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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their

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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:00
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

 

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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:09
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

This is an easy question. The most important thing to note is the conclusion of the argument - Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.
All we have to do is check whether the parents are really harming them or not.

Let's get to POE.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
This is irrelevant. We don't care what are the most common ones.

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
This again is of no use. The author just talks about harming, not being able to deal with diseases, not about death.

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
Yes, this is the correct answer. If the answer to the above question is YES, it strengthens the argument and if the answer is NO, it weakens the argument.

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
This is irrelevant.

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
We don't care if new ones come in the future. All we want to know is if the parents are currently harming the kids or not.


IMO C.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:24
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.

Conclusion of the argument is: by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

To harm them the diseases against which the immunity is not developed should be present so that they can affect the children. Only Option C answers that question.

Hence Answer = C
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jul 2019, 09:30
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?
If we can find a reason why the side effects of using the pills are irrelevant, the argument would completely change.

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
Knowing the type of pills used would not help in evaluating whether taking the pills hurts or harms the children

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
Timing is not an issue in evaluating the argument, as it is not discussed in the passage, and there are better answer choices available.

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
If the diseases aren't present in the countries the children live in, we can assume the children wouldn't be adversely affected, so this answer choice makes sense. If the side effects of the pills are not an issue, then the parents aren't hurting their children by treating them with the pills.

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
This answer choice doesn't address the issue we are asked to evaluate. We learn nothing about the exposure to side effects from the treatment in question.

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
Does not address whether the use of the pills currently available exposes children to negative side effects.

The correct answer choice is most likely C.

Originally posted by Jbrandl1 on 25 Jul 2019, 08:24.
Last edited by Jbrandl1 on 29 Jul 2019, 09:30, edited 2 times in total.
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jul 2019, 08:49
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Quote:
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.


In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills(A) to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu(B). These pills(A) help the children overcome the flu(B), but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system(C) from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu(B) will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus(D). Therefore, by giving children pills(A) to handle simple diseases(B), parents are actually harming them(E).


From above analysis we have
A->B
A->C
B->D
Therefore,A->B->E(Assuming D is harmful)

In order to conclude A->B->E, we need to build the logical gap A->B->D->E
We need to understand the existence of D(viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus) in order to conclude as above.
Option C helps us in analyzing

Hence C
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:40
IMO answer is E:
to evaluate the argument we need to look at a choice which weakens on one end and strengthens on the other end based on the validity of the statement.
A,B and D does not do anything to the conclusion namely giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

so, only options left are C and E.
out of these two options, C tells if these viruses are found or not in western countries. However, if not now, these diseases can be there tomorrow thereby making it not possible to evaluate the argument.
E on the other hand, does tell that if these medicines are being developed, then parents do not do harm, if not then they are doing harm thereby giving a chance to evaluate the arg.
so IMO E


In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:43
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C IMO.

This is an evaluate question. The stimulus basically says parents are harming their children by giving them pills that do not let children's immune develop fully to fight harmful diseases. Below are my reasons to eliminate each option.

In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
Does not matter. We are trying to figure whether children are actually getting harmed by using those piils, we dont care what those piils are.

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
Does not help. Mortality rates may get influenced by other 10,000 factors, doesn't have to be piils.

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
Correct. If lethal viral diseases are not found in these countries, then piils are not harming children. If they are found, then piils do harm them.

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
Does not matter. We are trying to see if piils harm children, even if they harm just 1 child.

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
Out of scope. New pills are not discussed in the stimulus, so we dont care about them.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:46
COnclusion of the argument ; Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.
its an evaluate based question so correct option would be the one which passes variance test i.e it strengthens and weakens conclusion
Option C; Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
Yes, the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries ; this strengthes
the lethal viral diseases mentioned are not found in Western countries ; this weakens
IMO C

Rest all other options are irrelevant
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:49
C has to be the answer because a YES would establish that parents are harming and a NO would establish that it doesn't matter as the lethal viral diseases are not there in western countries.
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jul 2019, 09:25
Quote:
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.


Argument: [con] using pills to cure simple flu's is actually harmful to kids [prem] because these prevent the i.system from developing, [prem] which makes them unable to fight lethal diseases!

