can and often does modify the entire previous clause.

I am happy to say that a person who has just begun to study for the GMAT or
who struggles with SC (99% of takers!) could read this thread and be helped.

That collectively created helpfulness has been the case for every question I have posted. :-)

sowmiyav and warrior1991 wrote the best answers to this question.
Kudos!
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New post 15 Nov 2018, 23:45
I prefer an infinitive (D) over (B) but have no concrete reason to back my reasoning. What is the subtle difference between
one over another and one over other?[/quote]

choosing one over another means to choose among more than two choices, while choosing one over the other one means choosing between two choices!
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New post 16 Nov 2018, 03:14
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 7: Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.


(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one

(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another

(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other

(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones


TIME Magazine - April 28, 1980 | Vol. 115 No. 17
World: Inadvertent Guru to an Age

Monday, Apr. 28, 1980

Because God does not exist, said Sartre, man defines what he is, his essence, through his own actions. Each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another. It is the choice that gives value to the act, and nothing that is not acted upon has value. Lending a moral dimension to an otherwise indifferent universe, Sartre declared that a person cannot define himself by "disappointed dreams, miscarried hopes or vain expectations." Most people seek to evade responsibility by blaming something or somebody else for their fate. Sartre regarded this as "bad faith." It is the real curse of the characters in his most famous play, No Exit (1944), who whine, "Hell is other people."
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Re: Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 03:31
RamSep wrote:
I prefer an infinitive (D) over (B) but have no concrete reason to back my reasoning. What is the subtle difference between
one over another and one over other?


choosing one over another means to choose among more than two choices, while choosing one over the other one means choosing between two choices![/quote]



"Each other" is used for two things; "one another" for more than two.
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New post 16 Nov 2018, 03:47
RamSep

A simple rule to help you remember the difference between another and other is:

another + singular noun
other + plural noun
others(a pronoun to replace other + plural noun)

Examples:

I need another cup. (cup is singular so we use another)
I need other cups. (cup is plural so we use other)
I need others. (refers to other cups)

:)
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New post 16 Nov 2018, 05:08
dave13 wrote:
RamSep

A simple rule to help you remember the difference between another and other is:

another + singular noun
other + plural noun
others(a pronoun to replace other + plural noun)

Examples:

I need another cup. (cup is singular so we use another)
I need other cups. (cup is plural so we use other)
I need others. (refers to other cups)

:)


Thanks. That's great...
But let's back to the question; am I wrong in my explanation? in the context of the question, what is the difference between "choose one over another" & "choose one over the other"?
I think the first one ("...over another") means choosing between more than one item, while the latter ("... the other") seems to mean picking one option between the two.
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New post 16 Nov 2018, 05:35
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RamSep wrote:
dave13 wrote:
RamSep

A simple rule to help you remember the difference between another and other is:

another + singular noun
other + plural noun
others(a pronoun to replace other + plural noun)

Examples:

I need another cup. (cup is singular so we use another)
I need other cups. (cup is plural so we use other)
I need others. (refers to other cups)

:)


Thanks. That's great...
But let's back to the question; am I wrong in my explanation? in the context of the question, what is the difference between "choose one over another" & "choose one over the other"?
I think the first one ("...over another") means choosing between more than one item, while the latter ("... the other") seems to mean picking one option between the two.


RamSep welcome :)

you use "THE OTHER" when you refer to something specific

you use "ANOTHER" when you dont refer to something specific

In our case we just talk in general choosing one course over another one. (choosing ANY COURSE, we are not referring to specific one )

Btw "another" is nothing more than AN + OTHER, in other words indefinite article +other

:)
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New post 17 Nov 2018, 07:08
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Though this question can be easily solved with grammar and idiom
for knowledge :
OTHER vs ANOTHER :

other :
Meaning =1. Different... 2. one of the two ( 2 apples are there. I want the other one)
Usage : singular/ plural/ uncountable
Follows an article : "the" . "the other"
examples :
1) i cannot find the other shoe.
( a pair of shoes . i cannot find one of them)

2) Few of my friends came to the party on time, the others were late.
( Two groups . One group is on time . 2nd group is late. So "the other" group is late.

3)Have you got any other questions?
( Other = different ... i have asked questions. Now do you have any other( different... not the ones i already asked).

4)I am not going to wear this shirt. I prefer the other one.
(I have two shirts. I prefer one of the two)

5)Only one parcel has arrived. Where are the others?
( A group of parcels. 1 of it has arrived. where are theother parcels(second group)?

Another : An+other
Meaning = 1)alternative 2) additional 3) one more

1)Can I get another cup of coffee?
( I have already had one. Now i want one more... You cannot use "other" here. Because youll be choosing one of the two coffees. I mean that sounds rich but illogical)

2) The investigation will take another 2 weeks
(additional weeks... Note we cannot say "another weeks" .. because aother is "an+other" , which requires a singular subject.)

3)I dont like this cafe. Is there another one around?
(Alternative)

Note: Another is used always as singular. It should always be followed by a singular subject .Or it should always be a singular pronoun.
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New post 17 Nov 2018, 07:42
generis wrote:
Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one, that it is the choice that gives value to the act, and that nothing that is not acted upon has value.

(A) each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over another one

(B) that each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over another

(C) that each individual is responsible, choosing one course of action over another

(D) that each individual is responsible to choose one course of action over the other

(E) each individual is responsible for choosing one course of action over other ones

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!


There are 2 Idiomatic issue in this sentence -

1. Responsible for
2. Chose X over Y

Further , Believe that is correct usage ( Negate options A and E ), errors in other options highlighted, Answer must be (B)
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Re: Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2019, 03:48
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for B and D , infitive when used must be used to define a purpose, infinitive must e given less preference
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Re: Sartre believed each individual is responsible to choose one course of   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2019, 03:48
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