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An increasing body of scientific research suggests

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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:00
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also

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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:06
An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also

Co relative conjunction error type ; IMO D; is correct
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New post Updated on: 26 Jul 2019, 08:38
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Quote:
An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.


(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by - influenced should be common to both not only and but also. Incorrect
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also- influenced should be common to both not only and but also. Incorrect
C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by - are in breaking parallelism. Incorrect
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by-correct
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also missing by. Incorrect


Hence D
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Originally posted by kitipriyanka on 26 Jul 2019, 08:19.
Last edited by kitipriyanka on 26 Jul 2019, 08:38, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:24
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

This is an easy question. Straight parallelism. All the have to do is correctly follow the parallelism. One thing to note is that the correct idiom is NOT ONLY.... BUT ALSO... Also, a thing to note is that what follows not only should also follow but also.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
This is incorrect, faulty parallelism.

(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
This is incorrect, faulty parallelism.

(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
This is incorrect, faulty parallelism.

(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
This is the correct choice. By is followed in both the parts.

(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
This is incorrect, faulty parallelism.

IMO D.
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:25
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not only..but also.. should be parallel

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by-- not parallel
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also-- not parallel
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by-- not parallel
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by -- Correct
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also---- not parallel
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:27
(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by=====maintains the correct parallel structure. Of Not only but also.
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:33
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There could ideally by two possible sequences
1-not only influenced by......., but also influenced by.....
2- influenced not only by......,but also by....
(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also

The only option that doesn't violate the rule of parallelism is Option D.
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New post Updated on: 26 Jul 2019, 10:07
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This question is testing parallelism:

Checking errors in every option:

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
is not only A, but also are B – Not parallel. SV error.

(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
is not only A, but also B – Not parallel.

(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
is influenced not only by A, but also are by B - Not parallel. SV error.

(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
is influenced not only by A, but also by B. Looks good. Hold.

(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
Is influenced not only by A, but also B. Not parallel.

Answer D

Originally posted by Sayon on 26 Jul 2019, 08:36.
Last edited by Sayon on 26 Jul 2019, 10:07, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:37
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D

Pretty straight forward, question is testing simple idiom - not only x but also y.

Here are my reasons to eliminate each option:

An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
not parallel, we have "not only influenced ....but also are ..." verb in X and only helping verb "are" in Y are not parallel

(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
not parallel, we have "not only influenced ....but also behavioral ..." verb in X and noun in Y are not parallel

(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
not parallel, we have "not only by ....but also are ..."Preposition in X and verb in Y are not parallel

(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
Correct, we have "not only by ....but also by ..."Preposition in X and Preposition in Y are not parallel

(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
not parallel, we have "not only by ....but also behavioral ..." Preposition in X and noun in Y are not parallel
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:39
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IMO answer is D:

idiom is not only by...but also by
only D seems to satisfy


An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
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New post Updated on: 27 Jul 2019, 06:01
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

Not only X but also Y
is influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.
is correct parallelism

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
Use of are is incorrect since not only X but also Y should be parallel.
not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also influenced by is correct

(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
not only X but also Y parallelism is not correct. influenced by should have been used in both X & Y. Incorrect
not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also influenced by is correct

(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
Use of are is incorrect since not only X but also Y should be parallel.
influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by is correct.

(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone –is influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.
The sentence is grammatically correct and follows not only X but also Y parallelism.
Correct

(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
In not only X but also Y, by is missing in Y. Incorrect
influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by is correct parallelism.

IMO D
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Originally posted by Kinshook on 26 Jul 2019, 08:40.
Last edited by Kinshook on 27 Jul 2019, 06:01, edited 4 times in total.
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:41
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

not only...but also is a closed parallel marker which indicates that what comes between "not only" and "but also" must match what is after "but also"

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
influenced by =/= are by behavioral factors
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
influenced by =/= by behavioral factors
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
by diet and alcohol consumption =/= are by behavioral factors
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
by diet and alcohol consumption = by behavioral factors [correct]
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
by diet and alcohol consumption =/= behavioral factors
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:42
Ans D.

The only one that conforms to II str Not only (by N-phrase) II But also (By N-phrase).
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New post Updated on: 26 Jul 2019, 18:57
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This one is about parallelism.

An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

Error Analysis

Here we have to notice that the correct idiom is not only x but also y, so entities after these markers must be parallel; here in the original sentence we have not only influenced,, but also are, are is not parallel with influenced so we need one option in which both entities are parallel.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by -wrong per error analysis
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also -wrong per error analysis
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by -not only by..., but also are by... "are" is making the second part not parallel
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by -Seems good
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also -Here the second parts needs a by, since the first part is [b]not only by..[/b]

So (D) is our answer.

Originally posted by Mizar18 on 26 Jul 2019, 08:43.
Last edited by Mizar18 on 26 Jul 2019, 18:57, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:48
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Quote:
An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also


Meaning: the health of the microbiome is "influenced" not only by…, but also by…
Idiom: not only… but also (needs to maintain parallelism)

(A) "not only influenced… but also are by": not parallel;
(B) "not only influenced by…, but also b. factors": not parallel;
(C) "not only by…, but also are by": not parallel;
(E) "not only by…, but also b.factors": not parallel;

Answer (D).
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:49
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by

body of research suggests that health is not only X but also are is not parallel. Incorrect
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also

body of research suggests that health is not only influenced by but also --- is not parallel. Incorrect
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
but also 'are' is incorrect since its not parallel.
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
CORRECT
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
not only by should be followed by but also by. so incorrect
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 08:52
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

Here is the question of an idiom "not only...but also" and parallelism

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
This option is wrong because it does not contain any verb after "but also", that is logically parallel to "influenced"

(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
This option is wrong because it does not contain any verb after "but also" at all

(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
Here after "not only" goes "by", this implies that after "but also" should be "by" too, without any verbs

(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
CORRECT

(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
Here, "by" is required after "but also"


The answer is D
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 09:05
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.

We should look for either of the two constructions :

influenced by not only A & B but also C
OR
influenced not only by A & B but also by C

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by - What is are doing here?
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also - by is missing at the end

Ans should be (D)
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 09:06
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In sentence correction (look at the starting word of the underline potion at first), then we see the NOT ONLY and as we know NOT ONLY is parallel to BUT ALSO (i.e. we must have similar structure in the parts after NOT ONLY_____BUT ALSO___
A) NOT ONLY influenced (-ed form) BUT ALSO are by (not an -ed form verb or the modifier (Hence out)
B) NOT ONLY influenced (-ed) form BUT ALSO behavioral factors (noun) (hence out)
C) NOT ONLY [u]by diet (prepositional phrase[/u] BUT ALSO are(verb) (hence out)
D) NOT ONLY by diet (prepositional phrase BUT ALSO by behavioral factors (prepositional phrase (keep it)
E) NOT ONLY by diet ( prepositional phrase) BUT ALSO behavioral factors (noun) (hence out)
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New post 26 Jul 2019, 09:11
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An increasing body of scientific research suggests that the overall health of the human microbiome – consisting of as many as 1000 different species of bacteria in the gut alone – is not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by behavioral factors as diverse as insomnia, exercise, and oral hygiene.
Idiomatic error and parallelism error tested here

(A) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by
influenced should be before “not only... and “are” is wordy Incorrect
(B) not only influenced by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
parallelism breaks here Incorrect
(C) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also are by —> breaks parallelism here so Incorrect
(D) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also by
[maintains parallelism and makes sense] CORRECT
(E) influenced not only by diet and alcohol consumption, but also
[omits ‘by’ hence, breaks parallelism
Incorrect]

Smash that D :)

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