(A) irrelevant, this doesnt help evaluate why pills are bad and parents should stop giving it.
(B) irrelevant, comparing mortality rates now vs past, doesnt help evaluate the argument.
(C) irrelevant, if lethals are or not found there, this doesnt help us evaluate why parents should stop giving pills.
(D) irrelevant, if most or some parents give pills to their kids, this doesnt help us evaluate whether they should stop giving it.

Answer (E): this attacks the premises and if true the argument falls, if false the argument stands.

Originally posted by exc4libur on 25 Jul 2019, 08:52.
Last edited by exc4libur on 25 Jul 2019, 09:25, edited 1 time in total.
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Jul 2019, 01:58
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We need to find an answer without which the argument cannot survive-

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
Knowing the names of the pill will not help us determine whether the immune system should be prepared to deal with the given lethal diseases.

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
There can be various reasons for a change in infant mortality rates. Eliminate.

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
This can help us determine the argument. If the mentioned lethal diseases are not found in those countries, the parents are not harming the children by not letting the children’s immunity develop to fight those diseases.

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
Determining that will not help. The question is whether the ones, who are giving the pills to their children, are harming their children’s immunity.

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
Knowing that will not help. The question is whether the ones, who are currently giving the pills to their children, are harming their children’s immunity.

Answer C

Originally posted by Sayon on 25 Jul 2019, 08:54.
Last edited by Sayon on 26 Jul 2019, 01:58, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 25 Jul 2019, 08:58
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In evaluation question we need to consider " what if " . What if if this answer is not present will it effect question. Or what is more important thing it its not there will split question.

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are. : We are not worried about pills name
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past. : This is strong contendor for answer but falls short, as infant mortality rate if less parents can give pills , but we are not worried about rate, rather health of children not newborn
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries. :Correct : If lethal diseases are not present why are we discussing this question, So it has an impact
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills : In correct, not worried about percentage
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system. : It leads us to future, what can be done, we need present solution,

IMO C
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jul 2019, 20:46
Premises:
-Pills help the children overcome flu but prevent the IS to deal with viruses => IS not fully developed
-IS that hasnt had to handle simple viral diseases, unable to deal with lethal ones.

Conclusion:

by Giving pills -> parents are harming their childen

Prethink:

So here, we can say that actually is there an assumption that in some particular time, children are going to have some lethal viruses and they will not be able to overcome them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are. Irrelevant
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past. the passage does not mention actual mortality rates, so this one is out of scope
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries. this one may help and is aligned with our prethink analysis
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills % of parents is totally irrelevant
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.the statement is talking about current situation, so this one is irrelevant.

So (C) is our answer.

Originally posted by Mizar18 on 25 Jul 2019, 09:09.
Last edited by Mizar18 on 25 Jul 2019, 20:46, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:18
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?


In such a type of questions, I ask myself in what scenario will the conclusion not hold and look for the answer.
So, when parents actually don't harm their kids considering that they give them pills and their immune system do not fully develop to handle lethal viral diseases?


A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
we are not interested in kinds of pills

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
This could seem fine but we do not compare infants of past with present infants in the argument

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
This could give the answer to our question. Parents do not harm their kids because it is unlikely that they will meet such lethal viral diseases
But, in the other case, if the lethal viral diseases are found in Western countries then parents harm their children so much!


D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
This does not really impact the conclusion

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
This option tells us about what will happen in the future, but the argument is concerned to present time


The answer is C
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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:18
1
Quote:
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?


This is Critical Reasoning (CR) question and we need to identify here which statement will be useful to evaluate the argument. Let us consider the options now:

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are. - Even if we identify what these pills are, it will not aid us in evaluating the argument. Incorrect
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past. - The passage concentrates on comparison of simple viral illnesses such as flu with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola. It has nothing to do with comparison of infant mortality in the present and in the past. Incorrect
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries. - Among given options, this one is the best. However, someone might admit, that children could travel abroad and get susceptible to the lethal viral diseases. Nonetheless, taking into account that no other options present are better, this is the best choice. Correct
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills - Even if not all of the parents give their children the pills, the children who are taking pills will be vulnerable to lethal viral diseases according to the passage. Incorrect
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system. - Even though it sounds optimistic, the development can be in far future, and will not aid anyhow the children who take pills against simple viral diseases. Incorrect

Answer: C
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:28
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In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Premises: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus.
Conclusion: By giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
This statement does not affect the conclusion. Incorrect

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
This statement does not affect the conclusion. Incorrect

