GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 28 Feb 2020, 21:40

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 65
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 13 Dec 2019, 00:12
4
11
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (00:51) correct 30% (00:56) wrong based on 724 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

Originally posted by sacmanitin on 11 Oct 2009, 06:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Dec 2019, 00:12, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5311
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2012, 09:49
5
3
A simple and methodical approach: There are two subjects namely 1. The singular ‘direction’ for the main clause and a compound and plural subject for the sub-clause ‘the Earth and the other solid planets’. Now we must match them with suitable verbs

The main verb has to be singular; therefore, ‘was determined’ is appropriate. A plural verb is required for the sub-clause; therefore, ‘spin’ is apt.

Only D and E have the combination of both these verbs. E is lost because a determination or solution itself is a result and therefore ‘determined as a result of’ is unduly superfluous and repetitive. ‘Determined by’ is the accepted idiom. D is the choice
_________________
GMAT SC is not about knowing either grammar or meaning. It is about applying your knowledge in the Hall. --- +91 9884544509 or <newnaren@gmail.com>
General Discussion
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: The last round
Joined: 18 Jun 2009
Posts: 1140
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Oct 2009, 06:25
sacmanitin wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

why D why not E ??? ,tHankS !!


"determined by" is the correct idiom. Option "E" is wordy.
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Jan 2010
Posts: 15
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Apr 2010, 16:00
1
Almost chose E.....
less wordy and "determined" and "as a result" both of them together looked redundant
So wnt for D
BSchool Moderator
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 292
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2010, 23:50
1
2
sacmanitin wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

why D why not E ??? ,tHankS !!


"The direction" requires the verb form "was determined", not "were determined". Eliminate A and B.
Earth and "other planets-Mercury, Venus, and Mars" is plural, requires spin no spins. Eliminate C.
The difference between "determined by" and "determined as a result of" is the correct idiom. Eliminate E.

Best answer choice is D.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 12 Mar 2012
Posts: 181
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Apr 2012, 08:40
TomB wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.


D is best.

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

Read through the same colored parts , they are the corresponding subject- verb pairs.

direction--> was (singular)
the earth and the other solid planets--> spin (plural)

hope this helps..!!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 138
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.69
WE: Analyst (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Apr 2012, 10:01
1
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Apr 2012
Posts: 9
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
GPA: 3.79
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2012, 10:48
1
Swoosh617 wrote:
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from
(B) spins were determined because of
(C) spins was determined through
(D) spin was determined by
(E) spin was determined as a result of

can somebody match the subject and verb in the above sc. I am confused.

So the first verb i see is "spins," and then I asked myself "what spins?" The "other solid planets" are spinning, and because the planets are plural, the verb should reflect that. That rules out answer choices A, B, and C because they use "spins" which would reflect a singular subject. That leaves D and E. I chose D since it's less wordy and I'm not too sure if you can say "determined as a result of"


Right, you got it - once you break this down it is quite easy. SC often punishes those who pick "wordier" answers - IMO determined and as a result of are repetitive, since you can only determine something as a result of some process, so "determined by" will suffice.

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars— spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

1) The direction (singular) in which blah blah blah blah blah *was* (must also be singular) determined.
2) The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars- spin (must be plural because it refers to multiple planets) blah blah blah
3) determined from collisions with blah blah blah. Here, the correct phrasing is "determined as a result of," but that can be shortened to "determined by," which gives us the most concise sentence.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5311
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2012, 05:27
The direction is the main subject: it’s singular and its verb should be was; in which the Earth and the other solid planets - Mercury, Venus, and Mars – is the plural subject of the sub-clause and its verb should be the plural spin; In addition, the correct idiom is determined by

(A) spins were determined from --------- both verbs are wrong; determined from is unidiomatic
(B) spins were determined because of ------- both verbs are wrong
(C) spins was determined through ------------ spins is wrong
(D) spin was determined by -------------------- correct choice; both verbs are correct; idiom determined by is right
(E) spin was determined as a result of ------- both verbs are correct; as a result of is unidiomatic
_________________
GMAT SC is not about knowing either grammar or meaning. It is about applying your knowledge in the Hall. --- +91 9884544509 or <newnaren@gmail.com>
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2455
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2017, 23:59
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from -- subject-verb agreement -- direction were ; the earth and other solid planets spins
(B) spins were determined because of -- subject-verb agreement -- direction were ; the earth and other solid planets spins
(C) spins was determined through -- -- subject-verb agreement -- the earth and other solid planets spins
non-sensical ; "X is determined through Y" means that "Y" is a method used to find out "X".
E.g., Optimal drug structure is often determined through combinatorial chemistry"”in other words, experimentation with essentially random combinations of chemical substitutions on a parent molecule.
(D) spin was determined by - Correct
(E) spin was determined as a result of - redundant ; specifically, "result of" signifies causation, so any other construction that also signifies causation creates fatal redundancy.
was determined as a result of... = saying exactly the same thing twice, so, redundant
was determined by... = not redundant
was a result of... = not redundant

Answer D
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Aug 2018
Posts: 31
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2018, 04:10
1
I have a doubt if the question was written like 'The direction in which the Earth and each of the other three solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars'...We have to use the ver 'Spins' instead of Spin, right? Please someone clarify.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 25 Nov 2017
Posts: 78
Location: India
GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
GMAT 2: 660 Q50 V29
GPA: 3.56
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2018, 05:27
The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars—spins were determined from collisions with giant celestial bodies in the early history of the Solar System.

(A) spins were determined from : The subject for verb spin = The earth & other planets > subject is plural, so spin. Again subject for were is the direction, singular.So was in place of were. Determined from is wrong: Determined by.
(B) spins were determined because of : same error as in A.
(C) spins was determined through : Error as in A.
(D) spin was determined by : correct.
(E) spin was determined as a result of : determined by.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
G
Joined: 25 Jul 2017
Posts: 47
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 570 Q48 V20
GMAT 2: 520 Q49 V12
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V35
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2019, 00:26
prav04 wrote:
I have a doubt if the question was written like 'The direction in which the Earth and each of the other three solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars'...We have to use the ver 'Spins' instead of Spin, right? Please someone clarify.


it will still remain same, as and(conjunction) still makes the 'Earth and each of the other three solid planets—Mercury, Venus, and Mars' plural.
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 8377
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Nov 2019, 07:00
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2019, 07:00
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The direction in which the Earth and the other solid planets—Mercury,

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne