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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and

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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 07:36
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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and pay
(B) clean, grow fast, and that pay
(C) clean and fast-growing and that pay
(D) clean and grow fast, paying
(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying


SC75561.01

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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 11:12
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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and pay --- the list should contain three adjectives clean, fast -growing and another adjective such as 'paying' rather than the verb 'pay'

(B) clean, grow fast, and that pay --- no list parallelism maintained. Clean is adjective, grow fast is a verb.

(C) clean and fast-growing and that pay --same problem as in A.

(D) clean and grow fast, paying -- second item is not an adjective.

(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying -- All the three items are parallel. By expansion, the three items are 1. that are clean, 2 that are fast growing and 3. that are paying. This is the correct choice.
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 03:55
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hazelnut wrote:
Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and pay
(B) clean, grow fast, and that pay
(C) clean and fast-growing and that pay
(D) clean and grow fast, paying
(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying


SC75561.01


Official Explanation

Parallelism; Verb form

The sentence lists three characteristics of the industries that many states most desire to attract. The answer choices each provide ways to conjoin these characteristics within the sentence.

Normally, a series of three nouns or adjectives would have a comma following each one, with and preceding the third. Note that this method requires adequate parallelism among the three items.

As written, the third of these characteristics is conveyed by a verb form, either pay or paying. However, the first of the three items is the adjective clean, which is of course not parallel with the verb pay.

A. This choice is incorrect for the reasons stated above.

B. The adjective clean is not parallel with pay.

C. Correct. Both clean and fast-growing are adjectives and are therefore parallel; they can correctly be conjoined by and. This choice creates a sentence with the relative clause that pay . . . workers. Notice that the sentence has another relative clause that are clean and fast-growing. This relative clause parallels the other one. Using and to conjoin these two clauses, each modifying industries, is logical and correct.

D. The adjective clean is not parallel with the verb grow.

E. The adjective clean is not parallel with the verb form paying.

The correct answer is C.
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2019, 10:50
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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and paylacks parallelism . "are" is already a verb there hence pay can not be added iwth pay
(B) clean, grow fast, and that payCorrect form should be "clean, that grow fast, and that pay"
(C) clean and fast-growing and that paymaintains parallelism
(D) clean and grow fast, payingpaying is a modifies that should have modified industries
(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying paying is incorrect as are as its present continuous with simple present "are"
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 02:14
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Only C & E are parallel.I like C over E as industries are not paying high wages now. C says generally that industries that pay high wages.

We dont need present continuous here
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2019, 23:37
ArtVandaley wrote:
Only C & E are parallel.I like C over E as industries are not paying high wages now. C says generally that industries that pay high wages.

We dont need present continuous here



ArtVandaley,
In option C- Many states, in search of industries that are clean and fast-growing, and that pay good wages.....
Dont you think that we have a parallelism problem. I can see we have the construction Industries that are X and that Y
but here, industries that are clean and fast growing. clean and fast growing are adjectives that describe industries, whereas pay is a verb that talks about what industries do.
In the OA, the option E is disregarded, for the reason that clean and fast growing are adjectives and paying is a verb. So, its incorrect. I want to understood how is C correct then?
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2019, 00:13
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Everything from THAT to WORKERS is modifying the noun INDUSTRIES. So what do we have? Industries THAT x and THAT y. What are our x and y?
x = ARE clean and fast-growing
y = PAY good wages

Since clean and fast-growing are adjectives, while pay is a verb, we need a way to provide all of these traits without trying to make them parallel items in one list. So we have the verb ARE to introduce the adjectives, and the verb PAY to make the last point.
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2019, 01:03
I think of it as the way -

Eg. We shouldn’t, “with all intents and purpose”, pollute the mother-earth.

Here the given sentence, according to me, performs the same function as the parts in between comma in the above sentence perform.
It is like extra information, here.. and both the sentences have “and” in these comma structure.

The words within the comma should be parallel as DmitryFarber pointed out - that x and that y..

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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2019, 06:34
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Hi sunny91,

Thanks for asking. I understand where you are making a mistake.

When you read option E(or for that matter, any parellism question), here is what you should do.
You should understand what parts are parallel and then read the stem seperately to see if that makes sense.

for example, She is beautiful and sexy. YOu should see that beautiful and sexy are adjectives defining "she" and when you break down the sentence into two parts, it makes sense- She is beautiful and she is sexy.

Similarly, When it comes to E, you should read it as below.

industries that are clean,
industries that are fast-growing,
and
industries that are paying good wages to skilled workers.

Here VERB ADJECTIVE.

So, paying is part of a verb and not verbing or adjective.

BEsides, there is a subtle meaning issue with E. Industries that are paying restricts the sentence to only those industries that are paying now. Whereas the orginal sentence meant to say Industries that pay- generally(could be IT industry India, consultancy in US), but it may be the case they the might not be paing high wages right now.