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
If yes, the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries, then by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.
If no, the lethal viral diseases mentioned are not found in Western countries, then by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are not actually harming them.
This statement would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above. Correct

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
This statement does not affect the conclusion. Incorrect

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
The conclusion states that by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them. The conclusion is about present and is unaffected by a future event that new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system. Incorrect

IMO C
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:31
IMO Correct answer is C

In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are - The argument is portraying that "use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses".... Which type of medicine, what are the common types of pills is outside the scope of consideration - Lets say if we manage to know some specific types of pills are given to counter Viral illness & rest are not so common types, but these do not justify if these most common types prevent the immune system by working on its own or not. So, Incorrect.
B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past - now again a new concept is introduced "infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past", we dont know if in past as well parents do provide pills to their children to overcome viral illness, so this is out of consideration - Incorrect
C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries - Now, if the lethal viral diseases are not found in Western countries then by means the argument shatters, so no matter the immune system is strong enough to deal with these lethal virus diseases as a result of parents giving their children pills for common viral diseases, if other lethal diseases are not prevalent in west, then it is not satisfactory that the practice of giving pills will in turn harm their children. - CORRECT
D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills - If it is 10%, or 99.9%, who cares, the consideration does not involve a certain set of parents, it is a generalized fact set - Discard
E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system - May be or may not be, may be they develop immune system more, but that does not guarantees that these immune system development will in turn sufficient to tackle those lethal viral diseases - Discard
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:36
In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their children overcome simple viral illnesses such as the flu. These pills help the children overcome the flu, but they also have the effect of preventing the immune system from dealing with the viruses themselves, thus not allowing the immune system to fully develop. It is estimated that an immune system that hasn’t had to handle simple viral diseases such as the flu will be unable to deal with lethal viral diseases such as Ebola, smallpox or the Dengue virus. Therefore, by giving children pills to handle simple diseases, parents are actually harming them.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?


A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are-Incorrect
knowing the name of pill does help with the evaluation of the argument , we need other uses if any

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.-Incorrect
we don't know when this argument was written current or past or future . so can't compare

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries. -incorrect
may not be now but may later as this argument is talking when lethal viral diseases attack

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills -Incorrect
whether it is 5% or 90% , we still have to address the issue that children are not having sufficient immune system

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.-Correct
lets test it
if I say yes - then it weakens the argument that parents are right
No - then it strengthen the argument

So E is the correct Answer
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:44
1
A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
This is irrelevant. Our concern is whether those pills are harmful to the immune system - Eliminate

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
We are not told about mortality. Just the chances of contracting viral diseases. Mortality is more extreme than what we need. - Eliminate

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
Our scope of study is within the range of Western countries. If the viral diseases are present, then yes the children are harmed with the risk of contracting the diseases. If no, they are not harmed - Keep

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
Irrelevant. We need to evaluate whether that percentage that gives pills is harming their children. - Eliminate

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
This is in the future. We are assessing whether the children being given pills even now are harmed. - Eliminate

Answer is (C)
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2019, 09:56
Parents use medicinal pills to help their children get better from simple viral illnesses. however, this blocks the development of immune system to fight complicated viruses. hence by doing this, parents are harming their children.

Which of the following would be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument above?

A. What the most common pills against viral illnesses such as the flu are.
knowing the names of the most common pills will not suggest whether parents are harming their children or not by providing those pills.

B. Whether the infant mortality rates for children in the West are higher now relative to what they were in the past.
group of children referred in the argument could consists of infant and other children. however, as infant is not the only group specified, any conclusion around only infant group will not be useful in the conclusion made for larger group.

C. Whether the lethal viral diseases mentioned are found in Western countries.
Let's say those viruses are not found in western countries. then we don't need the argument itself. however, we have to take into consideration that if there is an argument, we consider those premises as true and try to evaluate the argument as that is true.

D. What percentage of parents in Western countries actually give their children pills
Even if the percentage or number of parents giving the pills is low, knowing this number will not strengthen/weaken the conclusion.

E. Whether new pills will be developed that will both defeat simple illnesses and aid the development of the immune system.
will there be new pills that can do both cure the children and also develop their immune system. then these pills will not harm them. unless you are assuming this is not a possibility then there are chances of harming the children.

E is the answer!
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Re: In most Western countries, parents use medicinal pills to help their   [#permalink] 25 Jul 2019, 09:56

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