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During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back

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During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 11:55
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During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back around 1500 years were discovered in a New Mexico canyon. Prior to this finding, it was believed that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the area around that time made their pottery by hand. However, further investigation revealed that the light brown clay used to create the urn, popularly known as ‘golden clay,’ could only have been fashioned into an urn with the use of a pottery wheel.


Which of the following, if true, would, together with the information above, provide the best basis for the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel?

A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back [#permalink]

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bkpolymers1617 wrote:
During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back around 1500 years were discovered in a New Mexico canyon. Prior to this finding, it was believed that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the area around that time made their pottery by hand. However, further investigation revealed that the light brown clay used to create the urn, popularly known as ‘golden clay,’ could only have been fashioned into an urn with the use of a pottery wheel.


Which of the following, if true, would, together with the information above, provide the best basis for the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel?

A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves.



hi..

It is easy to fall for other choices. But if you pay attention to the words you can get to answer of otherwise a TOUGH Q

Para..
Pueblos lived 1500 yrs back at a certain location and fragments of urn dating to that period have been excavated. The earlier belief that they did pottery by hand is now debunked as these fragments prove that the pottery wheel was used on these urns.

now we require to strengthen the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel.
MOST important - What is required?
we know for sure that the urn are made in pottery wheel, so we require to link the urns further with the Pueblos



let's see the choices:-
A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
Easy to fall for it BUT we are talking of a certain period when Pueblos lived not BEFORE or AFTER that. OUT of scope

B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
Again we are looking for a certain period 1500 yrs back... OUT of scope

C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
nothing much. can be easily discarded

D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
There is no way to link that the Pueblos 1500 yrs back had also mastered the art

E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves
So there is a COMMON element that can be linked to that certain period. so it further stregthens that the urns were made during that time and by Pueblos and were not simply brought from some other area Correct

E
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Re: During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 06:36
chetan2u wrote:
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back around 1500 years were discovered in a New Mexico canyon. Prior to this finding, it was believed that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the area around that time made their pottery by hand. However, further investigation revealed that the light brown clay used to create the urn, popularly known as ‘golden clay,’ could only have been fashioned into an urn with the use of a pottery wheel.


Which of the following, if true, would, together with the information above, provide the best basis for the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel?

A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves.



hi..

It is easy to fall for other choices. But if you pay attention to the words you can get to answer of otherwise a TOUGH Q

Para..
Pueblos lived 1500 yrs back at a certain location and fragments of urn dating to that period have been excavated. The earlier belief that they did pottery by hand is now debunked as these fragments prove that the pottery wheel was used on these urns.

now we require to strengthen the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel.
MOST important - What is required?
we know for sure that the urn are made in pottery wheel, so we require to link the urns further with the Pueblos



let's see the choices:-
A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
Easy to fall for it BUT we are talking of a certain period when Pueblos lived not BEFORE or AFTER that. OUT of scope

B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
Again we are looking for a certain period 1500 yrs back... OUT of scope

C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
nothing much. can be easily discarded

D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
There is no way to link that the Pueblos 1500 yrs back had also mastered the art

E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves
So there is a COMMON element that can be linked to that certain period. so it further stregthens that the urns were made during that time and by Pueblos and were not simply brought from some other area Correct

E


Your reasoning makes sense but I still do not buy that E is a strong answer choice. The basis of your choice is that you only have to prove that the Pottery was created in that specific region, and not brought through trade or some other means.

But answer choice E fails to 1) Say the paint was ONLY accessible in that region, 2) The paintings were from the exact time period of the pottery, 3) Pottery could not be created in another region and painted in a new region.

There are other possibilities as well.

Answer E just says that the Clay urn (which was possibly made from a new mexico pueblo pottery wheel) was painted with paint that was in fact present in the region at some time period. Answer choice A, says some Pueblos used a pottery wheel prior, proving that pueblo speaking people had the technology to use a pottery wheel.

If the goal is to prove the new mexico pueblos used a pottery wheel, I believe it is stronger to say, other regions of pueblos used pottery wheel technology BEFORE these pots were created, than it is to say, these pots which were assuredly made with a pottery wheel but have the same paint as art found in the region before, during, or potentially after, the pottery was made.

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Re: During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 08:53
Hello chetan2u,

I am not able to link the answer E to the fact that the paintings were from the same time period as the pottery.
Could you please elaborate a little??

Thanks in advance.
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Re: During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 08:55
chetan2u wrote:
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back around 1500 years were discovered in a New Mexico canyon. Prior to this finding, it was believed that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the area around that time made their pottery by hand. However, further investigation revealed that the light brown clay used to create the urn, popularly known as ‘golden clay,’ could only have been fashioned into an urn with the use of a pottery wheel.


Which of the following, if true, would, together with the information above, provide the best basis for the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel?

A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves.



hi..

It is easy to fall for other choices. But if you pay attention to the words you can get to answer of otherwise a TOUGH Q

Para..
Pueblos lived 1500 yrs back at a certain location and fragments of urn dating to that period have been excavated. The earlier belief that they did pottery by hand is now debunked as these fragments prove that the pottery wheel was used on these urns.

now we require to strengthen the conclusion that the fragments of the urn are evidence that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel.
MOST important - What is required?
we know for sure that the urn are made in pottery wheel, so we require to link the urns further with the Pueblos



let's see the choices:-
A. The remains of a pottery wheel have been unearthed at a Pueblo site in Utah, a finding that predates the discovery of the urn fragments.
Easy to fall for it BUT we are talking of a certain period when Pueblos lived not BEFORE or AFTER that. OUT of scope

B. There is undeniable evidence that the Pueblo tribes who lived in the New Mexico area a millennium ago made frequent use of the pottery wheel.
Again we are looking for a certain period 1500 yrs back... OUT of scope

C. Flooding can soften the texture of clay to an extent that it can easily be molded by hand, and there is evidence that the now-dry canyon once received a considerable amount of rainfall.
nothing much. can be easily discarded

D. Golden clay is commonly used by modern-day descendants of the Pueblos to create decorative pieces that can only be made by artists who have mastered the use of the pottery wheel.
There is no way to link that the Pueblos 1500 yrs back had also mastered the art

E. An examination of the surface of the urn fragments has revealed traces of an iron oxide called hematite that was a common ingredient of the paint used in the Pueblo rock art found in caves
So there is a COMMON element that can be linked to that certain period. so it further stregthens that the urns were made during that time and by Pueblos and were not simply brought from some other area Correct

E



How does E prove that the Pueblos used the pottery wheel ?

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Re: During a recent excavation, fragments of a ceremonial urn dating back   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2017, 08:55
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