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# Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the

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Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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Updated on: 19 Jul 2017, 10:40
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Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

Originally posted by nightwing79 on 22 May 2009, 18:51.
Last edited by souvik101990 on 19 Jul 2017, 10:40, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 Aug 2015, 01:15
7
Error Analysis:

1) what are the X & Y for between (between X & Y).
2) what does IT refer to.

B: THEM reference is wrong(it should be IT) - referring to Language
D: "between X or Y" is wrong. THEM reference is wrong(it should be IT) - referring to Language
E: "between X or Y" is wrong. "but those who have tried to Count" is not Clause t
C: but those who have tried to Count(Present Continuous) , typically find (Simple Present) - Wrong

Originally posted by RaviChandra on 03 Oct 2009, 05:46.
Last edited by RaviChandra on 23 Aug 2015, 01:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2010, 14:25
4
2
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty (of? ) distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found -- It correctly refers to languages - CORRECT

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding -- them is incorrectly refering to singular language + " with those who have " - wordy construction

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find -- IT corrcetly refers to singular language in first part, second IT incorrectly refers to " MANY LANGUAGES"

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found -- Incorrect use of between - correct use is " between X and Y " not " between X or Y "

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding -- Incorrect use of between - correct use is " between X and Y " not " between X or Y "
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2012, 19:16
I have chosen A for this question:

There are many ways to split the answer choices. Firstly, the use of "or" is incorrect because you are trying to distinguish between 2 elements - a language and sublanguage/dialect. You can also see the use of "with those..." which makes no sense because this prepositional phrase doesn't create a logical connection. Finally, pronoun usage of "it" versus "them."

A. This answer choices uses the correct pronoun "it" to refer to language. It also uses the correct coordinating conjunction "but" to show a contrast between the separate thoughts in the sentence. Finally, the tenses make sense - present perfect for both "have tried" and "have found."

B. The use of the pronoun "them" is incorrect because this word is supposed to refer to the singular language. Also, "with..." is a prepositional phrase that becomes confusing and does not state the contrast in thoughts. Finally, the modifier "finding" should in fact be a verb - I'm not sure what it modifies.

C. The use of the second "it" refers back to the "languages" in the first portion of the sentence. This is an error.

D. The use of "or" is incorrect here. Also, the use of "them" is incorrect because it is supposed to refer to the singular language.

E. Again, the use of "or" is wrong here. "Them" refers to the singular language - this is incorrect.
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 04:11
2
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty (of? ) distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found
B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding
C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find
D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found
E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

There are 2 clauses in the SC

1.Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly .because of the difficulty (of? ) distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it

2. but those who have tried to count typically have found

In the first clause subject is 'languages' and verb is 'are', SV agreement is correct .Between is used for comparing two things ,here the usage is correct since because in in underlined portion so the comparison between "a language and languages is correct ".

From the above explanation we can zero down A,B and C.

In the second clause the split is within found/find/finding.... in the second clause the verb "tried" is past tense so using found is appropriate in this context

SO finally the answer is "A"

note: Sorry if I am wrong in explanation ,please correct.I have tried my level best.
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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03 May 2013, 05:15
4
pavanpaone wrote:
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty (of? ) distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found
B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding
C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find
D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found
E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

There are 2 clauses in the SC

1.Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly .because of the difficulty (of? ) distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it

2. but those who have tried to count typically have found

In the first clause subject is 'languages' and verb is 'are', SV agreement is correct .Between is used for comparing two things ,here the usage is correct since because in in underlined portion so the comparison between "a language and languages is correct ".

From the above explanation we can zero down A,B and C.

In the second clause the split is within found/find/finding.... in the second clause the verb "tried" is past tense so using found is appropriate in this context

SO finally the answer is "A"

note: Sorry if I am wrong in explanation ,please correct.I have tried my level best.

Hi pavan,

Note the following:

There are actually 3 clauses (see the one highlighted above)

We can take down choices to only A or C - reason if you note carefully, the highlighted clause, the pronoun must refer to "a language" - think carefully, is the author referring to dialects withing "the sub languages" or is he/she referring to "sublanguages/dialects within language" - the answer is the latter part, thus we need to use "it"

Hope I could help
Happy going with E-Gmat
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2013, 15:13
2
2
sunainaluthra wrote:
I selected correct answer choice A. But my doubt is if one of the answer choice was:

and the sub languages or dialects within it. but those who tried to count found

would this be correct in the context of the question? I feel am overlooking a very simple concept but just not able to get my head around this. Any help is much appreciated.

Dear sunainaluthra,
That's a great question, and I am happy to help.
In the phrase "those who tried to count typically found ...", those verbs are in the simple past tense. This contains the subtle implication that these efforts took place in the past, but no one is even trying to answer this question any more. It's a done deal. In other words, academically, it's a dead question, no longer pursued in any way.

