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# In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in

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Manager
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2010, 10:15
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59% (01:27) correct 41% (01:13) wrong based on 316 sessions

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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2010, 13:09
6
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
IMO.... D

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States. - Weakens

(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers. - Weakens

(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market. - Weakens

(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe. - Correct. As this statement has no effect on the conclusion of the stem. The conclusion is "the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better." This option only says the passengers have greater chance of accident in US. The reason could be anything!

(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents. - Weakens
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##### General Discussion
Intern
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2010, 10:23
1
option D.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2010, 11:42
3
SudiptoGmat wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
Clearly explains that its not the belt but the habit of europeans. So out

(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
Clearly explains that its not the belt but the training which help them. So out

(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
If the car is more sturdy them chances of severe accident becomes less. so out

(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
Completely out of scope and doesnt explain why safety belt will not reduce the chances of severe accident

(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.
So belt is not so effective as was thought to be so out

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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2010, 12:46
1
SudiptoGmat wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.weakens.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.weakens
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.does a sturdy construction ensure less severe injuries..Cant be sure acc to me..Best answer..
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.weakens
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.weaken.

the answer is C acc to me..from the passage any reason that strengthens or is neutral towards the conclusion is the answer..
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2010, 06:36
After going through the options, I have reduced my answer options to D and E.
Among these two, I would choose E. Because:

E mentiones that "States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average....... "
If we obsere the BOLD letter - Requiring - in the above statement, it is clear that the states have not yet implemented the rule but just conemplating of doing it so. And this options-E, as whole neither weaken not strengthen the argument, hnce the answer.

Coming to option D, it says that there are some other reasons(statistical) other than the lack of safetly belt to the severe accidents in US. In a way, it eakens the argument, hence its not the correct answed.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2010, 07:49
Sudipto...where did you get the question. Although I got the answer right (i.e. D), I was not sure about the argument after reading the choices.

I phrase argument like: More stringent safety belt designs would better protect passengers in US as already shown in Europe.
I thought there was a scope shift in 'different kind' to 'design'

After reading the answers I had to rephrase my argument: US needs more stringent rules to protect US passengers.
I am little unsure about all this.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2010, 03:54
D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.

the ans should be D since more number of injuries and severity of injury is completely different
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2010, 14:23
D is my guess. . .statement indicates a greater chance of accident. . this is not relevent to the conclusion. . .does not strengthen or weaken
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2012, 07:14
I agree with the opinions of the most, i.e., D.
But, initially I overlooked the word EXCEPT in the question and struggled a lot. Need to read questions carefully...
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2016, 11:54
I have a doubt with E, argument says United States needs to adopt more stringent standards
why because in US passengers involved in auto mobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe
and in Europe require a different kind of safety belt.
What if same Europe is applied in states and injurious severity reduces.
to strengthen assumption is Europe seat belt is not able to reduce severity hence US need more standard.
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2016, 02:36
mbaprep2016 wrote:
I have a doubt with E, argument says United States needs to adopt more stringent standards
why because in US passengers involved in auto mobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe
and in Europe require a different kind of safety belt.
What if same Europe is applied in states and injurious severity reduces.
to strengthen assumption is Europe seat belt is not able to reduce severity hence US need more standard.

No, E says "States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents." This point itself makes doubt if the European safety belt was the only reason in reduction of injuries in Europe, as the same when applied to other nations didn't provide similar or near to similar results. Thus , it could happen that seat belt is not something that is causing severe accidents in US. hence, E is a weakener.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 22:15
abhimahna wrote:
mbaprep2016 wrote:
I have a doubt with E, argument says United States needs to adopt more stringent standards
why because in US passengers involved in auto mobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe
and in Europe require a different kind of safety belt.
What if same Europe is applied in states and injurious severity reduces.
to strengthen assumption is Europe seat belt is not able to reduce severity hence US need more standard.

No, E says "States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents." This point itself makes doubt if the European safety belt was the only reason in reduction of injuries in Europe, as the same when applied to other nations didn't provide similar or near to similar results. Thus , it could happen that seat belt is not something that is causing severe accidents in US. hence, E is a weakener.
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Hit Kudos if you like the answer.

Is this a gmat-like question?
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 22:17
mojorising800 wrote:
SudiptoGmat wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.weakens.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.weakens
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.does a sturdy construction ensure less severe injuries..Cant be sure acc to me..Best answer..
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.weakens
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.weaken.

the answer is C acc to me..from the passage any reason that strengthens or is neutral towards the conclusion is the answer..

I understand your thinkings, but D is actually the answer, not C.
First, D gives a statistic to support the conclusion, and hence D strengthens the argument.
Secondly, D does not give a reverse causal relationship. Even if there is a reverse causal relationship, D does not make much sense.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 22:18
SudiptoGmat wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.

what is the source of this question? It looks like a sub-600
Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 22:18
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