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No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc

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No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 09:39
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No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florence has decreed him a stately cenotaph in Santa Croce, by the side of her most famous sons, recognizing that, whatever other nations may have found in his works, Italy found in them the idea of her unity and the germs of her renaissance among the nations of Europe. Whilst it is idle to protest against the world-wide and evil signification of his name, it may be pointed out that the harsh construction of his doctrine which this sinister reputation implies was unknown to his own day, and that the researches of recent times have enabled us to interpret him more reasonably. It is due to these inquiries that the shape of an "unholy necromancer," which so long haunted men's vision, has begun to fade.

Machiavelli was undoubtedly a man of great observation, acuteness, and industry noting with appreciative eye whatever passed before him, and with his supreme literary gift turning it to account in his enforced retirement from affairs. He does not present himself, nor is he depicted by his contemporaries, as a type of that rare combination, the successful statesman and author, for he appears to have been only moderately prosperous in his several embassies and political employments. He was misled by Catherina Sforza, ignored by Louis XII, overawed by Cesare Borgia; several of his embassies were quite barren of results; his attempts to fortify Florence failed, and the soldiery that he raised astonished everybody by their cowardice. In the conduct of his own affairs he was timid and time-serving; he dared not appear by the side of Soderini, to whom he owed so much, for fear of compromising himself; his connection with the Medici was open to suspicion, and Giuliano appears to have recognized his real forte when he set him to write the "History of Florence," rather than employ him in the state. It is on the literary side of his character, and there alone, that we find no weakness and no failure.
Q1) What is the primary purpose of the second paragraph in the passage?
A. To highlight major contributions of Machiavelli
B. To praise Machiavelli‘s keen observation skills
C. To discuss contrasting aspects of Machiavelli‘s personality
D. To conclude that Machiavelli was a great author
E. To state that Machiavelli was not as wicked as a person as he has been historically made out to be

Q2) Which of the following can be inferred about Machiavelli from the passage?
A. He was renowned for his oratory skills
B. The people of his time did not view him as harshly as did later generations
C. He was a great statesman and author
D. He was a poor soldier
E. Machiavelli was buried in Italy

Q3) According to the information in the passage, why did Italy provide Machiavelli a cenotaph next to her most famous sons?
A. Machiavelli was responsible for freeing Italy from the clutches of slavery
B. Machiavelli‘s works made Italy famous amongst the European nations
C. Machiavelli‘s works were responsible for the re-emergence of Italy as a unified nation
D. Machiavelli had been unjustly treated by other countries of the world
E. Machiavelli started the Italian renaissance by encouraging Italians to be united

Q4) The passage implies each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Several of Machiavelli‘s assignments as a statesman did not bear any results
B. At some point of time Machiavelli was assigned the task of protecting Florence
C. Machiavelli was not very aggressive in his conduct
D. Machiavelli was a better writer than his contemporaries
E. Modern research has helped diminish the negative aura around Machiavelli


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Re: No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 09:41

Topic and Purpose


The passage starts off by stating that Italy views Machiavelli‘s contribution to it in a positive light and goes on to illustrate how Machiavelli was just an average statesman but an excellent author

Passage Map


Para 1 states that most nations view Machiavelli in a negative light but Italy views him positively. Also states that the traditional negative view of Machiavelli may not be entirely accurate
Para 2 describes Machiavelli as an average statesman and provides examples of the same. The last line states that he was a flawless author, however
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Re: No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 20:56

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No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 20:59
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Official Answers and Explanations


Q1) What is the primary purpose of the second paragraph in the passage?
A. To highlight major contributions of Machiavelli
B. To praise Machiavelli‘s keen observation skills
C. To discuss contrasting aspects of Machiavelli’s personality
D. To conclude that Machiavelli was a great author
E. To state that Machiavelli was not as wicked as a person as he has been historically made out to be
The 2nd para states that Machiavelli was an average statesman and provides several examples of the same. However it also states that he had great observation skills and was a flawless writer. Hence (C) should be the best answer.
A – The paragraph does not highlight any major contributions of Machiavelli
B – This is just mentioned in the first line but the para does more than just this
D – While this is also stated, this is not the main purpose of the entire para
E – This is actually stated in the first para and not the second