When it comes to C, two that clauses are perfectly parallel and work in conjunction to define the type of industries author is talking about.

sunny91 wrote:
ArtVandaley wrote:
Only C & E are parallel.I like C over E as industries are not paying high wages now. C says generally that industries that pay high wages.

We dont need present continuous here



ArtVandaley,
In option C- Many states, in search of industries that are clean and fast-growing, and that pay good wages.....
Dont you think that we have a parallelism problem. I can see we have the construction Industries that are X and that Y
but here, industries that are clean and fast growing. clean and fast growing are adjectives that describe industries, whereas pay is a verb that talks about what industries do.
In the OA, the option E is disregarded, for the reason that clean and fast growing are adjectives and paying is a verb. So, its incorrect. I want to understood how is C correct then?
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2019, 13:17
I have question of C,

why it does not need a COMMA? I think it should be written as "clean and fast-growing, and that pay.."
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2019, 14:28
Cincy2019 wrote:
I have question of C,

why it does not need a COMMA? I think it should be written as "clean and fast-growing, and that pay.."


Hi, the sentence here is like—
“Many states,” ......... modifier.........”, are trying to.....”

If there’s another comma, it will be counted as an error because subject is “states” and the verb is far away “are” .. whole sentence is described giving an additional statement which contains the underlined part as well..

So we don’t need to end the modifier anywhere in the middle where we don’t intend it to end.
It’s like
Eg.
I, knowing that I’ll be successful in this job and in life, at times doubt my abilities.

If any comma is added before the word “life”.. the modifier will end there

I’m hopeful that you’re able to understand the modifier here : “knowing..... life”

If you compare this sentence with original sentence’s option c), you’ll see quite a similarity and that will help your understanding

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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2019, 10:46
globaldesi wrote:
Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and paylacks parallelism . "are" is already a verb there hence pay can not be added iwth pay
(B) clean, grow fast, and that payCorrect form should be "clean, that grow fast, and that pay"
(C) clean and fast-growing and that paymaintains parallelism
(D) clean and grow fast, payingpaying is a modifies that should have modified industries
(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying paying is incorrect as are as its present continuous with simple present "are"


(B) isn't totally true

there is no parallelism issue because of that, you certainly do not need a that x, that y, that z structure for a sentence to maintain parallelism.
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Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2019, 07:44
hazelnut wrote:
Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and pay
(B) clean, grow fast, and that pay
(C) clean and fast-growing and that pay
(D) clean and grow fast, paying
(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying


SC75561.01


Main Issue


Parallelism


clean: adjective
fast-growing: adjective
pay: verb
grow fast: verb
that pay: modifier
are paying: verb

We should have a list in which all items should be same type. Adjective + Adjective = Parallel. Adjective + something else != Parallel

(A) clean, fast-growing, and pay - Wrong: Parallelism
(B) clean, grow fast, and that pay - Wrong: Parallelism
(C) clean and fast-growing and that pay - Correct
(D) clean and grow fast, paying - Wrong: Parallelism
(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying - Wrong: Parallelism
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2019, 08:18
Here the basic mistake is we cannot connect if the city is clean/fast growing ...With Pay
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2019, 21:46
daagh wrote:
Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and pay good wages to skilled workers, are trying to attract high-technology industries.

(A) clean, fast-growing, and pay --- the list should contain three adjectives clean, fast -growing and another adjective such as 'paying' rather than the verb 'pay'

(B) clean, grow fast, and that pay --- no list parallelism maintained. Clean is adjective, grow fast is a verb.

(C) clean and fast-growing and that pay --same problem as in A.

(D) clean and grow fast, paying -- second item is not an adjective.

(E) clean, fast-growing, and paying -- All the three items are parallel. By expansion, the three items are 1. that are clean, 2 that are fast growing and 3. that are paying. This is the correct choice.


you are giving people the wrong answer. you have done this in another question before as well. This is mis advice
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2019, 22:32
If we break down the parallelism in option E, it becomes followings:
1. Industries that are clean (meaning the industries that are ALWAYS clean)
2. Industries that are fast-grows (meaning the industries that ALWAYS has rapid/ high growth )
3. Industries that ARE PAYING (meaning the industries that are NOW PAYING more. Perhaps those industries paid less in the past).

So, option E doesn’t go with the intended meaning (here given in option A). So, option E is wrong.
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2019, 10:56
Hi GMATNinja.. With your logic here it would be: Many states, in search of industries that are clean and fast-growing and that pay, are trying to attract high-technology industries. So, if we replace "that" with "industries" over here then it would not make any sense. So how come C is correct?
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2019, 15:13
gdatta I don't think any expert would suggest that we replace "that" with "industries" in this sentence. "That" is creating a modifier for "industries," not serving as a pronoun to stand in for that word. Be careful of overgeneralizing from one sentence to another. While "that" can be a regular pronoun, it has many other uses, including its use here as a relative pronoun that modifies a noun.
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Re: Many states, in search of industries that are clean, fast-growing, and   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2019, 15:13
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