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The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,

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The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 138
Page: 660

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

Originally posted by sacmanitin on 11 Oct 2009, 07:10.
Last edited by hazelnut on 28 Jan 2018, 16:41, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2009, 07:25
sacmanitin wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

why D why not E ??? ,tHankS !!


"determined by" is the correct idiom. Option "E" is wordy.
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2009, 08:06
Hussain15 wrote:
sacmanitin wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

why D why not E ??? ,tHankS !!


"determined by" is the correct idiom. Option "E" is wordy.


I almost chose E, but I agree it is wordy.
D is better
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2010, 17:00
Almost chose E.....
less wordy and "determined" and "as a result" both of them together looked redundant
So wnt for D
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2010, 00:50
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sacmanitin wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

why D why not E ??? ,tHankS !!


"The direction" requires the verb form "was determined", not "were determined". Eliminate A and B.
Earth and "other planets-Mercury, Venus, and Mars" is plural, requires spin no spins. Eliminate C.
The difference between "determined by" and "determined as a result of" is the correct idiom. Eliminate E.

Best answer choice is D.
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2010, 09:07
This is a problem on split modifier of Verb.

The direction - singular so we need singular verb WAS not WERE.
SPIN is correct because we have certain planets and in D DETERMINED BY is correct idiom.

sacmanitin wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

why D why not E ??? ,tHankS !!

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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2010, 11:13
ABC eliminated as per SV Agreement,

For D/E - the question is based on Passive voice construction

A + to be verb + past participle + by/as a result of/through + B

If the action is directly related to B "by" is used in passive construction
If the action is indirectly related to B "as a result of/through" is used.

Hence IMO D

Hope this helps !!
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2012, 09:07
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The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2012, 09:40
TomB wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.


D is best.

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

Read through the same colored parts , they are the corresponding subject- verb pairs.

direction--> was (singular)
the earth and the other solid planets--> spin (plural)

hope this helps..!!
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2012, 11:01
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2012, 07:06
Swoosh617 wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"

same doubt
so "as a result" or "by"
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2012, 10:49
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A simple and methodical approach: There are two subjects namely 1. The singular ‘direction’ for the main clause and a compound and plural subject for the sub-clause ‘the Earth and the other solid planets’. Now we must match them with suitable verbs

The main verb has to be singular; therefore, ‘was determined’ is appropriate. A plural verb is required for the sub-clause; therefore, ‘spin’ is apt.

Only D and E have the combination of both these verbs. E is lost because a determination or solution itself is a result and therefore ‘determined as a result of’ is unduly superfluous and repetitive. ‘Determined by’ is the accepted idiom. D is the choice
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 11:48
Swoosh617 wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"


Right, you got it - once you break this down it is quite easy. SC often punishes those who pick "wordier" answers - IMO determined and as a result of are repetitive, since you can only determine something as a result of some process, so "determined by" will suffice.

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars— spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

1) The direction (singular) in which blah blah blah blah blah *was* (must also be singular) determined.
2) The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars- spin (must be plural because it refers to multiple planets) blah blah blah
3) determined from collisions with blah blah blah. Here, the correct phrasing is "determined as a result of," but that can be shortened to "determined by," which gives us the most concise sentence.
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Re: SV Agreement  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2012, 06:27
The direction is the main subject: it’s singular and its verb should be was; in which the Earth and the other solid planets - Mercury, Venus, and Mars – is the plural subject of the sub-clause and its verb should be the plural spin; In addition, the correct idiom is determined by

(A) spins were determined from --------- both verbs are wrong; determined from is unidiomatic
(B) spins were determined because of ------- both verbs are wrong
(C) spins was determined through ------------ spins is wrong
(D) spin was determined by -------------------- correct choice; both verbs are correct; idiom determined by is right
(E) spin was determined as a result of ------- both verbs are correct; as a result of is unidiomatic
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2014, 04:12
This questions tests only two things.
1. SV Agreement and,
2. Idiom.

Earth and the other solid planets- 'compound subjects' therefore we need to used 'compound verb'

A,B and C are out.

Next,
Determined by OR
Determined as a result of

Correct Idiom: Determined by

Hence the choice is D.

Hope it helps!
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2015, 09:28
(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of


In cases where they are 2 sub match them with the correct form of verb .

the earth and other planets will take a plural verb that is spin and the direction is singular so it will take was . so a b and c eliminated ;

Determined by - is an idiom so answer is D .
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 00:35
Imo D
Verb has to be plural
Determined as a result is wordy and redundant

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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2017, 00:59
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from -- subject-verb agreement -- direction were ; the earth and other solid planets spins
(B) spins were determined because of -- subject-verb agreement -- direction were ; the earth and other solid planets spins
(C) spins was determined through -- -- subject-verb agreement -- the earth and other solid planets spins
non-sensical ; "X is determined through Y" means that "Y" is a method used to find out "X".
E.g., Optimal drug structure is often determined through combinatorial chemistry"”in other words, experimentation with essentially random combinations of chemical substitutions on a parent molecule.
(D) spin was determined by - Correct
(E) spin was determined as a result of - redundant ; specifically, "result of" signifies causation, so any other construction that also signifies causation creates fatal redundancy.
was determined as a result of... = saying exactly the same thing twice, so, redundant
was determined by... = not redundant
was a result of... = not redundant

Answer D
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Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, &nbs [#permalink] 12 Dec 2017, 00:59
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