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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane

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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 07:59
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms

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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Jul 2019, 09:05
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms ; modifier error
(B)[color=#ff0000] consumed[/color] by millions of Africans and [color=#00ffff][color=#ed1c24]resembling [/color][/color]silkworms ; llism
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms ; modifier error
(D) [color=#00a651]that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms [/color]; it here refers to the mopane worm and singular subject the mopane has singular verb resembles incorrect option
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms ; verb ed and verb ing error

IMO B

Originally posted by Archit3110 on 22 Jul 2019, 08:09.
Last edited by Archit3110 on 23 Jul 2019, 09:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:17
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

This is an easy question.
It tests your ability to understand modifiers properly.
The meaning of the sentence is that A mopane worn are often canned in ..... We are given additional information about mopane worm i.e they are consumed by millions and resembled silkworms.

Now let's get to POE:-

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
This is incorrect by and That together does not have anything in parallel to modify.

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
This is the correct choice. In case you are confused Consumed is a verb ed modifier and resembling is also a verb ed modifier, Hence they both are parallel and are modifying A large caterpillar.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
This again is not parallel, Comma after that is incorrect.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
This again is incorrect, IT is ambiguous in this case.

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Again comma that changes the meaning, Hence this is incorrect.

IMO:- CHOICE B
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Jul 2019, 03:57
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Per the meaning of the sentence, we have mopane worm, which is a type of large caterpillar, resembling silk worms. These mopane worms are often canned in tomato sauce or chilli sauce to enhance flavor.

Checking errors in each sentence:

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
“that” points towards “a large caterpillar”. The sentence ends up meaning that large caterpillars are often canned in tomato sauce... Does not specifically point to mopane worm.

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
Hold.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Resembling modifies the previous clause.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
“it” looks awkward in the sentence.

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Resembling modifies the previous clause.

Answer B

Originally posted by Sayon on 22 Jul 2019, 08:33.
Last edited by Sayon on 23 Jul 2019, 03:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jul 2019, 10:57
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Quote:
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms --> both modify large caterpillar
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms


In the above sentence,

"Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa" correctly modifies "the mopane worm"
"a large caterpillar" also modifies "the mopane worm"
"consumed by millions of Africans" and "resembled silkworms" modifiy "a large caterpillar" which in turn modifies "the mopane worm".
But "that" used after "and" creates parallelism error.

POE:
A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms: Parallelism error
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms --> both consumed by and resembling silkworms modify a large caterpillar correctly.
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> here the mopane worm has no verb in the sentence
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms--> Incorrect sentence formation, makes no sense.
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> same as C, the mopane worm has no verb in the sentence

Option B is the answer

Originally posted by techloverforever on 22 Jul 2019, 08:35.
Last edited by techloverforever on 22 Jul 2019, 10:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:42
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.
Parallelism: 1)consumed by millions
2)resembled silkworms


(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms---past tense is incorrect as it still resembles silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms --correct as both are adjectives
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms---Africans don't resembles silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms---that and it are not parallel
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms--------africans dont resembles silkworms
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jul 2019, 09:20
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Quote:
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar [u]consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms[u], are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms


Meaning: the worm, a cat consumed [past part] by many AND resembling [pres part] silkworms, are often canned…

(A) "consumed… that resembled" imps the worm doesnt resemble anymore, unintended; also, "consumed… that" isn't parallel, out.
(C) "that is…and that are" the cat is singular, "are" is plural, also unintended meaning, out;
(D) "that is…and it resembles", parallelism issue, out;
(E) "consumed and that are", cat is singular, "are" is plural; also, parallelism issue, out.

Answer (B).

Originally posted by exc4libur on 22 Jul 2019, 08:44.
Last edited by exc4libur on 22 Jul 2019, 09:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jul 2019, 20:59
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This one is about parallelism of the modifiers that affect the entity "caterpillar"

Error analysis:

Verb -ed modifier "consumed" is not parallel to "that resembled silkworms", which is a relative pronoun modifier = clause, so we must look for an answer that lists 2 parallel modifiers for "caterpillar" entity.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms - Incorrect as error analysis
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms - Seems good
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - usage of comma after the second "that" is incorrect; in this one, the mopane worm does not have a verb
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms - that clause is not parallel to it resembles
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - usage of comma after the second "that" is incorrect; in this one, the mopane worm does not have a verb

So (B) is our answer.