Q2) Which of the following can be inferred about Machiavelli from the passage?
A. He was renowned for his oratory skills
B. The people of his time did not view him as harshly as did later generations
C. He was a great statesman and author
D. He was a poor soldier
E. Machiavelli was buried in ItalyThe first para states that ‗the harsh construction of his doctrine.......was unknown to his own day’; this clearly implies that people at his time did not have as negative a view of Machiavelli as did later generations i.e. (B) is the correct answer.
A – The passage never mentions Machiavelli‘s oratory skills
C - He was just a great author but a poor statesman
D – The passage states that the soldiery raised by Machiavelli was poor but we can‘t say
that this was necessarily true for Machiavelli as well
E – The first line of the passage states that it is not clear where Machiavelli‘s bones rest

Q3) According to the information in the passage, why did Italy provide Machiavelli a cenotaph next to her most famous sons?
A. Machiavelli was responsible for freeing Italy from the clutches of slavery
B. Machiavelli‘s works made Italy famous amongst the European nations
C. Machiavelli’s works were responsible for the re-emergence of Italy as a unified nation
D. Machiavelli had been unjustly treated by other countries of the world
E. Machiavelli started the Italian renaissance by encouraging Italians to be united
The first para states that ‘Italy found in them the idea of her unity and the germs of her renaissance‘. (C) can clearly be inferred from this and is the correct answer.
A – The passage makes no mention of ‗slavery‘
B - The passage does not state this either
D – While this may be true, this is not the reason why Italy so honoured Machiavelli
E – Machiavelli did not consciously start the renaissance

Q4) The passage implies each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Several of Machiavelli‘s assignments as a statesman did not bear any results
B. At some point of time Machiavelli was assigned the task of protecting Florence
C. Machiavelli was not very aggressive in his conduct
D. Machiavelli was a better writer than his contemporaries
E. Modern research has helped diminish the negative aura around Machiavelli
While the passage does mention that Machiavelli was a great writer, it does not compare him with any of his contemporaries. Hence (D) is not be implied by the passage and should be the correct answer.
A – This is mentioned in the 2nd paragraph
B - This is mentioned in the 2nd paragraph
C - This is mentioned in the 2nd paragraph
E – This can be inferred from the last sentence of the first paragraph

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Re: No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 21:34
1
GmatWizard wrote:
No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florence has decreed him a stately cenotaph in Santa Croce, by the side of her most famous sons, recognizing that, whatever other nations may have found in his works, Italy found in them the idea of her unity and the germs of her renaissance among the nations of Europe. Whilst it is idle to protest against the world-wide and evil signification of his name, it may be pointed out that the harsh construction of his doctrine which this sinister reputation implies was unknown to his own day, and that the researches of recent times have enabled us to interpret him more reasonably. It is due to these inquiries that the shape of an "unholy necromancer," which so long haunted men's vision, has begun to fade.

Machiavelli was undoubtedly a man of great observation, acuteness, and industry noting with appreciative eye whatever passed before him, and with his supreme literary gift turning it to account in his enforced retirement from affairs. He does not present himself, nor is he depicted by his contemporaries, as a type of that rare combination, the successful statesman and author, for he appears to have been only moderately prosperous in his several embassies and political employments. He was misled by Catherina Sforza, ignored by Louis XII, overawed by Cesare Borgia; several of his embassies were quite barren of results; his attempts to fortify Florence failed, and the soldiery that he raised astonished everybody by their cowardice. In the conduct of his own affairs he was timid and time-serving; he dared not appear by the side of Soderini, to whom he owed so much, for fear of compromising himself; his connection with the Medici was open to suspicion, and Giuliano appears to have recognized his real forte when he set him to write the "History of Florence," rather than employ him in the state. It is on the literary side of his character, and there alone, that we find no weakness and no failure.
Q1) What is the primary purpose of the second paragraph in the passage?
A. To highlight major contributions of Machiavelli
B. To praise Machiavelli‘s keen observation skills
C. To discuss contrasting aspects of Machiavelli‘s personality
D. To conclude that Machiavelli was a great author
E. To state that Machiavelli was not as wicked as a person as he has been historically made out to be
Q2) Which of the following can be inferred about Machiavelli from the passage?
A. He was renowned for his oratory skills
B. The people of his time did not view him as harshly as did later generations
C. He was a great statesman and author
D. He was a poor soldier
E. Machiavelli was buried in Italy
Q3) According to the information in the passage, why did Italy provide Machiavelli a cenotaph next to her most famous sons?
A. Machiavelli was responsible for freeing Italy from the clutches of slavery
B. Machiavelli‘s works made Italy famous amongst the European nations
C. Machiavelli‘s works were responsible for the re-emergence of Italy as a unified nation
D. Machiavelli had been unjustly treated by other countries of the world
E. Machiavelli started the Italian renaissance by encouraging Italians to be united
Q4) The passage implies each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Several of Machiavelli‘s assignments as a statesman did not bear any results
B. At some point of time Machiavelli was assigned the task of protecting Florence
C. Machiavelli was not very aggressive in his conduct
D. Machiavelli was a better writer than his contemporaries
E. Modern research has helped diminish the negative aura around Machiavelli



9:44, 3 correct, 1 wrong! Good passage!