In the phrase those "who have tried to count typically have found ... ", those verb are in the present perfect tense. See this blog article on the perfect tenses:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-verb- ... ct-tenses/
This has the subtle implication that the effort to count was started in the past but still, somehow, is under way --- that folks today are still, in some way, wrestling with this question. Academically, it's a living question.

Within the context of the question, we don't have much way to decide between these two, other than what's in the underlined section. If (A) contained the present perfect tenses but were incorrect for some unrelated reason, so that we had to look for another answer, then I would say that a choice with the simple past would change the meaning too much to be a correct answer, but the GMAT is not going to have a subtle connotation such as this as the only deciding factor separating answer choices. If the prompt and the answers consistent made one of these two choices, either one would be grammatically correct.

I imagine, since the OG opted for the present perfect, that the question is still an open, living, debated question in academia today. The GMAT SC sentences usually reflect real-world facts. Of course, there would be absolutely no way you would be expected to know this real-world fact independently.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2014, 14:35
1
My Approach - difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub languages or dialects within it.
Use of It is correct, that eliminates B, D, E.
Between A and C, the use of have tried to count typically have found is better than
tried counting it typically find
C is changing the tense in this part and is incorrect.
Hence A is correct
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2014, 22:17
1
cs2209 wrote:
C is changing the tense in this part and is incorrect.
Hence A is correct

Yes, and there is another substantial issue with C. It says:

...but those who have tried counting it typically find...

No instance of the infamous it should never go unnoticed. What does it refer to here? Well perhaps one of the following two entities:

a) Languages (plural): If the intent of it is to refer to languages, then the usage of it is incorrect, since it (a singular pronoun) cannot refer to languages (a plural noun). So, the least that should have been present in the sentence is them and not it.

Or

b) Number of languages (singular): If the intent of it is to refer to number of languages, then the usage of is again incorrect, since the phrase number of languages is not present anywhere in the sentence. Note that pronouns can only refer to nouns that are present in the sentence; number of languages is not present.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses this concept of pronouns, its application and examples in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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07 Feb 2015, 04:07
margarette

I checked the video on youtube explaining the analysis for this SC question.
Good works !!

I have a small doubt that what is the role of "but" in this sentence , generally we have Not Only X but Also Y . I could not get a complete hold of this sentence however based on other issues i was able to make out the correct answer choice.
Kindly enlighten me !!

Thank You,
Lucky
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Re: Og 13 SC 93 [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2015, 05:59
Lucky2783 wrote:
margarette

I checked the video on youtube explaining the analysis for this SC question.
Good works !!

I have a small doubt that what is the role of "but" in this sentence , generally we have Not Only X but Also Y . I could not get a complete hold of this sentence however based on other issues i was able to make out the correct answer choice.
Kindly enlighten me !!

Thank You,
Lucky

Hi There!

So, you want to know about the role of "but" in this sentence? I think it may be helpful to know a little about the "why" we use this word in the first place.

But is a coordinating conjunction ~ a word that connects (conjoins) parts of a sentence. There are 7 of these words that we use in the English language:

For-And-Nor-But-Or-Yet-So ---> And, the boldfaced letters put together give us the helpful acronym FANBOYS.

Now, how are coordinating conjunctions used?
Well, for starters, they can be used to list items. This is probably this most common type. "I like cheeseburgers and french fries." Boom. There we go.
Usually, they are also used to connect two independent clauses: Clauses that can independently stand on their own as a complete sentence.
For instance: "Chuckie wants to play basketball for Auburn, but he has had trouble meeting the academic requirements."
Two independent clauses that can completely stand on their own, but they are joined together by the word "but."

Moreover, the other way we can use the word "but" is in expressing a contrast:
"This is a useful rule, but difficult to remember."
As you can see, the usage of "but" in this example is similar to the sentence that you presented for question.

"Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand."

We have two independent clauses joined together by the conjunction "but," and the conjunction is expressing contrast between the two clauses.
The first clause expresses that nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, whereas the second clause tells us that there are people who actually have tried counting them.

I highly recommend you check out Manhattan GMAT's Sentence Correction book as it has a neat little section that perfectly covers the usage of FANBOYS on the GMAT.

Hope That Helped!
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Re: Og 13 SC 93 [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2015, 09:07
1
Follow the forum rules for posting in gmat verbal section

rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html

In particular rule #3 and # 6

3. Give a Topic Name (IMPORTANT).
- Use the first sentence of the question or a string of words exactly as they show up in the question. You get 40 characters. Use them all to help with the search & similar topics feature! Please do not post something like this (a title "CR6!!", I keep it around as an example)

6. TYPE the Question in as Text.
- Do not post pictures of questions. There is no acceptance for question with picture. We - moderators and admin - will delete and warn the authors in case of posting image..

