GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Nov 2018, 08:06

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz # 9

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     11:00 AM PST

    Join the Quiz Saturday November 17th, 9 AM PST. The Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Jun 2011
Posts: 10
Location: India
Schools: NUS,Rotterdam
Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2011, 05:50
5
29
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (01:09) correct 44% (01:20) wrong based on 1228 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of their influence, which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor management.


A. which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor

B. resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim favors

C. which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim that favors

D. resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim to be in favor of

E. which has resulted in a political climate that has been claimed by some analysts to favour
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1338
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Oct 2014, 23:29
6
4
Many of you are misinterpreting the meaning of B and D. Let me see if I can clarify.

In B, both "claim" and "favors" are verbs. The analysts claim that the climate favors management. Compare it to a few instances where two verbs are smashed together:

Whatever my wife says goes. (The subject-verb pairs are wife-says and whatever-goes.)
This is an album that everyone thinks rocks. (Okay, this sounds really weird, but it's not wrong. The pairs are everyone-thinks and album-rocks.)
Not convinced? Try a form of "to be." Many are concerned about a plan that the governor insists is working just fine. (governor-insists, plan-is)

You can basically think of the subject-verb pair in the middle as a modifier. We have a climate that favors management. We have a climate that (some analysts claim) favors management.

D isn't saying that the analysts are in favor of management, as some here are suggesting. Rather, it's saying that the analysts claim that the climate is in favor of management? What makes this wrong, then? A climate can't "be in favor" of something--that suggests an opinion, and climates don't have opinions! It can "favor" something, which just means to provide an advantage.
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Most Helpful Community Reply
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 419
Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Mar 2014, 14:58
3
9
Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of their influence, which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor management.

A) which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor
B) resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim favors
C) which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim that favors
D) resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim to be in favor of
E) which has resulted in a political climate that has been claimed by some analysts to favour


MANHATTAN GMAT OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:




The original sentence contains several errors. First, the relative pronoun "which" cannot be used to modify the action of the preceding clause, as it does here ("which has resulted in..."). Instead, it must be used to modify the immediately preceding noun only. In this case, that noun is "influence," which cannot be described as resulting in a "political climate." It is the loss of that influence that has resulted in the "political climate" described in the sentence, not the influence itself. Second, "that some analysts claim to favor management" is incorrect. If we remove "some analysts claim" from the sentence, we are left with "a political climate that...to favor management." This is incorrect. We need "to favor" to agree with "a political climate that."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice corrects the relative pronoun error by replacing "which has resulted" with "resulting." Moreover, "favors" agrees with "a political climate that..."

(C) This choice does not correct the relative pronoun error. Moreover, it does not correct the verb error. It replaces "to favor" with "that favors," creating the illogical sequence "a political climate that...that favors."

(D) This choice corrects the relative pronoun error by replacing "which has resulted" with "resulting." However, it does not correct the verb error. It replaces "to favor" with "to be in favor of," creating the illogical sequence "a political climate that...to be in favor of."

(E) This choice does not correct the relative pronoun error. Moreover, it does not correct the verb error. It does not replace "to favor." Additionally, "has been claimed by some analysts" is unnecessarily in passive voice and is wordy.
General Discussion
Retired Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1428
Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2011, 06:22
2
1
Rule - "which" modifies the noun immediately preceding it. The sentence conveys that the loss of influence has caused the scales to tip in favor of Management, and not just the influence "itself". So A is wrong. Now the correct choice should have a phrase beginning with participle - B and D have that. B is correct because it is more concise and in proper simple tense to indicate a current state of affairs.
_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 149
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2011, 11:17
I agree with most of the people that the answer has to be either B or D.

Now IMO, "claim favors" is just awkward in B. The reason for the awkwardness is the verb of the sentence. There could be two cases: first, if the verb is "favor", then there has to be an apostrophe(') with analysts. Since it is missing, "favor" can not not act as a verb. Next, if you consider "claim" as a verb, then there has to be an infinitive or gerund following the verb rather than present tense form "favors", which is just weird.

Although the choice D looks little verbose in the construction, it's grammatically correct.
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Oct 2010
Posts: 146
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2011, 11:48
3
1
= B

Option D is changing the meaning...suggesting that the analysts are in favor of the management but that is not the case, Option B correctly suggests that the political environment is favoring management, hence option B needs to be an answer.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jan 2013
Posts: 145
Concentration: Technology, Other
Schools: Berkeley Haas
GMAT Date: 01-14-2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2014, 04:52
1
Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of their influence, which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor management.

