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Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo

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Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2017, 23:06
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A
B
C
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E

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Question Stats:

90% (00:56) correct 10% (01:29) wrong based on 105 sessions

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Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elaborate burial sites, indicate that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until extinction around 25,000 years ago, perhaps even coexisting and competing with modern humans.
A. indicate that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until extinction around 25,000 years ago
B. indicates that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until their extinction around 25,000 years ago
C. indicates that until they went extinct the Neanderthals occupied Europe around 25,000 years ago
D. indicate that the extinction of the Neanderthals that occupied Europe 25,000 years ago
E. indicate that 25,000 years ago, the Neanderthals that occupied Europe went extinct


Source: McGraw Hill GMAT
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Re: Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 06:29
B
A,D E are out due to SV disagreement
C ..they went extinct ..
Not correct construction
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Re: Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2020, 17:12
Dear experts, please, explain what's wrong with B?
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Re: Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2020, 19:08
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Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elaborate burial sites, indicate that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until extinction around 25,000 years ago, perhaps even coexisting and competing with modern humans.

A. indicate that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until extinction around 25,000 years ago Incorrect. It is the "evidence" that is "indicating" that Neanderthals occupied Europe. Since "evidence" is an uncountable noun, we are required to use the singular form of the verb ie; "indicates". There is a subject-verb agreement error.

B. indicates that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until their extinction around 25,000 years ago Correct. There is no SVA, modifier or ambiguous antecedent error (refer C).

C. indicates that until they went extinct the Neanderthals occupied Europe around 25,000 years ago The modifier "until they went extinct" should be placed next to "25000 years ago", the clause that it modifies. This option moves it away. There is also a hint of an ambiguous pronoun antecedent as "they" could refer to any one of the several nouns referred in the sentence, although this is a relatively weaker argument. On the whole, given that (B) is so clearly structured with no errors, we can eliminate this option.

D. indicate that the extinction of the Neanderthals that occupied Europe 25,000 years ago Incorrect. Same as (A). This also results in a sentence fragment

E. indicate that 25,000 years ago, the Neanderthals that occupied Europe went extinct Incorrect. Same as (A). There is also an illogical shift in meaning, with the sentence appearing to mean that Neanderthals coexisted and competed with modern humans while going extinct at the same time (or earlier).

Hope this helps.
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Re: Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2020, 06:32
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

Asad wrote:
Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elaborate burial sites, indicate that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until extinction around 25,000 years ago, perhaps even coexisting and competing with modern humans.
A. indicate that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until extinction around 25,000 years ago
B. indicates that the Neanderthals occupied Europe until their extinction around 25,000 years ago
C. indicates that until they went extinct the Neanderthals occupied Europe around 25,000 years ago
D. indicate that the extinction of the Neanderthals that occupied Europe 25,000 years ago
E. indicate that 25,000 years ago, the Neanderthals that occupied Europe went extinct



Choice A: This answer choice utilizes the plural noun "indicate" for the uncountable noun "evidence"; remember, it is not the examples of evidence ( stone tools, spearheads, and elaborate burial sites) given here that are indicating something but rather the evidence as a whole that is doing so. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice maintains subject-verb agreement and conveys the intended meaning of the sentence. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice C: This answer choice suffers from a construction error; the phrase "25000 years ago" should modify the phrase "until they went extinct", which in turn modifies "Neanderthals occupied Europe" to convey the intended meaning of the sentence. This meaning is that archaeological evidence indicates that Neanderthals occupied Europe until they went extinct 25000 years ago. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice suffers from the same subject-verb disagreement found in Option A. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice suffers from the same subject-verb disagreement found in Options A and D. Moreover, this answer choice also features a serious meaning-related error; the phrase "perhaps even coexisting and competing with modern humans" modifies the phrase "the Neanderthals that occupied Europe went extinct ", implying that the Neadrethals interacted with modern humans after extinction. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, B is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Collective, Countable, and Uncountable Nouns on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):



All the best!
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Re: Evidence from archeology, including stone tools, spearheads, and elabo   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2020, 06:32
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