Post locked
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2015, 12:15
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found
Correct
B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding
Usage of "them" is not correct must be singular + with those who have is wordy consttruction + tried in past must settle down with found instead of finding.
C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find
Usage of second "it" is wrong.+ find must be found.
D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found
Idiom is between.....and +usage of "them" is wrong
E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding
Same as D

Hence A
Ans!

Regards
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Jun 2015, 03:23
apoorv601 wrote:
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

Can somebody explain i option A - ",but" makes the second clause as independent clause but i don't think it is independent as it does not complete in itself?

It is an independent clause. Let's break the structure:

Subject verb
those who have tried to count typically have found

Who have found..? those who have tried to count
Here the subject is a clause.

Relate this structure with "he has found". "He has found" is an independent clause. Similarly, this one too is an independent clause.

Does it help?

Dolly Sharma

Originally posted by DollySharma on 14 Jun 2015, 23:18.
Last edited by DollySharma on 16 Jun 2015, 03:23, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2015, 15:00
"Between" is always coupled with "and"; so we are left with options A, B and C.
In option B, the segment "counting typically finding", is wrong, because a continuous tense should be followed by a simple tense.
In option C, the segment "but those who have tried counting it typically find" is wrong. It says people who have already tried, indicating that the action has taken place in the past, hence, the placement of a present tense, "find" is wrong.

Option A has no such errors. Hence, it is the answer.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found
B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding
C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find
D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found
E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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14 May 2016, 23:57
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

1) Distinguishing between a language and sub-languages or dialects within it -> it is correct as the sub-languages or dialects are under a single language.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found
Correct

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding
1) Point number 1
2) Finding is a gerund and not a verb. We require a verb here

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find
1) "Count it". It refers to a single language. How a person count a single language.
2) Find -> Simple present and it provides a meaning as if the number of count will always be true. So it I count the number of languages 10 years from now, we will still get 5000. Which is not the meaning of the sentence.

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found
1) them -> Point # 1 above
2) Between takes "And" and not "or"

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding
1) them -> Point # 1 above
2) Between takes "And" and not "or
3) Finding is a gerund and not a verb. We require a verb here
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 11:58
1
apoorv601 wrote:
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found - Correct

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding

1. Them - sub-languages or dialects are within LanguagE and not LanguagES.
2. With - We need Contrast here.
3. Finding - We need a verb and finding is not a verb

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find

1. Counting - Should be infinitive - to count. As it is, "counting" is a participle modifying the verb - have tried.
2. it - The referent here is LanguageS.

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found

1. Or - Changing the meaning. Should be - and.
2. them - Same as option B.
3. but those who tried to count them typically found - Change in Tense means that those who are trying to count the # of languages at Present are not included.

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding

1. Or - Same as D
2. them - Same as B
3. With - Same as B
4. Finding - Again, same as B
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2016, 05:28
dear experts,

I have a question that confused me a lot .

because I got an idea that pronoun in modifier is incorrect,

for example:
The book that I read it yesterday was exciting-- pronoun "it" is redundant, because that stands for "the book", it stands for "the" book as well, -- incorrect
this my understanding for this rule.

I am not sure whether the rule is always incorrect?
are they correct, if
nobody knows how many languages in the world, but those who try to count the languages have found five thousand.
nobody knows how many languages in the world, but those who try to count them have found five thousand.

thanks a lot.
have a nice day
>_~
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2016, 07:14
PLURAL, SINGULAR, PLURAL.

SPLIT1) IDIOM. BETWEEN X AND Y. D AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT2) SVA. THE FIRST SINGULAR PRONOUN "IT" REFERS TO THE SINGULAR NOUN "LANGUAGE". B, D AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT3) IDIOM. TRIED+INFINITIVE. B AND C ARE OUT.

SPLIT4) THE SECOND "IT" IN THE SECOND PART OF THE SENTENCE IS WRONG BECAUSE IN THE 2ND PART WE ARE REFERRING TO NOUN "LANGUAGES" SO THE PRONOUN "THEM" IS THE CORRECT PRONOUN. C IS OUT.
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2017, 19:11
Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the world, partly because of the difficulty of distinguishing between a language and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found about five thousand.

A. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried to count typically have found

B. and the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried counting typically finding them changes meaning, it's not people

C. and the sub-languages or dialects within it, but those who have tried counting it typically find tense issue

D. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, but those who tried to count them typically found ( x and y language or dialects )

E. or the sub-languages or dialects within them, with those who have tried to count typically finding ( same as D )

Distinguishing between x and y Idiom
A
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Re: Nobody knows exactly how many languages there are in the   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2017, 19:11

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