GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 18 Aug 2018, 16:57

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 5121
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 10:38
1
18
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:03) correct 28% (01:10) wrong based on 889 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 58: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

(A) and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

(B) and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

(C) and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

(D) or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

(E) or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Attachment:

L1.jpg [ 79.26 KiB | Viewed 1459 times ]

Attachment:

L2.jpg [ 100.05 KiB | Viewed 1460 times ]

_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1909
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 10:40
6
Quote:
A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

I don't love the sound of this answer choice, but SC isn't ever about sound, so... whatever.

The "it" is perfect here. What are the singular nouns that precede "it"? "A language" is the only reasonable option -- and that makes perfect sense. "Those" generally works better with an antecedent of some sort, but it's basically just a synonym for "people" here, and that's acceptable. Keep (A).

Quote:
B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

"Them" is confusing: does it refer to "dialects", "sub-languages," or all the way back to "languages" at the beginning of the sentence? I also can't figure out why we would want to conjoin these phrases with "with" -- that doesn't make much sense. (A) is much better, so (B) is out.

Quote:
C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

I'm cool with the first "it", but the second "it" doesn't work: "those who have tried counting the language..."? We're trying to count languages, and that needs to be plural. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

Same problem with "them" as in answer choice (B). Plus, I don't see any good reason to use past tense here. The use of present perfect in (A) makes more sense, since people have presumably attempted to count languages in the past, and continue to do so in the present. (D) is gone.

Quote:
E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

Just a hybrid of the worst elements of (B) and (C). (E) is out, and (A) is correct.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 81
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 10:45
A, the pronoun IT near dialects refers to Language and its the correct usage since language is singular

Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding - them usage is incorrect

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find - the sentence is best described in A here it is shown in present tense

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found incorrect idiom distinguish between X and Y - correct idiom

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding incorrect idiom distinguish between X and Y - correct idiom
Board of Directors
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 3780
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 11:02
Will go for the original statement, nothing wrong with it..

IMHO (A)

_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2016
Posts: 415
Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 11:06
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 58: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

'Language' is singular so we require 'it'. Any sentence with them is OUT. => B, D, E are OUT.
Between A & C.
C - Changes the tense + what is 'it' referring to? OUT.

_________________

Put in the work, and that dream score is yours!

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 May 2017
Posts: 293
Concentration: Finance, General Management
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 20:18
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found
CORRECT

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding
Use of plural pronoun THEM for singular antecedent LANGUAGE is incorrect. Use of WITH leads to Run-on. Moreover, use of present continuous FINDING for a past event is incorrect. Hence Incorrect.

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find
Use of singular pronoun IT for plural antecedents " sub-languages or dialects" is incorrect. Moreover, use of simple present FIND for a past event is incorrect. Hence Incorrect.

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found
Use of plural pronoun THEM (1st use of THEM) for singular antecedent LANGUAGE is incorrect. Antecedent of 2nd THEM in the sentence is ambiguous. Hence Incorrect.

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding
Use of plural pronoun THEM for singular antecedent LANGUAGE is incorrect. Use of WITH leads to Run-on. Moreover, use of present continuous FINDING for a past event is incorrect. Hence Incorrect.
_________________

If you like the post, show appreciation by pressing Kudos button

Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2015
Posts: 50
Location: India
GPA: 3.7
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2017, 21:42
IMO A

D & E have not idiomatic
B - use of them is not correct
C - Not the rite tense
Manager
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 101
Schools: ISB '19, IIMA , IIMB
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2017, 05:59
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

D& E are out : distinguishing between X and Y , distinguishing between X or Y

B is out : 'with those who have tried counting typically finding' modifies 'them' . which distorts meaning and also the meaning of the sentence requires a contrast 'but'

C is out : but those who have tried counting it typically find
Experts pls comment on my understanding

one confusion : what is antecedent of pronoun 'Those" ?
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2016
Posts: 415
Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jul 2017, 06:05
rishabhdxt wrote:
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

D& E are out : distinguishing between X and Y , distinguishing between X or Y

B is out : 'with those who have tried counting typically finding' modifies 'them' . which distorts meaning and also the meaning of the sentence requires a contrast 'but'

C is out : but those who have tried counting it typically find
Experts pls comment on my understanding

one confusion : what is antecedent of pronoun 'Those" ?

'Those' is used as a demonstrative pronoun basically meaning it does not require an antecedent and can be used on it's own.
_________________

Put in the work, and that dream score is yours!

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1167
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2017, 09:35
Hi GMATNinja

I have a query regarding they vs them after viewing your youtube video for pronouns.

In the video, here is sample sentence:
Whenever I go to the post office, they overcharge me for stamps.
Here, you discarded the sentence since they should ideally refers to plural
antecedent ie people at post office,but there is no mention of people in sentence.

Using similar logic in this OG, why did you keep (A) as acceptable in spite of no people being
mentioned anywhere. If those can be understood in this OG, then why they can't be

Aren't both those and they referring to people?

It seems that they can very well acts as subject:
They are playing correct

but those needs to be followed by a noun:
those people are running correct
those do not catch fire incorrect, those is not followed by noun
those matchsticks do not catch fire correct, those is followed by noun
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Intern
Joined: 29 May 2017
Posts: 23
Location: India
GMAT 1: 530 Q45 V19
GMAT 2: 640 Q49 V28
GPA: 3.45
WE: Operations (Energy and Utilities)
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2017, 12:05
akshayk wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 58: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

'Language' is singular so we require 'it'. Any sentence with them is OUT. => B, D, E are OUT.
Between A & C.
C - Changes the tense + what is 'it' referring to? OUT.

What if option C uses 'them' in place of 'it' in the second part, will it be correct?
and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting them typically find
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2619
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2017, 13:03
Selfmotivated wrote:

What if option C uses 'them' in place of 'it' in the second part, will it be correct?
and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting them typically find

Hello Selfmotivated,

Even if we change the singular pronoun it to plural pronoun them, Choice C will continue to remain incorrect because of the phrase tried counting.

Colloquially, tried counting may sound okay. However, this expression is not considered idiomatic on GMAT SC. The phrase tried to count is an idiomatic phrase.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Joined: 23 May 2018
Posts: 44
Location: Pakistan
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V50
GPA: 3.4
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Aug 2018, 03:09
'within them' helped eliminate three choice. Left with A and C, the second 'it' in C refers to a singular while languages, dialects and sub-languages are all plural. Eliminated because of that. A is the only option left. Thus, A is the answer.
Re: QOTD: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there &nbs [#permalink] 18 Aug 2018, 03:09
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.