Sentence is speaking about a contrast ... though X has occured , resulting in Y .
The race is between choice B and E

B) resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim favors --- Subject of sentence after that is some which is singular hence verb is favours---thus this is the correct answer .

D) resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim to be in favor of --Subject verb error
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 19 Apr 2013
Posts: 595
Concentration: Strategy, Healthcare
Schools: Sloan '18 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V41
GPA: 4
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Mar 2015, 09:09
'which' cannot modify a clause. What is interesting here, 'resulting' can be used as -ing modifier, although it does not refer to the subject of the previous clause. Any comments?
_________________

If my post was helpful, press Kudos. If not, then just press Kudos !!!

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2014
Posts: 26
GMAT 1: 750 Q51 V39
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 29 Mar 2015, 18:45
2
Ergenekon wrote:
'which' cannot modify a clause. What is interesting here, 'resulting' can be used as -ing modifier, although it does not refer to the subject of the previous clause. Any comments?


Manhattan GMAT's SC Guide covered this very well in the "Modifiers" chapter (topic: "Which vs the present participle -ing"). I quote:
-ing form can modify an entire clause as long as the clause when converted into a noun phrase could function as the subject of the verb that is now in -ing form.

The sentence can be re-written as: The loss of influence of labor unions has resulted in a political climate....
This satisfies the above requirement, and so the sentence can also be written as "Labor unions have lost influence, resulting in..."

Originally posted by gaurav90 on 29 Mar 2015, 16:57.
Last edited by gaurav90 on 29 Mar 2015, 18:45, edited 1 time in total.
Current Student
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4426
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Mar 2015, 18:33
The original sentence contains several errors. First, the relative pronoun "which"
cannot be used to modify the action of the preceding clause, as it does here ("which
has resulted in..."). Instead, it must be used to modify the immediately preceding noun
only. In this case, that noun is "influence," which cannot be described as resulting in a
"political climate." It is the loss of that influence that has resulted in the "political
climate" described in the sentence, not the influence itself.
Second, "that some analysts claim to favor management" is incorrect. If we
remove "some analysts claim" from the sentence, we are left with "a political
climate that...to favor management." This is incorrect. We need "to favor" to
agree with "a political climate that."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice corrects the relative pronoun error by replacing "which
has resulted" with "resulting." Moreover, "favors" agrees with "a political climate
that..."

(C) This choice does not correct the relative pronoun error. Moreover, it does not
correct the verb error.
It replaces "to favor" with "that favors," creating the illogical sequence "a
political climate that...that favors."

(D) This choice corrects the relative pronoun error by replacing "which has resulted"
with "resulting." However, it does not correct the verb error.
It replaces "to favor" with "to be in favor of," creating the illogical sequence "a
political climate that...to be in favor of."

(E) This choice does not correct the relative pronoun error. Moreover, it does not
correct the verb error. It does not replace "to favor." Additionally, "has been claimed
by some analysts" is unnecessarily in passive voice and is wordy.
_________________

Have an MBA application Question? ASK ME ANYTHING!

My Stuff: Four Years to 760 | MBA Trends for Indian Applicants

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
How I got into five schools from zero - Applicant Lab Review
Veritas Prep Live Online

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 May 2014
Posts: 101
Schools: ESADE '16, HKU'16, SMU '16
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V30
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Mar 2015, 20:21
souvik101990 wrote:
The original sentence contains several errors. First, the relative pronoun "which"
cannot be used to modify the action of the preceding clause, as it does here ("which
has resulted in..."). Instead, it must be used to modify the immediately preceding noun
only. In this case, that noun is "influence," which cannot be described as resulting in a
"political climate." It is the loss of that influence that has resulted in the "political
climate" described in the sentence, not the influence itself.
Second, "that some analysts claim to favor management" is incorrect. If we
remove "some analysts claim" from the sentence, we are left with "a political
climate that...to favor management." This is incorrect. We need "to favor" to
agree with "a political climate that."

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. This choice corrects the relative pronoun error by replacing "which
has resulted" with "resulting." Moreover, "favors" agrees with "a political climate
that..."

(C) This choice does not correct the relative pronoun error. Moreover, it does not
correct the verb error.
It replaces "to favor" with "that favors," creating the illogical sequence "a
political climate that...that favors."

(D) This choice corrects the relative pronoun error by replacing "which has resulted"
with "resulting." However, it does not correct the verb error.
It replaces "to favor" with "to be in favor of," creating the illogical sequence "a
political climate that...to be in favor of."

