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V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 05:39
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

69% (01:13) correct 31% (00:02) wrong based on 16 sessions

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With the outbreak of the civil war which ran through 1861-65, women and men alike eagerly volunteered to fight for the cause. In the Northern states, women organized ladies' aid societies to supply the Union troops with everything they needed, from food (they baked and canned and planted fruit and vegetable gardens for the soldiers) to clothing (they sewed and laundered uniforms, knitted socks and gloves, mended blankets and embroidered quilts and pillowcases) to cash (they organized door-to-door fundraising campaigns, county fairs and performances of all kinds to raise money for medical supplies and other necessities).

But many women wanted to take a more active role in the war effort. Inspired by the work of Florence Nightingale and her fellow nurses in the Crimean War, they tried to find a way to work on the front lines, caring for sick and injured soldiers and keeping the rest of the Union troops healthy and safe. In June 1861, they succeeded: The federal government agreed to create "a preventive hygienic and sanitary service for the benefit of the army" called the United States Sanitary Commission. The Sanitary Commission's primary objective was to combat preventable diseases and infections by improving conditions (particularly "bad cookery" and bad hygiene) in army camps and hospitals. It also worked to provide relief to sick and wounded soldiers. By war's end, the Sanitary Commission had provided almost $15 million in supplies-the vast majority of which had been collected by women-to the Union Army.

Nearly 20,000 women worked more directly for the Union war effort. Working-class white women and free and enslaved African-American women worked as laundresses, cooks and "matrons," and some 3,000 middle-class white women worked as nurses. The activist Dorothea Dix, the superintendent of Army nurses, put out a call for responsible, maternal volunteers who would not distract the troops or behave in unseemly or unfeminine ways: Dix insisted that her nurses be "past 30 years of age, healthy, plain almost to repulsion in dress and devoid of personal attractions." (One of the most famous of these Union nurses was the writer Louisa May Alcott.) Army nurses traveled from hospital to hospital, providing "humane and efficient care for wounded, sick and dying soldiers." They also acted as mothers and housekeepers-"havens in a heartless world"-for the soldiers under their care.

Which of the following is supported by the passage?

A. The Sanitary Commission provided $15 million in supplies in 1861
B. The primary objective of The Sanitary Commission was to increase the involvement of American women in the Civil War
C. The role of women in the war was restricted to supplying the army with food, clothing and cash before The Sanitary Commission was created
D. There were 3,000 nurses in the Union working to help the army during the war
E. The Sanitary Commission employed women only to improve the conditions of the army and thereby prevent infectious diseases

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Re V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 05:39
Official Solution:

With the outbreak of the civil war which ran through 1861-65, women and men alike eagerly volunteered to fight for the cause. In the Northern states, women organized ladies' aid societies to supply the Union troops with everything they needed, from food (they baked and canned and planted fruit and vegetable gardens for the soldiers) to clothing (they sewed and laundered uniforms, knitted socks and gloves, mended blankets and embroidered quilts and pillowcases) to cash (they organized door-to-door fundraising campaigns, county fairs and performances of all kinds to raise money for medical supplies and other necessities).

But many women wanted to take a more active role in the war effort. Inspired by the work of Florence Nightingale and her fellow nurses in the Crimean War, they tried to find a way to work on the front lines, caring for sick and injured soldiers and keeping the rest of the Union troops healthy and safe. In June 1861, they succeeded: The federal government agreed to create "a preventive hygienic and sanitary service for the benefit of the army" called the United States Sanitary Commission. The Sanitary Commission's primary objective was to combat preventable diseases and infections by improving conditions (particularly "bad cookery" and bad hygiene) in army camps and hospitals. It also worked to provide relief to sick and wounded soldiers. By war's end, the Sanitary Commission had provided almost $15 million in supplies-the vast majority of which had been collected by women-to the Union Army.

Nearly 20,000 women worked more directly for the Union war effort. Working-class white women and free and enslaved African-American women worked as laundresses, cooks and "matrons," and some 3,000 middle-class white women worked as nurses. The activist Dorothea Dix, the superintendent of Army nurses, put out a call for responsible, maternal volunteers who would not distract the troops or behave in unseemly or unfeminine ways: Dix insisted that her nurses be "past 30 years of age, healthy, plain almost to repulsion in dress and devoid of personal attractions." (One of the most famous of these Union nurses was the writer Louisa May Alcott.) Army nurses traveled from hospital to hospital, providing "humane and efficient care for wounded, sick and dying soldiers." They also acted as mothers and housekeepers-"havens in a heartless world"-for the soldiers under their care.


