GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Sep 2018, 13:57

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Jun 2013
Posts: 117
GMAT 1: 650 Q50 V27
GMAT ToolKit User
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2015, 08:50
5
49
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (00:46) correct 35% (01:17) wrong based on 1413 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water

_________________

Please kindly click on "+1 Kudos", if you think my post is useful

Most Helpful Community Reply
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Oct 2011
Posts: 23
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2015, 09:35
9
2
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water

'WHICH '.....is a relative pronoun refers to preceding noun but in the above sentence 'which ' refers to Froze ( Verb ) and to burst ( infinity verb )

B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water

same as A

C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released

WHICH '.....is a relative pronoun refers to preceding noun but in the above sentence 'which ' refers to Froze ( Verb )

D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water

causing heads of sprinkler system to burst........is a modifier....... that gives the result of the action , which is correct but .....then releasing torrents of water .......is wrong because here meaning of the sentence changes .........it says that water pipes themselves releasing water


E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water


causing heads of sprinkler system to burst........is a modifier....... that gives the result of the action , which is correct .

'and '.........shows 2 independent action and parallel marker.

Burst || release

correct answer is E
General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Aug 2015
Posts: 27
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GPA: 3.3
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2015, 13:12
1
I saw the official explanation for this question. And it looks like, they are not stressing on the error "which". Here which is not used properly and this will help to eliminate 3 choices.
Any idea why?
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2015
Posts: 71
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2015, 00:19
rakeshpai1 wrote:
I saw the official explanation for this question. And it looks like, they are not stressing on the error "which". Here which is not used properly and this will help to eliminate 3 choices.
Any idea why?

I also am quite certain that we can indeed easily eliminate the first three options due to incorrect usage of "which".

If possible and if it is allowed, can you post the exact official explanation? It will help us understand the official line of thinking.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Oct 2011
Posts: 23
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2015, 06:11
I am agree to gmatgrl .


If possible and if it is allowed, can you post the exact official explanation? It will help us understand the official line of thinking.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Jun 2013
Posts: 117
GMAT 1: 650 Q50 V27
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Nov 2015, 02:04
2
2
alphaseeker wrote:
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water


This sentence describes a causal sequence of events leading to flooded second-floor offices. One of the steps, sprinkler heads bursting, was presumably simultaneous with the release of torrents of water, so it is best to present these events as actions attached to the same subject (heads of the sprinkler system). The sentence as given attempts to explain the sequence in a chain of relative clauses, using the pronoun which to introduce successive steps. The precise reference of his relative pronoun is somewhat obscure-it appears to refer to the entire preceding clause- and the sequence separates the simultaneous bursting of heads and releasing of water into two temporally separate events.

A) The reference of the second which is obscure, and the sentence implausibly separates bursting heads and releasing of torrents into two temporally separate events.

B) Joining the relative pronouns with the conjunction and makes the freezing of the water pipes the subject of both caused .... and released ... Thus, it seems to indicate, somewhat implausibly, that the freezing of the pipes directly released torrents of water independently of its causing the sprinkler heads to burst.

C) The passive verb were... released obscures the causal sequence behind the releasing of torrents of water. The introduction of a new independent clause without a conjunction is ungrammatical and makes this version a run-on sentence.

D) As in (B), the structure of this version makes the freezing of the pipes the subject of both causing... and releasing... The introduction of the sequential marker then divides the bursting of heads and releasing of torrents of water into two separate events in the sequence. It indicates, implausibly, that the pipes' freezing directly released torrents of water after it had also caused the sprinkler heads to burst.

E) Correct. The elimination of the relative pronoun clarifies the causal sequence of events, and the double infinitives to burst and (to) release underscores the simultaneity of these events.
_________________

Please kindly click on "+1 Kudos", if you think my post is useful

Current Student
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Sep 2015
Posts: 86
GMAT 1: 610 Q43 V31
GMAT 2: 610 Q47 V27
GMAT 3: 650 Q48 V31
GMAT 4: 700 Q49 V35
WE: Project Management (Health Care)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2016, 03:57
2
alphaseeker wrote:
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water


- Which is a noun modifier. from the intended meaning of the sentence it is clear that we need to show the result of the event "the water froze" -> hence we should use V-ing modifier (which modifies the preceding clause - and specifically can modify the result of the action in the preceding clause).
A/B/C - are out.

D/E - from the context it is clear that "burst" & "release" happens at the same time. E conveys that perfectly. In addition "then..." is not properly connected to the sentence and it is not clear what it modifies.
=> D is out.

E is correct.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 102
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Feb 2017, 17:49
1
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

Issues: Modifier | Parallelism

Analysis:
1. ", which" is a non-essential modifier and "which" is used to modify the noun right before comma. In the sentence, the usage of "which" refers to the whole clause and that is incorrect.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water
- Incorrect usage of "which"

B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water
- Incorrect usage of "which"

C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released
- Incorrect usage of "which"

D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water
- "then releasing.." is a run on as a conjunction is missing

E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water

Answer: (E)
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 04 Aug 2015
Posts: 80
Location: India
Concentration: Leadership, Technology
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.39
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Feb 2017, 01:56
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

What caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst? The event of water pipes getting frozen. "which" is incapable of referring to this. Thus, option A, B, and C are gone.
A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water

B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water

C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released


D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water
"causing heads of sprinkler system to burst" shows the result of the event. "then" brings in the sense of sequence and so we must need an "and". Moreover, if we go by the meaning, as the "causing" and "releasing" are parallel, the sentence conveys the meaning that the event of water pipes getting frozen causes the heads of sprinkler system to burst and then the same event releases the torrents of water whereas the logical meaning should be the sprinkler system bursts and it releases the torrents of water.

E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water

Thus, option E.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 21 Aug 2016
Posts: 276
Location: India
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2017, 06:06
Hi Expert,

I agree that choice E is the best choice among all and it correctly shows the result of previous clause.

However, I have a difficulty in understanding how "cause" is making sense with the subject of the previous clause.

Mohan was hit by the bus, dying instantly.

Here "dying" make sense with the subject-- Mohan died

In the given sentence-- the water pipes caused heads of sprinkler system to burst--

how does this make sense? Probably there is a gap in my understanding. Please help !
Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3112
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2017, 07:20
2
1
AR15J wrote:
Hi Expert,

I agree that choice E is the best choice among all and it correctly shows the result of previous clause.

However, I have a difficulty in understanding how "cause" is making sense with the subject of the previous clause.

Mohan was hit by the bus, dying instantly.

Here "dying" make sense with the subject-- Mohan died

In the given sentence-- the water pipes caused heads of sprinkler system to burst--

how does this make sense? Probably there is a gap in my understanding. Please help !


A present participle modifier may be used as a noun modifier or a verb modifier. It is alright to use comma + present participle modifier as a verb modifier referring to the action of the previous clause - it is not mandatory that the modifier refer to the subject of the previous clause.

In this case it is not required that the present participle modifier "causing ...." refer to "water pipes". Here the present participle modifier correctly refers to the action ("froze") of the previous clause.

In your example as well, it is alright to consider that the modifier "dying instantly" refers to "hit", not "Mohan".
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 18 Jun 2013
Posts: 61
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Reviews Badge
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2017, 14:18
A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water --> which cannot be used as it is modifying a verb where as it should modify a noun or a pronoun.
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water --> first which has same error as in A, second which is redundant.
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released --> first which has same error as in A and the 2nd part of the sentence is wordy.
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water --> burst and releasing not parallel.
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water --> this is correct.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 418
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2017, 20:13
alphaseeker wrote:
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water


the serious problem in d is that " releasing" is done by subject/agent of "causing'. this subject/agent is pipe, not sprinkler system. this is not logic.
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2107
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Mar 2018, 06:52
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water - COMMA + which must be immediately preceded by a NOUN.
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water - same as A
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released - same as A
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water - The agent of a COMMA + VERBing modifier must be the PRECEDING SUBJECT.
Here, the agent of releasing seems to be water pipes, implying that the FROZEN PIPES were RELEASING torrents of water.
The intended meaning is that the SPRINKLER SYSTEM THAT BURST released torrents of water.
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water - Correct
Here, the main verb is froze.
Conveyed meaning:
When the pipes FROZE, they were responsible for CAUSING the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water.

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

1.In option D, we have 2 Verb-ing modifiers(causing and then releasing) in a sequence. Shouldn't these modifiers be connected by AND? I read that two modifiers in a sequence without proper connectors (AND) is incorrect?

2. In the above question, option D will be incorrect even if we add AND because neither the pipes themselves nor the action of freezing of pipes caused the release of water?
causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, AND then releasing torrents of water -- adding AND makes the sentence better grammatically (though still incorrect logically)


3.In option E,
causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water
The pipes froze CAUSING 2 things -->
* heads of the sprinkler system to burst
* release torrents of water

But isn't the release of water a consequence of bursting of the heads of the sprinkler system? But here we have put these two in parallel ?



AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , mikemcgarry , egmat , sayantanc2k, DmitryFarber , MagooshExpert , daagh , other experts- please help
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 30 Oct 2017
Posts: 170
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Mar 2018, 11:47
1
Skywalker18 wrote:
As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third floor froze, which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water into offices on the second floor.

A) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, which released torrents of water - COMMA + which must be immediately preceded by a NOUN.
B) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and which released torrents of water - same as A
C) which caused the heads of the sprinkler system to burst, torrents of water were then released - same as A
D) causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, then releasing torrents of water - The agent of a COMMA + VERBing modifier must be the PRECEDING SUBJECT.
Here, the agent of releasing seems to be water pipes, implying that the FROZEN PIPES were RELEASING torrents of water.
The intended meaning is that the SPRINKLER SYSTEM THAT BURST released torrents of water.
E) causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water - Correct
Here, the main verb is froze.
Conveyed meaning:
When the pipes FROZE, they were responsible for CAUSING the heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water.

-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

1.In option D, we have 2 Verb-ing modifiers(causing and then releasing) in a sequence. Shouldn't these modifiers be connected by AND? I read that two modifiers in a sequence without proper connectors (AND) is incorrect?

2. In the above question, option D will be incorrect even if we add AND because neither the pipes themselves nor the action of freezing of pipes caused the release of water?
causing heads of sprinkler system to burst, AND then releasing torrents of water -- adding AND makes the sentence better grammatically (though still incorrect logically)


3.In option E,
causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and release torrents of water
The pipes froze CAUSING 2 things -->
* heads of the sprinkler system to burst
* release torrents of water

But isn't the release of water a consequence of bursting of the heads of the sprinkler system? But here we have put these two in parallel ?



AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , mikemcgarry , egmat , sayantanc2k, DmitryFarber , MagooshExpert , daagh , other experts- please help


Hi Skywalker18!

Happy to help :-)

1. That is correct. However, we only want to connect the two "-ing" verbs with "and" when they both have the same subject. Here, it is not the pipes that are both "causing" and "releasing", so it wouldn't make sense to connect them with "and". The way that this is written, we just shouldn't have "releasing" be an "-ing" verb at all, since that indicates that it's referring to "pipes".

2. Exactly :-) The problem is the subject -- the two verbs need to have different subjects.

3. Here, the two things that are in parallel are "burst" and "release", which both describe the actions of the sprinkler system. The full sentence would read:

causing heads of the sprinkler system to burst and to release torrents of water

Since "to" would be repeated in this case, we can eliminate it the second time. But that still leaves "burst" and "release" in parallel, indicating that those are both actions that are referring to the "heads of the sprinkler system". If the sentence instead intended "causing" and "release" to be in parallel, then they would have to follow correct parallel structure, i.e. be in the same form. So we would need instead "causing" and "releasing". But since we see "release", not "releasing", we know that it's in parallel with "burst", not "causing".

The causal relationship between the pipes bursting and then releasing water is not really important here -- it's very common to see "do X and Y" when Y happened partially as a result of X. It would be excessively wordy here to say that that pipes bursting caused them to release water. The meaning is clear from the context.

Does that make sense? :-)
-Carolyn
_________________

Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 May 2018
Posts: 3
CAT Tests
Re: As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2018, 07:33
when comma +ing modifier is used, the subject is the doer of the modifier.
In the given sentence-- the water pipes caused heads of sprinkler system to burst--
This doesn't make sense.Hence we use noun+noun modifier.
Can someone clarify?

Posted from my mobile device
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4542
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: OG'16 Verbal Review - As a result of record ...  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2018, 09:07
1
Top Contributor
The missing of the 'and' between causing and releasing is a fatal error in D. They are two separate actions and not co-ordinates that can be interchanged in their order of occurrence. The second is a corollary of the first. As such, D fails the grammar test.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

GMAT Club Bot
Re: OG'16 Verbal Review - As a result of record ... &nbs [#permalink] 01 Jul 2018, 09:07
Display posts from previous: Sort by

As a result of record low temperatures, the water pipes on the third

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.