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According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow

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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2019, 00:40
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AjiteshArun wrote:
KaranB1 wrote:
Agreed. However, "to" is not a preposition in this context.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/preposition
Then we're on the same page. :) To is not always a preposition.


Yes we are indeed. :)
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2019, 22:59
instead come in for a 'soft landing'
This might be a very silly question what is the subject of -instead come in for a 'soft landing'- in the above sentence.
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New post 02 Jun 2019, 23:07
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akash7gupta11 wrote:
instead come in for a 'soft landing'
This might be a very silly question what is the subject of -instead come in for a 'soft landing'- in the above sentence.
AjiteshArun
There's no such thing as a silly question. :)

The subject of instead come is the economy. Just watch out for the will in front of avoid though.

... the economy will (a) avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and (b) instead come in for a 'soft landing'...

If we didn't have a will there:

... the economy (a) avoids the recession and (b) comes in for a 'soft landing'...
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According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2019, 20:15
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
guhancr7 wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Could you please provide an explanation for this question?


Hi guhancr7! I'd be glad to give an explanation for this question! To begin, here is the original with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming

After a quick glance over the options, we see a few areas we can focus our attention on:

1. will avoid vs. to avoid (Verb Tense & Meaning)
2. feared / had feared / fearing (Verb Tense)
3. and instead come / rather to come / and instead to come / and rather to come / with it instead to come (Parallelism)


The quickest way to answer this question is to actually focus on #3 on our list: parallelism. There are two actions the economy will take in this sentence, and they must be parallel. Let's take a look at the original sentence for clues:

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

We need to make sure that the options all use parallel wording with "avoid." Let's see how they stack up:

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come = PARALLEL
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come = NOT PARALLEL
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come = NOT PARALLEL
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come = NOT PARALLEL
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming = NOT PARALLEL

There you have it - option A is the correct choice! It's the only option that uses parallel structure throughout the sentence.

So why didn't I start with #1 or #2 on my list?

#1 on my list (to avoid vs. will avoid) is incredibly confusing to try to explain. It has more to do with how to handle modifiers and intended meaning, which will take you more time to work out while taking the GMAT. Parallelism typically is a quicker thing to check for, so it makes more sense to start there.

#2 on my list (how each option ends) relies on your understanding of idioms that use words like "rather" and "instead." As I understand it, the word "rather" deals with degrees of something (it's rather cold outside) and "instead" is used to offer up an alternative (let's go to the mall instead). However, trying to focus on this option will also take a lot more time than necessary.

I hope this helps! By focusing on the grammar concepts that are easier to handle, you might find that they help you answer the question much faster than just picking the first thing you notice! :) :thumbup:


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Hi, could you kindly explain how is (B), (C) and (D) not parallel?

(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come = NOT PARALLEL
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come = NOT PARALLEL
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come = NOT PARALLEL

Isn't "to avoid" supposed to be parallel with "to come"? Both are in present tense.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2019, 11:09
egmat,
If the sentence is in reported / indirect speech, shouldn't we use 'would' instead of 'will'?
Thanks!
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 10:07
Dear experts,
egmat mikemcgarry GMATNinja GMATNinjatwo AjiteshArun @empowergmat
Please help me clarify whether the reasons behind eliminating the different options are correct:

Option b. A connector behind "rather" is missing. "Rather" signifies preferrence over the other. However in this sentence the "soft lamding" is replacing the other effects of recession. Hence use of "rather is incorrect.

Option c. In one of the post, it is mentioned that "earlier in the year modifies recession", while it should modify "fear". Can you please clarify this statement and the reason to eliminate option C.

In addition to that, number of posts mention parallelism to eliminate all the incorrect options. I would like to understand what is wrong in the use of "to avoid" and "to come" in option B.

Appreciate your help!
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According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2019, 22:55
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bdumpala wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 45
Page: 644

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come

(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come

(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come

(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come

(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming

https://www.nytimes.com/1989/08/25/business/stock-averages-reach-new-highs-dow-up-56-erases-87-mark.html

The gains reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a ''soft landing,'' followed by a gradual increase in business activity.


I suppose the easiest way to solve this is through POE:

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come Cant immediately spot any issues, lets keep it for now

(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come when we use rather, we cannot use the infitive (to +verb form), hence out

(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come same issue as mentioned by Daagh, instead will not take the infinitive form

(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come same issue as answer choice B

(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming with it instead coming? not parallel with "will avoid"

Hope this makes it easier to solve the question in lesser time.

@experts please correct me if my chain of thoughts seem wrong.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2019, 17:27
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aniket16c wrote:
Dear experts,
egmat mikemcgarry GMATNinja GMATNinjatwo AjiteshArun @empowergmat
Please help me clarify whether the reasons behind eliminating the different options are correct:

Option b. A connector behind "rather" is missing. "Rather" signifies preferrence over the other. However in this sentence the "soft lamding" is replacing the other effects of recession. Hence use of "rather is incorrect.

Option c. In one of the post, it is mentioned that "earlier in the year modifies recession", while it should modify "fear". Can you please clarify this statement and the reason to eliminate option C.

In addition to that, number of posts mention parallelism to eliminate all the incorrect options. I would like to understand what is wrong in the use of "to avoid" and "to come" in option B.

Appreciate your help!

Here's the full sentence, with choice (A) and choice (C) inserted:

Quote:
(A) According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

Quote:
(C) According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

Now let's look at a couple differences between (A) and (C):

(1) Confidence in vs confidence that

Here are stripped down versions of each:
    (A) "The gains reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession ... and instead come in for a 'soft landing'..."
    (C) "The gains reflect growing confidence in the economy's ability to avoid the recession... and instead to come in for a 'soft landing'...".

So we essentially have:
    (A) "... confidence THAT the economy will (1) avoid the recession and (2) come in for a soft landing..."
    (C) "... confidence in the economy's ability (1) to avoid the recession... and (2) to come in for a 'soft landing'...".

There's a difference in meaning here. With (A), there is confidence THAT something will happen. With (C), there is confidence in the economy's ABILITY to do X and Y. Which makes more sense: there are gains in the stock market because we feel confident in the economy's ABILITY to do something? Or there are gains in the stock market because we feel confident that X and Y will actually happen? I'd go with the latter.

Also, compare these two:

  • "We are confident THAT the economy will come in for a soft landing, followed by a gradual increase in business activity"
  • "We are confident in the economy's ability to come in for a soft landing, followed by a gradual increase in business activity"

The latter makes it sound as though the economy has the ABILITY to be followed by something. The former simply expresses that we are confident that something will take place after the soft landing. The latter makes more sense, so (A) looks better so far.

(2) "(A) ... the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year... " vs "(C) ... the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared."

In choice (A), there is no question that "that many had feared earlier in the year" modifies "recession". In (C), the modifier "something earlier in the year many had feared" is a bit more ambiguous: is the recession the thing that many had feared? Or is the economy's ability the thing that many had feared? Obviously the latter wouldn't make any sense. The construction in (A) is clearer, so that's another vote for (A).

Even though (C) doesn't have any definitive grammatical errors , when we stack it up against choice (A), (A) is clearer and more logical, and therefore our winner.

I hope that helps!
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New post 07 Dec 2019, 04:01
jatinrai wrote:
bdumpala wrote:
According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared eariler this year by many, with it instead coming

please post your answers with explanations


A is the correct answer. Usage of 'that' makes all the difference. "Gains reflect the confidence that economy will avoid..." is correct. "Gains refect the confidence (in the economy) to avoid..." is flawed.

'in the economy' modifies 'confidence' in options B,C & D. You must try to make sense without reading the modifier in between. Try reading "gains reflect the confidence to avoid...". Does that make any sense?

Ofcourse E is too wordier & flawed that you'll be able to pick between A & E.

Hey guys, surprisingly, this is one exceptio to the use of idiom: 'instead of'. Can someone explain why is this exception?


That's a good approach to eliminate B,C and D. I want to share how I eliminate B, C and D, too:
The gains in stock market reflect confidence that an event will happen (the economy will avoid recession). It doesn’t make sense to say that the gains reflect confidence in either the economy or the economy's ability. So only A and E left because they have the right structure "reflect confidence that" to convey such intended meaning.
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According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow   [#permalink] 07 Dec 2019, 04:01

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