Q1) What is the primary purpose of the second paragraph in the passage?
A. To highlight major contributions of Machiavelli-Contributions is not mentioned, rather his shortcomings and his penmanship are mentioned.
B. To praise Machiavelli‘s keen observation skills-His shortcomings and his penmanship are mentioned.
C. To discuss contrasting aspects of Machiavelli‘s personality-Correct, -His shortcomings and his penmanship are mentioned.
D. To conclude that Machiavelli was a great author-He had no flaw compared to other activities he did. He was a "Great" author is too far a conclusion!
E. To state that Machiavelli was not as wicked as a person as he has been historically made out to be-No where mentioned.


Q2) Which of the following can be inferred about Machiavelli from the passage?
A. He was renowned for his oratory skills-Nopes, no where mentioned.
B. The people of his time did not view him as harshly as did later generations- Correct, by POE. One closer look to this also substantiate this choice" Whilst it is idle to protest against the world-wide and evil signification of his name, it may be pointed out that the harsh construction of his doctrine which this sinister reputation implies was unknown to his own day, and that the researches of recent times have enabled us to interpret him more reasonably..."
C. He was a great statesman and author- he was a poor statesman!
D. He was a poor soldier- He wasnt a soldier! Soldiery he raised was poor! Subtle difference!
E. Machiavelli was buried in Italy- Nopes, opposite refer " no on knew where his bones rest"


Q3) According to the information in the passage, why did Italy provide Machiavelli a cenotaph next to her most famous sons?
A. Machiavelli was responsible for freeing Italy from the clutches of slavery-Freeing from slavery is too far a claim!
B. Machiavelli‘s works made Italy famous amongst the European nations-"Famous" is too far a claim.
C. Machiavelli‘s works were responsible for the re-emergence of Italy as a unified nation-Correct, refer " Italy found in them the idea of her unity and the germs of her renaissance among the nations of Europe.."
D. Machiavelli had been unjustly treated by other countries of the world-"Unjustly" is no where mentioned.
E. Machiavelli started the Italian renaissance by encouraging Italians to be united-"Started" is not properly substantiated. Inspiration would have been a better choice of word.


Q4) The passage implies each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Several of Machiavelli‘s assignments as a statesman did not bear any results-Mentioned
B. At some point of time Machiavelli was assigned the task of protecting Florence-Mentioned
C. Machiavelli was not very aggressive in his conduct-Mentioned
D. Machiavelli was a better writer than his contemporaries-Correct answer, no where Mentioned
E. Modern research has helped diminish the negative aura around Machiavelli-Mentioned

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Re: No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2018, 08:58
honneeey wrote:
9:44, 3 correct, 1 wrong! Good passage!


honneeey, workout, GmatWizard: Do you know source of this para? Where can I find similar passages? Thanks for your help. The language and words were quite difficult to interpret. But you got to overlook those and still understand the intention. Really good one!
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No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2018, 09:07
3
Cinematiccuisine wrote:
honneeey wrote:
9:44, 3 correct, 1 wrong! Good passage!


honneeey, workout, GmatWizard: Do you know source of this para? Where can I find similar passages? Thanks for your help. The language and words were quite difficult to interpret. But you got to overlook those and still understand the intention. Really good one!


Hey hi Cinematiccuisine,
I'm glad you liked the RC, its from the Aristotle RC 99 book.
Here you go some more similar RC of 600-700 level from the same books:-
https://gmatclub.com/forum/without-ente ... 79809.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-combinat ... 79829.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/over-the-pas ... 79838.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/political-id ... 80407.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/of-course-in ... 79908.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-manor-wa ... 80171.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/it-is-safe-t ... 80188.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-extent-t ... 79728.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-fast- ... 79733.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/without-ente ... 79735.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-paradox- ... 79755.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-annual-l ... l#p2163892

Hope you find the RC useful.
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Re: No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2018, 19:03
GmatWizard... thank you so much.. appreciate your help.

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Re: No one can say where the bones of Machiavelli rest, but modern Florenc &nbs [#permalink] 01 Nov 2018, 19:03
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