(E) This choice does not correct the relative pronoun error. Moreover, it does not
correct the verb error. It does not replace "to favor." Additionally, "has been claimed
by some analysts" is unnecessarily in passive voice and is wordy.


Hi souvik101990,

Regarding the second elimination strategy that u used, can u please shed some more light ?

Second, "that some analysts claim to favor management" is incorrect. If we
remove "some analysts claim" from the sentence, we are left with "a political
climate that...to favor management." This is incorrect. We need "to favor" to
agree with "a political climate that.


Thanks!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2015
Posts: 200
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2016, 01:17
HI chetan2u,

Can you please tell whats the error in D..?
According to me we prefer infinitive form with "Claim". (Claim + to)
Please assist.
_________________

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7035
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2016, 01:44
6
PrakharGMAT wrote:
HI chetan2u,

Can you please tell whats the error in D..?
According to me we prefer infinitive form with "Claim". (Claim + to)
Please assist.


Hi,

three points--


1) The infinitive form is TO +verb, so " to claim" is the infinitive form..
2)Claim to be is an IDIOM, but does not fit in here.. Since political climate is connected with FAVOURS, lets see how the sentences look--
B) resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim favors
Correctly conveys the meaning
D) resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim to be in favor of
Construction is not proper..

3) usage of CLAIM TO BE does not have clear SUBJECT, it illogically refers to scientists..
see the sentences using it..
The president claims to be in fvaour of common law.
the law maker claim the law to be in favour of poor.
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


GMAT online Tutor

Economist GMAT Tutor Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 03 Sep 2015
Posts: 49
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2016, 23:51
That’s a good explanation by chetan2u of why B is better than D. Often eliminating unnecessary words can enable you to see the correct option more quickly. In this case “some analysts claim” was eliminated. Even if you didn’t notice this, you may have chosen B over D because it is shorter and simpler. Notice the placement of “which” next to “influence” in A, C and E. This is incorrect as “which” does not refer to “influence”.
_________________

Economist GMAT Tutor
Claim your completely free, full-access trial: http://econgm.at/GMATFreeTrial
Follow us @econtestprep
Contact us at (866) 292-0660 or support@gmat.economist.com

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Status: Active
Affiliations: NA
Joined: 23 Oct 2012
Posts: 274
GMAT 1: 590 Q50 V21
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V37
GPA: 3.5
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2016, 07:06
1
1
Here are useful points related to claim :

1. claim that – used while proclaiming something
Correct: Walter claims that he can run backwards.

2. claim to – used to take control of assets or will
Correct: The eldest son laid claim to the father’s property.

3. claim to be – used while claiming to be some other person
Correct: The man claimed to be John’s long lost son.
Incorrect: He is claimed as the best batsman of all times.

Here nobody is claiming to be something , but analysts claiming that political climate is favoring something bla bla......

Therefore , B is correct
_________________

#If you like my post , please encourage me by giving Kudos :)

Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 944
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2017, 13:03
Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of their influence, which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor management.

• which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim to favor ==> which is incorrectly used
• resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim favors
• which has resulted in a political climate that some analysts claim that favors
• resulting in a political climate that some analysts claim to be in favor of
• which has resulted in a political climate that has been claimed by some analysts to favour

Usage if which in A, B and C is incorrect, so they are out
Between B and D, D says climate to be in favor of - which is not correct

Hence, Answer is B
_________________

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
Posts: 3
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2018, 21:02
Can you please give the correct answer and explain why others options are incorrect
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 50619
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2018, 00:29
ashwiney wrote:
Can you please give the correct answer and explain why others options are incorrect


The correct answer is given under the spoiler in the original post, and it's B. If you check the discussion above your post you'll find several explanations of the answer.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 12 Dec 2011
Posts: 45
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2018, 20:10
Ok Let's remove "that some analysts claim" since many of us believe "favor" modifies "political climate". Now we have this sentence - resulting in a political climate favors management. Somehow it doesn't sound right. Of course, we could also re-write this sentence to "resulting in a political climate that, some analysts claim, favors management". It will be clearer.

That's why I don't think this is a good question. It's testing the bottom boundaries of GMAT's "unclear modification". GMAT has a very low tolerance of unclear modification. This question unfortunately has that issue. Some of you may consider it clear. And I agree. I also agree some other options of other questions GMAT considers unclear are also clear to some people. So we don't matter here - low tolerance is low tolerance.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jul 2018, 20:10
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Though once powerful political forces, labor unions have lost much of

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.