Originally posted by Mizar18 on 22 Jul 2019, 08:47.
Last edited by Mizar18 on 22 Jul 2019, 20:59, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:51
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Quote:
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms



(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms - missing verb for 'that' in the sentence
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms

In this sentence, we have a noun phrase modifier for 'the mopane worm'.
This noun phrase communicates 2 things about the caterpillar 'consumed by millions of Africans' and 'that resembled silkworms'
These two are participles in the form of verb-ed modifier and verb-ing modifier which can be parallel.
Thats why B is the best options.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - missing verb for 'that' in the sentence
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms - unparallel
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - missing verb for 'that' in the sentence

Hence B
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:52
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B

Here my reasons to eliminate each option.

Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
"and" is a llism marker here, the right side has a "that" where as none on the left side. Also, "resembled" is wrong meaning ways, it shows there's no resemblance anymore. Eliminate

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
"that" is removed, so llism is maintained. Also, "resembling" is better.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
llism error, left side of "that" is a modifier where as right side is a clause.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
Run on sentence, the second clause has no comma. Also, unnecessary wordy.

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
llism error again.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:55
IMO answer is E

we need to separte large caterpillar as are is present after the catrpillar and this should refer to resembling acting as modifier to silkworms.
this is done only in E.


Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:58
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A - unparallel --> that... that format --> for 2nd "that" there is no parallel 1st "that"
C - Unprallel --> that "is consumed" and "resembling"
D - "that" and "it" are not parallel
E - unparallel --> "that" is only present in the 2nd part.

Hence, B is the answer.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 08:59
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
X and Y parallism is not correct. Incorrect

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
X and Y parallelism is correct.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
X and Y parallelism is not correct. Use of comma(,) is also incorrect. Incorrect

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
X and Y parallelism is not correct. Incorrect.

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
X and Y parallelism is not correct. Incorrect

IMO B
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jul 2019, 23:43
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IMO B

Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.


(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms

'a large caterpilar that resembled silkworm' will be wrong because the mopane worm still resembles the silk worm

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
Correct parallelism 'resembling is continuous and correctly following parallelism rules

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
comma after that is wrong and make the diction wrong.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
Not parallel.

'that is...'
and
'it is....'

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
and that comma is wrong

Originally posted by abhishekdadarwal2009 on 22 Jul 2019, 09:04.
Last edited by abhishekdadarwal2009 on 22 Jul 2019, 23:43, edited 1 time in total.
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Jul 2019, 09:13
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms ---- "and that" should have something to be parallel with, but it doesn't have it:(
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms -CORRECT. consumed and resembling are parallel and used correctly
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms ---- in this situation, it is a phrase, not a sentence, because of lack of verb.
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms --- this structure is not parallel. Also, the mopane worm is plural here as indicated by "are"
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms ---- "and that" should have something to be parallel with, but it doesn't have it:(

Originally posted by ancored on 22 Jul 2019, 09:12.
Last edited by ancored on 22 Jul 2019, 09:13, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 09:12
A has to be the answer.
though I am not sure

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 09:17
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms

From the question above, the modifier ...consumed by millions of Africans need to be introduced through "that" and this is missing in A, B , and E leaving us with two answer choices in C and D.

In D, "it resembles" instead of a parallel structure using "that" as found in C.

Final answer is C.

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 09:20
Answer B; parallel adjectives
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 09:21
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms --> "consumed" & "that resembled" aren't parallel
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms --> correct: two adjectives/modifiers "consumed" & "resembling" are parallel & both modify "caterpillar"
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> no main verb
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms --> no main verb before "and", also "that is consumed" & "it resembles" aren't parallel
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> no main verb
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 09:27
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(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms : that donot refer back clearly to caterpillar
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms : its correct eliminating unnecesary , it and that as used in other statements, Further using Conjucation AND we have made a single clause and resempbling silkworms refer back to caterpillar
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms : second that is problem : out
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms : It is problem : Out
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms : same as C

IMO : B
Here in most of cases we have pronoun ambiguity problem :
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2019, 09:27

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