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Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso

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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2017, 16:39
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the problem is not properly transcribed -

"and more firmly established than they may actually be." - change "that" to "than".

Option B - "to make their companies seem larger" - change "large" to "larger".

let us look at the answer options -

A - Incorrect.
"their company" is incorrect. look at the non-underlined portion - "more firmly established than they may actually be."
Also, we cannot say "large than". We need to use "larger".

B - Correct.
"ways to make their companies" - "to" correctly specifies a goal/purpose.

C - Incorrect.
"new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, thus making their companies seem larger"

Here the comma + ing modifier seems to indicate an effect of the previous clause. "making their companies seem larger" does not make sense as the effect of "may need to find resourceful ways".

D - Incorrect.
"the companies" does not make it clear that we are referring to the companies founded by those entrepreneurs.
"so that" does not make much sense here -
"need to find resourceful ways, so that the companies seem larger" - this suggests that only the fact that entrepreneurs need to find resourceful ways is sufficient.
It does not answer the question "What kind of ways?". Option B, on the other hand, makes this clear - "ways to make the company seem larger".

E - Incorrect.
"their company" and "large" are both incorrect.
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2017, 16:46
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Also, note that in the correct answer option the same pronoun stands for different things -

"ways to make their companies seem larger and more firmly established than they actually may be".

"their" refers to entrepreneurs.
"they" refers to companies.

The thing to remember is that they are in different clauses. the second follows the conjunction "than".
As long as this happens does not happen in the same clause, this usage is fine.
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2017, 02:20
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Quote:
Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, than make their company seem large and more firmly established that they may actually be.



This topic is said to be from Official Guide. Then it is interesting to note that the comparison marker' like' is used to denote examples in the non-underlined portion.
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 22 Feb 2017, 15:22
Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, that make their company seem large and more firmly established than they may actually be.

A) that make their company seem large
B) to make their companies seem larger
C) thus making their companies seem larger
D) so that the companies seem larger
E) of making their company seem large


the wrong choices have meaning errors and option B clearly gives the correct meaning.
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2017, 09:56
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AR15J wrote:
Hi Expert,


I already read all explanation including Pronz's, and after reading the explanations, I was convinced with the right choice. However, I have following doubts.

1. I saw the snakes lying behind the buildings. They were playing there. They were built before 10 years. --wrong

Above sentence is absolutely wrong. However, it clearly states the meaning: first "they" refers to snakes, and second "they" refers to building

A pronoun can have only one antecedent. Is it allowed for a pronoun in different forms(one possessive and one subjective form ) to refer different antecedents?

Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, to make their companies seem larger and more firmly established than they may actually be.

In the above sentence, "their" refers to entrepreneurs, and they refer to the companies. Please explain.


2. Like is used to compare, not to present examples. "Renting temporary office space" or "using answering services" are the examples of the "resourceful ways". Why is the usage of like correct here?

She is going to buy the clothes like shirt, t-shirt.--wrong

she is going to buy the clothes such as shirt,t-shirt-- right (examples of clothes)

Like Sam, I play in the garden --right (comparison)



Hello AR15J and RMD007,


1. Many of our students also raise the same question as to how same pronoun can be used to refer to two different noun antecedents. We at e-GMAT do not subscribe to any such rule. We apply and encourage our students also to apply meaning-based approach rather than rule-oriented approach.

The context of the sentence makes it absolutely clear that pronoun their correctly refers to entrepreneurs and pronoun they correctly refers to companies. The companies belong to the entrepreneurs, and the companies should seem larger than they may actually be. There is no other meaning possible.

Takeaway: As long as they refer to their logical antecedents without any ambiguity whatsoever, same pronouns can be used to refer to different noun entities.

2. It seems that the GMAC has altered its stance on the usage of like. The thing to bear in mind is that if an answer choice uses like to present examples and not comparison, we cannot reject that choice only because it does not present comparison. We will have to look for a deterministic error to reject that choice.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 13:16
Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, that make their company seem large and more firmly established than they may actually be.

(A) that make their company seem large ===> as the non-underlined portion mentions "they" it should refer to plural companies and not singular "company"

(B) to make their companies seem larger ===> CORRECT - To make is the correct usage here

(C) thus making their companies seem larger - thus making companies seem larger is not correct, slightly distorts the meaning.

(D) so that the companies seem larger - "so that" is not the correct usage here

(E) of making their company seem large ===> as the non-underlined portion mentions "they" it should refer to plural companies and not singular "company"

Hence, Answer is B

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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 21:39
Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, that make their company seem large and more firmly established than they may actually be.

(E) of making their companies seem large

If in option E, company is replaced with companies, than is this option correct? Also, if this is correct, how the structures connected by AND are parallel?

making their companies seem large
AND
more firmly established than they may actually be.

daagh can you please answer this query?
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New post 12 Aug 2017, 05:42
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What does 'they may actually be' modify? IMO, both the --seem larger and more firm establishment--. If it were to modify only the second point, then the correct way of expressing that structure would be --- more firmly established than they may actually be and seem larger---.
One can have proof of this from the Harlem magazines case.
Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of the Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.
(C) Published in Harlem, the Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and Chandler Owen.
One can see the flipped structure in which the correct answer.
This evidently means that larger is require rather than large to go in tandem with the comparative comparator' they'


vnigam wrote
(
Quote:
E) Of making their companies seem large

If in option E, company is replaced with companies, than is this option correct? In addition, if this is correct, how the structures connected by AND are parallel?

making their companies seem large
AND
more firmly established than they may actually be.



The revised E isn't still good enough since large has been retained rather than larger
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2018, 18:10
hello experts,
here i am clear about the intent/purpose part
but "SO THAT"can also be used to show the intent/purpose of previous action as it is in option D.but it is still incorrect.
please respond
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JAIN09 wrote:
hello experts,
here i am clear about the intent/purpose part
but "SO THAT"can also be used to show the intent/purpose of previous action as it is in option D.but it is still incorrect.
please respond

Hi JAIN09, indeed GMAT is playing very cheeky here).

Would you say following is a correct sentence:

Peter is looking for ways.

Clearly this is not correct, because this needs to be followed by: ways to do what?

So, following would be correct:

Peter is looking for ways to increase his GMAT score.

Notice that to increase his GMAT score is the object of ways here.

So, basically, in this kind of a usage, what we were looking for, was an object (of ways), but what D provides is the reason for ways.
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Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2018, 22:54
Hi GMATNinja ,

Can you please explain the "seem" used in option B is a verb or ed modifier.
If it is a verb , then isn't it a run-on case.


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Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2018, 23:39
AnkitJR

Here are my two cents:

Quote:
Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, that make their company seem large and more firmly established than they may actually be.

Quote:
(B) to make their companies seem larger

seem is a verb here. See below sentence structure:

Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, to make their companies seem larger and more firmly established than they may actually be.

Highlighted AND correctly connects - seem and established (verbs) for subject - companies

Hope this helps.
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 22:49
AbdurRakib wrote:
Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find resourceful ways, like renting temporary office space or using answering services, that make their company seem large and more firmly established than they may actually be.



(A) that make their company seem large

(B) to make their companies seem larger

(C) thus making their companies seem larger

(D) so that the companies seem larger

(E) of making their company seem large

We need "companies" at place of "company"

"ways to" is correct
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Re: Especially in the early years, new entrepreneurs may need to find reso   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2018, 22:49

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