Which of the following is supported by the passage?

A. The Sanitary Commission provided $15 million in supplies in 1861
B. The primary objective of The Sanitary Commission was to increase the involvement of American women in the Civil War
C. The role of women in the war was restricted to supplying the army with food, clothing and cash before The Sanitary Commission was created
D. There were 3,000 nurses in the Union working to help the army during the war
E. The Sanitary Commission employed women only to improve the conditions of the army and thereby prevent infectious diseases

The passage states the with the establishment of The Sanitary Commission the role of women in the civil war expanded to include more duties. So option C is correct. Option A is not consistent as $15 million was the total money spent in the war, not just in 1861. Option B is also incorrect as the commission was created to improve hygiene and care for the army. Option E is also incorrect because women had other duties beyond improving health conditions. Lastly, option E is incorrect

Answer: C
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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 19:11
What is wrong with d?

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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2018, 19:12
some 3,000 middle-class white women worked as nurses

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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 04:25
ankushbagwale wrote:
some 3,000 middle-class white women worked as nurses

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Some introduces uncertainty . However Option D certainly says that 3000 were involved
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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2018, 04:12
so if you are saying D is incorrect because of the word "some" in passage then for option C also the passage says....Northern states, women organized ladies' aid societies to supply the Union troops with everything they needed, from food, to clothing (to cash. This is means it was including but not limited to, and the option says restricted to which may include these and beyond, so if D is wrong then C is also not right.. For me it seems C & D are both correct
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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2018, 01:58
disenapati wrote:
so if you are saying D is incorrect because of the word "some" in passage then for option C also the passage says....Northern states, women organized ladies' aid societies to supply the Union troops with everything they needed, from food, to clothing (to cash. This is means it was including but not limited to, and the option says restricted to which may include these and beyond, so if D is wrong then C is also not right.. For me it seems C & D are both correct


I have the same concern. In the first paragraph, no where is stated that those were the only activities performed by the women. For option D, I don't see it to be wrong either. The Answer provided even skipped the option D. Please elaborate.
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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 09:13
VodkaHelps wrote:
disenapati wrote:
so if you are saying D is incorrect because of the word "some" in passage then for option C also the passage says....Northern states, women organized ladies' aid societies to supply the Union troops with everything they needed, from food, to clothing (to cash. This is means it was including but not limited to, and the option says restricted to which may include these and beyond, so if D is wrong then C is also not right.. For me it seems C & D are both correct


I have the same concern. In the first paragraph, no where is stated that those were the only activities performed by the women. For option D, I don't see it to be wrong either. The Answer provided even skipped the option D. Please elaborate.


The statement that addressed the number of nurses in the given passage is this: "Nearly 20,000 women worked more directly for the Union war effort. Working-class white women and free and enslaved African-American women worked as laundresses, cooks and "matrons," and some 3,000 middle-class white women worked as nurses."

If you continue reading, the immediate sentence says: "Dorothea Dix, the superintendent of Army nurses put out a call for responsible, maternal volunteers..."
This suggests that more nurses were asked to volunteer and join The Sanitary Commission.
This means that its quite probable that there were more than 3,000 nurses participating in the initiative.

Hope this helps!
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Re: V30-06  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2018, 06:22
Dear GMATNinja, egmat Could you help me understand the flaw in my reasoning?

But many women wanted to take a more active role in the war effort. Inspired by the work of Florence Nightingale and her fellow nurses in the Crimean War, they tried to find a way to work on the front lines, caring for sick and injured soldiers and keeping the rest of the Union troops healthy and safe.

So it mentions about role women played in the Crimean War too.

Now the option choice to be correct should explicitly state "The role of women in the "Civil" war was restricted to supplying the army with food, clothing and cash before The Sanitary Commission was created"

Thanks
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Re: V30-06 &nbs [#permalink] 26 Oct 2018, 06:22
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