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Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo

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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 00:21
IMO - A

Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - Incorrect - - Verb Missing for Subject - "Scientists

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Incorrect - - Verb Missing for Subject - "Scientists

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - Incorrect - - Meaning - Scientists have found the propensity - Not make sense.

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Incorrect - - Meaning - Scientists have found the propensity - Not make sense.
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 00:47
Scientists examining [url]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops[/url] in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops ; correct ; the propensity goes right with singular verb develops

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop ; wrong the propensity does not goes with develop

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops ; meaning error; eating junk food means scientist were eating..

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop ;wrong the propensity does not goes with develop

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops ; while eating junk food means scientist were eating ... which is wrong meaning
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 02:24
Answer is A because:
Scientists have found something. Everything else is correct in this sentence.

In B & C: Scientists examining and found are not parallel

In D & E: There is a meaning change. Scientists didn't examine the rats while they were eating junk food.
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 04:10
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - 1. No verb for scientists in this sentence
2. Run on sentence

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Same error as B.

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - Scientists exmaine the fat while eating somethig - completely distorts the meaning and illogical as per context of sentence.

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Same error as D.
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 05:40
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

My Answer -> A

FACT 1-> The sentence should end with develops as we are talking about propensity and that's singular. So, B and D are out.
FACT 2->Scientists who are examining .... found out .... . Saying that there are 2 activities examining and found is wrong. Option C is out.
FACT 3-> The propensity develops slowly, as the alternate option is learned behavior . This means that this is a habit/pattern and not an event. So Option E is out.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 06:06
I would go for A.

B. Meaning Error
C. Verb missing - parallelism error
D & E 'while eating junk food' is incorrectly modifying 'scientists examining'.
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 07:12
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Correct - It is clear that Scientists have found something . who correctly modifies the rats . Have found can't refer to rats as its in possessive form .

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - REJECT . scientists did only one action . examining and found are not ll action in this case .

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - REJECT -scientists did only one action . examining and found are not ll action in this case .


(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - REJECT -While is ambiguous . are scientists eating junk food or how can the body fat eat junk food ?

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops -REJECT -While is ambiguous . are scientists eating junk food or how can the body fat eat junk food ?
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 07:48
6
A humble request – Please give KUDOS if you like the explanation.

The answer is A.

Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

Let us first dissect the sentence

Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats

who ate junk food - this is a modifier modifying the noun rats.

have found - SV pair Scientist have found

that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.
- Here that connects two clauses.
The idiom is the propensity for making…develops in utero


(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop
Examining … and found …. This is a run-on sentence that is missing a verb. Also, this is not a parallel structure

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops
Examining … and found …. This is a run-on sentence that is missing a verb. Also, this is not a parallel structure

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop
This changes the meaning of the sentence. Scientist have found the propensity to make…

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops
This changes the meaning of the sentence. Scientist have found the propensity to make…
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 15:12
Ans is A , IMO .


Scientists
examining the body fat of pregnant rats
who ate junk food
have found
that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops
in utero, not through learned behavior.

Meaning :
This ques says about something Scientists have found . Scientists were examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food . They found that the tendency for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in womb , not through learned behavior.
Analysis :
Scientists have found -- Correct SV .. The finding is still valid in present context . So present perfect is fine .
the propensity -- singular .. so develops is correct .
Who properly modifies to rats .
Examining properly modifies Scientists .
Propensity for -- Idiomatically correct as well. since making a poor choice is not an intentional behavior .
Meaning is also clear .
A seems to have no errors. :thumbsup: :)

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops
- Correct
(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop

- 1.who ate junk food and found -- gives an illogical meaning that rats found the propensity to make poor .. to develop -- so out .
- 2. Also no verb in the main clause for scientists .


(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

- and found -- is an incomplete list . Not parallel .
- 2. with use of and found there is no verb for scientists -- so out


(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop

-1. Giving illogical meaning that scientists examining body fat while eating junk food have found the tendency to make poor food choices to develop ... non-nonsensical meaning . -- out

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

- -1. Giving illogical meaning discussed in choice D that scientists examining body fat while eating junk food have found the tendency for making poor food choices develops ... non-nonsensical meaning . -- out
- 2. no subject for verb develops


Hence A is correct .
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 18:14
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

A looks fine at a first glance. Let’s keep A and proceed with the POE.

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop

Option B puts “examining”, which is a modifier parallel to found. This is incorrect.

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

This options makes the similar mistake as in B. This puts “examining”, which is a modifier parallel to found. This is incorrect.

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop

This option changes the meaning of the sentence. This option suggests that the scientists are examining the pregnant rat’s body fat at the time when this rats are eating junk foods.

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

This option changes the meaning of the sentence. This option suggests that the scientists are examining the pregnant rat’s body fat at the time when this rats are eating junk foods.

Correct Answer - A
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 19:23
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops -

(i) the action of 'examination' happens after the action of 'eating'. Hence, the usage of 'examining' and 'ate' is correct.
(ii) the 'finding' has implications that are active in the present moment. Hence, the usage of 'have found' (present perfect) is correct here.
(iii) the verb 'develops' (a singular verb) is commanded by the subject 'propensity' (which is a singular subject). We have perfect subject-verb agreement here.

Hence, for the reasons cited above, (A) is the right answer choice.

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - there's a parallelism error here. Hence, eliminate (B)

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - this suggests that the actions 'examining' and 'eating' are happening simultaneously; the simultaneity of these events does not make any sense. Hence, eliminate (C)

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - According to (D), the scientists were examining the rat's body fat while eating junk food. (LOL). this changes the intended meaning of the sentence. Hence, eliminate (D).

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Same error as described in (D). hence, eliminate (E).
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 23:46
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

Highlighted part is what's wrong in the sentence.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices - Correct

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - Incorrect - "and" should be replaced with have. Also Propensity (singular) - develop is correct verb.

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Incorrect - same error as B.

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop - Incorrect - as it wrongly refers to the Scientists and no the pregnant rats.

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Incorrect, reasoning same as B.
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 01:38
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

The answer choice is correct.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop- this choice incorrectly uses the word 'and', changing the meaning of the sentence. The core of the sentence is that a particular group of scientists has found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior. The subject of the sentence is scientists and the verb is 'have found'- using 'and' removes this verb. 'And' shows that two separate phenomena have occurred but this is not the case.

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops- Incorrect- Same as (B)

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop- the choice incorrectly indicates that the scientists were examining the body fat of pregnant rats while the rats were eating junk food ( that is- at the same time). This is not logical- it could also mean that the scientists were eating junk food while examining the rats. Also, 'to develop' is not correct.

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops- Similar to choice (D)- this answer is incorrect
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 03:36
A

Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops correct answer

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop sentence fragment because of "and"; develop should be develops

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops sentence fragment because of "and"; rats eating junk food makes sentence illogical

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop develop should be develops; rats eating junk food makes sentence illogical

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops rats eating junk food makes sentence illogical


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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 08:47
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops - Correct

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop ( The part before the "and" does not have a verb, also it logically does not convey the intended meaning, the use of " and " here does not convey the correct relationship between scientist examining the body fat and finding the propensity for their food choices) Hence incorrect

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops (The part before the "and" does not have a verb, also it logically does not convey the intended meaning, the use of " and " here does not convey the correct relationship between scientist examining the body fat and finding the propensity for their food choices, eating junk food incorrectly conveys that scientists are examining the rats while they are eating junk food ) Hence incorrect

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop (Scientists are examining the pregnant rats who have body fat not just their body fats. While eating junk food incorrectly conveys that scientists are examining the rats while they are eating junk food ) Hence incorrect

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops (Scientists are examining the pregnant rats who have body fat not just their body fats. While eating junk food incorrectly conveys that scientists are examining the rats while they are eating junk food ) Hence incorrect
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2020, 20:10
Scientists examining the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops in utero, not through learned behavior.

(A) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food have found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops : Correct :inlove: Correct Idiom is "propensity for" . All grammars/SA are in place.

(B) the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk food and found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop Incorrect "propensity to" is not correct

(C) the body fat of pregnant rats eating junk food and found that the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops Incorrect Wrong Sentence structure. There is no verb before "and". "Scientists .... ( verb missing) and found that" . Examining is the modifier that modifies scientists

(D) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity to make poor post-weaning food choices to develop Incorrect "propensity to" is not correct

(E) pregnant rats' body fat while eating junk food have found the propensity for making poor post-weaning food choices develops . Incorrect Wrong meaning. It seems Scientist are eating junk food.
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Re: Scientists examining [u]the body fat of pregnant rats who ate junk foo   [#permalink] 30 May 2020, 20:10

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